On This Day

Historical Events in May 1945

  • May 1 About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army
  • May 1 Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
  • May 1 Australian & Dutch troops land on Tarakan
  • May 1 General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
  • May 1 Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
  • May 1 Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
  • May 1 Soviet army reaches Rostock
  • May 2 Allies occupy Wismar, Northern Germany

Historic Event

May 2 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina & Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen

  • May 2 More than 1,000,000 German soldiers officially surrender to the Western Allies in Italy and Austria
  • May 2 Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste, Italy
  • May 3 1st Polish Armoured Division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West occupies Wilhelmshafen in Germany
  • May 3 Allies arrest German physicist Werner Heisenberg
  • May 3 British troop join in Rangoon
  • May 3 World War II: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life

Historic Event

May 4 German forces in Denmark, Norway and the Netherlands surrender unconditionally to British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery at Luneburg Heath

  • May 4 German forces in Bavaria surrender unconditionally to American commander Jacob L. Devers
  • May 5 Mauthausen Concentration camp in Austria liberated by US forces from 41st Reconnaissance Squadron
  • May 5 Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control
  • May 5 Uprising against occupying SS troops in Prague
  • May 5 Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated

Battle of Interest

May 5 World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases

  • May 6 General Johannes Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands
  • May 6 World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941).

Sports History

May 7 Branch Rickey announces formation of the US Negro Baseball League

  • May 7 World War II: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands

Historic Event

May 7 World War II: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims

  • May 7 Princess Irene Brigade moves into The Hague, Netherlands
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano)
  • May 7 SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22
  • May 8 Canadian troops move into Amsterdam
  • May 8 Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet

Nazi Germany Surrenders

May 8 German General Wilhelm Keitel formally surrenders to the Allies represented by the United States, the UK, France and the Soviet Union in Berlin

  • May 8 V-E Day: World War II ends in Europe after Germany signs an unconditional surrender
  • May 9 Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • May 9 Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl arrested
  • May 9 New balata ball used in baseball, 50% livilier

Historic Event

May 9 Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested

  • May 9 Victory celebration at Red Square
  • May 9 World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana.

Historic Event

May 9 World War II: Hermann Goering is captured by the United States Army

  • May 9 World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day
  • May 9 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British
  • May 10 Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese
  • May 10 Soviet troops occupied Prague
  • May 11 US Marines conquer Awatsha Draw, Okinawa
  • May 13 US troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
  • May 14 Kamikaze Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise
  • May 14 US offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered

Historic Event

May 14 Physician Joseph G. Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge. Stevens lives another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human

  • May 15 World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia
  • May 16 Violent battles around Sugar Loaf and Half Moon, Okinawa
  • May 17 2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu
  • May 18 MLB Detroit Tigers & Philadelphia A's both have 7 straight games postponed due to rain
  • May 19 Start of the 1st Victory Test Cricket between England & Aust Services
  • May 20 Keith Miller scores 105 in the 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
  • May 21 Australian Services win 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's by 6 wickets
  • May 22 6th US Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa
  • May 22 NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen makes failed suicide attempt
  • May 23 The Allies arrest the members of the Nazi Flensburg government, including Admiral Karl Donitz, formally dissolving Nazi Germany
  • May 23 German island of Helgoland in the North Sea surrenders to British

Historic Event

May 23 Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary

  • May 25 Arthur C. Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
  • May 26 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo
  • May 29 US 1st Marine division conquers Shuri Castle, Okinawa