On This Day

Historical Events in January 1948

  • Jan 1 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)

Sports History

Jan 1 Australian cricket master batsman Don Bradman scores 132 on first day of 3rd Test v India; follows up with 127no in 2nd innings; Australia wins by 233

  • Jan 1 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • Jan 1 Orissa province accedes to India
  • Jan 1 Transport Act of 1947 comes into force in the United Kingdom, nationalizing the British rail system under the name British Railways
  • Jan 1 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • Jan 1 The Constitution of Italy comes into force
  • Jan 1 34th Rose Bowl: #2 Michigan beats #8 Southern California, 49-0
  • Jan 1 14th Sugar Bowl: #5 Texas beats #6 Alabama, 27-7
  • Jan 1 14th Orange Bowl: #10 Georgia Tech beats #12 Kansas, 20-14
  • Jan 2 WNDT (now WNET) TV channel 13 in New York-Newark, NY (PBS) begins
  • Jan 3 Australian cricket batting maestro Don Bradman completes dual Test centuries (132 & 127* [26th Test 100]) in 3rd Test v India in Melbourne
  • Jan 4 Burma declares independence from UK

Historic Event

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman raises taxes for the Marshall Plan to assist in rebuilding Europe after WWII [1]

  • Jan 7 Thomas Mantell, a pilot for the Kentucky Air National Guard, crashes while pursuing a supposed UFO

Historic Event

Jan 8 Queen Wilhelmina signs death sentence against Ans van Dijk for treason

Music Premiere

Jan 9 Walter Piston's 3rd Symphony in E, premieres in Boston by the Boston Symphony Orchestra; conducted by Serge Koussevitzky; wins 1947 Pulitzer Prize

  • Jan 10 "Call Me Mister" closes at National Theater NYC after 734 performances
  • Jan 12 1st Supermarket in UK opens
  • Jan 12 US Supreme Court decision (Sipuel v Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
  • Jan 13 1st country music TV show, "Midwestern Hayride", premieres on WLW-T in Cincinnati, Ohio

Film Premiere

Jan 15 "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre", film based on B. Traven's novel, directed by John Huston and starring Humphrey Bogart premieres

  • Jan 16 35 Haganah members are ambushed & killed in Gush Etzyon
  • Jan 17 Netherlands & Indonesia agree to a cease-fire
  • Jan 17 Trial of 11 US Communist party members begins in NYC
  • Jan 18 1st courses begin at University of Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Jan 18 Ted Mack's "Original Amateur Hour" begins, DuMont (later NBC/ABC/CBS)
  • Jan 21 Three of the greats of cricket make their debut in a drawn 1st Test match at Bridgetown, Barbados; Sir Clyde Walcott and Sir Everton Weekes for the West Indies, and Jim Laker for England
  • Jan 22 All time great England cricket spin bowler Jim Laker takes 7-103 in his first Test innings in 1st Test v West Indies in Bridgetown, Barbados
  • Jan 23 Australian cricket captain Don Bradman scores 201 in 4th Test win v India in Adelaide; Sid Barnes 112 and Lindsay Hassett 198no in Australian total 674
  • Jan 23 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • Jan 24 "Music in My Heart" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 124 performances
  • Jan 24 Dutch Liberal Party forms - People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • Jan 26 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Marie Toomey 6-3, 6-1 for 4th straight Australian single title
  • Jan 26 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Adrian Quist wins his 3rd Australian title; beats fellow Australian and doubles partner John Bromwich 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-3
  • Jan 27 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • Jan 27 1st tape recorder sold

Historic Event

Jan 28 President Manuel Roxas granted full amnesty to all so-called Philippine collaborators

  • Jan 28 A plane crash in the Diablo mountains kills 28 bracero farm workers being sent back to Mexico, inspiring Woodie Guthrie's song "Deportee"
  • Jan 29 "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 188 performances
  • Jan 29 Commissioner Happy Chandler fines the Yankees, Cubs and Phillies $500 each for signing high school players
  • Jan 29 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • Jan 30 V Winter Olympic Games open in St Moritz, Switzerland
  • Jan 30 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

Historic Event

Jan 31 J. D. Salinger's short story "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in the New Yorker

  • Jan 31 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
  • Jan 31 An unprecedented 3-way tie for the silver medal in the 500m speed skating at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Americans Robert Fitzgerald & Ken Bartholomew, and Thomas Byberg of Norway are equal on 43.2s; Finn Helgesen of Norway wins gold, 43.1s
  • Jan 31 Sweden sweeps the medals in the 18km cross country event at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; Martin Lundström takes gold ahead of countrymen Nils Östensson and Gunnar Eriksson
  • Jan 31 Swiss pair Felix Endrich & Friedrich Waller beat countrymen Fritz Feierabend & Paul Eberhard to win the 2-man bobsleigh gold medal at the St. Moritz Winter Olympics; silver medallist Feierabend is team coach