On This Day

Historical Events in October 1952

  • Oct 1 1st ultra high frequency (UHF) television station, Portland Or
  • Oct 1 Liberal Party wins Japanese elections
  • Oct 1 Monte Bello-Island (Great Britain 1st atom bomb explosion)
  • Oct 3 1st British nuclear test during Operation Hurricane at Monte Bello Island, Australia, UK becomes the world's third nuclear nation
  • Oct 3 1st video recording on magnetic tape in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 4 "Top Banana" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 356 performances
  • Oct 5 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow
  • Oct 5 6th NHL All-Star Game, Detroit Olympia, Detroit, MI: 1st Team ties 2nd Team, 1-1; second year format - 1st v 2nd All-Star Teams, with additional players

Theater Premiere

Oct 6 Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" opens in London (still running)

  • Oct 7 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 4-2 at Ebbets Field in Game 7 to tie own record 4th straight WS; MVP: NY 1B Johnny Mize

Film & TV History

Oct 7 First "Bandstand" broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV (Dick Clark joins in 1955 as a substitute-host)

  • Oct 8 Chinese offensive in Korea
  • Oct 8 112 people killed in Britain's worst peace-time rail crash at Harrow and Wealdstone, northwest London
  • Oct 12 Hanif Mohammad completes twin cricket centuries for Pakistan v North Zone (India) in Amritsar; 121 & 109 no
  • Oct 12 KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 14 UN General Assembly first meets at its new headquarters in New York
  • Oct 14 "Buttrio Square" opens at New Century Theater NYC for 7 performances

Historic Event

Oct 14 One of the most influential of all Modernist buildings the Unité d’Habitation, designed by Le Corbusier is officially inaugurated in Marseille, France

  • Oct 15 Arthur Laurent's "Time of the Cuckoo" premieres in NYC

Historic Publication

Oct 15 "Charlotte's Web" by E. B. White and illustrated by Garth Williams is published by Harper & Brothers

Photography

Oct 15 Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson's influential photography book "The Decisive Moment" is first published in the US and France

  • Oct 16 Pakistan's 1st Test starts, v India at Delhi
  • Oct 16 Woolworth's at Powell & Market (San Francisco) opens
  • Oct 18 Date of the first Mad Magazine issue
  • Oct 18 "Buttrio Square" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 7 performances
  • Oct 18 Vinoo Mankad takes 13 Pakistan wkts to win 1st India-Pak clash
  • Oct 19 Alain Bombard departs from the Canary Islands on his solitary journey across the Atlantic ocean with almost no provisions and only a sextant for navigation to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive
  • Oct 20 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • Oct 21 Dutch government refuses New Guinea (West-Irian)

Film Premiere

Oct 23 Charlie Chaplin's "Limelight", starring himself and Claire Bloom, with an appearance by Buster Keaton, premieres in New York City; Not released in Los Angeles until 1972, winning Chaplin his only competitive Academy Award for original score

  • Oct 24 Arab Liberation Movement becomes only political party in Syria
  • Oct 25 First Dutch edition of children's magazine "Donald Duck"
  • Oct 25 French president inaugurates Donzère-Mondragonstuw Dam
  • Oct 25 Nazar Mohammad scores Pakistan's first ever Test cricket century (124no) in 2nd Test v India in Lucknow
  • Oct 26 Pakistan's 1st Test Cricket win Fazal Mahmood 12 wkts v India
  • Oct 27 "My Darlin' Aida" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 89 performances

Historic Event

Oct 30 Clarence Birdseye sells first frozen peas

  • Oct 30 4th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins
  • Oct 31 1st thermonuclear bomb detonated at Marshall Islands