On This Day

Historical Events in 1949 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 418

  • Jun 20 Central Intelligence Agency Act passes

'Gorgeous Gussie' Shocks Wimbledon'Gorgeous Gussie' Shocks Wimbledon

Jun 20 Tennis star Gussie Moran shocks Wimbledon by wearing a short dress "to look good and "move more freely on the court"

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Gussie in her 'shocking' outfit. Photo: George W. Hales/Fox Photos, via Getty Images
Gussie in her 'shocking' outfit. Photo: George W. Hales/Fox Photos, via Getty Images
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Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 22 Ezzard Charles beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for National Boxing Association world heavyweight title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Ezzard Charles
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Ezzard Charles
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jersey Joe
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jersey Joe
  • Jun 23 First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School
  • Jun 23 Dutch Constellation aircraft plunges into the sea near Bari, 33 die
  • Jun 24 "Hopalong Cassidy" becomes 1st network western (NBC)
  • Jun 24 A M de Jong's murderer, Ton van Gog, arrested in Scheveningen, Netherlands
  • Jun 24 Cargo airlines 1st licensed by US Civil Aeronautics Board
  • Jun 25 Presidential election in Syria (some women allowed to vote)
  • Jun 25 Long-Haired Hare is released in Theaters starring Bugs Bunny.
  • Jun 26 1st Belgian parliamentary election where women can vote (CVP gains)
  • Jun 27 "Captain Video & His Video Rangers" debut on DUMONT-TV
  • Jun 29 South Africa begins implementing apartheid; no mixed marriages
  • Jun 29 US troops withdraw from Korea after WW II
  • Jun 30 Dutch troops evacuate Jakarta
  • Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Ted Schroeder beats Jaroslav Drobný 3-6, 6-0, 6-3, 4-6, 6-4 for his only Wimbledon singles title

  • Jul 1 WBRC TV channel 6 in Birmingham, AL (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 1 WCCO TV channel 4 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 The State of Vietnam is internationally recognised, governing the southern half of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as chief of state

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • Jul 2 "High Button Shoes" closes at Century Theater NYC after 727 performances
  • Jul 2 "Red Barber's Clubhouse" sports show premieres on CBS (later NBC) TV
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats fellow American Margaret Osborne duPont 10-8, 1-6, 10-8 for the second of 3 straight Wimbledon titles
  • Jul 6 Cincinnati Reds catcher Walker Cooper goes 6 for 7, (3 HRs, 3 singles, 5 runs scored, 10 RBI) in 23-4 win v Chicago Cubs
  • Jul 6 Freak heat wave sent central coast of Portugal to 158°F for 2 minutes
  • Jul 7 "Cabatgata (A Night in Spain)" opens at Broadway NYC for 76 performances
  • Jul 7 "Dragnet" premieres on NBC radio; also a TV series in 1951 & 1967
  • Jul 8 Monte Irvin & Hank Thompson, 1st black players for New York Giants, 4-3 loss to Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field
  • Jul 8 The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 prohibiting marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other race groups is passed in South Africa

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jul 9 Benjamin Britten's Jump Symphony premieres

  • Jul 9 British Open Men's Golf, Royal St.George's GC: South African Bobby Locke wins a 36-hole playoff by 12 strokes from Irishman Harry Bradshaw
  • Jul 10 1st practical rectangular TV tube announced in Toledo, Ohio
  • Jul 10 WJAR TV channel 10 in Providence, RI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 12 16th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-7 at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn
  • Jul 12 Baseball owners agree to erect warning paths before each fence
  • Jul 12 Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
  • Jul 12 LA Rams sign Norm Van Brocklin

BeatificationExcommunication

Jul 13 Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Jul 14 Czech tennis stars Jaroslav Drobný and Vladimir Černík defect while playing in a tournament in Gstaad, Switzerland; Drobny accepts Egyptian citizenship
  • Jul 15 "Miss Liberty" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 308 performances
  • Jul 15 WBTV TV channel 3 in Charlotte, North Carolina (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 19 Laos becomes associated state within French Union
  • Jul 20 Israel's 19 month war of independence ends
  • Jul 20 Vasil Kolarov elected Premier of Bulgaria
  • Jul 21 US Senate ratifies North Atlantic Treaty by a vote of 82-13 (NATO)
  • Jul 23 Test Cricket debut of England's Brian Close aged 18 years 149 days
  • Jul 24 Indian pitcher Bob Lemon hits 2 HRs to beat Senators, 7-5
  • Jul 24 36th Tour de France won by Fausto Coppi of Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 St Louis Cardinal Stan Musial hits for the cycle beating Bkln 14-1

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • Jul 26 WCPO TV channel 9 in Cincinnati, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 27 1st jet-propelled airline (De Havilland Comet) flies
  • Jul 29 Moscow ends the blockade of West Berlin
  • Jul 30 British warship HMS Amethyst escapes down Yangtze River, having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff
  • Aug 3 Republic Indonesia proclaims cease fire
  • Aug 3 Basketball Association of America (BAA) & National Basketball League (NBL) merge to form National Basketball Association (NBA), Maurice Podoloff elected head of new league
  • Aug 5 6.4 Earthquake strikes Tungurahua Province, Ecuador, killing 5,000 people
  • Aug 6 Future Hall of Famer Luke Appling appears in a MLB record 2,154th (en route to 2,218) game at shortstop for the Chicago White Sox
  • Aug 7 "All after Love" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 121 performances
  • Aug 8 Bhutan, land of Dragon, becomes an independent monarchy
  • Aug 10 Ezzard Charles TKOs Gus Lesnevich in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Aug 10 US National Military Establishment renamed Depertment of Defense
  • Aug 11 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 11 Gaston Eyskens forms Belgian government

Prime Minister of Belgium Gaston Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
Gaston Eyskens
  • Aug 11 10th Venice Film Festival: "Manon" directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot wins the Golden Lion (1st one)
  • Aug 12 16th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Philadelphia 38, All-Stars 0 (93,780)
  • Aug 14 Military coup in Syria under colonel Sami Hinnawi
  • Aug 15 WOTV TV channel 8 in Grand Rapids, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 18 Hungary adopts constitution
  • Aug 18 Ralph Flanagan & his orchestra records "You're Breaking My Heart"
  • Aug 20 78,382 watch White Sox play Indians at Cleveland
  • Aug 20 Hungary (Magyar People's Republic) accepts constitution
  • Aug 21 Philadelphia fans cause A's to forfeit game when they riot over a trapped line drive by Rich Ashburn, Giants leading 4-2 in 9th declared winners
  • Aug 24 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) goes into effect
  • Aug 28 38th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in New York (4-1)
  • Aug 28 Riot prevents Paul Robeson from singing near Peekskill, New York
  • Aug 29 USSR performs its first nuclear test at Semipalatinsk, Kazakh SSR
  • Aug 30 Roly Jenkins (Worcs v Surrey) takes his 2nd hat-trick of the game
  • Aug 30 WTVN (now WSYX) TV channel 6 in Columbus, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 1 1st network detective series-Private Eyes-premieres
  • Sep 1 KMTV TV channel 3 in Omaha, NB (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 1 Finnish long distance runner Viljo Heino runs 10,000m world record 29:27.2 in Kouvola, Finland
  • Sep 2 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking China)

Film release premierFilm Release

Sep 2 "The Third Man", directed by Carol Reed, starring Joseph Cotten, Alida Valli and Orson Welles, is released in the United Kingdom (Academy Awards Best Cinematography 1950)

Actor and Director Orson Welles
Actor and Director
Orson Welles
  • Sep 3 Fire in Chiang-king, China, destroys 7,000 lives
  • Sep 4 Marie Robie sinks 393 yd hole-in-one (1st hole in Furnace Brook)
  • Sep 5 US National Championship Men's Tennis: Pancho Gonzales beats fellow American Ted Schroeder 16-18, 2-6, 6-1, 6-2, 6-4; longest singles final match by games (67), before tiebreaker introduction
  • Sep 5 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Margaret Osborne duPont beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-4, 6-1
  • Sep 6 Howard Unruh kills 13 neighbors in 12 minutes in Camden, New Jersey
  • Sep 10 "Cabatgata (A Night in Spain)" closes at Broadway NYC after 76 performances

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Sep 12 Theodor Heuss elected 1st President of the German Federal Republic (West Germany) with Konrad Adenauer the 1st Prime Minister

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • Sep 13 Ladies Pro Golf Association of America formed in NYC
  • Sep 14 India's Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language. Celebrated today as Hindi Day.

  • Sep 15 "Lone Ranger" premieres on ABC-TV. Hi-yo, Silver! Away!
  • Sep 15 WJAC TV channel 6 in Johnstown, PA (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 15 WJXT TV channel 4 in Jacksonville, FL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 16 KABC TV channel 7 in Los Angeles, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 17 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
  • Sep 17 Ryder Cup Golf, Ganton GC: US beats Great Britain, 7-5; Americans win 6 of 8 singles matches to claim victory
  • Sep 17 North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
  • Sep 17 WFAA TV channel 8 in Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 17 3rd Cannes Film Festival: "The Third Man" directed by Carol Reed wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • Sep 18 Baseball major league record 4 grand slams hit
  • Sep 19 "Late Spring", Japanese film directed by Yasujirō Ozu, starring Chishū Ryū, Setsuko Hara and Haruko Sugimura, is released in Japan
  • Sep 20 Dutch Guilder devalued 30.3%
  • Sep 20 Top American tennis player Pancho Gonzales turns professional
  • Sep 21 Chinese Communist leaders proclaim the People's Republic of China
  • Sep 22 WFMY TV channel 2 in Greensboro-High Point, NC (CBS) 1st broadcast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 23 Indian owner Bill Veeck holds funeral services to bury 1948 pennant

MLB Team Owner and Promoter Bill Veeck
MLB Team Owner and Promoter
Bill Veeck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 23 US President Harry Truman announces evidence of USSR's 1st nuclear device detonation

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman

Sport awardUS Women's Golf Open

Sep 25 US Open Women's Golf, Prince George's CC: Louise Suggs leads wire-to-wire to win by 14 strokes ahead of runner-up and defending champion Babe Zaharias

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Sep 25 Despite 71 injuries, Yankees have been in 1st place all season until Red Sox move into a tie for 1st place

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 25 Evangelist Billy Graham begins his "Los Angeles Crusade" in a circus tent erected in a parking lot

Evangelist Billy Graham
Evangelist
Billy Graham

USAHollywoodland

Sep 26 Groundbreaking ceremony for the Hollywood sign in Hollywood, Los Angeles; old Hollywoodland sign torn down, reconstruction of a replacement begins with just Hollywood

Learn More
Dedication of the
Dedication of the"Hollywoodland" sign
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 28 "My Friend Irma" is 1st of 12 films starring Dean Martin & Jerry Lewis

Comedian Jerry Lewis
Comedian
Jerry Lewis
Actor, Comedian and Singer Dean Martin
Actor, Comedian and Singer
Dean Martin
  • Sep 29 "Front Page" debuts on CBS-TV
  • Sep 29 "Inside USA With Chevrolet" debuts on CBS-TV
  • Sep 29 Elia Kazan's "Pinky" starring Ethel Waters opens at Rivoli
  • Sep 30 Pirates Ralph Kiner hits his 54th HR & NL record 16th in September
  • Sep 30 American chemist Percy L. Julian at the Glidden Company announces an improved method for producing cortisone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 People's Republic of China proclaimed by Mao Zedong (National Day)

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • Oct 1 Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
  • Oct 2 USSR recognizes People's Republic of China

  • Oct 2 For first time in 41 years pennant races in both MLB leagues are decided on the final day of the season; (AL) Yankees upend rival Boston Red Sox, 5-3; (NL) Dodgers beat the Phillies, 9-7 for 97-57 record; Cardinals 96-58
  • Oct 3 WERD, 1st black-owned radio station, opens in Atlanta
  • Oct 4 American Contract Bridge League votes 58½% to keep blacks out
  • Oct 4 United Nations' permanent NYC headquarters is dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 5 Sportswriter Robert Ruark first reports golfing great Bobby Jones's rare spinal disease (syringomyelia) which prevent him from playing any form of golf again

Golfer Bobby Jones
Golfer
Bobby Jones
  • Oct 5 WBNS TV channel 10 in Columbus, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 5 WOR (now WWOR) TV channel 9 in NY-Secaucus, NY (IND) begins
  • Oct 6 Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose) sentenced to 10 years & $10,000 fine
  • Oct 6 US President Harry Truman signs Mutual Defense Assistance Act (for NATO)
  • Oct 7 German Democratic Republic formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day). Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president, Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier
  • Oct 9 English ballerina Margot Fonteyn debuts in America with her performance of Sleeping Beauty at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York
  • Oct 9 NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 1 in 46th World Series
  • Oct 10 3rd NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: All-Stars beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3-1
  • Oct 13 "Touch & Go" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 176 performances
  • Oct 14 14 US Communist Party leaders convicted of sedition
  • Oct 14 Chinese Red army occupies Canton
  • Oct 14 Ezzard Charles TKOs Pat Valentino in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Oct 15 Administration of territory of Manipur taken over by Indian government
  • Oct 15 Tripura accedes to Indian union
  • Oct 16 WDAF TV channel 4 in Kansas City, MO (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 16 1st NASCAR Sprint Cup: Red Byron wins
  • Oct 19 A's trade 2nd baseman Nellie Fox to White Sox for Joe Tipton
  • Oct 20 Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Author of "Brave New World" Aldous Huxley writes to congratulate George Orwell on his new novel "Nineteen Eighty-Four"

  • Oct 22 200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland
  • Oct 22 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:21.2)
  • Oct 24 Construction begins on the United Nations headquarters in New York
  • Oct 26 US President Harry Truman increases minimum wage from 40 cents to 75 cents
  • Oct 28 Georges Bidault elected president of France
  • Oct 29 White Sox trade Joe Tipton to A's for Nellie Fox

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 "Lost in the Stars" by Maxwell Anderson and Kurt Weill, based on the novel "Cry the Beloved Country" by Alan Paton opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 281 performances

Author and Apartheid Activist Alan Paton
Author and Apartheid Activist
Alan Paton
Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 30 Kurt Weill & Maxwell Anderson's musical "Lost in the Stars" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Dramatist Maxwell Anderson
Playwright and Dramatist
Maxwell Anderson
  • Oct 31 "Regina" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 86 performances
  • Oct 31 Dutch Nazi Henri 'Hakkie' Holdert, director of Amsterdam paper De Telegraaf and member of the SS, sentenced to 12 years imprisonment
  • Oct 31 WOC (now KWQC) TV channel 6 in Davenport, IA (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Nov 2 The Netherlands recognizes its former colony Indonesia as a sovereign state
  • Nov 2 NL scheme for national distribution of textiles, meat and cheese disbands
  • Nov 4 "One Man's Family" premieres on TV
  • Nov 6 Greek civil war ends after 3 years with defeat of communist factions
  • Nov 7 King Faruk disbands Egyptian parliament

Film release premierFilm Premier

Nov 8 "All The King's Men" based on Robert Penn Warren's Pulitzer winning novel, directed by Robert Rossen and starring Broderick Crawford premieres in New York (Best Picture 1950)

  • Nov 9 Costa Rica adopts Constitution
  • Nov 11 WTTV TV channel 4 in Bloomington-Indianapol, IN (IND) 1st broadcast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 NL batting leader (.342) Jackie Robinson wins NL MVP

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • Nov 18 The U.S. Air Force grounds B-29s after two crashes and 23 deaths in three days

CrownRoyal Coronation

Nov 19 Prince Rainier III coronation as 30th ruling Prince of Monaco

Prince of Monaco Rainier III
Prince of Monaco
Rainier III
  • Nov 20 Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
  • Nov 21 Bill Veeck sells Indians for $22 million
  • Nov 24 British steel & iron industry nationalised
  • Nov 24 Syracuse Nationals beat Anderson Packers, 125-123 in 5 OTs
  • Nov 25 "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer" appears on music charts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 25 Ted Williams wins AL MVP

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Nov 26 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Montreal Alouettes beat Calgary Stampeders, 28-15 for their first Championship
  • Nov 26 The Constituent Assembly of India formally adopts a new constitution
  • Nov 28 "Texas, Li'l Darlin'" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 293 performances
  • Nov 29 Nationalist regime of China leaves for Taiwan/Formosa
  • Nov 29 Uranium mine explosions in East Germany kills 3,700

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 30 New Zealand general election won by Sidney Holland's National party, ousting Peter Fraser's Labour government

New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser
New Zealand Prime Minister
Peter Fraser
  • Nov 30 Chinese Communists captured Chungking
  • Nov 30 KOTV TV channel 6 in Tulsa, OK (CBS) begins broadcasting

  • Dec 1 WBNG TV channel 12 in Binghamton, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 1 WKTV TV channel 2 in Utica, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 1 MLB announces attendance for the season is 20.2 million, down from 20.9 in 1948; New York Yankees and the Cleveland Indians each finish with over 2.2 million, but the St. Louis Browns fall to 270,000
  • Dec 3 KRLD (now KDFW) TV channel 4 in Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (CBS) begins
  • Dec 3 14th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 14-13 in Birmingham
  • Dec 4 Bob Gage ties NFL record of a 97 yard touchdown run
  • Dec 4 Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak is fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by Malay student Rosli Dhoby with help from Morshidi Sidek with the goal of helping neighbouring Indonesia to take over British Sarawak
  • Dec 5 Ezzard Charles defeats Jersey Joe Walcott for heavyweight boxing title
  • Dec 7 15th Heisman Trophy Award: Leon Hart (end), Notre Dame

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 7 Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Dec 8 Jule Styne's "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 740 performances
  • Dec 8 Chinese Nationalist government moves from Chinese mainland to Formosa

Film release premierFilm Release

Dec 8 "On the Town", the film adaptation of the Broadway musical, starring Gene Kelly, Frank Sinatra, Ann Miller and Vera-Ellen, is released

Actress Vera-Ellen
Actress
Vera-Ellen
Singer and Actor Frank Sinatra
Singer and Actor
Frank Sinatra
Actor and Dancer Gene Kelly
Actor and Dancer
Gene Kelly
  • Dec 9 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Indonesian sovereignty
  • Dec 9 NFL merges Cleveland Browns, SF '49ers & Balt Colts from AAFC
  • Dec 11 Chicago Bear Johnny Lujack passes for 6 touchdowns vs Chicago Cards (52-29)
  • Dec 11 Cleveland Browns beat SF '49ers 21-7 in final AAFC championship game
  • Dec 11 WOAI (now KMOL) TV channel 4 in San Antonio, TX (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Dec 12 AL votes 7-1 rejecting legalizing the spitball