On This Day

Historical Events in November 1945

  • Nov 1 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
  • Nov 3 Australian Test cricket batsman Lindsay Hassett is 124 not out as Australian Services draws with Prince's XI at Delhi; follows his 187 in 1st innings
  • Nov 5 Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • Nov 6 House Committee on Un-American Activities begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
  • Nov 6 The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down
  • Nov 8 Muscial "The Girl from Nantucket" opens at Adelphi Theater, NYC; runs for 12 performances
  • Nov 8 Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550
  • Nov 10 Harry Revel and Arnold B. Horwitt's musical comedy "Are You with It?" opens at Century Theater, NYC, later moving to the Shubert Theatre; runs for 264 performances
  • Nov 10 College football's #1 Army beats #2 Notre Dame 48-0

Historic Event

Nov 10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania

  • Nov 10 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • Nov 12 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to American politician Cordell Hull (for establishing the UN)
  • Nov 13 Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
  • Nov 14 H Lindsay and R Crouse's "State of the Union" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 14 Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
  • Nov 15 The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of Fame

Nobel Prize

Nov 15 Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral becomes the first Latin American to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature

  • Nov 16 Yeshiva College (University), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College
  • Nov 16 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • Nov 16 Two new elements discovered by Glenn Seaborg, James, Morgan and Albert Ghiorso were are announced: americium (atomic number 95) and curium (atomic number 96)
  • Nov 17 "Girl from Nantucket" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • Nov 17 New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF

Music History

Nov 18 Arnold Schoenberg's Prelude for orchestra & mixed choir, premieres

Music Premiere

Nov 20 Dmitri Shostakovich's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres

Music History

Nov 21 Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C premieres

  • Nov 21 General Motors workers go on strike
  • Nov 22 "Day Before Spring" opens at National Theater NYC for 167 performances
  • Nov 22 Cleveland Rams end Jim Benton gains 303 yards in 28-21 win over Detroit Lions; NFL single game rushing record - stands for 40+ years
  • Nov 23 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
  • Nov 26 During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)

Music Recording

Nov 26 Charlie "Bird" Parker leads recording session for the Savoy label marketed as the "greatest Jazz session ever" with Dizzy Gillespie and Miles Davis

Film Release

Nov 26 "Brief Encounter", based on Noël Coward's one-act play "Still Life", directed by David Lean and starring Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard is released

Historic Event

Nov 27 General George Marshall named special US envoy to China

  • Nov 27 Trial against Dutch Fascist NSB leader Anton Mussert begins (later convicted and executed by firing squad)
  • Nov 27 Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
  • Nov 28 Australian Services draw second Victory Test Cricket v India at Calcutta
  • Nov 29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed

Film Premiere

Nov 29 "The Lost Weekend", based on Charles R. Jackson's novel, directed by Billy Wilder and starring Ray Milland and Jane Wyman premieres in Los Angeles (Academy Awards Best Picture 1946)