On This Day

Historical Events in June 1948

  • Jun 1 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire

Music Premiere

Jun 3 Musical "Sleepy Hollow", based on Washington Irving's novel, opens at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 12 performances

  • Jun 3 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • Jun 3 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore

Baseball Record

Jun 5 Phillies Richie Ashburn sets NL rookie consecut hitting streak at 23

  • Jun 5 "(Ghost) Riders in the Sky: A Cowboy Legend" single released by Stan Jones
  • Jun 7 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • Jun 7 KVP wins Dutch Second-Parliamentary election
  • Jun 8 Revival of Jerome Kerns' musical "Sally" closes at Martin Beck Theater, NYC, after 36 performances
  • Jun 8 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines

Television Premiere

Jun 8 "Texaco Star Theater" premieres on NBC-TV, with "Mr. Television" Milton Berle made permanent emcee in September of the same year

  • Jun 9 WBZ TV channel 4 in Boston, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 12 "Hold It!" closes at National Theater NYC after 46 performances
  • Jun 12 George Lessner, Russell Maloney and Miriam Battista's musical adaptation of Washington Irving's "Sleepy Hollow" closes at St James Theater, NYC, after 12 performances

US Golf Open

Jun 12 US Open Men's Golf, Riviera CC: Ben Hogan dominates final 2 rounds, shooting 68-69, 2 shots ahead of runner-up Jimmy Demaret; third of his 9 major titles

Sports History

Jun 12 80th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro wins aboard Citation to claim his second Triple Crown

Sports History

Jun 12 In his farewell Ashes Tour, Australian cricket batting maestro Don Bradman scores 138 in 1st Test against England at Trent Bridge

Sports History

Jun 13 Babe Ruth's final farewell at Yankee Stadium, he dies Aug 16th

  • Jun 14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • Jun 15 First night game at Briggs Stadium, Detroit: Tigers beat Philadelphia A's, 4-1
  • Jun 15 In his farewell Ashes Tour, Don Bradman is out for a duck (0) in the Australian 2nd innings, but tourists win 1st Test against England by 8 wickets at Nottingham
  • Jun 15 WPIX TV channel 11 in NYC, NY (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 15 WTNH TV channel 8 in New Haven, CT (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 18 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • Jun 18 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • Jun 18 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Robin Roberts debuts for the Philadelphia Phillies, taking a 2-0 loss against the Pittsburgh Pirates at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • Jun 19 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel

Television Premiere

Jun 20 "Toast of the Town" hosted by Ed Sullivan premieres on CBS-TV

  • Jun 20 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • Jun 20 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
  • Jun 20 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • Jun 21 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England

Historic Event

Jun 21 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)

  • Jun 21 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • Jun 21 WNAC (now WHDH) TV channel 7 in Boston, MA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 21 HMT Empire Windrush with the first 800 emigrants from the West Indies to the UK arrives at Port of Tilbury near London

Goodbye Scratchy 78s, Hello Vinyl

Jun 21 Columbia Records unveil the 33-1/3 rpm LP phonograph record invented by Peter Carl Goldmark, allowing up to 20 minutes per side (available in 10 and 12 inch diameters), at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, NYC; over the next decade the popularity and profitability of the LP pushed the 78 rpm out of production [1]

Presidential Convention

Jun 24 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

The Berlin Candy Bombers

Jun 24 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water

Historic Event

Jun 25 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)

  • Jun 26 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • Jun 28 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • Jun 30 Cleveland Indians' future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Bob Lemon no-hits Detroit Tigers, 2-0
  • Jun 30 Last British troops leave Israel
  • Jun 30 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)