On This Day

Historical Events in September 1945

  • Sep 1 Philadelphia Phillies outfielder Vince DiMaggio smashes his 4th grand slam of season, tying NL record, in an 8-3 win v Boston Braves

Surrender of Japan

Sep 2 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan signed aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (US date, 3rd September in Japan)

Historic Event

Sep 2 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent from France (National Day)

  • Sep 2 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)
  • Sep 3 World War II: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies
  • Sep 3 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills: American Frank Parker successfully defends title; beats William Talbert 14-12, 6-1, 6-2
  • Sep 3 US Women's National Tennis Championship, Forest Hills: Sarah Palfrey Cooke wins second US title; beats Pauline Betz Addie 3-6, 8-6, 6-4
  • Sep 4 American chess grandmaster Reuben Fine wins 4 simultaneous rapid (10 seconds per move) games blindfolded in New York City
  • Sep 4 US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan
  • Sep 6 A's catcher Greek George punches umpire Joe Rue gets suspended
  • Sep 7 Japanese at Rioekioe-islands surrender
  • Sep 7 Joe Kuhel hits inside-the-park HR, only HR hit by a Senator all season at Washington's Griffith Stadium
  • Sep 8 US invades Japanese-held Korea
  • Sep 9 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies

Sports History

Sep 9 Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th & final HR

  • Sep 9 Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St Louis Browns, 1-0

Historic Event

Sep 9 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweezers from a relay & taped into the log

  • Sep 10 KLS-AM in Oakland Ca changes call letters to KWBR (now KDIA)

Historic Event

Sep 10 Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis

Miracle Mike!

Sep 10 Mike the Headless Chicken is decapitated in Fruita, Colorado; he survives for another 18 months before choking to death.

Historic Event

Sep 11 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

  • Sep 11 Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands
  • Sep 15 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond
  • Sep 16 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
  • Sep 18 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration

Historic Event

Sep 19 Kim Il-sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea

Historic Event

Sep 19 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London

  • Sep 20 German rocket engineers begin work in US
  • Sep 23 First Cavalcade of Jazz outdoor concert held at Wrigley Field, Los Angeles with Count Basie, Valaida Snow and others
  • Sep 26 All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid

MacArthur Meets Hirohito

Sep 27 US General and head of the Allied occupation of Japan, Douglas MacArthur, meets Emperor Hirohito in Tokyo for the first time

  • Sep 27 Baldwin Bergerson's musical "Carib Song" opens at Adelphi Theater, NYC; runs for 36 performances

Film Release

Sep 28 "Mildred Pierce" starring Joan Crawford opens at Strand Theater, NYC; wins Academy Award for Best Actress

  • Sep 28 Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders
  • Sep 28 Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci"
  • Sep 29 Chicago Cubs clinch NL pennant with record of 98–56

Sports History

Sep 30 Detroit's future Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Hank Greenberg smacks an AL pennant-winning grand slam on the final day of the season as the Tigers beat St. Louis Browns, 6-3

  • Sep 30 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43