Historical Events in 1945 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 663

  • May 26 US drop fire bombs on Tokyo
  • May 29 US 1st Marine division conquers Shuri Castle, Okinawa
  • Jun 1 WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • Jun 4 6th US Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
  • Jun 4 US, Soviet Union, Britain and France agree to divide up occupied Germany

Music Premiere

Jun 5 Benjamin Britten's opera "Peter Grimes" premieres in London

  • Jun 5 USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany
  • Jun 6 "Free People" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Jun 9 -10] Australian troops land in Brunei Bay, North Borneo

Sports History

Jun 9 71st Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hoop Jr scores his third of record 5 Derby wins

Sports History

Jun 9 Following an 8-7 win over the Phils, Brooklyn manager Leo Durocher is arrested on a complaint by a fan that Durocher slugged him

  • Jun 9 Warner Bros cartoon "A Gruesome Twosome" starring Tweety premieres in USA
  • Jun 10 US destroyer William D Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze
  • Jun 12 US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • Jun 13 Heerjansdam soccer team forms
  • Jun 13 Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
  • Jun 15 Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
  • Jun 16 70th Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8
  • Jun 16 Boo Ferriss loses to Yanks 3-2 after starting his career with 8 wins
  • Jun 17 Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)

Film & TV History

Jun 18 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw), fascist politician and Nazi propaganda broadcaster, charged with treason in England

  • Jun 19 El Teniente Mine accident [Smoke Tragedy] 355 men die from smoke inhalation from a fire in the Andes, Chile

Historic Event

Jun 20 U.S. Secretary of State Edward Stettinius Jr. approves transfer of German rocket scientist Wernher von Braun and his specialists to the US

  • Jun 21 US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa
  • Jun 23 77th Belmont Stakes: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2
  • Jun 23 Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan)
  • Jun 24 Schermerhorn government forms in the Netherlands
  • Jun 24 The Moscow Victory Parade takes place
  • Jun 25 Allied landing at Ternate, capital of the Maluku Islands in modern day Indonesia
  • Jun 25 Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa
  • Jun 26 England win the second Victory test cricket at Bramall Lane by 41 runs

United Nations Charter

Jun 26 United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco

  • Jun 27 Foundation 1940-45 established
  • Jun 28 Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets
  • Jun 29 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • Jun 29 Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR
  • Jun 30 17-day newspaper strike in NY begins
  • Jul 1 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
  • Jul 1 Allies troop land on Balikpapan

Baseball Record

Jul 1 First MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg homers in his 1st game (Detroit beats Philadelphia A's 9-5)

Historic Event

Jul 3 James F. Byrnes becomes 49th US Secretary of State, succeeding Edward Stettinius

  • Jul 4 Field Marshal Henry Maitland Wilson gives Britain's agreement to use the atomic bomb against Japan at the Combined Policy Committee in Washington D. C.

Election of Interest

Jul 5 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

  • Jul 5 World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared

Film Release

Jul 6 Abbott and Costello's film "The Naughty Nineties" released; features longest version of their "Who's on First?" routine

  • Jul 6 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations
  • Jul 6 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • Jul 6 Washington Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games
  • Jul 10 Admiral Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • Jul 12 Chicago Cubs beat Boston, 6-1 to halt Braves outfielder Tommy Holmes' modern-day record NL hitting streak at 37 games
  • Jul 14 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

PGA Championship

Jul 15 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Morraine CC: Byron Nelson wins 5th and final major title and 2nd PGA title; beats ex-MLB player Sam Byrd 4 & 3

  • Jul 16 Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
  • Jul 16 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves San Francisco with atom bomb
  • Jul 19 USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
  • Jul 21 Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie

Historic Event

Jul 23 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of the French Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II goes on trial

  • Jul 24 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • Jul 26 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister

Potsdam Declaration

Jul 26 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the unconditional surrender of Japan during WWII

  • Jul 26 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum

Nuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

Jul 26 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • Jul 26 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb

Election of Interest

Jul 26 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

  • Jul 27 Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees
  • Jul 27 US Communist Party forms
  • Jul 28 "Elevator girl" Betty Lou Oliver survives falling 75 stories after fog causes a US bomber plane to crash into the Empire State Building, breaking the cables supporting the elevator she was operating. This remains a world record for the longest survived elevator fall
  • Jul 28 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender

Historic Event

Jul 28 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

  • Jul 28 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die
  • Jul 28 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

Sinking of the USS Indianapolis

Jul 30 After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed and sunk by Japanese submarine I-58. 880 of the crew died, many after being attacked by sharks, the inspiration for the movie Jaws.

Victory in Battle

Jul 31 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

  • Aug 1 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's

Baseball Record

Aug 1 NY Giants outfielder Mel Ott hits historic 500th MLB home run off Braves Johnny Hutchings, joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx as only players to reach milestone

  • Aug 2 After 3½ days suffering exhaustion, lack of water and shark attacks in the Philippine Sea, the surviving crew of USS Indianapolis are spotted by Wilbur “Chuck” Gwinn, a PV-1 Ventura pilot on a routine sector search. 316 had survived.

Conference of Interest

Aug 2 Potsdam Conference between Joseph Stalin, Harry Truman and Winston Churchill (replaced by Clement Attlee after losing the 1945 general election) ends

  • Aug 4 American golfer Byron Nelson wins Canadian Open at Uplands & Thornhill CC for a record 11th consecutive PGA victory, on way to record season tally of 18
  • Aug 4 Red Sox outfielder Tom McBride drives in MLB record tying 6 runs in an inning (4th) during 15-4 win v Washington

Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima

Aug 6 Atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • Aug 6 Australian Test cricket all-rounder Keith Miller scores 110 not out for Australian Services on Day 1 of drawn 4th Victory Test against England at Lord's
  • Aug 8 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test

United Nations

Aug 8 President Harry Truman signs the United Nations Charter

Nuremberg Trials

Aug 8 US, USSR, Britain and France sign Treaty of London which sets down procedures for the Nuremberg war trials of Nazi leaders

  • Aug 8 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
  • Aug 8 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
  • Aug 9 US drops second atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Nagasaki, Japan, destroying part of the city

Historic Event

Aug 10 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies, provided Emperor Hirohito's status remains unchanged

  • Aug 11 Allies refuse Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status
  • Aug 12 Emperor Hirohito of Japan informs the imperial family that he has decided to surrender

Historic Event

Aug 14 Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh movement launch a coordinated uprising against French rule across Vietnam following the Japanese surrender

  • Aug 14 Japanese government notifies the Allies that it had accepted the Potsdam Declaration

Victory over Japan

Aug 14 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • Aug 15 A riot ensues in San Francisco while the city is celebrating the end of WW II
  • Aug 15 Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually
  • Aug 15 US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends
  • Aug 15 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)
  • Aug 15 World War II: Korean Liberation Day
  • Aug 16 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops
  • Aug 17 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel

Historic Event

Aug 17 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

  • Aug 18 Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
  • Aug 18 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)

Sports History

Aug 19 Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins

  • Aug 20 17-year-old Dodgers utility Tommy Brown becomes youngest player to hit a MLB home run in Brooklyn's 11-1 rout of Pittsburgh Pirates at Ebbets Field
  • Aug 20 Soviet troops occupy Harbin & Mukden
  • Aug 21 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • Aug 22 Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford

Music History

Aug 22 Noël Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London

  • Aug 22 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup

Sports History

Aug 24 MLB Cleveland Indians ace Bob Feller returns from serving in the US Navy & strikes out 12

  • Aug 25 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • Aug 26 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • Aug 27 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • Aug 29 British liberate Hong Kong from Japan

Historic Event

Aug 29 General MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

  • Aug 30 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)

Music History

Aug 30 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th Symphony

  • Aug 30 Hong Kong liberated from Japanese control
  • Aug 30 US General Douglas MacArthur lands in Japan

Historic Event

Aug 31 The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies

  • Sep 1 Philadelphia Phillies outfielder Vince DiMaggio smashes his 4th grand slam of season, tying NL record, in an 8-3 win v Boston Braves
  • Sep 2 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent from France (National Day)

Surrender of Japan

Sep 2 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (Japanese date, 1st September in US)

  • Sep 2 V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan signed aboard USS Missouri marks the end of World War II (US date, 3rd September in Japan)
  • Sep 3 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills: American Frank Parker successfully defends title; beats William Talbert 14-12, 6-1, 6-2
  • Sep 3 US Women's National Tennis Championship, Forest Hills: Sarah Palfrey Cooke wins second US title; beats Pauline Betz Addie 3-6, 8-6, 6-4
  • Sep 3 World War II: Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to the Allies
  • Sep 4 American chess grandmaster Reuben Fine wins 4 simultaneous rapid (10 seconds per move) games blindfolded in New York City
  • Sep 4 US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan
  • Sep 6 A's catcher Greek George punches umpire Joe Rue gets suspended
  • Sep 7 Joe Kuhel hits inside-the-park HR, only HR hit by a Senator all season at Washington's Griffith Stadium
  • Sep 8 US invades Japanese-held Korea

Historic Event

Sep 9 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweezers from a relay & taped into the log

  • Sep 9 Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
  • Sep 9 Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th & final HR
  • Sep 9 Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St Louis Browns, 1-0
  • Sep 10 KLS-AM in Oakland, California changes call letters to KWBR (now KDIA)

Miracle Mike!

Sep 10 Mike the Headless Chicken is decapitated in Fruita, Colorado; he survives for another 18 months before choking to death.

Historic Event

Sep 10 Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis

Historic Event

Sep 11 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of World War II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal but fails - later he is hanged

  • Sep 11 Physician Willem J. Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine in the Netherlands
  • Sep 15 A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond
  • Sep 16 Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
  • Sep 18 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration

Historic Event

Sep 19 Kim Il-sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea

  • Sep 19 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
  • Sep 20 German rocket engineers begin work in US
  • Sep 23 First Cavalcade of Jazz outdoor concert held at Wrigley Field, Los Angeles with Count Basie, Valaida Snow and others
  • Sep 26 All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid
  • Sep 27 Baldwin Bergerson's musical "Carib Song" opens at Adelphi Theater, NYC; runs for 36 performances

MacArthur Meets Hirohito

Sep 27 US General and head of the Allied occupation of Japan, Douglas MacArthur, meets Emperor Hirohito in Tokyo for the first time

Film Release

Sep 28 "Mildred Pierce" starring Joan Crawford opens at Strand Theater, NYC; wins Academy Award for Best Actress

  • Sep 28 Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders
  • Sep 28 Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci"
  • Sep 29 Chicago Cubs clinch NL pennant with record of 98–56
  • Sep 30 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43
  • Sep 30 Detroit's future Baseball Hall of Fame first baseman Hank Greenberg smacks an AL pennant-winning grand slam on the final day of the season as the Tigers beat St. Louis Browns, 6-3
  • Oct 1 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands

Sports History

Oct 1 World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis is discharged from US army after being awarded the Legion of Merit

  • Oct 3 Detroit Tigers and Chicago Cubs meet in Baseball World Series for the 4th time; Hank Borowy pitches a 6-hit shutout as Cubs win Game 1, 9-0 at Briggs Stadium; Detroit wins series, 4-3

Music History

Oct 3 Elvis Presley's 1st public performance, at age of 10, singing "Old Shep" in youth talent contest Mississippi-Alabama Fair and Dairy Show, in Tupelo, Mississippi; contest is broadcast over WELO Radio, he wins fifth prize - $5.00 in fair ride tickets

  • Oct 3 World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member
  • Oct 5 "Meet the Press" premieres on radio
  • Oct 5 Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios.
  • Oct 5 Indonesian army forms
  • Oct 6 Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • Oct 6 Tavern owner "Billy Goat" Sianis buys seat for his goat for Game 4 of Baseball World Series, is escorted out and casts goat curse on Chicago Cubs

Historic Event

Oct 6 US General Eisenhower welcomed in The Hague (on Hitler's train)

  • Oct 7 Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
  • Oct 8 Microwave oven patented by US inventor Percy Spencer
  • Oct 8 US President Harry Truman announces atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada
  • Oct 9 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • Oct 10 Baseball World Series: Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 9-8 at Wrigley Field to clinch series, 4 games to 3; Tigers second championship

Historic Event

Oct 11 Chinese civil war begins between Kuomintang government led by Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong's Communist Party

  • Oct 11 JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • Oct 14 Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears
  • Oct 15 Baseball Attendance hits record 10.28 million (Tigers 1.28 is highest)
  • Oct 16 UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence

Historic Event

Oct 17 Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón

  • Oct 18 Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements
  • Oct 21 Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time

Contract of Interest

Oct 23 American baseball player Jackie Robinson signs contract with Montreal Royals, minor league farm team of Brooklyn Dodgers

  • Oct 24 Charter of United Nations comes into effect
  • Oct 24 In France PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)

Historic Event

Oct 25 Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek

  • Oct 27 "Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • Oct 27 1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine)
  • Oct 29 First ballpoint pen goes on sale, manufactured by Reynolds in the US (just beating biro)

Historic Event

Oct 29 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns

  • Oct 29 Happy Chandler resigns as US Senator, remains as baseball commissioner
  • Oct 30 Branch Rickey signs Jackie Robinson to a Montreal Royals
  • Oct 30 US government announces end of shoe rationing
  • Nov 1 First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
  • Nov 3 Australian Test cricket batsman Lindsay Hassett is 124 not out as Australian Services draws with Prince's XI at Delhi; follows his 187 in 1st innings
  • Nov 3 Dmitri Shostakovich's 9th Symphony premieres in 25th season opening concert of the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, under Yevgeny Mravinsky
  • Nov 5 Colombia joins the United Nations.