Historical Events in 1948 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 539

Execution

May 25 Polish war hero Witold Pilecki is executed by communist police after a show trial in Warsaw

  • May 25 San Francisco receives its 1st telecast
  • May 26 Entire Hagana-arm forces sworn-in as Israeli soldiers
  • May 26 South Africa elects a nationalist government under D. F. Malan with an apartheid policy
  • May 27 Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid

Sports History

May 27 Hank Greenberg buys an interest in the Cleveland Indians

  • May 28 Iraq captures Ge'ulim settlement
  • May 28 Israeli Air Force is officially founded shortly after the start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War

French Open Men's Tennis

May 29 French Championships Men's Tennis: Frank Parker wins 1st of 2 straight French titles; beats Jaroslav Drobný 6-4, 7-5, 5-7, 8-6

  • May 29 French Championships Women's Tennis: Belgium-born but representing France, Nelly Landry beats American Shirley Fry 6-2, 0-6, 6-0 for her lone major title
  • May 30 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.

Baseball Record

May 30 Schenectady Blue Jays Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 in 15-inning game

  • May 31 Indianapolis 500: For the second straight year, Blue Crown Spark Plug teammates Mauri Rose and Bill Holland finish 1st-2nd; Rose the second driver to win the 500 in consecutive years
  • May 31 Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)
  • Jun 1 Israel & Arabs agree to a cease fire
  • Jun 3 200" (5.08 m) Hale telescope dedicated at Palomar Observatory
  • Jun 3 Korczak Ziolkowski begins sculpture of Crazy Horse near Mt Rushmore

Music Premiere

Jun 3 Musical "Sleepy Hollow", based on Washington Irving's novel, opens at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 12 performances

  • Jun 5 "(Ghost) Riders in the Sky: A Cowboy Legend" single released by Stan Jones

Baseball Record

Jun 5 Phillies Richie Ashburn sets NL rookie consecut hitting streak at 23

  • Jun 7 Communist complete takeover of Czechoslovakia; President Bernes resigns
  • Jun 7 KVP wins Dutch Second-Parliamentary election

Television Premiere

Jun 8 "Texaco Star Theater" premieres on NBC-TV, with "Mr. Television" Milton Berle made permanent emcee in September of the same year

  • Jun 8 John Rudder becomes 1st negro commissioned officer in US marines

Musical Finale

Jun 8 Revival of Jerome Kerns' musical "Sally" closes at Martin Beck Theater, NYC, after 36 performances

  • Jun 9 WBZ TV channel 4 in Boston, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 12 "Hold It!" closes at National Theater NYC after 46 performances

Belmont Stakes

Jun 12 80th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro wins aboard Citation to claim his second Triple Crown

  • Jun 12 George Lessner, Russell Maloney and Miriam Battista's musical adaptation of Washington Irving's "Sleepy Hollow" closes at St James Theater, NYC, after 12 performances

Sports History

Jun 12 In his farewell Ashes Tour, Australian cricket batting maestro Don Bradman scores 138 in 1st Test against England at Trent Bridge

US Golf Open

Jun 12 US Open Men's Golf, Riviera CC: Ben Hogan dominates final 2 rounds, shooting 68-69, 2 shots ahead of runner-up Jimmy Demaret; third of his 9 major titles

Sports History

Jun 13 Babe Ruth's final farewell at Yankee Stadium, he dies Aug 16th

  • Jun 14 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • Jun 15 First night game at Briggs Stadium, Detroit: Tigers beat Philadelphia A's, 4-1
  • Jun 15 In his farewell Ashes Tour, Don Bradman is out for a duck (0) in the Australian 2nd innings, but tourists win 1st Test against England by 8 wickets at Nottingham
  • Jun 15 WPIX TV channel 11 in NYC, NY (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 15 WTNH TV channel 8 in New Haven, CT (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 18 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • Jun 18 Future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Robin Roberts debuts for the Philadelphia Phillies, taking a 2-0 loss against the Pittsburgh Pirates at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • Jun 18 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • Jun 19 Panama and Costa Rica recognize Israel

Television Premiere

Jun 20 "Toast of the Town" hosted by Ed Sullivan premieres on CBS-TV

  • Jun 20 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
  • Jun 20 Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
  • Jun 20 Deutsche Mark introduced in West Germany
  • Jun 21 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England

Goodbye Scratchy 78s, Hello Vinyl

Jun 21 Columbia Records unveil the 33-1/3 rpm LP phonograph record invented by Peter Carl Goldmark, allowing up to 20 minutes per side (available in 10 and 12 inch diameters), at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, NYC; over the next decade the popularity and profitability of the LP pushed the 78 rpm out of production [1]

  • Jun 21 HMT Empire Windrush with the first 800 emigrants from the West Indies to the UK arrives at Port of Tilbury near London

Historic Event

Jun 21 Lord Mountbatten resigns as Governor General of India (formerly the last Viceroy)

  • Jun 21 Rhodes conference on Israeli-Arab war opens
  • Jun 21 WNAC (now WHDH) TV channel 7 in Boston, MA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Presidential Convention

Jun 24 Republican National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Governor of NY Thomas E. Dewey

The Berlin Candy Bombers

Jun 24 Soviet Union begins the West Berlin Blockade by stopping access by road, rail and water

Historic Event

Jun 25 Harry Truman signs Displaced Persons Bill (205,000 Europeans to US)

  • Jun 26 US begin airlift “Operation Vittles” to West Berlin
  • Jun 28 British begin airlift “Operation Plainfare” to West Berlin
  • Jun 30 Cleveland Indians' future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Bob Lemon no-hits Detroit Tigers, 2-0
  • Jun 30 Last British troops leave Israel
  • Jun 30 Transistor as a substitute for valves announced (Bell Labs)
  • Jul 1 Australian cricket captain Don Bradman scores 128 in 141 mins with 15 fours in a tour match vs Surry

Sports History

Jul 1 Brooklyn's future Baseball Hall of Fame catcher Roy Campanella debuts with 3 hits in a 6-4 loss to the rival NY Giants

  • Jul 1 NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
  • Jul 2 British Open Men's Golf, Muirfield: England's Henry Cotton wins by 5 strokes from Irishman Fred Daly for his third Open victory
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Bob Falkenburg beats John Bromwich of Australia 7-5, 0-6, 6-2, 3-6, 7-5 for his only Grand Slam singles title
  • Jul 3 Kidnapper Caryl Chessman sentenced to death, California; execution doesn't happen until 1960

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 3 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-3, 8-6 for the first of 3-straight Wimbledon singles titles

  • Jul 5 Britain's National Health Service Act begins
  • Jul 7 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy

Sports History

Jul 7 Cleveland Indians stun MLB by signing 42 year old veteran Negro Leagues pitcher Satchel Paige

  • Jul 8 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • Jul 9 Satchel Paige, 42, debuts in majors pitching 2 scoreless innings for Cleveland in St. Louis
  • Jul 10 "Allegro" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 318 performances
  • Jul 10 "Ballet Ballads" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 62 performances
  • Jul 10 "Look Ma, I'm Dancin'" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 188 performances
  • Jul 10 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • Jul 11 1st air bombing of Jerusalem
  • Jul 12 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • Jul 13 15th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-2 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis

Assassination Attempt

Jul 14 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament in an assassination attempt

  • Jul 15 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • Jul 15 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • Jul 15 US President Harry Truman nominated for his 1st full term at Democratic Convention (Philadelphia Convention Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)

Sports History

Jul 16 MLB manager merry-go-round: Philadelphia Phillies - Ben Chapman out / Eddie Sawyer in; NY Giants - Mel Ott out / Leo Durocher in; Brooklyn Dodgers - Durocher out / Burt Shotton in

  • Jul 17 Israeli army captures Nazareth
  • Jul 17 Proclamation of constitution of Republic of (South) Korea
  • Jul 17 US Air Force pilot Gail Halvorsen encounters children in at Templehof Airport in Berlin during the Berlin Blockade, giving him the idea to drop candy in 'Operation Little Vittles'
  • Jul 18 Emmerich Kálmán's operetta "Marinka" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 168 performances
  • Jul 18 Pat Seerey of Chicago White Sox hits 4 HRs in an 11 inning game
  • Jul 19 French government of Schuman resigns

Pro Wrestling

Jul 20 Lou Thesz beats Bill Longson, to become NWA wrestling champion

Election of Interest

Jul 20 Syngman Rhee elected the 1st President of South Korea

  • Jul 20 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
  • Jul 21 WSPD TV channel 13 in Toledo, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 23 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • Jul 24 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash
  • Jul 25 35th Tour de France: Italian cyclist Gino Bartali wins both general and mountain classifications for the second time (1938)
  • Jul 26 "Babe Ruth Story" premieres, Babe Ruth's last public appearance
  • Jul 26 1st black host of a network show-CBS' Bob Howard Show
  • Jul 26 Leo Durocher returns to Ebbets Field as manager of New York Giants
  • Jul 26 President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 to desegregate the US armed forces, directing "equality of treatment and opportunity" in the military
  • Jul 27 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • Jul 27 Bradman's 29th and last Test Cricket century, part of winning 3-404
  • Jul 27 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • Jul 28 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • Jul 28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".

Olympic Games

Jul 29 King George VI opens the XIV Summer Olympic Games at Wembley Stadium in London

  • Jul 30 Czech distance running legend Emil Zátopek wins the 10,000m at the London Olympics in 29:59.6, an Olympic record
  • Jul 30 Professional wrestling premieres on US prime-time TV (DuMont Network)
  • Jul 31 "Brigadoon" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 581 performances
  • Jul 31 American sprinter Harrison Dillard runs an Olympic record 10.3s to beat countryman Barney Ewell for the 100m gold medal at the London Olympics
  • Jul 31 American swimmer Wally Ris wins the coveted 100m freestyle gold medal at the London Olympics beating teammate Alan Ford by 0.4 seconds
  • Jul 31 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY
  • Aug 1 The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
  • Aug 2 Danish swimmer Greta Anderson (1:06.3) touches out American Ann Curtis by 0.2 in the women's 100m freestyle at the London Olympics
  • Aug 2 Fanny Blankers-Koen of the Netherlands wins the 100m in 11.9 at the London Olympics; 1st of unprecedented 3 individual track & field gold medals
  • Aug 2 Italians Adolfo Consolini and Giuseppe Tosi go 1-2 in the men's discus final at the London Olympics
  • Aug 3 American divers Vicki Draves, Zoe Ann Olsen and Patsy Elsener go 1-2-3 in a US clean sweep of the medals in the women's 3m springboard at the London Olympics
  • Aug 3 An American 1-2 in the men's 200m at the London Olympics with Mel Patton (21.1) beating teammate Barney Ewell
  • Aug 3 An American clean sweep of the medals in the men's 3m springboard diving at the London Olympics with Bruce Harlan winning gold, Miller Anderson silver and Sammy Lee bronze
  • Aug 3 An American sweep of the medals in the men's shot put at the London Olympics with Wilbur Thompson taking gold ahead of teammates Jim Delaney & Jim Fuchs
  • Aug 3 FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
  • Aug 3 Negro League veteran pitcher Satchel Paige, age 42, debuts in Cleveland after controversial signing, goes 7 innings in 5-3 win v Washington
  • Aug 3 The US 4 x 200m freestyle relay team of Wally Ris, Jimmy McLane, Wally Wolf and Bill Smith swim a world record 8:46.0 to win gold at the London Olympics
  • Aug 4 5 day Southern States filibuster succeeds in maintaining America's poll tax
  • Aug 4 An American sweep of the medals in the 110m hurdles at the London Olympics with William Porter taking gold, ahead of Clyde Scott and Craig Dixon
  • Aug 4 Fanny Blankers-Koen of the Netherlands wins the 80m hurdles in Olympic record 11.2 at the London Olympics; 2nd of unprecedented 3 individual track & field gold medals
  • Aug 4 Hungary's Olga Gyarmati wins the first ever Olympic women's long jump competition at the London Games
  • Aug 4 The women's shot put introduced to track & field program at the London Olympics; inaugural gold medallist Micheline Ostermeyer of France who also won the women's discus gold
  • Aug 5 A Jamaican 1-2 in the men's 400m at the London Olympics with Arthur Wint (46.2) beating teammate Herb McKenley for the gold medal
  • Aug 5 A Swedish sweep of the medals in the 3000m steeplechase at the London Olympics with Tore Sjöstrand taking gold ahead of teammates Erik Elmsäter & Göte Hagström
  • Aug 5 Americans Sammy Lee and Bruce Harlan go 1-2 in the 10m platform diving at the London Olympics
  • Aug 5 Cleveland Indians set club record for most double plays in a game (6) in a 3-0 win v Washington
  • Aug 6 17 year old American Bob Mathias scores 7,139 points to edge out Ignace Heinrich of France by just 165 in the decathlon at the London Olympics
  • Aug 6 A Swedish 1-2 in the men's 1,500m at the London Olympics with Henry Eriksson (3:49.8) beating teammate Lennart Strand by 0.6 seconds
  • Aug 6 Dutch super athlete Fanny Blankers-Koen wins London Olympics 200m in 24.4s to become the first women to claim 3 individual track & field gold at a Games, having already won the 100m and 80m hurdles
  • Aug 6 Vicki Draves wins her second diving gold medal at the London Olympics beating American teammate Patsy Elsener in the 10m platform
  • Aug 6 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • Aug 7 1st Dutch government of Beel resigns
  • Aug 7 American Alice Coachman becomes the first black woman from any country to win an Olympic gold medal when she takes out the high jump at the London Games
  • Aug 7 American swimmer Jimmy McLane wins the 1,500m for his 2nd gold medal at the London Olympics (4 x 200m freestyle relay); marks a US clean sweep of every men's swimming gold medal at the Games
  • Aug 7 Delfo Cabrera of Argentina wins dramatic marathon in 2:34:51.6 at the London Olympics
  • Aug 7 Fanny Blankers-Koen of the Netherlands wins her 4th track & field gold medal of the London Olympics as part of the Dutch 4 x 100m relay team in 47.5
  • Aug 7 Swedish race walker John Mikaelsson wins the gold medal in the 10k event by 30.6 seconds from teammate Ingemar Johansson at the London Olympics
  • Aug 8 "Hold It!" opens at National Theater NYC for 46 performances
  • Aug 9 Italian rider Mario Ghella beats Reg Harris of Great Britain for the gold medal in the cycling sprint final at the London Olympics
  • Aug 9 The US crew blitzes the field to win the rowing eights gold medal at the London Olympics; beat silver medallists Great Britain by 10.2 seconds
  • Aug 10 ABC enters network TV at 7 PM (WJZ, NY)
  • Aug 10 Allen Funt's "Candid Camera" TV debut on ABC
  • Aug 10 Bradman scores 133* Aust v Lancashire, 216 mins, 17 fours
  • Aug 11 The weightlifting competition at the London Olympics concludes with the US (4) and Egypt (2) dominant, combining to win all of the 6 gold medals
  • Aug 12 Cleveland Indians get 29 hits in a 9 inning game
  • Aug 12 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • Aug 12 Indian maestro Balbir Singh Dosanjh scores twice as India beats Great Britain 4-0 for the field hockey gold medal at the London Olympics; India's 4th consecutive Olympic hockey title
  • Aug 12 The canoeing program at the London Olympics concludes with Sweden (4) and Czechoslovakia (3) dominant, combining for 7 of the 9 gold medals
  • Aug 13 3 Finnish gymnasts dead heat for the gold medal in the pommel horse section at London Olympics; Paavo Aaltonen, Veikko Huhtanen & Heikki Savolainen all awarded gold
  • Aug 13 Hungarian boxer László Papp wins the first of 3 consecutive Olympic gold medals; beats British middleweight Johnny Wright on points at the London Games
  • Aug 13 Johan Gren scores twice as Sweden beats Yugoslavia 3-1 to win the football gold medal at the London Olympics
  • Aug 13 José Beyaert of France wins the cycling road race at the London Olympics; Belgium takes gold in the teams section beating Great Britain & France
  • Aug 13 Satchel Paige at 42, pitches his 1st major league complete game
  • Aug 13 The United States successfully defends its Olympic basketball title with a 65-21 win over France at the London Games
  • Aug 14 Australian fast bowler Ray Lindwall takes 6-20 as England dismissed for a record low 52 in 5th cricket Test at the Oval; Don Bradman out for 0 in final Test innings
  • Aug 14 XIV Olympic Games close at London, Great Britain
  • Aug 15 Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)

US Women's Golf Open

Aug 15 US Open Women's Golf, Atlantic City CC: Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins by 8 strokes from Betty Hicks

  • Aug 16 Arabs blow up Latrun pumping station in Jerusalem
  • Aug 16 Israeli pound becomes legal tender
  • Aug 17 Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
  • Aug 17 Phillies commit 8 errors in a baseball game for the 2nd time
  • Aug 17 Tom Henrich hits his then record tying 4th grand slam of season
  • Aug 19 9th Venice Film Festival opens
  • Aug 20 15th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Cards 28, All-Stars 0 (101,220)
  • Aug 20 US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin
  • Aug 21 Cleveland Indians 47-inning scoreless streak is broken as future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Bob Lemon yields a home run to Aaron Robinson in a 3-2 loss to Chicago White Sox
  • Aug 23 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
  • Aug 23 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
  • Aug 25 Bradman scores 150 in 212 minutes in his last innings at Lord's
  • Aug 27 102°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in August
  • Sep 1 Australian Test batsmen Don Bradman (143), Lindsay Hassett (151) & Neil Harvey (110) score centuries in Australia's 1st innings of drawn cricket tour match v South of England at Hastings
  • Sep 1 Communist form North China People's Republic
  • Sep 3 W Gomulka deposed as general secretary of Polish Worker's party
  • Sep 4 "Angel in the Wings" closes at Coronet Theater NYC after 308 performances
  • Sep 4 Queen Wilhelmina abdicates the Dutch throne in favour of her daughter Juliana because of illness, after 58 years, longest of any Dutch monarch
  • Sep 5 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: 3 straight titles for US as Gardnar Mulloy & Bill Talbert beat Australians Colin Long & Bill Sidwell 8-6, 9-7, 2-6, 7-5 for unassailable 3-0 lead; ends 5-0
  • Sep 5 In France, Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
  • Sep 6 "Mr Strauss Goes to Boston" opens at Century Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • Sep 6 Juliana crowned Queen of The Netherlands
  • Sep 7 1st use of synthetic rubber in asphaltic concrete, Akron Oh
  • Sep 8 British De Havilland DH108-fighter flies faster than sound
  • Sep 9 "Hilarities (of 1949)" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 14 performances
  • Sep 9 Brooklyn Dodger Rex Barney no-hits NY Giants, 2-0
  • Sep 10 Australian cricketer Don Bradman scores 153 in his last 1st-class cricket innings in England
  • Sep 10 Bijz Criminal division sentences war criminal Jacob Folks to life

Historic Event

Sep 12 Indian Army Invades the State of Hyderabad a day after Pakistani leader Muhammad Ali Jinnah passes away

  • Sep 13 Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (R-Me) elected senator, 1st woman to serve in both houses of US Congress

Historic Event

Sep 14 Gerald Ford upsets Representative Bartel J Jonkman in Michigan 5th Dist Republican primary

  • Sep 14 Groundbreaking ceremony for UN world headquarters in New York
  • Sep 15 F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record of 1080 kph
  • Sep 15 Musical revue "Small Wonder", starring Tom Ewell, opens at Coronet Theater, NYC; runs for 134 performances