On This Day

Historical Events in 1949

Events 1 - 200 of 420

  • Jan 1 KPRC TV channel 2 in Houston, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 1 KTTV TV channel 11 in Los Angeles, CA (MET) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 1 Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand
  • Jan 1 35th Rose Bowl: #7 Northwestern beats #4 California, 20-14
  • Jan 1 15th Sugar Bowl: #5 Oklahoma beats #3 North Carolina, 14-6
  • Jan 1 15th Orange Bowl: Texas beats #8 Georgia, 41-28

Knighthood

Jan 1 Arguably cricket's greatest ever batsman, ex-Australian captain Don Bradman is knighted; first time a cricketer is bestowed with the honour solely for his contribution to the game

  • Jan 2 KDKA TV channel 2 in Pittsburgh, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 2 Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico
  • Jan 3 US Representative William Dawson becomes 1st Black to head congressional committee - Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments (now known as Committee on Oversight and Reform)
  • Jan 3 "Colgate Theater" dramatic anthology series premieres on NBC TV
  • Jan 3 The central bank of the Philippines, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, is founded
  • Jan 3 West Indian cricket batsman Everton Weekes scores 101 in 3rd Test against India in Calcutta; his world record fifth consecutive Test century
  • Jan 5 General Spoor orders cease-fire on Sumatra

Historic Event

Jan 5 US President Harry Truman labels his administration the "Fair Deal"

  • Jan 7 1st photo of genes taken at University of Southern California by Pease & Baker
  • Jan 8 "Make Mine Manhattan" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 429 performances
  • Jan 8 "My Romance" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 95 performances
  • Jan 8 "Small Wonder" closes at Coronet Theater NYC after 134 performances
  • Jan 10 1st Jewish family show "Goldbergs" premieres on CBS
  • Jan 10 RCA introduces 45 RPM record
  • Jan 11 Snowfall 1st recorded in Los Angeles

Television Premiere

Jan 12 "Arthur Godfrey & his Friends" premieres on CBS TV

  • Jan 12 Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter
  • Jan 13 "Along 5th Avenue" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 performances
  • Jan 14 Black and Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
  • Jan 15 Mao's Red army conquers Ten-tsin

Musical Finale

Jan 16 Benjamin Britten's chamber opera "The Rape of Lucretia" closes at Ziegfeld Theater, NYC, after 23 performances

  • Jan 16 KNBH (now KNBC) TV channel 4 in Los Angeles, CA (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Jan 16 WTOP (now WUSA) TV channel 9 in Washington, D.C. (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Jan 17 Radio series "The Goldbergs" by Gertrude Berg premieres on US TV on CBS
  • Jan 18 "They Stand Accused" courtroom drama premieres on CBS (later DuMont)
  • Jan 18 1st US Congressional standing committee headed by Negro (W Dawson)
  • Jan 19 Cuba recognises Israel.
  • Jan 20 US President Harry Truman announces his four point program
  • Jan 20 1st inaugural parade televised, for Harry Truman, watched by 10 million people
  • Jan 22 "All for Love" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 121 performances
  • Jan 22 Chinatown telephone exchange in San Francisco is closed
  • Jan 25 1st Emmy Awards: Shirley Dinsdale & Pantomime Quiz (KTLA) win

Election of Interest

Jan 25 1st Israeli election won by David Ben-Gurion's Mapai party

  • Jan 26 WHIO TV channel 7 in Dayton, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 26 Australia's Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 comes into force granting Australian citizenship and nationality to all people born or naturalised in Australia including First Nations people
  • Jan 27 Chinese liner "Taiping" collides with a collier off south China
  • Jan 28 NY Giants sign their 1st black players, Monte Irvin & Ford Smith
  • Jan 28 UN Security council convicts Dutch aggression in Indonesia
  • Jan 29 Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand and Switzerland recognize Israel
  • Jan 31 1st daytime soap on TV "These Are My Children" (NBC in Chicago)
  • Jan 31 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: American Doris Hart beats Nancye Wynne Bolton 6-3, 6-4 for the first of her 6 Grand Slam singles titles
  • Jan 31 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Frank Sedgman wins 1st of 2 straight Australian titles; beats fellow Australian John Bromwich 6-3, 6-2, 6-2
  • Feb 1 200" (5.08-m) Hale telescope 1st used [See June 3, 1948]
  • Feb 1 RCA releases 1st single record ever (45 rpm)

Sports History

Feb 2 Golfing champ Ben Hogan seriously injured in an auto accident

Assassination Attempt

Feb 4 Failed assassination attempt on Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

  • Feb 5 Huaso sets official world equestrian high-jump record, 2.47 m, Chic

Sports History

Feb 7 Joe DiMaggio becomes 1st $100,000 a year baseball player for the New York Yankees

  • Feb 8 Hungarian cardinal József Mindszenty sentenced to life in prison

Theater Premiere

Feb 10 Arthur Miller's dramatic play "Death of a Salesman" opens at Morosco Theater, NYC

  • Feb 11 Willie Pep recaptures world featherweight boxing title

Music Single

Feb 11 "Lovesick Blues" single released by Hank Williams (Cashbox "Best Hillbilly Record of the Year", Billboard Song of the Year 1949)

  • Feb 12 "Annie Get Your Gun" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 1147 performances

Radio History

Feb 12 Panic in Quito, Ecuador, after "War of the Worlds" played on radio

  • Feb 12 Team Canada beats Denmark 47-0 in hockey
  • Feb 12 Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem
  • Feb 14 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel)
  • Feb 14 Dutch Drees government presents plan for the building of 30,000 houses

Music History

Feb 15 Dmitri Shostakovich' "Song of the Woods" premieres in Leningrad

  • Feb 17 Chaim Weitzman elected 1st president of Israel
  • Feb 17 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Andrea Kekesy and Ede Kiraly of Hungary
  • Feb 17 Ladies' Figure Skating Champions in Paris won by Alena Vrzanova of CZE
  • Feb 17 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button of the USA
  • Feb 19 "Inside USA" closes at Century Theater, NYC, after 339 performances

Historic Event

Feb 19 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

  • Feb 19 Mass arrests of communists in India
  • Feb 20 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal Ks)
  • Feb 21 US TV soap opera "A Woman to Remember" is 1st broadcast on DuMont Television Network
  • Feb 24 Israel & Egypt sign an armistice agreement
  • Feb 24 V-2/WAC-Corporal rocket 1st object to reach 5x the speed of sound at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico
  • Feb 25 WAC Corporal rocket achieves height of 400k (record)
  • Feb 26 USAF plane began 1st nonstop around-the-world flight

Historic Event

Feb 27 Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st President of Israel

Boxing Title Fight

Mar 1 Former world heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis retires with a 66-3-0 record including 52 KOs; defended the title a record 25 times

  • Mar 1 Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
  • Mar 2 1st automatic street light (New Milford, Ct)
  • Mar 2 Lucky Lady II (USAF B-50 Superfortress), completes 1st nonstop round- the-world flight at Fort Worth, Texas, covering 23,452-mis in 94 hrs

Historic Event

Mar 4 Andrei Vishinsky succeeds Molotov as Soviet Foreign minister

  • Mar 4 Piet Van de Pol (Neth) becomes world champion billiard player
  • Mar 4 Security Council of UN recommends membership for Israel
  • Mar 5 Bradman plays his last innings in 1st-class cricket, gets 30
  • Mar 5 The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
  • Mar 8 WAGA TV channel 5 in Atlanta, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 8 WBAP-FM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
  • Mar 9 Brigadier General Edwin K Wright, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • Mar 9 England beat South Africa by scoring 174 runs in 94 minutes
  • Mar 12 Ireland retains Five Nations Rugby Championship & Triple Crown with a 5-0 win over Wales at St. Helen's Ground, Swansea
  • Mar 13 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
  • Mar 13 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Mar 15 WICU TV channel 12 in Erie, PA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 15 WLWD (now WDTN) TV channel 2 in Dayton, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 15 Cricket's master batsman Don Bradman receives his knighthood from the Governor-General of Australia, the Rt Hon. WJ McKell at the investiture in Queen’s Hall, Parliament House, Melbourne
  • Mar 16 KFMB TV channel 8 in San Diego, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18 WGAL TV channel 8 in Lancaster, PA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 19 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • Mar 20 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Amateur Peggy Kirk wins her only major title by 2 strokes from Patty Berg and Dorothy Kirby
  • Mar 21 WTVJ TV channel 4 in Miami, FL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 23 Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story" premieres in NYC

Academy Awards

Mar 24 21st Academy Awards: "Hamlet", Laurence Olivier & Jane Wyman win, Walter & John Huston become 1st father-and-son team to win awards

  • Mar 24 SS police chief in the Netherlands Hanns Albin Rauter's request for a pardon denied, executed by firing squad
  • Mar 25 The Soviet Union begins Operation Pribioi, the mass deportation of 90,000 Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians to inhospitable areas in the Soviet Union
  • Mar 26 11th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Oklahoma State, 46-36; Wildcats' back-to-back titles; center Alex Groza MOP
  • Mar 26 103rd Grand National: Leo McMorrow aboard 66/1 outsider Russian Hero wins by a comfortable 8 lengths ahead of Roimond
  • Mar 29 Turkey recognizes Israel
  • Mar 30 Riot breaks out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík, when Iceland joins NATO
  • Mar 31 Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province
  • Apr 3 KQW-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KCBS
  • Apr 3 WLWS (now WCMH) TV channel 4 in Columbus, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 4 Israel & Jordan sign armistice agreement
  • Apr 4 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) treaty signed in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 4 WKRC TV channel 12 in Cincinnati, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 5 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
  • Apr 5 Fireside Theater debuts on US television.
  • Apr 7 "South Pacific" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1928 performances
  • Apr 9 UN International Court of Justice holds Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel and awards Britain damages

US Masters Golf

Apr 10 13th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Sam Snead wins his first of 3 green jackets by 3 strokes over Johnny Bulla and Lloyd Mangrum

  • Apr 13 Basketball Association of America Finals: Minneapolis Lakers beat Washington Capitols, 77-56 to take series, 4 games to 2; BAA and National Basketball League merge later that year to create the NBA
  • Apr 13 Philip S. Hench at Mayo Clinc announces discovery of cortisone to treat rheumatoid arthritis
  • Apr 14 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment

Catholic Encyclical

Apr 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Redemptoris nostri

  • Apr 16 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: 3-peat for Toronto Maple Leafs as they beat Detroit Red Wings, 3-1 for a 4 game series sweep
  • Apr 18 Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • Apr 18 53rd Boston Marathon won by Gösta Leandersson of Sweden in 2:31:50.8

Sports History

Apr 19 Yankees dedicate a plaque for Babe Ruth

Sports History

Apr 20 Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 1st race, in Albany, California

  • Apr 23 Chinese Red army conquers Nanjing
  • Apr 23 Courtesy mail boxes for motorists started in San Francisco
  • Apr 23 Netherlands annexes Elten & Tudderen
  • Apr 24 3rd Tony Awards: "Death of a Salesman" & "Kiss Me Kate" win
  • Apr 25 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Romulus der Grosse" premieres in Basel
  • Apr 26 Transjordan is officially renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • Apr 28 Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others also killed
  • May 1 A's Elmer Valo is 1st AL'er to hit 2 bases-loaded triples in a game
  • May 1 Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (2nd satellite of Neptune)
  • May 2 Arthur Miller wins Pulitzer Prize for "Death of a Salesman"
  • May 2 Bolivian state of siege proclaimed
  • May 2 Don Newcombe, 1st start, shuts out Cincinnati on 5 hits to win 3-0
  • May 3 1st firing of a US Viking rocket; reached 80 km
  • May 4 Plane carrying the entire Torino Serie A soccer squad crashes on the outskirts of Turin, Italy; 31 killed; Torino awarded League title at the request of their rivals
  • May 5 KGO TV channel 7 in San Francisco, California (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • May 5 Statute of Council of Europe drawn up
  • May 5 Detroit Tigers second baseman Charlie Gehringer is elected in the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • May 7 75th Kentucky Derby: Steve Brooks aboard Ponder wins in 2:04.2
  • May 8 West German constitution approved
  • May 9 Britain's 1st launderette opens in Queensway, London

Historic Event

May 9 Prince Rainier III becomes monarch of Monaco

  • May 11 By a vote of 37-12, Israel becomes 59th member of UN
  • May 11 Siam renames itself Thailand

Historic Event

May 12 1st foreign woman ambassador received in USA (Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit of India)

  • May 13 1st British-produced jet bomber, the Canberra, makes its 1st test flight
  • May 14 "Love Life" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 252 performances
  • May 14 74th Preakness: Ted Atkinson aboard Capot wins in 1:56
  • May 14 US President Harry Truman signs bill establishing a rocket test range at Cape Canaveral
  • May 17 British government recognises Republic of Ireland (previously Irish Free State)
  • May 18 Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America incorporates
  • May 23 Federal Republic of [West] Germany created out of the American, British and French occupation zones
  • May 25 Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai

Sports History

May 27 Indians start 12-17, owner Bill Veeck arranges a "Second Opening Day"

  • May 27 Martin Canine, cartoon character, spoofs Martin Kane
  • May 28 French Championships Men's Tennis: Frank Parker retains title; beats fellow American Budge Patty 6-3, 1-6, 6-1, 6-4
  • May 28 French Championships Women's Tennis: Margaret Osborne duPont wins her second French singles crown; beats Nelly Adamson Landry of France 7-5, 6-2
  • May 29 Candid Camera, TV comedy show, moves to NBC
  • May 29 1st British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAs): "The Best Years of Our Lives" Best Film
  • May 29 2nd British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAs): "Hamlet" Best Film
  • May 30 East German constitution approved
  • May 30 NPS/VHP win 1st general election in Suriname
  • May 30 WRTV TV channel 6 in Indianapolis, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: After finishing runner-up the previous 2 years, Bill Holland finally wins giving car owner Lou Moore his 3rd consecutive Indy victory; 1947-48 winner Mauri Rose fired after the race for ignoring team orders
  • May 31 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Hermitage CC: Sam Snead beats fellow American Johnny Palmer, 3 & 2; first time reigning Masters champion wins PGA Championship in the same calendar year.
  • May 31 Charley Lupica begins stay on 4 foot square platform atop a 60' pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don't, & stays 117 days)
  • Jun 1 British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence
  • Jun 1 KSL TV channel 5 in Salt Lake City, UT (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 3 1st African American to graduate from US Naval Academy (Wesley Anthony Brown)
  • Jun 3 Dragnet is 1st broadcast on radio (KFI in Los Angeles)
  • Jun 3 Georgia Neese Clark Gray becomes the 1st female Treasurer of the United States
  • Jun 4 "Cavalcade of Stars" debuts (DuMont); Jackie Gleason made host in 1950

Historic Event

Jun 5 Enid Blyton's wooden toy character Noddy first appears in the "Sunday Graphic"

  • Jun 6 "It Pays To Be Ignorant" game show debut on CBS-TV
  • Jun 6 WKY (now KTVY) TV channel 4 in Oklahoma City, OK (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Jun 6 Orapin Chaiyakan becomes the first Thai woman to be elected to the Parliament of Thailand
  • Jun 8 Siam changes name to Thailand

Nineteen Eighty-Four Published

Jun 8 Secker & Warburg publishes George Orwell's seminal novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four", set in the totalitarian state of Oceania

  • Jun 9 Georgia Neese Clark of Kansas becomes 1st woman treasurer of US
  • Jun 10 Istvan Dobi becomes Hungarian premier
  • Jun 11 US Open Men's Golf, Medinah CC: Cary Middlecoff wins the first of his 2 Open titles, 1 stroke ahead of Clayton Heafner and Sam Snead
  • Jun 11 81st Belmont: Ted Atkinson aboard Capot wins in 2:30.2
  • Jun 11 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:28.2)

Historic Event

Jun 14 French-allied State of Vietnam is officially formed during the First Indochina War, Bảo Đại installed as Emperor

  • Jun 14 WROC TV channel 8 in Rochester, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 15 Phils Eddie Waitkus, shot by Ruth Steinhagen, 19, at Eddgewater Hotel
  • Jun 16 Gas turbine-electric locomotive demonstrated at Erie, Pennsylvania