Historical Events in 1948

Events 1 - 200 of 551

  • Jan 1 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Australian cricket master batsman Don Bradman scores 132 on first day of 3rd Test v India; follows up with 127no in 2nd innings; Australia wins by 233

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • Jan 1 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • Jan 1 Italy adopts constitution
  • Jan 1 Orissa province accedes to India
  • Jan 1 Transport Act of 1947 comes into force in the United Kingdom, nationalizing the British rail system under the name British Railways
  • Jan 1 British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.
  • Jan 1 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • Jan 1 34th Rose Bowl: #2 Michigan beats #8 Southern California, 49-0
  • Jan 1 14th Sugar Bowl: #5 Texas beats #6 Alabama, 27-7
  • Jan 1 14th Orange Bowl: #10 Georgia Tech beats #12 Kansas, 20-14
  • Jan 2 WNDT (now WNET) TV channel 13 in New York-Newark, NY (PBS) begins
  • Jan 3 Bradman completes dual Test tons (132 & 127*) v India MCG
  • Jan 4 Burma declares independence from UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall

  • Jan 7 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO
  • Jan 8 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason
  • Jan 9 Walter Piston's 3rd Symphony in E, premieres in Boston
  • Jan 10 "Call Me Mister" closes at National Theater NYC after 734 performances
  • Jan 12 1st Supermarket in UK opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 12 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • Jan 13 1st country music TV show, Midwestern Hayride, premieres on WLW Cin

Film release premierFilm Premier

Jan 15 "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre", film based on B. Traven's novel, directed by John Huston and starring Humphrey Bogart premieres

  • Jan 16 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • Jan 17 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease-fire
  • Jan 17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Jan 18 Ted Mack's "Original Amateur Hour" begins, DuMont (later NBC/ABC/CBS)
  • Jan 21 West Indies v England, Test debut of Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
  • Jan 22 Jim Laker takes 7-103 in his 1st Test Cricket innings v WI Barbados
  • Jan 23 Bradman scores 201 in 272 mins v India, 21 fours 1 six
  • Jan 23 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • Jan 24 "Music in My Heart" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 124 performances
  • Jan 24 Australia all out 674 v India (Bradman 201, Hassett 198*)
  • Jan 24 Dutch Liberal Party forms - People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • Jan 26 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Marie Toomey 6-3, 6-1 for 4th straight Australian single title
  • Jan 26 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Adrian Quist wins his 3rd Australian title; beats fellow Australian and doubles partner John Bromwich 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-3
  • Jan 27 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • Jan 27 1st tape recorder sold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • Jan 28 A plane crash in the Diablo mountains kills 28 bracero farm workers being sent back to Mexico, inspiring Woodie Guthrie's song "Deportee"
  • Jan 29 "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 188 performances
  • Jan 29 Commissioner Happy Chandler fines the Yankees, Cubs and Phillies $500 each for signing high school players
  • Jan 29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • Jan 30 V Winter Olympic Games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
  • Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 J. D. Salinger's short story "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in the New Yorker

Novelist J. D. Salinger
Novelist
J. D. Salinger
  • Jan 31 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
  • Jan 31 An unprecedented 3-way tie for the silver medal in the 500m speed skating at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Americans Robert Fitzgerald & Ken Bartholomew, and Thomas Byberg of Norway are equal on 43.2s; Finn Helgesen of Norway wins gold, 43.1s
  • Jan 31 Sweden sweeps the medals in the 18km cross country event at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Martin Lundström takes gold ahead of countrymen Nils Östensson and Gunnar Eriksson
  • Jan 31 Swiss pair Felix Endrich & Friedrich Waller beat countrymen Fritz Feierabend & Paul Eberhard to win the 2-man bobsleigh gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; silver medallist Feierabend is team coach

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1 Nine Malay sultanates and two British Straits Settlements (Penang and Malacca) form the Federation of Malaya

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • Feb 1 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed
  • Feb 1 Finland goes 1-2 in the Nordic combined event at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Heikki Hasu takes gold ahead of team mate Martti Huhtala
  • Feb 1 Johnny Palmer sets a 36-hole PGA Tour scoring record with rounds of 62-64 in the Tucson Open; finishes runner-up by 1 stroke to Skip Alexander who cards tournament record total 264
  • Feb 2 President Harry Truman urges congress to adopt a civil rights program
  • Feb 4 Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) declares independence from UK
  • Feb 4 After winning the men’s downhill, French alpine skier Henri Oreiller takes the combined gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; becomes most successful athlete at these Games with a slalom bronze
  • Feb 5 "Nature of Things" science show premieres on NBC prime time
  • Feb 5 18 year old Dick Button becomes first American men's figure skating Olympic gold medallist at the St. Moritz Winter Games; first to complete a double axel in competition; retains title in 1952
  • Feb 5 Gretchen Fraser becomes 1st US woman Olympic slalom champion
  • Feb 6 1st radio-controlled airplane flown
  • Feb 6 Bradman retires hurt, 57 in his last Test Cricket innings in Australia
  • Feb 6 KNXT (now KCBS) TV channel 2 in Los Angeles, CA (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Feb 6 World & European champion Barbara Ann Scott becomes the first Canadian to win a women's figure skating Olympic gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Games
  • Feb 6 Nils Karlsson wins the 50k cross country gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Swedish skiers win all 3 cross-country events at the Games
  • Feb 7 "Cradle Will Rock" closes at Mansfield Theater NYC after 34 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 Omar Bradley succeeds Dwight Eisenhower as US Army Chief of Staff

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Feb 7 After winning Lake Placid (1932) and Garmisch-Partenkirchen (1936) Olympic ski jumping gold medals, Birger Ruud comes out of retirement to win silver in St. Moritz in a Norwegian medal sweep
  • Feb 8 V Winter Olympic Games close at St Moritz, Switzerland
  • Feb 8 Canada wins its 5th Olympic ice hockey gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Games; Canadians complete round-robin event undefeated with forward Wally Halder tournament top scorer with 29 points
  • Feb 8 Canada beats Switzerland, 3-0 to regain the Olympic ice hockey title at the St. Moritz Winter Games; forward Walter Halder top scores with 29 points in Canada’s 5th Olympic title
  • Feb 9 WLWT TV channel 5 in Cincinnati, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 10 Greek Gen Markos' guerrilla army bombs Saloniki
  • Feb 11 Billy Griffith scores cricket century on debut Eng v WI, out for 140
  • Feb 11 John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
  • Feb 11 Test cricket debut of Frank Worrell for the West Indies vs. England at Port-of-Spain
  • Feb 12 1st Lt Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st African American in army nursing corps
  • Feb 13 West Indian batsman Andy Ganteaume scores 112 for W Indies in his only Test Cricket innings
  • Feb 13 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy & Baugniet of BEL
  • Feb 13 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA
  • Feb 13 Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 15 Mao Zedong's army occupies Yenan

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Feb 16 1st newsreel telecast, "20th Century Fox-Movietone News", shown on NBC
  • Feb 16 Miranda, famous moon of Uranus, photographed for 1st time
  • Feb 20 Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
  • Feb 21 NASCAR is incorporated.
  • Feb 22 Arabs bomb attack in Jerusalem, 50 die
  • Feb 24 Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
  • Feb 25 Communists seize Czechoslovakia and C Gottwald becomes premier
  • Feb 29 Stern-group bomb Cairo-Haifa train, 27 British soldiers died
  • Mar 5 US rocket flies record 4800 kph to 126km height
  • Mar 7 The Dodecanese islands officially become part of Greece again, ending Italian rule.
  • Mar 8 US Supreme Court rules in McCollum v. Board of Education that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional
  • Mar 9 Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia
  • Mar 10 1st civilian to exceed speed of sound-Herb H Hoover, Edwards AFB Ca

Film tv awardsGolden Globes

Mar 10 5th Golden Globes: "Gentleman's Agreement", Ronald Colman, & Rosalind Russell win

  • Mar 11 Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed
  • Mar 11 WBAL TV channel 11 in Baltimore, MD (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 12 -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
  • Mar 13 Ireland beats Wales, 6-3 at Ravenhill Stadium, Belfast to clinch the Five Nations Rugby Championship and first Grand Slam
  • Mar 14 Freedom Train arrives in San Francisco
  • Mar 15 Bradman scores 115 for the Australian cricket team v Western Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15 Sir Laurence Olivier on the cover of LIFE magazine

  • Mar 15 WCAU TV channel 10 in Philadelphia, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16 Billie Holiday is released from prison early because of good behaviour

Jazz Musician Billie Holiday
Jazz Musician
Billie Holiday
  • Mar 18 France & Great Britain & Benelux sign Treaty of Brussels
  • Mar 18 Philips begin experimental TV broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 Soviet consultants leave Yugoslavia in first sign of Tito-Stalin split

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

  • Mar 19 Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 20 1st live televised musical Eugene Ormandy on CBS followed in 90

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

Mar 20 20th Academy Awards: "Gentleman's Agreement", Loretta Young, Ronald Colman win

  • Mar 20 102nd Grand National: 50/1 chance Sheila's Cottage first mare to win the GN for 46 years; ridden by Irish jockey Arthur Thompson
  • Mar 21 "Stop the Music" with Bert Parks premieres on ABC radio
  • Mar 21 LPGA Titleholders Championship, Augusta CC: Patty Berg wins her 4th Titleholders title by 1 stroke ahead of Babe Zaharias and Peggy Kirk
  • Mar 23 10th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Baylor, 58-42; Wildcats' first victory in first title game
  • Mar 23 John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
  • Mar 27 The Second Congress of the Workers' Party of North Korea is convened
  • Mar 27 Just 11 days after being released from prison, Billie Holiday plays in front of a sold-out crowd at Carnegie Hall
  • Mar 28 2nd Tony Awards: Mister Roberts win
  • Mar 29 Drachtster Boys soccer team forms in Drachten
  • Mar 29 Yanks & Red Sox tie at 2-2 in 17, spring training game
  • Mar 31 US Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe
  • Apr 1 Hines Johnson's debut as a bowler for West Indies to win v England 10-96
  • Apr 1 Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark
  • Apr 3 1st US figure skating championships held
  • Apr 3 US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)
  • Apr 3 US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • Apr 3 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 4 84-year-old Connie Mack challenges 78-year-old Clark Griffith to a race from home to 1st base; it ends in a tie

Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack
  • Apr 5 WGN TV channel 9 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 7 World Health Organization formed by the United Nations
  • Apr 7 A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.
  • Apr 8 Soen Nakagawa & Nyogen Senzaki (Zen teachers) meet in San Francisco
  • Apr 9 Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • Apr 10 Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek
  • Apr 11 12th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Claude Harmon shoots a record-tying 279 (−9) to finish 5 strokes ahead of runner-up Cary Middlecoff
  • Apr 13 75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus
  • Apr 14 A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
  • Apr 14 NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • Apr 14 Stanley Cup Final, Olympia Stadium, Detroit, MI: Toronto Maple Leafs go back-to-back with a 7-2 win over Detroit Red Wings for a 4-0 series sweep
  • Apr 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • Apr 15 1st Jewish-Arab military battle, arabs defeated
  • Apr 15 Indian territory of Himachal Pradesh created
  • Apr 15 KCPX (now KTVX) TV channel 4 in Salt Lake City, UT (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Apr 16 Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 Elpidio Quirino assumes the Presidency of the Philippines, taking his oath of office two days after the death of President Manuel Roxas

6th President of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino
6th President of the Philippines
Elpidio Quirino
  • Apr 18 International Court of Justice opens at The Hague Netherlands
  • Apr 19 52nd Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:02; his 4th victory in the event

  • Apr 19 American Broadcasting Company (ABC) TV network debuts

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Apr 19 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Apr 20 NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • Apr 20 Walter P. Reuther UAW President shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
  • Apr 21 Basketball Association of America Finals: Baltimore Bullets beat Philadelphia Warriors, 88-73 to take series, 4 games to 2
  • Apr 22 WTVR TV channel 6 in Richmond, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 23 KSTP TV channel 5 in St Paul-Minneapolis, MN (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Apr 27 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
  • Apr 29 Don Bradman scores 107 Aust v Worcs, 152 mins, 15 fours
  • Apr 30 "Inside USA" opens at Century Theater NYC for 339 performances
  • Apr 30 Org of American States charter signed at Bogota, Colombia
  • Apr 30 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 1 74th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro wins aboard Citation to become first 4-time Derby winning jockey
  • May 1 North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • May 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Auspicia quaedam
  • May 1 Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham, Alabama, for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked "for Negroes"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener & Tennessee Williams

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • May 3 1st broadcast of "CBS Evening News" - longest running network news show in the US
  • May 4 The Hague Court of Justice convicts Nazi SS officer in the Netherlands Hans Rauter of Crimes against Humanity (executed 24 March 1949)
  • May 5 1st squadron of jet aircraft aboard a carrier
  • May 6 "Sally" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
  • May 7 Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentenced to death
  • May 8 Cricketer Don Bradman scores 146 Aust v Surrey, 174 mins, 15 fours
  • May 10 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 Winston Churchill visits The Hague

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • May 11 Haganah takes control of Safed & port of Haifa
  • May 11 Luigi Einaudi elected President of Italy
  • May 12 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates
  • May 14 Israel declares independence from British administration
  • May 14 Israeli Radio Station Kol Yisrael's 1st broadcast
  • May 14 Jordan's Arab League captures Atarot, north of Jerusalem
  • May 14 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • May 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 14 WBEN (now WIVB) TV channel 4 in Buffalo, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Golda Meir [Goldie Meyerson] is one of the signatories of Israel’s independence declaration

4th Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir
4th Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir
  • May 15 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • May 15 73rd Preakness: Eddie Arcaro wins aboard Citation, 2nd leg of successful Triple Crown
  • May 15 Australia scores 721 runs in one day v Essex, world record
  • May 15 Bradman scores 187 Aust v Essex, 124 minutes, 33 fours 1 five
  • May 15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • May 16 First chess world championship since WWII; Russian player Mikhail Botvinnik wins a 5-player tournament to begin 20-year Russian domination
  • May 16 CBS news correspondent George Polk's body is found in Greece
  • May 16 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st President of Israel
  • May 16 Egyptians enter Gaza
  • May 16 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 17 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • May 17 Soviet Union recognizes Israel
  • May 18 "Ballet Ballads" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 62 performances
  • May 18 Arab Legion captures fort on Mt Scopus during Arab-Israeli war