On This Day

Historical Events in 1951 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 426

  • Jun 14 "Courtin' Time" opens at National Theater NYC for 37 performances
  • Jun 14 1st commercial computer, UNIVAC 1, enters service at Census Bureau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15 Joe Louis scored his last knock out victory

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis

Sport awardUS Golf Open

Jun 16 US Open Men's Golf, Oakland Hills CC: Ben Hogan wins his second consecutive US Open title, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Clayton Heafner.

Golfer Ben Hogan
Golfer
Ben Hogan
  • Jun 16 83rd Belmont: David Gorman aboard Counterpoint wins in 2:29
  • Jun 17 "Flahooley" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 40 performances

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jun 18 Charles de Gaulle wins French parliamentary election

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Jun 18 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences
  • Jun 20 Cleveland Indian Bobby Avila hits 3 HRs, double & single vs Red Sox
  • Jun 21 "17" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 performances
  • Jun 21 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Whitemarsh Valley CC: Patty Berg defeats Pat O'Sullivan, 2-up in the final
  • Jun 22 Gene Rayburn & Dee Finch show premieres on NBC radio
  • Jun 23 Treacherous British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee to USSR
  • Jun 23 Most expensive US hailstorm ($1.5M crop damage & $14M property-Kansas)
  • Jun 24 Persian army takes over nationalized oil installations
  • Jun 25 1st color TV broadcast-CBS' Arthur Godfrey from NYC to 4 cities

  • Jun 28 "Amos 'n' Andy" premieres on CBS TV
  • Jun 30 "Victor Borge Show" last airs on NBC-TV
  • Jun 30 NAACP begins attack on school segregation & discrimination
  • Jul 1 Cleveland Indians veteran hurler Bob Feller pitches his 3rd career no-hitter beating Detroit Tigers, 2-1
  • Jul 2 Bill Veeck buys St Louis Browns from Bill & Charlie DeWitt; after 1953 season sells franchise to Clarence Miles, team moves to Baltimore (Orioles)
  • Jul 2 "Bob & Ray show" premieres on NBC radio
  • Jul 2 Worcestershire cricket wicket-keeper Hugo Yarnold makes a record 6 stumpings in an innings in a 1st-class match vs Scotland at Dundee
  • Jul 2 Island advisor of Curacao installed
  • Jul 2 Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system

Sport awardPGA Championship

Jul 3 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Oakmont GC: Sam Snead beats Walter Burkemo, 7 & 6 for his 3rd PGA C'ship title

Golfer Sam Snead
Golfer
Sam Snead

InventionHistoric Invention

Jul 5 Dr William Shockley invents the junction transistor (Murray Hill, NJ)

Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley
  • Jul 6 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Dick Savitt wins his only Wimbledon title beating Ken McGregor of Australia 6-4, 6-4, 6-4
  • Jul 6 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Portrush GC: Englishman Max Faulkner wins by 2 strokes from Antonio Cerdá of Argentina
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Doris Hart outclasses fellow American Shirley Fry 6-1, 6-0 for her only Wimbledon singles title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Yankee Joe DiMaggio and manager Casey Stengel feud

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 US President Harry Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jul 10 18th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 8-3 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
  • Jul 10 Armistice talks to end Korean conflict began at Kaesong
  • Jul 12 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero, Illinois
  • Jul 12 NY Yankees Allie Reynolds no-hits Cleveland Indians, 8-0

  • Jul 14 "Courtin' Time" closes at National Theater NYC after 37 performances
  • Jul 14 "Make a Wish" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 102 performances
  • Jul 14 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 George Washington Carver monument unveiled

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • Jul 14 In his last race, 1948 Triple Crown champion Citation wins the Hollywood Gold Cup by 4 lengths, to become American racing's first millionaire horse.
  • Jul 16 King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates
  • Jul 16 Len Hutton scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Surrey at The Oval

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 16 Novel "Catcher in Rye" by J. D. Salinger published by Little Brown and Company

Novelist J. D. Salinger
Novelist
J. D. Salinger
  • Jul 17 Leopold III, King of the Belgians, abdicates in favour of his son Boudouin I
  • Jul 17 Western New England College in Springfield, Massachusetts, is chartered
  • Jul 18 Uruguay accepts its constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 18 Jersey Joe Walcott at 37 becomes oldest to win heavyweight champion

World Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jersey Joe
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jersey Joe
  • Jul 19 "2 in the Aisle" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 276 performances
  • Jul 20 King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 21 Dalai Lama returns to Tibet

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • Jul 22 General Francisco Craveiro Lopes appointed President of Portugal
  • Jul 26 Netherlands ends state of war with Germany
  • Jul 28 "Kiss Me, Kate" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 1077 performances

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 28 Walt Disney's animated musical film "Alice In Wonderland" released

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Jul 29 38th Tour de France won by Hugo Koblet of Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 30 Ty Cobb testifies before the Emanuel Celler committee, denying that the reserve clause makes peons of baseball players

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • Jul 31 Japan Airlines is established

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Aug 1 David Ben-Gurion's Mapai-party wins Israeli parliamentary election

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • Aug 3 William H Jackson ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • Aug 5 Armed uprising in Ambonezen Camp Middelburg
  • Aug 6 Typhoon floods kill 4,800 in Manchuria
  • Aug 6 The National Museum of Racing opens in Congress Park at Saratoga Springs, N.Y
  • Aug 7 Douglas D-558-II Skyrocket reaches 1,992 kph
  • Aug 7 US Viking rocket reaches 210 km height (record)
  • Aug 9 Dutch Korea volunteers win US Collective Unit Citation
  • Aug 11 100,000 acres flooded from Mississippi River in Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Illinois
  • Aug 11 1st televised baseball game in color, on WCBS in New York City (Boston Braves beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 8-1)
  • Aug 11 NY Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (CFL) 38-6 in Ottawa
  • Aug 11 NY Giants lose to go 13½ games behind Bkln Dodgers, later win the pennant
  • Aug 13 Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract

Film release premierFilm Release

Aug 14 "A Place in the Sun", directed by George Stevens, starring Montgomery Clift, Elizabeth Taylor and Shelley Winters, is released (Academy Awards Best Director 1952)

  • Aug 17 18th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Cleveland 33, All-Stars 0 (92,180)
  • Aug 17 Hurricane winds drive 6 ships ashore, Kingston, Jamaica
  • Aug 18 Cricket 1st-class debut of Raymond Illingworth
  • Aug 19 Bill Veeck (Cleveland Indians) sends Eddie Gaedel, a 3'7" little person, to pinch-hit

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Aug 20 12th Venice Film Festival: "Rashomon" directed by Akira Kurosawa wins the Golden Lion

Film Director and Screenwriter Akira Kurosawa
Film Director and Screenwriter
Akira Kurosawa
  • Aug 22 Harlem Globetrotters play in Olympic Stadium, Berlin before 75,052
  • Aug 24 Bill Veeck's "Fans Managers' Night", Browns defeat A's 5-3; Browns coaches hold up placards for fans to vote on
  • Aug 25 Cleveland Indians win 16th straight home game
  • Aug 26 Jongbloed in Paris demonstrates artificial heart

Film release premierFilm Premier

Aug 26 "An American in Paris" with music by George Gershwin, directed by Vincente Minnelli, starring Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron premieres in London (Academy Awards Best Picture 1952)

Actor and Dancer Gene Kelly
Actor and Dancer
Gene Kelly
Composer and Pianist George Gershwin
Composer and Pianist
George Gershwin
  • Aug 28 Braves sell pitcher Johnny Sain to the Yankees for $50,000
  • Aug 28 Pirates snap NY Giants 16 game winning streak
  • Aug 30 US & Philippines sign mutual defense pact
  • Aug 31 1st 33 1/3 album introduced in Dusseldorf
  • Sep 1 Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion orders establishment of Israeli secret service Mossad
  • Sep 1 US, Australia and New Zealand sign the ANZUS mutual defense treaty
  • Sep 2 Australia, NZ & US sign ANZUS-pact
  • Sep 3 TV soap opera "Search for Tomorrow" debuts on CBS
  • Sep 4 1st transcontinental TV broadcast, by US President Harry Truman

  • Sep 4 NBC extends to become a 61 station coast-to-coast network
  • Sep 4 US President Harry Truman addresses opening of Japanese Peace Treaty Conference

Sport awardUS Men's Tennis Open

Sep 5 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Frank Sedgman of Australia beats American Vic Seixas 6-4, 6-1, 6-1 for his first of 2 straight US singles crowns

Tennis Player Vic Seixas
Tennis Player
Vic Seixas
  • Sep 5 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Maureen Connolly wins her 1st of 9 Grand Slam singles titles; beats fellow American Shirley Fry 6-3, 1-6, 6-4
  • Sep 8 Japan signs peace treaty with 48 countries in San Francisco
  • Sep 8 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sempiternus Rex
  • Sep 9 1st broadcast of "Love of Life" on CBS-TV
  • Sep 10 British begin economic boycott of Iran
  • Sep 11 Stravinsky's opera "Rake's Progress," premieres in Venice

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Florence Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel from England to France. It takes 16 hours & 19 minutes

  • Sep 13 St Louis Cards beat NY Giants 6-4 (rescheduled from 9/12) then at night lose to Boston Braves 2-0
  • Sep 14 Giant's Bob Niemans homers on his 1st 2 at bats
  • Sep 15 "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" closes at Ziegfeld NYC after 740 performances
  • Sep 15 Emile Zatopek runs world record 20k (1:01:15.8)
  • Sep 15 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ingruentium Malorum

Sport awardUS Women's Golf Open

Sep 16 US Open Women's Golf, Druid Hills GC: Betsy Rawls wins first of her 8 major titles, 5 strokes ahead of runner-up Louise Suggs

LPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls
LPGA Golfer
Betsy Rawls
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Sep 16 US National League umpire Frank Dascoli clears the Dodgers bench, ejecting 15 players
  • Sep 17 "Borscht Capades" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 90 performances
  • Sep 17 Romanian bishop A Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years

Film release premierFilm Release

Sep 18 "A Streetcar Named Desire", directed by Elia Kazan and based on Tennessee Williams' 1947 play of the same name, starring Marlon Brando and Vivien Leigh, is released

  • Sep 19 1st broadcast of "Search for Tomorrow" on CBS-TV
  • Sep 19 Italian civil servants strike for pay increase
  • Sep 20 1st North Pole jet crossing
  • Sep 20 NL President Ford Frick elected 3rd commissioner of baseball
  • Sep 20 Swiss males votes against female suffrage
  • Sep 21 Emil Zatopek runs 15,000m in record 44 min, 54.6 sec
  • Sep 24 Industrial estate opens at Harlow New Town, England
  • Sep 24 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Sep 26 Prof Youngblood demonstrates artificial heart in Paris
  • Sep 27 Persian troops occupy oil refinery at Abadan

  • Sep 28 Allie Reynolds' 2nd no-hitter of 1951; Yanks clinch pennant #18
  • Sep 28 Norm Van Brocklin of Rams passes for NFL record 554 yards
  • Sep 29 1st color telecast of football game on network, Philadelphia (CBS)
  • Sep 29 Emile Zatopek runs world record 20,000 m & 10 mile
  • Sep 29 S B Nicholson discovers 12th satellite of Jupiter
  • Oct 1 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador-Eugenie Anderson (US ambassador to Denmark)
  • Oct 1 24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black US military unit, deactivated
  • Oct 2 1st Netherland TV broadcast (Toverspiegel)
  • Oct 3 Shot Heard 'Round the World': Bobby Thomson hits 3-run homer off Ralph Branca of the Brooklyn Dodgers, bottom 9th inning, 1 out, to give New York Giants dramatic 5-4 playoff win and NL pennant
  • Oct 3 CBS-TV airs the first coast-to-coast telecast of a prize fight; Australian light-heavyweight Dave Sands outpoints Carl 'Bobo' Olson in 10 rounds at Chicago Stadium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Joseph Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 7 David Ben-Gurion forms 3rd Israeli government
  • Oct 8 "Music in the Air" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 56 performances
  • Oct 8 Ford C Frick replaces Happy Chandler as 3rd commissioner of baseball Warren C Giles becomes president of baseball's National League
  • Oct 9 5th NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto: 1st Team ties 2nd Team, 2-2; first year format - 1st v 2nd All-Star Teams, with additional players
  • Oct 9 Gil McDougald's World Series grand slam helps Yanks beat Giants 13-1
  • Oct 10 Yanks beat Giants 4 games to 2 in World Series, DiMaggio's final game
  • Oct 14 Det Lion Jack Christiansen returns 2 punts for touchdowns vs LA Rams
  • Oct 14 Organization of Central American States forms

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

Oct 15 "I Love Lucy", starring Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, debuts on CBS

Actor Desi Arnaz
Actor
Desi Arnaz
Actress and Comedian Lucille Ball
Actress and Comedian
Lucille Ball

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15 First synthesis of an oral contraceptive (norethindrone) made by Luis E. Miramontes under direction of Carl Djerassi and George Rosenkranz at Mexican drug company Syntex

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • Oct 16 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated by Said Akbar in Rawalpindi
  • Oct 17 Egyptian army fires on British troops
  • Oct 18 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 19 US President Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany
  • Oct 20 The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • Oct 22 Earthquake hits Formosa, 100 killed
  • Oct 22 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 24 Jan de Hartog's "Four Poster" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 24 United Nations publishes its first postage stamps

  • Oct 25 Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom
  • Oct 26 Emile Zatopek runs world record 30,000m, 25,000m & 15 miles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Future world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano defeats former champion Joe Louis by TKO in the 8th round at Madison Square Garden

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Rocky Marciano
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 26 Winston Churchill re-elected British Prime Minister at the age of 76

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Oct 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 28 Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina wins Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by taking out the Spanish Grand Prix at Pedralbes in an Alpha Romeo; wins by 6 points from Alberto Ascari of Italy
  • Oct 30 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 31 French Second Chamber accepts the Schuman Plan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 Johnny Mercer's "Top Banana" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 356 performances

Songwriter Johnny Mercer
Songwriter
Johnny Mercer
  • Nov 1 US performs 1st atomic explosion witnessed by troops, Nevada Test Site, New Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 Brooklyn Dodgers catcher Roy Campanella wins first of his 3 National League MVP awards

MLB Catcher Roy Campanella
MLB Catcher
Roy Campanella
  • Nov 1 Jet magazine founded by John H Johnson
  • Nov 4 Ryder Cup Golf, Pinehurst Resort: US wins 9½-2½; Sam Snead playing captain for US; Arthur Lacey non-playing GB skipper
  • Nov 4 NY Giants & NY Yanks score back-to-back TDs on kickoff returns
  • Nov 4 Vijay Merchant scores 154 v England in his last Test Cricket innings
  • Nov 5 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Nov 7 Constitution of Jordan passes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 NY Yankee Catcher Yogi Berra wins 1st of his 3 MVP awards

MLB Catcher and Manager Yogi Berra
MLB Catcher and Manager
Yogi Berra
  • Nov 10 1st long distance telephone call without operator assistance
  • Nov 12 "Paint Your Wagon" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 289 performances
  • Nov 13 Lefty O'Doul's all-stars, including Joe DiMaggio and Billy Martin, lose 3-1 to Pacific League all-star team (Japan)
  • Nov 15 Cricket 1st-class debut of Hanif Mohammad, Pakistan XI v MCC, Lahore
  • Nov 15 NY Yankee Gil McDougald wins AL Rookie of Year
  • Nov 17 Britain reports development of the world's first nuclear-powered heating system
  • Nov 18 "See it Now" premieres on TV
  • Nov 18 British troops occupy Ismailiya, Egypt
  • Nov 18 Former Cubs 1st baseman & future TV star of Rifleman Chuck Connors is 1st player to oppose the major league draft
  • Nov 19 Roy Campanella named NL MVP on his 30th birthday
  • Nov 19 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Nov 20 Snowdonia becomes a British National Park

  • Nov 24 "17" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 180 performances
  • Nov 24 "Music in the Air" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 56 performances
  • Nov 24 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Ottawa Rough Riders claim their 4th Championship with 21-14 win over Saskatchewan Roughriders
  • Nov 24 British auto manufacturers Austin and Morris Motors merge
  • Nov 25 17 die in a train crash in Woodstock, Alabama
  • Nov 25 Cleveland Browns penalized a record 209 yards against Chicago Bears
  • Nov 25 Commemoration of Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft forbidden
  • Nov 25 3rd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Herb Thomas wins
  • Nov 25 Cleveland halfback Dub Jones ties the NFL record for most touchdowns in a game crossing for 6 in Browns 42-21 win v Chicago Bears at Cleveland Stadium
  • Nov 27 1st rocket to intercept an airplane, White Sands, NM
  • Nov 27 Cease-fire & demarcation zone accord signed in Panmunjon, Korea
  • Nov 28 John Van Druten's "I am a Camera" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 28 Military coup under Col Adib el-Shishakli in Syria
  • Nov 29 1st underground atomic explosion at Frenchman Flat in Nevada
  • Dec 1 17th Heisman Trophy Award: Dick Kazmaier, Princeton (HB)
  • Dec 1 Benjamin Britten's opera "Billy Budd" premieres in London
  • Dec 1 Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds
  • Dec 1 Legendary Australian cricket fast bowler Ray Lindwall takes his 100th Test wicket when he bowls West Indian spinner Sonny Ramadhin in the 2nd Test in Sydney; Australia wins by 7 wickets
  • Dec 2 "Borscht Capades" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 90 performances