On This Day

Historical Events in 1952

Events 1 - 200 of 432

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 5th string quartet

  • Jan 1 38th Rose Bowl: #4 Illinois beats #7 Stanford, 40-7
  • Jan 1 18th Sugar Bowl: #3 Maryland beats #1 Tennessee, 28-13
  • Jan 1 18th Orange Bowl: #6 Georgia Tech beats #9 Baylor, 17-14
  • Jan 2 "Pal Joey" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 542 performances
  • Jan 3 "Dragnet" with Jack Webb premieres on NBC TV
  • Jan 3 Australia beat W Indies by one wicket at the MCG, last stand 38
  • Jan 5 Flying Enterprise sinks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill makes an official visit to the US

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jan 7 French Plevin government falls
  • Jan 8 Jordan adopts constitution
  • Jan 9 Belgian Pholien government resigns
  • Jan 9 Karel Sys wins European heavyweight boxing title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 9 Marines give notice that they will recall Ted Williams to active duty

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Jan 10 Jean Anouilh's "La valse des toréadors" premieres in Paris

Film release premierFilm Premier

Jan 10 "The Greatest Show on Earth", directed and produced by Cecil B. DeMille, starring James Stewart and Carlton Heston, premieres in New York (Best Picture 1953)

Actor James Stewart
Actor
James Stewart
Filmmaker and Director Cecil B. DeMille
Filmmaker and Director
Cecil B. DeMille

  • Jan 11 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Marianne Moore
  • Jan 12 2nd NFL Pro Bowl, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum: National Conference beats American Conference, 30-13; MVP: Dan Towler, LA Rams, FB
  • Jan 12 University of Tennessee admits it's 1st black student
  • Jan 14 "Today Show" premieres with Dave Garroway & Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV
  • Jan 14 Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends
  • Jan 14 Snowstorm in Sierra Nevada kills 26
  • Jan 16 New Dutch bible translation finished

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 US Standard Board clears Stan Musial to get an $85,000 salary

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • Jan 17 1952 NFL Draft: Bill Wade from University of Vanderbilt first pick by Los Angeles Rams
  • Jan 19 NFL takes control of NY Yanks
  • Jan 19 PGA approves allowing black participants
  • Jan 20 British army occupies Ismailiya, Suez Canal Zone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 The NBA's first superstar George Mikan scores a career high 61 points leading the Minneapolis Lakers to a 91-81 double-overtime victory over the Rochester Royals

NBA Center George Mikan
NBA Center
George Mikan

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 21 Jawaharlal Nehru's Congress party wins general election in India

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Jan 21 William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of "The New Yorker"
  • Jan 24 1st NFL team in Texas, Dallas Texans formerly NY Yanks
  • Jan 24 Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 25 Test debut of Australian Richie Benaud, v West Indies at the SCG

Cricketer and Commentator Richie Benaud
Cricketer and Commentator
Richie Benaud
  • Jan 26 At least 20 people have been killed and 100s injured during riots in Cairo against the British
  • Jan 28 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Thelma Coyne Long beats Helen Angwin 6-2, 6-3 for 1st of her 2 Australian singles titles

  • Jan 28 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Ken McGregor wins his first and only Grand Slam event; upsets fellow Australian Frank Sedgman 7-5, 12-10, 2-6, 6-2
  • Jan 30 Lehmer verifies: 2^521-1 & 2^607-1 (183 ciphers) Mersenne-prime #
  • Jan 30 Paul Creston's 4th Symphony, premieres
  • Jan 30 Korean War truce talks deadlock
  • Jan 31 Dutch Lutheran Church reunites after 1½ centuries
  • Jan 31 Harry Heilmann & Paul Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Feb 1 General strike against French colonial rule in Tunisia
  • Feb 1 SN Behrman's "Jane" premieres in NYC

Music release#1 in the Charts

Feb 2 B.B. King's “3 O’Clock Blues” hits #1 on the US Billboard's R&B hit parade to become his first national hit

Blues Musician B.B. King
Blues Musician
B.B. King

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 Hubert de Givenchy presents his first collection in Paris with Bettina Graziani opening the show

Courtier and Fashion Designer Hubert de Givenchy
Courtier and Fashion Designer
Hubert de Givenchy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4 1st African American executive of a major TV station (Jackie Robinson-WNBC NY)

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • Feb 4 Tetsuwan Atom by Osamu Tezuka first published in Weekly Shonen Magazine in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 6 Queen Elizabeth II succeeds King George VI to the British throne and proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms including Canada, Australia and New Zealand

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • Feb 8 "RCA Victor Show Starring Dennis Day" debuts on NBC TV
  • Feb 10 India holds its first general election: Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru remains in power
  • Feb 11 2nd NBA All-Star Game, Boston Garden: East beats West, 108-91; MVP: Paul Arizin, Philadelphia Warriors, F

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Future world champion Rocky Marciano knocks out Italian heavyweight boxer Gino Buonvino in the 2nd round at Rhode Island Auditorium, Providence for his 40th straight win

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Rocky Marciano
  • Feb 14 VI Winter Olympic Games open at Oslo, Norway
  • Feb 14 Giant slalom event for women debuts at the Winter Olympics at Oslo Games; American skier Andrea Mead-Lawrence wins gold ahead of Dagmar Rom of Austria and German Annemarie Buchner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 15 King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • Feb 15 Giant slalom event for men debuts at the Winter Olympics at Oslo Games; Stein Erikson of Norway wins gold ahead of Austrians Christian Pravda and Toni Spiß
  • Feb 16 Ian Craig makes NSW cricket debut aged 16 years 249 days (NSW record)
  • Feb 16 United States goes 1-2 in the 500m speed skating at the Olso Winter Olympics with Ken Henry taking gold ahead of team mate Don McDermott; Norwegian Hjalmar Anderson dominates remaining 3 speed skating events
  • Feb 17 Montreal Canadiens center Elmer Lach picks up his 354th career assist in a 3-2 loss at the NY Rangers to become the NHL's all-time assists leader; passes Bill Cowley's mark
  • Feb 17 Trude Jochum-Beiser of Austria wins the downhill gold medal at the Oslo Winter Olympics; second career gold medal after taking out the combined event at St. Moritz (1948)
  • Feb 18 4th Emmy Awards: first time awards presented based on nationwide basis, "The Red Skelton Show", Sid Caesar and Imogene Coca win
  • Feb 18 Norwegian speed skater Hjalmar Anderson wins his 3rd gold medal of the Oslo Winter Olympics when he claims the 10,000m in Olympic record 16:45.8; also wins gold in 1,500m and 5,000m
  • Feb 19 French offensive at Hanoi

Film release premierFilm Release

Feb 20 "African Queen" film directed by John Huston, starring Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn is released in the US

  • Feb 20 1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford)
  • Feb 20 Britain's Jeannette Altwegg wins the Olympic women’s figure skating gold medal at the Olso Winter Games ahead of American Tenley Albright, who goes on to win in Cortina d'Ampezzo (1956)
  • Feb 20 American alpine skier Andrea Mead-Lawrence is only multi-gold medallist at the Oslo Winter Olympics when she wins the slalom, after taking out the inaugural giant slalom
  • Feb 21 Bangladesh Martyrs Day (martyrs of Bengali Language Movement)
  • Feb 21 Dick Button performs 1st figure skating triple jump in competition

Film tv awardsGolden Globes

Feb 21 9th Golden Globes: A Place in the Sun, Fredric March, & Jane Wyman win

  • Feb 21 American defending champion Dick Button becomes first figure-skater to land a triple jump in competition; performs a triple loop in the Olympic free skate in Oslo; wins gold medal ahead of Austria’s Helmut Seibt
  • Feb 22 Germany takes the Olympic bobsleigh double with gold in the 4-man event at the Oslo Winter Games; Adreas Ostler and Lorenz Niebert score their 2nd gold medals after winning the 2-man a week earlier
  • Feb 22 German husband and wife team Ria and Paul Falk win the mixed pairs gold medal at the Oslo Winter Olympics; defeat American siblings, Karol and Peter Kennedy
  • Feb 23 Following his Nordic combined gold medal in St. Moritz (1948), Heikki Hasu takes his 2nd Olympic gold as part of Finland’s 4 x 10k cross country relay team at the Olso Winter Games
  • Feb 23 Lydia Wideman of Finland becomes first female Olympic cross-country skiing champion; wins inaugural 10k event in Olso; Finnish medal sweep with minors to Mirja Hietamies and Siiri Rantanen
  • Feb 24 Canada wins 6th Olympic ice hockey title courtesy of a final round 3-3 tie with the US at the Oslo Winter Games; Canadian center Billy Gibson top scores with 19 points
  • Feb 24 Norway goes 1-2 in the men’s ski jumping event at the Oslo Winter Olympics with Arnfinn Bergmann winning gold ahead of team mate Torbjørn Falkanger
  • Feb 25 VI Winter Olympic Games close at Oslo, Norway
  • Feb 26 Netherlands-Indonesian Unity conference
  • Feb 26 PM Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 28 Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor General of Canada

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey
  • Feb 29 Ice Dance Championship at Paris France won by Westwood & Demmy of Great Britain
  • Feb 29 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Ria Falk & Paul Falk of West Germany
  • Feb 29 Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Jacqueline du Bief of France
  • Feb 29 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Richard Button of USA
  • Feb 29 The island of Heligoland is restored to German authority.
  • Mar 1 Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasha resigns
  • Mar 1 Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain
  • Mar 3 Puerto Rico approves its 1st self-written constitution
  • Mar 5 Terence Rattigan's "Deep Blue Sea" premieres in London

  • Mar 8 Antoine Pinay forms French government
  • Mar 9 Heinz Neuhaus wins Europe Heavyweight Boxing title

BattleCoup d'état

Mar 10 Military coup led by General Fulgencio Batista in Cuba

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • Mar 15 "2 in the Aisle" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 276 performances
  • Mar 15 Greatest 24-hr rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean
  • Mar 16 1870 mm rain in Cilaos, Island of Reunion (world record)

Sport awardGolf Tournament

Mar 16 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins her 3rd Titleholders title by 7 strokes from Betsy Rawls

LPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls
LPGA Golfer
Betsy Rawls
  • Mar 18 1st plastic lens for cataract patients fitted (Philadelphia)
  • Mar 20 24th Academy Awards: "An American in Paris", Humphrey Bogart & Vivian Leigh win
  • Mar 20 Final ratification of peace treaty restoring sovereignty to Japan by US Senate
  • Mar 21 "3 Wishes for Jamie" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 94 performances
  • Mar 21 -22] Tornadoes in Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama and Kentucky cause 343 deaths
  • Mar 21 Alan Freed presents Moondog Coronation Ball at old Cleveland Arena, 25,000 attend 1st rock & roll concert ever
  • Mar 22 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Frankfurt, killing 44
  • Mar 22 Wales wins Five Nations Rugby Championship, Grand Slam & Triple Crown with a 9-5 win over France at St. Helen's Ground, Swansea
  • Mar 23 NY Rangers blow 6-2 lead, lose 7-6 to Chicago Black Hawks; Bill Mosienko scores fastest hat trick in NHL history, 21 seconds
  • Mar 24 Great demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa
  • Mar 26 14th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kansas beats St. Johns, 80-63; first tournament to have a true "Final Four" format
  • Mar 26 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi" premieres in Munich

MurderAssassination Attempt

Mar 27 Failed assassination attempt of West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • Mar 27 Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records

Film release premierFilm Premier

Mar 27 "Singin' in the Rain", musical comedy directed by Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, starring Gene Kelly and Debbie Reynolds, premieres at Radio City Music Hall in NYC

Actor and Dancer Gene Kelly
Actor and Dancer
Gene Kelly
  • Mar 28 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 28 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • Mar 30 6th Tony Awards: "The Fourposter" and "The King & I" win
  • Apr 1 Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow
  • Apr 1 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 3 Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress
  • Apr 5 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title
  • Apr 5 106th Grand National: Jockey Arthur Thompson and trainer Neville Crump combine for their second GN with Teal winning at odds of 100/7

Sport awardUS Masters Golf

Apr 6 16th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Sam Snead wins his second green jacket by 4 strokes over Jack Burke Jr

Golfer Sam Snead
Golfer
Sam Snead
  • Apr 8 US President Harry Truman seizes steel mills to avert a strike
  • Apr 9 Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
  • Apr 11 The Battle of Nanri island takes place.
  • Apr 12 Salaheddine Baccouche forms Tunisian government
  • Apr 15 Franklin National Bank issues 1st bank credit card
  • Apr 15 Stanley Cup Final, Olympia Stadium, Detroit, MI: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 3-0 for a 4-0 series sweep
  • Apr 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 15 The maiden flight of the B-52 Stratofortress prototype
  • Apr 16 "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 15 performances
  • Apr 21 56th Boston Marathon won by Doroteo Flores of Guatemala in 2:31:53
  • Apr 21 BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
  • Apr 21 Secretaries' Day (now Administrative Professionals' Day) is first celebrated
  • Apr 22 1st atomic explosion on network news, Nob, Nevada
  • Apr 22 Eugene Ionesco's "Les Chaises" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 23 Bob Cain of Browns & Bob Feller of Indians each pitch a one-hitter
  • Apr 23 New York Giant Hoyt Wilhelm wins his 1st relief game & hits his only HR
  • Apr 23 Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed
  • Apr 25 6th NBA Championship: Minneapolis Lakers beat NY Knicks, 4 games to 3
  • Apr 25 American Bowling Congress approves use of an automatic pinsetter
  • Apr 25 German state of Bathe-Wurttemberg forms
  • Apr 26 Patty Berg scores 64, best competitive round of golf by a woman
  • Apr 26 US minesweeper Hobson rams aircraft carrier Wasp, kills 176
  • Apr 27 "4 Saints in 3 Acts" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 15 performances
  • Apr 28 St Louis Browns lend 2 black minor leaguers to Hankyu Braves of Japan
  • Apr 28 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 28 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Apr 30 Mr Potato Head is 1st toy advertised on television
  • May 1 US Marines take part in an atomic explosion training in Nevada
  • May 1 Mr Potato Head introduced

  • May 1 TWA introduces tourist class
  • May 2 1st performance of John Cage's "Water Music"
  • May 2 1st scheduled jet airliner passenger service began with a BOAC Comet
  • May 2 Operations begin at United Suriname Workers of Netherlands which flew from London to Johannesburg carrying 36 passengers
  • May 3 "Call Me Madam" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 644 performances
  • May 3 1st landing by an airplane at geographic North Pole
  • May 3 78th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hill Gail wins his record fifth Derby
  • May 5 Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk for this novel "The Caine Mutiny"
  • May 5 Ron Necciai of Pitts Pirate's Bristol Twins Class D farm team, strikes out 27, as he no-hits Welch Minors, 4 Minors do reach base
  • May 7 The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey Dummer
  • May 8 "Of Thee I Sing" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 72 performances
  • May 8 "Shuffle Along" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • May 8 5th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "La Ronde" Best Film
  • May 10 "Shuffle Along" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 4 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 5th Cannes Film Festival: "The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice" directed by Orson Welles and "Two Cents Worth of Hope" directed by Renato Castellani jointly awarded the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

Actor and Director Orson Welles
Actor and Director
Orson Welles
  • May 12 Charlton Playground named in Bronx
  • May 12 Gaj Singh is crowned Maharaja of Jodhpur.
  • May 13 Minor-league Bristol pitcher Ron Necciai strikes out 27 in 9-innings
  • May 13 Jawaharlal Nehru becomes premier of India
  • May 13 The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting
  • May 15 Detroit Tiger Virgil Trucks no-hits Washington Senators, 1-0
  • May 15 Johnny Longden becomes 2nd jockey to ride 4,000 winners
  • May 16 "New Faces (of 1952)" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 365 performances
  • May 17 77th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Blue Man wins in 1:57.4

UKStonehenge

May 18 Professor WF Libby says Stonehenge dates back to 1848 BC
Learn More >>

Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
  • May 21 Booklyn Dodgers score 15 runs in their 1st inning to beat Cincinnati Reds 19-1
  • May 21 Dutch Queen Juliana opens Amsterdam-Rhine Canal
  • May 27 European Defense Community forms
  • May 28 Memphis Kiddie Park opens in Brooklyn, Ohio. The park's Little Dipper roller coaster would become the oldest operating steel roller coaster in North America.
  • May 28 The women of Greece are given the right to vote.

  • May 29 2nd Round Conference between Dutch Antilles & Suriname ends
  • May 30 Charlie Grimm succeeds Tommy Holmes as manager of Boston Braves
  • May 30 Darius Milhaud's "West Point Suite" premieres
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Troy Ruttman wins in 3:52:41.930 (207.480 km/h)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Catholic church puts Andre Gides "Labor" on the index

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • Jun 1 French Championships Men's Tennis: England based Czech Jaroslav Drobný wins his 2nd straight French title; beats Frank Sedgman of Australia 6-2, 6-0, 3-6, 6-4
  • Jun 1 French Championships Women's Tennis: Doris Hart beats fellow American Shirley Fry 6-4, 6-4 for her 2nd French singles title
  • Jun 2 650,000 metal workers go on strike in US
  • Jun 2 Maurice Olley of General Motors begins designing the Corvette
  • Jun 3 Romanian premier Petru Groza chosen president
  • Jun 5 1st sporting event televised nationally-Walcott vs Charles boxing
  • Jun 5 Test Cricket debut of Freddie Trueman v India at Headingley

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 5 Jersey Joe Walcott beats Ezzard Charles in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

World Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jersey Joe
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jersey Joe
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Ezzard Charles
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Ezzard Charles
  • Jun 7 "3 Wishes after Jamie" closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 94 performances
  • Jun 7 7th Curtis Cup: British Isles, 5-4
  • Jun 7 84th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard One Count wins in 2:30.2
  • Jun 10 Chicago White Sox Sam Mele is 6th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th)
  • Jun 10 US President Harry Truman expresses a desire to nationalize the steel industry
  • Jun 10 St Louis Browns fire manager Rogers Hornsby