Historical Events in 1947

Events 1 - 200 of 417

  • Jan 1 13th Orange Bowl: #10 Rice beats #7 Tennessee, 8-0
  • Jan 1 13th Sugar Bowl: #3 Georgia beats #9 North Carolina, 20-10
  • Jan 1 33rd Rose Bowl: #5 Illinois beats #4 UCLA, 45-14
  • Jan 1 Benelux agrees to work related issues
  • Jan 1 Britain nationalizes its coal industry
  • Jan 1 WTTG TV channel 5 in Washington, D.C. (MET) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

Jan 2 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East Bengal

  • Jan 3 1st opening session of Congress to be televised - it did not happen again until 1977
  • Jan 4 "Park Avenue" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 72 performances
  • Jan 4 "Show Boat" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 417 performances

Historic Event

Jan 4 Emilio G. Segrè and Carlo Perrier announce technetium, a previously unknown element and the first artificially synthesized chemical element

  • Jan 4 Revival of Victor Herbert's operetta "The Red Mill" closes at 46th Street Theater, NYC, after 531 performances
  • Jan 6 Pan American Airlines offers a round-the-world-ticket, the first commercial airline to do so
  • Jan 6 Ray Lindwall smashes 100 v England in MCG Test
  • Jan 7 Australia v England at MCG drawn in 6 days, 1st cricket draw in Australia since 1882

Historic Event

Jan 8 General George Marshall becomes US Secretary of State

  • Jan 8 Toronto Maple Leaf rookie Howie Meeker scores 5 goals in a game
  • Jan 9 "Street Scene" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 148 performances

Historic Event

Jan 9 Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the black dahlia, is last seen alive.

  • Jan 9 Providence Steamrollers guard Dino Martin becomes the first NBA player to ever score 40 points in a game, in a 91-68 win over Cleveland Rebels at Rhode Island Auditorium
  • Jan 9 Roger Sessions' 2nd Symphony premieres in San Francisco with Pierre Monteux conducting the San Francisco Symphony,
  • Jan 10 "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 725 performances
  • Jan 10 British stop ships Independence & In-Gathering from landing in Israel
  • Jan 10 Greek steamer "Himara" strikes a wartime mine in Saronic Gulf south of Athens with loss of 392 of 637 aboard
  • Jan 15 The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short ("The Black Dahlia") found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California
  • Jan 16 Vincent Aurial elected President of France
  • Jan 17 Ammunition factory explodes in Muiden, Netherlands, 16 die

Contract of Interest

Jan 18 Detroit Tigers sell Hank Greenberg to Pirates (for $25-35,000)

  • Jan 18 Small river steamer sinks on Yangtze River, kills 400
  • Jan 19 SS Himera runs aground at Athens, kills 392
  • Jan 20 Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • Jan 21 "Sweethearts" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 288 performances

Music Premiere

Jan 21 Arthur Honegger's 4th Symphony premieres in Basel, Switzerland

  • Jan 22 1st commercial TV station west of Mississippi opens in Hollywood, California
  • Jan 24 NFL adds 5th official (back judge) & allows sudden death in playoffs
  • Jan 26 KLM Dakota crashes near Copenhagen, 22 die
  • Jan 28 "Bay Psalm" book auctioned for a record $151,000

Theater Premiere

Jan 29 Arthur Miller's play "All My Sons" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 29 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Dinny Pails beats fellow Australian John Bromwich 4-6, 6-4, 3-6, 7-5, 8-6 for his only Grand Slam title
  • Jan 29 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Nancye Wynne Bolton wins 3rd consecutive Australian singles crown; beats Nell Hall Hopman 6-3, 6-2
  • Feb 1 Aleide de Gasperi forms Italian government of christian-dems & communists

Music History

Feb 1 Dmitri Shostakovich named professor at conservatoire of Leningrad

  • Feb 1 NV United Dutch Fokker's Aircraft established
  • Feb 3 -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)
  • Feb 3 1st black reporter in US Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)
  • Feb 5 Bolewet Beirut becomes President of Poland
  • Feb 6 Compton & Arthur Morris both complete dual tons in same Test Cricket

Historic Event

Feb 6 Magnum Photos founded in Paris by Robert Capa, Henri Cartier-Bresson, George Rodger and David Seymour

  • Feb 7 The UK announces its intention to end the Mandate for Palestine
  • Feb 8 Jan van der Hoorn wins 8th Dutch 11-cities skating race (10:51)
  • Feb 8 KSD (now KSDK) TV channel 5 in St Louis, MO (NBC) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

Feb 9 Bank robber Willie Sutton escapes jail in Philadelphia

  • Feb 10 Italy cedes most of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia
  • Feb 10 Netherlands Radio Union forms
  • Feb 10 Province of Petsamo returned to Soviet Union by Finland
  • Feb 10 WW II peace treaties signed
  • Feb 12 Daytime fireball & meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia

Historic Event

Feb 12 French fashion designer Christian Dior presents his first influential collection, named the "New Look"

  • Feb 12 Record 100.5-kg sailfish caught by C. W. Stewart, near the Galapagos Islands
  • Feb 15 "Toplitzky of Notre Dame" closes at Century Theater NYC after 60 performances
  • Feb 16 Morton Gould's 3rd Symphony, premieres
  • Feb 17 Dutch RC bishops publish manifest against "godless communism"
  • Feb 17 Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR
  • Feb 18 24 die in a train crash in Gallitzin, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 18 Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Telephone" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 19 CBS radio premiere of Villa-Lobos' "Bachianas Brasilieras No 3"
  • Feb 20 Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in LA

Appointment of Interest

Feb 20 Earl Mountbatten of Burma appointed as last viceroy of India to oversee the move to independence

  • Feb 20 State of Prussia ceases to exist.

Historic Event

Feb 21 1st instant developing camera demonstrated by Edwin Land at the Optical Society of America in NYC

Film & TV History

Feb 21 Whipper Billy Watson beats Bill Longson, to become wrestling champ

Historic Event

Feb 23 US General Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews

Golden Globes

Feb 26 4th Golden Globes: "The Best Years of Our Lives", Gregory Peck, & Rosalind Russell win

  • Feb 27 French explorer Paul-Emile Victor founds French Polar Expeditions to oversee French scientific missions

February 28 Massacre

Feb 28 February 28 Massacre: Anti-government uprising in Taiwan is violently put down by Chiang Kai-shek and his Kuomintang-led Republic of China government with the loss of 18,000-28,000 lives. Marks the beginning of the White Terror.

Sports History

Mar 1 Cleveland Indians owner Bill Veeck sets up spring training camp in racially tolerant Phoenix, AZ in anticipation of signing team's first black players; Larry Doby is first acquisition later in the season

  • Mar 1 International Monetary Fund begins operation
  • Mar 4 WWJ (now WDIV) TV channel 4 in Detroit, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 6 XB-45, 1st US 4-engine jet bomber, makes 1st test flight, Muroc, CA
  • Mar 7 The Kuomintang and Communist Party of China resume full-fledged Civil War.
  • Mar 9 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Mar 9 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Mar 12 "Chocolate Soldier" opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances
  • Mar 12 Belgian government of Huysmans resigns

Historic Event

Mar 12 US President Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

  • Mar 13 "Brigadoon" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 581 performances
  • Mar 13 19th Academy Awards: "Best Years of Our Lives", De Havilland, March win
  • Mar 15 John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy
  • Mar 16 Convair Liner, 1st US twin-engine pressurized airplane, tested

Historic Event

Mar 17 Arnold J. Toynbee appears on the front cover of Time magazine

  • Mar 19 Belgian government of Paul-Henri Spaak (Belgium Socialist Party) forms

Victory in Battle

Mar 19 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan

  • Mar 20 180 tonne blue whale (record) caught in South Atlantic

Catholic Encyclical

Mar 21 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur

  • Mar 21 Test Cricket debut of Bert Sutcliffe, NZ v England at Christchurch
  • Mar 21 U.S. President Harry Truman signs executive order 9835 requiring "complete and unswerving loyalty to the United States" of Federal employees
  • Mar 21 US President Harry Truman signs Executive Order 9835 requiring all federal employees to have allegiance to the United States
  • Mar 24 Congress proposes 2-term limitation on the presidency

Historic Event

Mar 24 John D. Rockefeller Jr. donates NYC East River site to the UN

  • Mar 25 9th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Holy Cross beats Oklahoma, 58-47; Crusaders' first victory in first title game
  • Mar 25 Agreement of Linggadjati ratified in Batavia
  • Mar 25 Coal mine explosion in Centralia, Illinois kills 111
  • Mar 25 Last day of Test cricket for Walter Hammond (v NZ, Christchurch)
  • Mar 29 "Beggar's Holiday" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 111 performances
  • Mar 29 101st Grand National: 100/1 Irish outsider Caughoo ridden by 35-year-old jockey Eddie Dempsey wins by 20 lengths from Lough Conn

Golf Tournament

Mar 30 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins her first of 3 Titleholders titles by 5 strokes ahead of Dorothy Kirby

  • Apr 1 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat
  • Apr 1 Shin Takarajima (New Treasure Island) by Osamu Tezuka published, first manga cartoon in tankōbon form
  • Apr 2 Carlo Terron's "Il diamente del profeta" premieres in Rome
  • Apr 3 Sidney Lippman and Sylvia Dee's musical farce "Barefoot Boy with Cheek" opens at Martin Beck Theatre, NYC; runs for 108 performances
  • Apr 4 Convention on International Civil Aviation goes into effect
  • Apr 4 Largest group of sunspots on record
  • Apr 4 UN's International Civil Aviation Organization forms

US Masters Golf

Apr 6 11th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Jimmy Demaret wins his 2nd Masters by 2 strokes over Byron Nelson and amateur Frank Stranahan

  • Apr 6 1st Tony Awards: Arthur Miller, David Wayne & Patricia Neal win for theatrical achievements
  • Apr 8 Largest recorded sunspot ever observed at 40 times the diameter of Earth
  • Apr 9 Atomic Energy Commission confirmed

Sports History

Apr 9 Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler suspends Brooklyn Dodger Leo Durocher for 1 year for "association with known gamblers"

  • Apr 9 Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300

Contract of Interest

Apr 10 Jackie Robinson becomes first black player of the 20th century to sign a MLB contract; Brooklyn GM, Branch Rickey announces Dodgers had bought Robinson’s contract from Montreal Royals

  • Apr 10 King Frederik IX of Denmark crowned
  • Apr 15 Jackie Robinson becomes 1st African-American to play in US major league baseball (Dodgers)
  • Apr 15 Operations begin at Radio Netherlands World radio
  • Apr 16 -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp
  • Apr 16 Fire aboard French-flagged cargo ship SS Grandchamp, docked at Port of Texas City, Texas and loaded with 2,300 tons of ammonium nitrate causes massive explosion and spreads to nearby ships and oil facilities; deadliest industrial accident in US history kills 581, including all but one member of the city's fire departments
  • Apr 16 Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)
  • Apr 17 Jackie Robinson bunts for his 1st major league hit
  • Apr 19 AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds

Sports History

Apr 19 After scoring 45 goals during the regular season, Maurice Richard is named MVP.

  • Apr 19 England beats France, 6-3 at Twickenham to be level on points with Wales for a share of the Five Nations Rugby Championship; first appearance of France in tournament since 1931
  • Apr 19 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs edge Montreal Canadiens, 2-1 for a 4-2 series win; first all-Canadian final since 1935
  • Apr 19 Suh Yun Buck wins world record marathon (2:25:39)
  • Apr 20 Frederik IX becomes King of Denmark
  • Apr 21 51st Boston Marathon won by Yun Bok Soh of Korea in 2:25:39; world best time
  • Apr 22 1st Basketball Association of America Finals: Philadelphia Warriors beat Chicago Stags, 83-80 to take inaugural series, 4 games to 2

Sports History

Apr 25 Lou Thesz beats Whipper Watson in St Louis, to win National Wrestling Association world heavyweight title

  • Apr 25 Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins
  • Apr 26 "Bless the Bride" musical opens in London

Sports History

Apr 27 Babe Ruth Day celebrated at Yankee Stadium and throughout the US

Historic Event

Apr 28 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia

  • Apr 30 Boulder Dam renamed in honor of Herbert Hoover
  • May 1 Cleveland Indians abandon League Park (venue for weekday games) to play all MLB games at Municipal Stadium
  • May 1 Lt General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, ends term as 2nd head of CIA
  • May 1 Radar for commercial & private planes 1st demonstrated
  • May 1 Rear Admiral Roscoe H Hillenkoetter, USN, becomes 3th director of CIA
  • May 3 73rd Kentucky Derby: Eric Guerin aboard Jet Pilot wins in 2:06.8

Historic Event

May 3 Japan's post-war constitution goes into effect, granting universal suffrage, stripping Emperor Hirohito of all but symbolic power and outlawing Japan's right to make war

  • May 5 Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 & causes $850M in damage
  • May 5 Pulitzer prize awarded to Robert Penn Warren for his novel "All the King's Men"
  • May 7 "Kraft Television Theater" premieres on NBC

Historic Event

May 7 General MacArthur approves Japanese constitution

  • May 7 Paraguayian government unleashes contra revolt
  • May 8 A movement among Card players to protest its 1st meeting with Jackie Robinson & the Dodgers is aborted by a talk from owner Sam Breadon

Historic Event

May 8 Polish resistance fighter Witold Pilecki, who had volunteered to be imprisoned in Auschwitz to gain information about the Holocaust, is arrested by Polish communist police

  • May 10 "Chocolate Soldier" closes at Century Theater NYC after 69 performances
  • May 10 72nd Preakness: Doug Dodson aboard Faultless wins in 1:59
  • May 11 BF Goodrich announced the development of tubeless tire (Akron Ohio)
  • May 11 Laos accepts constitution for parliamentary democracy
  • May 13 US Senate approves the Taft-Hartley Act limiting the power of unions

Music History

May 16 Billie Holiday is arrested in her New York apartment for possession of narcotics

  • May 17 "Street Scene" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 148 performances
  • May 18 MLB Philadelphia A's catcher Warren Rosar catches his 147th game without an error
  • May 22 "Truman Doctrine" goes into effect, aiding Turkey and Greece
  • May 22 1st US ballistic missile fired
  • May 23 PC Hooft prize forms for literature
  • May 25 Coal dust explosion rocks Centralia Coal Co's Mine #5 killing 111 in Illinois
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Mauri Rose leads for final 8 laps after confused pit messages with teammate Bill Holland to take the controversial victory; race marred by a 41st lap crash that claims life of Shorty Cantlon
  • May 31 79th Belmont: Ruperto Donoso aboard Phalanx wins in 2:29.6
  • May 31 Communists seize power in Hungary
  • May 31 Eastern DC-4 crashes between Ft Deposit & Perryville, Maryland, kills 53
  • May 31 Italian government of Gasperi forms
  • Jun 1 OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
  • Jun 1 The development of photosensitive glass, which had occurred ten years previously, is announced publicly
  • Jun 2 Hungarian premier Ferenc Nagy resigns
  • Jun 2 Monte Carlo and Alma Sanders' musical "Louisiana Lady" opens at Century Theater, NYC; runs for 4 performances
  • Jun 3 British Viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten visits Pakistan
  • Jun 4 Monte Carlo and Alma Sanders' musical "Louisiana Lady" closes at Century Theater, NYC, after 4 performances
  • Jun 4 US House of Representatives approves Taft-Hartley act
  • Jun 5 US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines the "Marshall Plan" to rebuild Western Europe
  • Jun 6 Treaty drawn up for establishment of International Patent Institute
  • Jun 10 Saab produces its first automobile

Film Release

Jun 11 Perennial Christmas film "Miracle on 34th St" starring John Payne and Maureen O'Hara, directed by George Seaton is released

  • Jun 11 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in US (began May 28, 1942)
  • Jun 12 British Amateur Women's Golf, Gullane GC: Babe Didrikson becomes first American to win event; beats England's Jacqueline Gordon 5 & 4
  • Jun 13 1st night game at Fenway Park (Red Sox 5, White Sox 3)

US Golf Open

Jun 15 US Open Men's Golf, St. Louis CC: Lew Worsham defeats Sam Snead by 1 stroke in an 18-hole playoff for his only major title

  • Jun 16 1st network news-Dumont's "News from Washington"
  • Jun 16 Pravda denounces Marshall Plan
  • Jun 17 Earnest Reuter becomes mayor of Berlin
  • Jun 17 Pan Am Airways' 1st round-the-world civil air service leaves NYC
  • Jun 18 Cincinnati Reds pitcher Ewell Blackwell no-hits Boston Braves, 6-0 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
  • Jun 19 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc, California
  • Jun 20 US President Harry Truman vetoes Taft-Hartley Act
  • Jun 22 12" rain in 42 mins (Holt, MO)
  • Jun 22 Ewell Blackwell just misses pitching back-to-back no-hitters (9th inn)
  • Jun 23 Compton and Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt v South Africa
  • Jun 23 US President Truman's veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by Congress
  • Jun 24 Flying saucers sighted over Mount Rainier by pilot Ken Arnold
  • Jun 24 Future Baseball Hall of Fame infielder Jackie Robinson steals home for first of 19 times in his career as the Brooklyn Dodgers beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 4-2