On This Day

Historical Events in 1946

Events 1 - 200 of 430

  • Jan 1 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert

Historic Event

Jan 1 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god

  • Jan 1 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic
  • Jan 1 32nd Rose Bowl: #2 Alabama beats #11 Southern California, 34-14
  • Jan 1 12th Sugar Bowl: #5 Oklahoma State beats #7 Saint Mary's (CA), 33-13
  • Jan 1 12th Orange Bowl: Miami (FL) beats #16 Holy Cross, 13-6

Historic Event

Jan 3 As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

  • Jan 5 "Show Boat" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 417 performances

Catholic Encyclical

Jan 6 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum

  • Jan 6 Vietnam holds its first ever general election
  • Jan 7 Cambodia becomes autonomous state inside French Union
  • Jan 9 "Would-Be Gentleman" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 77 performances
  • Jan 10 UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London
  • Jan 10 US Army bounces 1st radar signal off the Moon from Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey
  • Jan 11 Bert Bell becomes second NFL commissioner, moves Chicago headquarters to Philadelphia

Historic Event

Jan 11 Enver Hoxha declares People's Republic of Albania with himself dictator

  • Jan 12 "Polonaise" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 113 performances
  • Jan 12 Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!" premieres in Rome
  • Jan 12 NFL champs Cleveland Rams given permission to move to LA
  • Jan 14 2 jetties collapse in Ganges, crushing 160 Hindu pilgrims
  • Jan 14 1946 NFL Draft: Frank Dancewicz from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • Jan 17 United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting
  • Jan 20 F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government
  • Jan 21 "Nellie Bly" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • Jan 23 Rear Admiral Sidney W. Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA

Music Premiere

Jan 25 Richard Strauss' "Metamorphosis" premieres in Zurich

  • Jan 25 United Mine Workers union rejoins American Federation of Labor
  • Jan 29 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Joyce Fitch 6-4, 6-4 for her 3rd Australian singles crown
  • Jan 29 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: John Bromwich wins his 2nd Australian title; beats fellow Australian Dinny Pails 5-7, 6-3, 7-5, 3-6, 6-2
  • Jan 30 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime
  • Jan 31 Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
  • Feb 1 Republic of Hungary proclaims Zoltán Tildy as its communist president
  • Feb 1 Norwegian politician Trygve Lie becomes 1st Secretary General of the United Nations
  • Feb 2 "Nellie Bly" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • Feb 2 The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic made
  • Feb 4 Garson Kanin's "Born Yesterday" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 5 The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea
  • Feb 6 "Lute Song" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 142 performances
  • Feb 7 Filibuster in US Senate kills FEPC (Fair Employment Practices Committee) bill

Music Premiere

Feb 8 Béla Bartók's 3rd Piano Concerto premieres in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by the Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Eugene Ormandy with György Sándor as piano soloist

Historic Event

Feb 8 Portuguese Dictator António de Oliveira Salazar forbids opposition parties

  • Feb 9 Dutch Labor Party (Dutch Social Democratic Party) forms
  • Feb 10 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is deported to Italy, and never returns to the United States
  • Feb 11 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 116 of 156 captured U-boats
  • Feb 13 "The Duchess Misbehaves" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Feb 16 Frank Black's musical "The Duchess Misbehaves" closes at Adelphi Theater, NYC, after 5 performances
  • Feb 16 1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Feb 17 Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam
  • Feb 19 Giants outfielder Danny Gardella is 1st major leaguer to announce he is jumping to the "outlaw" Mexican League
  • Feb 21 Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt

Election of Interest

Feb 24 General Juan Perón first elected President of Argentina

  • Feb 26 2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia, Tennessee
  • Feb 27 4th "Road" film "Road to Utopia" premieres (NYC)
  • Mar 1 British government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
  • Mar 1 Panama accepts its new constitution
  • Mar 2 Dutch troops land on East Bali

Election of Interest

Mar 2 Ho Chi Minh elected President of North Vietnam

  • Mar 2 Kingman Douglass becomes deputy director of CIA
  • Mar 3 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 3 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

Historic Event

Mar 5 Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech in Fulton, Missouri, popularizes the term and draws attention to the division of Europe

  • Mar 5 Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
  • Mar 6 France recognizes Vietnam statehood within Indo-Chinese federation
  • Mar 7 "Three to Make Ready" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 323 performances
  • Mar 7 Max Frisch' play "Santa Cruz" premieres in Zurich

Bikini Atoll is Evacuated

Mar 7 Bikini Atoll islanders are evacuated by the US government to make way for a nuclear testing site

  • Mar 8 1st helicopter licensed for commercial use (NYC)
  • Mar 9 Dutch troops land at Batavia/Semarang

Sports History

Mar 9 Ted Williams is offered $500,000 to play in Mexican Baseball League, he refuses

  • Mar 10 Train derailment kills 185 near Aracaju, northeast Brazil
  • Mar 13 Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms Belgian government - shortest Belgian government (ends 31 March)

Film Premiere

Mar 14 American film noir classic "Gilda", starring Rita Hayworth and Glenn Ford, and directed by Charles Vidor, premieres in New York City

Agreement of Interest

Mar 15 British Prime Minister Clement Attlee agrees with India's right to independence

  • Mar 16 "Would-Be Gentleman" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 77 performances
  • Mar 19 French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France
  • Mar 19 Nikolai Mikhailovich Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR
  • Mar 21 Kenny Washington signs with Rams, 1st black NFLer since 1933
  • Mar 21 UN set up temporary HQ at Hunter (now Lehman) College (Bronx)
  • Mar 22 1st US rocket to leave the Earth's atmosphere (50 miles up)
  • Mar 22 Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan
  • Mar 23 8th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats North Carolina, 43-40; Cowboys' back-to-back titles and center Bob Kurland MOP for 2nd straight year

Music Premiere

Mar 25 1st performance of Igor Stravinsky's "Ebony Concerto", by Woody Herman and His Thundering Herd, at Carnegie Hall, New York City

  • Mar 28 Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
  • Mar 29 1st Test Cricket between Australia & NZ
  • Mar 29 Australian cricket bowlers Bill O'Reilly (5/14) and Ernie Toshack (4/12) rout NZ for 42 in one-off Test in Wellington; Test debuts of greats Ray Lindwall, Keith Miller & Don Tallon

Music Premiere

Mar 30 Harold Arlen and Johnny Mercer's musical "St Louis Woman", starring Pearl Bailey and featuring the Nicholas Brothers, opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC; runs for 113 performances

  • Mar 30 Australia beats NZ in cricket at 3 30pm on 2nd day
  • Mar 30 Last Test Cricket appearance of Bill O'Reilly (5-14 & 3-19)

Golden Globes

Mar 30 3rd Golden Globes: "The Lost Weekend" and its star Ray Milland, & Ingrid Bergman win

  • Mar 31 Belgian government of Spaak resigns - shortest ever Belgian government
  • Mar 31 Belgian government of Acker forms
  • Mar 31 First election is held in Greece after World War II
  • Apr 1 400,000 US mine workers strike
  • Apr 1 Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii
  • Apr 1 Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP)
  • Apr 1 The Malayan Union is formed as a federation of the Malay states and the Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca
  • Apr 3 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • Apr 5 1st performance of Charles Ives' 3rd Symphony
  • Apr 5 100th Grand National: Capt. Robert Petre wins aboard 25/1 shot Lovely Cottage; first true GN since 1940 due to World War II; last on a Friday

US Masters Golf

Apr 7 10th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: American Herman Keiser wins his only major title, 1 stroke ahead of tour money-leader Ben Hogan; first Masters in 4 years because of World War II

  • Apr 7 Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR
  • Apr 7 Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.
  • Apr 8 League of Nations assembles for the last time
  • Apr 9 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 6-3 for a 4-1 series victory
  • Apr 10 1st election for Japanese Parliament
  • Apr 12 Syria gains independence from France

Golf Tournament

Apr 12 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Louise Suggs wins her first major title by 2 strokes from Eileen Stulb

  • Apr 13 Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over
  • Apr 13 Eddie Klepp, a white pitcher signed by defending Negro League champ Cleveland Buckeyes, is barred from field in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Apr 14 "Day Before Spring" closes at National Theater NYC after 167 performances
  • Apr 15 50th Boston Marathon won by Stylianos Kyriakides of Greece in 2:29:27; first and only Cypriot athlete to win the event
  • Apr 16 Mel Ott playing in right field for NY Giants hits his 511th and final MLB home run in 8-4 Opening Day win over Philadelphia Phillies
  • Apr 16 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, New Mexicao; reaches altitude of 8 km
  • Apr 16 Dutch Special Court of Justice sentences Frederik Müller, Socialist mayor of Rotterdam, to 10 years in jail for his wartime support of Germany
  • Apr 17 Syria declares independence from French administration
  • Apr 18 Rome, Auerbach and Horwitt's musical "Call Me Mister" opens at National Theater, NYC; runs for 734 performances

Sports History

Apr 18 Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals

  • Apr 18 League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)

Historic Event

Apr 18 US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government

  • Apr 18 International Court of Justice opens at The Hague Netherlands
  • Apr 19 Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out
  • Apr 20 1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs Cubs
  • Apr 21 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • Apr 22 SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms
  • Apr 23 Brooklyn Dodger Ed Head no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
  • Apr 24 11 players named to the Baseball Hall of Fame: Tinker, Evers, Chance, Burkett, McCarthy, Waddell, Plank, Walsh, Jack Chesbro, Griffith and McGinnity

Music History

Apr 24 One-act ballet "Symphonic Variations" choreographed by Frederick Ashton with music by César Franck danced by Sandler's Wells Ballet debuts at Covent Garden, London

  • Apr 25 "Exposition Flyer" rammed at Napierville Illinois, killing 48
  • Apr 25 Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent" premieres in London
  • Apr 27 1st radar installed aboard a commercial ship
  • Apr 29 28 former Japanese leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals

Sports History

Apr 30 Cleveland Indians pitcher Bob Feller's 2nd career MLB no-hitter; beats New York Yankees, 1-0

Appointment of Interest

May 1 Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery appointed British supreme commander

  • May 1 Mrs Emma Clarissa Clement named "American Mother of Year"
  • May 1 Start of 3 year Pilbara strike of Indigenous Australians.
  • May 1 The Paris Peace Conference concludes that the islands of the Dodecanese should be returned to Greece by Italy
  • May 2 The "Battle of Alcatraz" takes place, killing two guards and three inmates

Film Release

May 2 "The Postman Always Rings Twice" film based on the novel by James M. Cain, directed by Tay Garnett and starring Lana Turner and John Garfield is released

  • May 3 International military tribunal in Tokyo begins
  • May 4 5 die in a 2 day riot at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco bay
  • May 4 72nd Kentucky Derby: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:06.6
  • May 4 Wash's Cecil Travis gets 6 straight hits before being stopped
  • May 6 Pulitzer prize awarded to Arthur M Schlesinger (Age of Jackson)"
  • May 7 William H Hastie inaugurated as 1st black governor of Virgin Islands
  • May 7 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees
  • May 8 Red Sox Johnny Pesky scores 6 runs in 1 game
  • May 8 Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn
  • May 9 1st hour long entertainment TV show, "NBC's Hour Glass" premieres

Historic Event

May 9 King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates and is succeeded by his son Umberto II who reigns for only 34 days before the monarchy is abolished

  • May 10 Red Sox win 15th straight beat Yanks 5-4, DiMaggio hits Grand Slam
  • May 11 1st night game at Boston Braves Field (Giants 5, Braves 1)
  • May 11 71st Preakness: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:01.4
  • May 11 United Malays National Organisation is created.
  • May 13 Sarwate & Banerjee add 249 for 10th wkt for Indians v Surrey
  • May 13 US sentences 58 camp guards of Mauthausen concentration camp to death
  • May 13 Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam

Music History

May 14 Paul Hindemith's "For Those We Love" premieres

Music Premiere

May 16 Irving Berlin, Dorothy and Herbert Fields' musical "Annie Get Your Gun" starring Ethel Merman and featuring "There's No Business Like Show Business" opens at Imperial Theater, NYC

  • May 17 KVP Labor/Communists win 1st post-WW2 Dutch parliamentary elections
  • May 17 US President Harry Truman seizes control of nation's railroads to delay a strike
  • May 19 Dutch Cooperation for Sexual Reform (NVSH) forms in Amsterdam
  • May 20 Cubs Claude Passeau makes his 1st error since September 21, 1941, ending pitcher's fielding record of 273 consecutive errorless chances
  • May 21 Physicist Louis Slotin is exposed to a lethal dose of radiation while preparing a plutonium core experiment at the Los Alamos lab, he dies 9 days later and the accident ends all hands-on nuclear assembly work at Los Alamos
  • May 22 Yankees turn triple-play & defeat Tigers 5-3
  • May 22 First US rocket (WAC Corporal) to reach edge of space fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico
  • May 24 Bill Dickey replaces Joe McCarthy as Yankee manager
  • May 25 Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes King of Jordan
  • May 26 2-for-42 & hitting .048 for 1946, Mel Ott stops playing baseball

Music Concert

May 26 Darius Milhaud's 3rd Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Prague

  • May 26 Communist Party Leader Klement Gottwald becomes Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
  • May 28 US Patent filed for a hydrogen bomb
  • May 28 1st night game at Yankee stadium (Senators 2, Yanks 1)

Historic Event

May 28 Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines

  • May 29 KVP wins Provincial National election in Netherlands
  • May 30 Bama Rowell hits a home run in a baseball match - the ball shatters Bulova Clock in Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, New York
  • May 30 United flight 521 crashes on takeoff at LaGuardia Airport (NY) 42 die
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Resumes after WWII; George Robson wins by 44 seconds ahead of rookie Jimmy Jackson
  • Jun 1 78th Belmont Stakes: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:30.8; 7th horse to win the Triple Crown
  • Jun 2 Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day)
  • Jun 3 1st bikini bathing suit displayed in Paris
  • Jun 3 International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals
  • Jun 4 Largest solar prominence (300,000 mi/500,000 km) observed
  • Jun 5 Fire at LaSalle Hotel cocktail lounge kills 61 in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 5 Eric de Noorman, a Dutch comic strip by Hans G. Kresse, is launched
  • Jun 6 Henry Morgan is 1st to take off shirt on TV
  • Jun 6 The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City
  • Jun 7 Pirates players vote 20-16 to walkout rather than play the Giants
  • Jun 7 US Supreme Court bans discrimination in interstate travel

Musical Finale

Jun 8 Raymond Scott and Bernard Hanighen's musical "Lute Song", starring Mary Martin, Yul Brenner, and Nancy Davis, and directed by John Houseman, closes at Plymouth Theater, NYC, after 142 performances

Historic Event

Jun 8 Sukarno calls for anti colonial defiance in Indonesia

  • Jun 9 19 guests at Canfield Hotel die in fire (Dubuque, Iowa)
  • Jun 9 66,545 fans help Yanks break million attendance mark, the earliest

Historic Event

Jun 9 Bhumibol Adulyadej becomes King of Thailand after the death of his brother King Ananda Mahidol

Boxing Title Fight

Jun 9 Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Jun 9 New York Giant Mel Ott becomes first manager in MLB history to be ejected from both games of a doubleheader; Giants lose both games to Pittsburgh Pirates
  • Jun 10 Italian Republic established
  • Jun 10 Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, ends term as 1st director of CIA. Lieutenant General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, becomes 2nd director of CIA
  • Jun 13 1st transcontinental round-trip flight in 1-day, California-Maryland
  • Jun 13 King Umberto II of Italy abdicates