On This Day

Historical Events in 1945 (Part 4)

Events 601 - 661 of 661

  • Nov 8 "Girl from Nantucket" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • Nov 8 Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550
  • Nov 10 "Are You with It?" opens at Century Theater NYC for 264 performances
  • Nov 10 College football's #1 Army beats #2 Notre Dame 48-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania

Dictator of Albania Enver Hoxha
Dictator of Albania
Enver Hoxha
  • Nov 10 Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan).
  • Nov 12 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
  • Nov 13 Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
  • Nov 14 H Lindsay and R Crouse's "State of the Union" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 14 Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
  • Nov 15 The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of Fame
  • Nov 16 Yeshiva College (University), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College
  • Nov 16 Founding of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
  • Nov 16 Two new elements discovered by Glenn Seaborg, James, Morgan and Albert Ghiorso were are announced: americium (atomic number 95) and curium (atomic number 96)
  • Nov 17 "Girl from Nantucket" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • Nov 17 New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Arnold Schoenberg's Prelude for orchestra & mixed choir, premieres

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

Nov 20 The Nuremberg war trials begin as 24 Nazi leaders are put on trial before judges representing the victorious Allied powers

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Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
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Music releaseMusic Premiere

Nov 20 Dmitri Shostakovich's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 20 Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch parliament in Hague

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 21 Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C premieres

  • Nov 21 General Motors workers go on strike
  • Nov 22 "Day before Spring" opens at National Theater NYC for 167 performances
  • Nov 22 Jim Benton, Cleveland end, gains 303 yards (NFL record)
  • Nov 23 Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
  • Nov 26 During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington)

Music releaseMusic Recording

Nov 26 Charlie "Bird" Parker leads recording session for the Savoy label marketed as the "greatest Jazz session ever" with Dizzy Gillespie and Miles Davis

Jazz Saxophonist and Composer Charlie
Jazz Saxophonist and Composer
Charlie "Bird" Parker
Jazz Musician Miles Davis
Jazz Musician
Miles Davis

Film release premierFilm Release

Nov 26 "Brief Encounter", based on Noël Coward's one-act play "Still Life", directed by David Lean and starring Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard is released

Film Director David Lean
Film Director
David Lean
Playwright, Director and Singer Noël Coward
Playwright, Director and Singer
Noël Coward
Actor Trevor Howard
Actor
Trevor Howard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 General George Marshall named special US envoy to China

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Nov 27 Trial against Dutch Fascist NSB leader Anton Mussert begins (later convicted and executed by firing squad)
  • Nov 27 Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
  • Nov 28 Australian Services draw second Victory Test Cricket v India at Calcutta
  • Nov 29 Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed

Film release premierFilm Premier

Nov 29 "The Lost Weekend", based on Charles R. Jackson's novel, directed by Billy Wilder and starring Ray Milland and Jane Wyman premieres in Los Angeles (Academy Awards Best Picture 1946)

Filmmaker Billy Wilder
Filmmaker
Billy Wilder
Actor Ray Milland
Actor
Ray Milland
Actress Jane Wyman
Actress
Jane Wyman
  • Dec 1 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto Argonauts win their 6th title with a 35-0 shutout of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers
  • Dec 4 11th Heisman Trophy Award: Doc Blanchard, Army (FB)

  • Dec 4 Senate approves US participation in United Nations
  • Dec 5 Flight 19 the "Lost Squadron" of 5 torpedo bombers and 14 airmen is lost east of Florida in the supposed Bermuda Triangle
  • Dec 5 Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl
  • Dec 10 Aust Services lose 3rd Victory Test Cricket to India by 6 wkts
  • Dec 10 Preston Tucker reveals plan to produce the Torpedo, a new 150 MPH car
  • Dec 11 Het Parool publishes 1st Captain Rob-strip
  • Dec 12 Special Court of justice convicts Dutch Nazi leader Mussert to death

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Dec 14 Elmer Rice's play "Dream Girl" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Novelist Elmer Rice
Playwright and Novelist
Elmer Rice
  • Dec 15 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, ordained as a priest
  • Dec 16 National Football League Championship, Cleveland Stadium: Cleveland Rams beat Washington Redskins, 15-14; last game before Rams move west to Los Angeles
  • Dec 18 Uruguay joins the United Nations
  • Dec 19 Austrian Republic re-establishes
  • Dec 19 Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 20 Rationing of auto tires ends in US
  • Dec 21 "Billion Dollar Baby" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 219 performances
  • Dec 22 Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Dec 23 Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Dec 26 CFP franc and CFA franc created
  • Dec 27 Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 27 International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member countries based on ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes

  • Dec 27 The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations.
  • Dec 28 Congress officially recognizes "Pledge of Allegiance"

Sports record brokenNHL Record

Dec 29 Montreal right wing Maurice Richard scores twice in Canadiens' 5-4 loss to Chicago Black Hawks to record his 100th NHL career goal; reaches mark in 145 games, then fastest in history; since broken by Mike Bossy, 100 goals in 129 games

Ice Hockey Player Maurice Richard
Ice Hockey Player
Maurice Richard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 31 Bradman scores 112, his 1st post-War century, SA v Aust Services

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman

United NationsUnited Nations Charter

Dec 31 Ratification of United Nations Charter completed

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Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations
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