On This Day

Historical Events in May 1948

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 74th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro wins aboard Citation to become first 4-time Derby winning jockey

Racing Hall of Fame Jockey Eddie Arcaro
Racing Hall of Fame Jockey
Eddie Arcaro
  • May 1 North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People's Republic of Korea

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

May 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Auspicia quaedam

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • May 1 Glenn Taylor, Idaho Senator, arrested in Birmingham, Alabama, for trying to enter a meeting through a door marked "for Negroes"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to James Michener & Tennessee Williams

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • May 3 1st broadcast of "CBS Evening News" - longest running network news show in the US
  • May 4 The Hague Court of Justice convicts Nazi SS officer in the Netherlands Hans Rauter of Crimes against Humanity (executed 24 March 1949)
  • May 5 1st squadron of jet aircraft aboard a carrier
  • May 6 "Sally" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
  • May 7 Nazi collaborator V-Mann Antonius van de Waals sentenced to death
  • May 10 1st attack by Egyptian irregular forces at Kfar Darom Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 Winston Churchill visits The Hague

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • May 11 Haganah takes control of Safed & port of Haifa
  • May 11 Luigi Einaudi elected President of Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

IsraelIsraeli Declaration of Independence

May 14 Israel declares independence from British administration

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David Ben-Gurion, who became Israel's first prime minister shortly after, declares independence beneath a picture of Theodor Herzl
David Ben-Gurion, who became Israel's first prime minister shortly after, declares independence beneath a picture of Theodor Herzl
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  • May 14 Israeli Radio Station Kol Yisrael's 1st broadcast
  • May 14 Jordan's Arab League captures Atarot, north of Jerusalem
  • May 14 US grants Israel de facto recognition
  • May 14 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 14 WBEN (now WIVB) TV channel 4 in Buffalo, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Golda Meir (Meyerson) is one of the signatories of Israel’s independence declaration

4th Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir
4th Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir
  • May 15 28 year old British Mandate over Palestine ends
  • May 15 73rd Preakness: Eddie Arcaro wins aboard Citation, 2nd leg of successful Triple Crown
  • May 15 Australia scores 721 runs in one day v Essex, world record
  • May 15 Troops from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia attack Israel
  • May 16 First chess world championship since WWII; Russian player Mikhail Botvinnik wins a 5-player tournament to begin 20-year Russian domination
  • May 16 CBS news correspondent George Polk's body is found in Greece
  • May 16 Chaim Weizmann elected 1st President of Israel
  • May 16 Egyptians enter Gaza
  • May 16 Israel issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 17 Israel liberates Acre, Nebi Yusha & Telel-Kadi
  • May 17 Soviet Union recognizes Israel
  • May 18 "Ballet Ballads" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 62 performances
  • May 18 Arab Legion captures fort on Mt Scopus during Arab-Israeli war
  • May 18 Saudi Arabia joins invasion of Israel

  • May 18 The First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking
  • May 20 Cleveland Indians tie AL record of 18 walks (beat Red Sox 13-4)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 NY Yank Joe DiMaggio hits for cycle (single, double, triple, HR)

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • May 23 Future Baseball Hall of Fame center fielder Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs as the New York Yankees edge the Indians, 6-5 at Cleveland Stadium
  • May 23 Ramat Rahel gateway to Jerusalem is repossessed by Israel

Music releaseMusic Premiere

May 24 Benjamin Britten's "Beggar's Opera" premieres in Cambridge

Sport awardPGA Championship

May 25 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Norwood Hills CC: Ben Hogan scores a convincing 7 & 6 win over Mike Turnesa in the Tuesday final for his 2nd PGA crown

Golfer Ben Hogan
Golfer
Ben Hogan
  • May 25 San Francisco receives its 1st telecast

BattleExecution

May 25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

Polish Resistance Fighter Witold Pilecki
Polish Resistance Fighter
Witold Pilecki
  • May 26 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • May 26 South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy
  • May 27 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Hank Greenberg buys an interest in the Cleveland Indians

Baseball Player Hank Greenberg
Baseball Player
Hank Greenberg
  • May 28 Israeli Air Force is officially founded shortly after the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  • May 28 Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
  • May 29 French Championships Men's Tennis: Frank Parker wins 1st of 2 straight French titles; beats Jaroslav DrobnĂ˝ 6-4, 7-5, 5-7, 8-6
  • May 29 French Championships Women's Tennis: Belgium-born but representing France, Nelly Landry beats American Shirley Fry 6-2, 0-6, 6-0 for her lone major title

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

May 30 Schenectady Blue Jays Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 in 15-inning game

Baseball Pitcher and Manager Tommy Lasorda
Baseball Pitcher and Manager
Tommy Lasorda
  • May 30 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
  • May 31 Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)
  • May 31 Indianapolis 500: Mauri Rose wins in 4:10:23.286 (192.822 km/h)