On This Day

Historical Events in 1952 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 432

  • Jun 12 USSR declares peace treaty with Japan invalid
  • Jun 12 2nd Berlin International Film Festival: "One Summer of Happiness" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • Jun 13 Soviet fighters shoot Swedish Dakota down over East Sea, kills 8
  • Jun 14 US Open Men's Golf, Northwood GC: Julius Boros wins 1st of 3 majors by 4 shots from Ed Oliver
  • Jun 14 Boston Brave Warren Spahn strikes out 18 Cubs in 15 innings
  • Jun 14 General strike in Tunisia
  • Jun 14 Jim Peters runs world record marathon (2:20:42.2)
  • Jun 14 Keel laid for 1st nuclear powered sub USS Nautilus (4th to be named Nautilus)
  • Jun 14 Braves Warren Spahn ties NL record of Jim Whitney with 18 strikeouts against the Cubs in 15-inning, 3-1 loss
  • Jun 16 Soviet Fighters shoot Swedish Catalina reconnaissance flight down
  • Jun 17 2 mine cave-ins at Charleroi, Belgium
  • Jun 19 "I've Got A Secret" debuts on CBS-TV with Garry Moore as host
  • Jun 19 Bkln Dodger Carl Erskine no-hits Chicago Cubs, 5-0
  • Jun 21 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Skokie CC: Betsy Rawls defeats Betty Jameson, 1 up in the final
  • Jun 21 Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, is converted to Philippine College of Commerce; later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines
  • Jun 23 US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu Korea

  • Jun 25 "Wish You Were Here" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 597 performances
  • Jun 25 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Big Spring CC: Jim Turnesa wins 1-up over Chick Harbert in the Wednesday final
  • Jun 25 Dutch social democratic party wins 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • Jun 26 Dutch social democratic party wins elections (29%)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 Nelson Mandela & 51 others infringe South Africa curfew

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Jun 29 USS Oriskany becomes 1st aircraft carrier to sail around Cape Horn

Sport awardUS Women's Golf Open

Jun 29 US Open Women's Golf, Bala GC: 1949 champion Louise Suggs wins, 7 strokes ahead of runners-up Marlene Bauer and Betty Jameson

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Jun 30 "Guiding Light" soap opera moves from radio to TV
  • Jun 30 Hussein Sirri Pasha forms Egyptian government
  • Jul 1 The first NASCAR Grand National event is run outside of the US with Buddy Shuman winning the 200-lap race at Stamford Park, Ontario, Canada
  • Jul 2 Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
  • Jul 3 Puerto Rico's constitution approved by US Congress
  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Australian Frank Sedgman wins his only Wimbledon singles title beating Czech Jaroslav Drobný 4-6, 6-2, 6-3, 6-2
  • Jul 4 Canadain Currency, Mint & Exchange Fund Act allows gold coins of $5, $10, and $20 to be minted
  • Jul 5 "Of Thee I Sing" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 72 performances
  • Jul 5 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats Louise Brough 7-5, 6-3 for the first of 3 straight Wimbledon crowns
  • Jul 6 Last tram ride in London
  • Jul 7 SS United States cross Atlantic in record 82:40
  • Jul 8 19th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-2 in 5 at Shibe Park, Phila

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 11 General Eisenhower nominated as Republican US presidential candidate

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jul 11 British Golf Men's Open, Royal Lytham & St Annes GC: 3 titles in 4 years for Bobby Locke of South Africa beating Australian Peter Thomson by a stroke
  • Jul 12 East German SED decides to form German DR army
  • Jul 14 SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)
  • Jul 15 1st transatlantic helicopter flight begins

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Jul 17 Shah of Persia Mohammed Reza Pahlavi names Ghavam Sultaneh premier

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

  • Jul 18 KWGN TV channel 2 in Denver, Colorado (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 19 "Paint Your Wagon" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 289 performances
  • Jul 19 XV Summer Olympic Games open in Helsinki, Finland
  • Jul 19 Freddie Trueman takes 8-31, India all out 58 at Old Trafford
  • Jul 19 India all out 82 in 2nd innings after making 52 earlier in the day
  • Jul 19 39th Tour de France won by Fausto Coppi of Italy
  • Jul 20 Emile Zatopek runs Olympic Record 10K (29:17.0)
  • Jul 21 7.8 earthquake shakes Kern County California, 14 killed
  • Jul 21 Premier Ghavam es-Sultaneh of Persia, resigns

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 21 "The Quiet Man" film directed by John Ford and starring John Wayne and Maureen O'Hara is released in the UK

Actor John Wayne
Actor
John Wayne
Film director John Ford
Film director
John Ford
  • Jul 22 Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • Jul 23 General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (National Day)
  • Jul 24 112°F (44°C), Louisville, Georgia (state record)
  • Jul 24 Emile Zatopek runs Olympic record 5K (14:06.6)
  • Jul 24 US President Harry Truman settles 53-day steel strike

Film release premierFilm Release

Jul 24 "High Noon", American Western film directed by Fred Zinnemann, starring Gary Cooper and Thomas Mitchell, is released

  • Jul 25 Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing US commonwealth (Constitution Day)
  • Jul 26 King Farouk I of Egypt abdicates [Black Saturday]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 Mickey Mantle hits his 1st grand-slammer

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • Jul 27 Emile Zatopek runs Olympic record marathon (2:23:03.2)
  • Jul 27 Swedish race walker John Mikaelsson makes it back-to-back gold medals in the 10k event at the Helsinki Olympics, having won the corresponding race in London in 1948
  • Jul 28 Rogers Hornsby replaces Luke Sewell as Cincinnati Reds manager
  • Jul 29 1st nonstop transpacific flight by a jet
  • Jul 30 Ford Frick sets waiver rule to bar inter-league deals until all clubs in same league get right to bid

OlympicsOlympic Gold

Aug 2 17 year-old future world champion Floyd Patterson wins the gold medal in the middleweight division at the Helsinki Olympic Games with a 1st round KO of Romanian Vasile Tita

Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion
Floyd Patterson
  • Aug 3 Italian Ferrari driver Alberto Ascari clinches Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by winning German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring
  • Aug 3 XV Summer Olympic Games close in Helsinki, Finland

MurderMurder of Interest

Aug 4 Gambling boss Theodore Roe is murdered by the crew of Sam Giancana

Gangster Sam Giancana
Gangster
Sam Giancana
  • Aug 6 St. Louis Browns veteran pitcher Satchel Paige, 46, becomes oldest pitcher to win a complete shutout, 1-0 v Detroit Tigers in 12 innings
  • Aug 8 Syngman Ree re-elected president of South Korea
  • Aug 9 General strike against overtime conscription in Belgium
  • Aug 11 Hussein Ibn Talal I, proclaimed King of Jordan
  • Aug 12 Hussein ibn Talal proclaimed King of Jordan
  • Aug 14 Mátyás Rákosi appointed premier of Hungary
  • Aug 15 19th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Los Angeles 10, All-Stars 7 (88,316)
  • Aug 15 9 inches of rain fall creates a 20 ft wave in Lynmouth, England, killing 34
  • Aug 17 "Fallout" 1st used (NY Times)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Aug 20 Stalin meets Zhou Enlai

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Aug 20 13th Venice Film Festival: "Genghis Khan" directed by Manuel Conde wins the Golden Lion

Great Khan of the Mongol Empire Genghis Khan
Great Khan of the Mongol Empire
Genghis Khan
  • Aug 22 The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed.
  • Aug 23 Arab League security pact goes into effect
  • Aug 23 Giants Bob Elliott is ejected for arguing a strike, Bobby Hoffman completes his bat, he strikes out & is also ejected for arguing
  • Aug 25 Det Tiger Virgil Trucks 2nd no-hitter of yr, beats Yankees, 1-0
  • Aug 25 Puerto Rico becomes a US commonwealth
  • Aug 26 Fluoridation of San Francisco water begins
  • Aug 27 Emil Zatopek wins 12th olympics marathon (2:23:03.2)
  • Aug 28 German & Israeli reach accord about recovery payments
  • Aug 28 Jakob Malik succeeds Zorine as Foreign minister
  • Aug 29 New York premiere of history-based film "The Miracle of Our Lady of Fatima"
  • Sep 1 Sutro Baths, San Francisco purchased by George Whitney
  • Sep 1 Willem Drees forms new Dutch government
  • Sep 2 Dr Floyd J Lewis 1st uses deep freeze technique in heart surgery
  • Sep 5 General Carlos Ibáñez elected president of Chile
  • Sep 6 Canadian TV begins in Montreal
  • Sep 7 General Naguib forms Egyptian government and becomes Premier
  • Sep 7 Outfielder Don Grate throws a baseball a record 434'1" (Tenn)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 7 Whitey Ford becomes 5th pitcher to hurl consecutive 1 hitters

MLB Pitcher Whitey Ford
MLB Pitcher
Whitey Ford
  • Sep 7 NY Yankees Johnny Mize's pinch-hit grand slam gives Yanks a 5-1 win at Washington, giving him a HR in all 15 major league parks
  • Sep 7 Alberto Ascari of Italy in a Ferrari wins Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with victory in season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza; wins title by 12 points from countryman Giuseppe Farina

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Sep 8 Ernest Hemingway's novel "The Old Man & the Sea" published

  • Sep 8 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Australian Frank Sedgman wins his second straight US title; beats American Gardnar Mulloy 6-1, 6-2, 6-3; last amateur major before turning pro in 1953
  • Sep 8 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Maureen Connolly beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-3, 7-5

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Sep 11 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer signs a reparation pact for the Jewish people

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • Sep 12 Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premieres in London
  • Sep 13 Adolfo Ruiz Cortinez elected president of Mexico
  • Sep 15 Braves last game in Boston's Braves Field before move to Milwaukee
  • Sep 15 European Parliament forms in Strasbourg
  • Sep 15 UN turns over Eritrea to Ethiopia
  • Sep 17 "I am an American Day" & "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day"

Appears on tv showTelevision Premiere

Sep 19 "Adventures of Superman" TV series starring George Reeves premieres in syndication in the US


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 19 The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England

Comedian, Actor and Filmmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian, Actor and Filmmaker
Charlie Chaplin
  • Sep 20 KPTV TV channel 12 in Portland, OR (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 23 1st closed circuit pay-TV telecast of a sports event
  • Sep 23 Brooklyn Dodgers clinch NL pennant with a record of 96-57 over the New York Giants 92-62

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 23 Richard Nixon makes his "Checker's" speech

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Sep 23 Undefeated Rocky Marciano KOs defending champion Jersey Joe Walcott in the 13th round at Municipal Stadium, Philadelphia for the world heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Rocky Marciano
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jersey Joe
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jersey Joe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 23 "Kaw-Liga" single recorded by Hank Williams

Country Music Singer and Songwriter Hank Williams
Country Music Singer and Songwriter
Hank Williams
  • Sep 24 Dutch minister Dark sentences war criminal W Lages to death
  • Sep 24 Underwater volcano explodes under research vessel Kaiyo-maru-5

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 24 American fast food restaurant chain "KFC" [Kentucky Fried Chicken] opens its first franchise in Salt Lake City, Utah

Businessman and Restaurateur Colonel Sanders
Businessman and Restaurateur
Colonel Sanders
  • Sep 25 Hal Newhouser of Tigers wins his 200th game
  • Sep 26 Yanks clinch 4th straight & 19th AL pennant, beating A's 5-2
  • Sep 29 "Lights Out" last airs on NBC-TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 29 Stan Musial makes his only major league pitching appearance

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • Oct 1 1st ultra high frequency (UHF) television station, Portland Or
  • Oct 1 Liberal Party wins Japanese elections
  • Oct 1 Monte Bello-Island (Great Britain 1st atom bomb explosion)
  • Oct 2 Don Liddle beats Bob Lemon 7-4 as the New York Giants complete an unlikely Baseball World Series sweep of the powerful Cleveland Indians; Cleveland season record of 111-43 sets American League mark for regular season wins
  • Oct 3 1st British nuclear test at Monte Bello Island in Australia
  • Oct 3 1st video recording on magnetic tape, LA, Ca
  • Oct 4 "Top Banana" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 356 performances
  • Oct 5 19th congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow
  • Oct 5 6th NHL All-Star Game, Detroit Olympia, Detroit, MI: 1st Team ties 2nd Team, 1-1; second year format - 1st v 2nd All-Star Teams, with additional players

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Oct 6 Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" opens in London (still running)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • Oct 7 NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 3 in 49th World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 First "Bandstand" broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV (Dick Clark joins in 1955 as a substitute-host)

Radio and TV Personality Dick Clark
Radio and TV Personality
Dick Clark
  • Oct 7 Yankees tie their own record of 4 consecutive World Series wins
  • Oct 8 Chinese offensive in Korea
  • Oct 8 Harrow and Wealdstone, northwest London, 112 people killed in Britain's worst peace-time rail crash.
  • Oct 12 Hanif Mohammad scores twin 100s v N Zone (India) his 1st first class cricket centuries
  • Oct 12 KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 14 UN General Assembly first meets at its new headquarters in New York
  • Oct 14 "Buttrio Square" opens at New Century Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • Oct 15 Arthur Laurent's "Time of the Cuckoo" premieres in NYC

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 15 "Charlotte's Web" by E. B. White and illustrated by Garth Williams is published by Harper & Brothers

Writer E. B. White
Writer
E. B. White

CameraPhotography

Oct 15 Henri Cartier-Bresson's influential photography book "The Decisive Moment" is first published in the US and France

Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson
Photographer
Henri Cartier-Bresson
  • Oct 16 Pakistan's 1st Test starts, v India at Delhi
  • Oct 16 Woolworth's at Powell & Market (San Francisco) opens
  • Oct 18 Date of the first Mad Magazine issue
  • Oct 18 "Buttrio Square" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 7 performances

  • Oct 18 Vinoo Mankad takes 13 Pakistan wkts to win 1st India-Pak clash
  • Oct 19 Alain Bombard departs from the Canary Islands on his solitary journey across the Atlantic ocean with almost no provisions and only a sextant for navigation to test his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive
  • Oct 20 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • Oct 21 Dutch government refuses New-Guinea (West-Irian)
  • Oct 23 "Limelight" premieres directed, written, produced and starring Charlie Chaplin and Claire Bloom with appearance by Buster Keaton
  • Oct 24 Arab Liberation Movement becomes only political party in Syria
  • Oct 25 First Dutch edition of children's magazine "Donald Duck"
  • Oct 25 French president inaugurates Donzère-Mondragonstuw Dam
  • Oct 25 Nazar Mohammad scores Pakistan's 1st Test century 124* v India
  • Oct 26 Pakistan's 1st Test Cricket win Fazal Mahmood 12 wkts v India
  • Oct 27 "My Darlin' Aida" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 89 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Clarence Birdseye sells first frozen peas

  • Oct 30 4th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins
  • Oct 31 1st thermonuclear bomb detonated at Marshall Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 "Ivy Mike", the first thermonuclear weapon to utilize the H-bomb design of Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam, is detonated in the Marshall Islands, Pacific Ocean

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • Nov 3 Clarence Birdseye markets frozen peas
  • Nov 3 Egypt protests German retribution payments to Israel
  • Nov 4 Earthquake & flood strike Kamshatka-South America
  • Nov 4 Republican candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 6 Dmitri Shostakovich's cantata "About our Fatherland" premieres

  • Nov 10 Trygve Lie resigns as 1st Secretary General of the United Nations
  • Nov 12 Philadelphia A's pitcher Bobby Shantz wins AL MVP
  • Nov 12 White Sox place Jim Rivera on 1 year probation after cleared of rape
  • Nov 13 False fingernails 1st sold
  • Nov 13 KLBK TV channel 13 in Lubbock, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 14 Greek General Alexander Papagos wins elections
  • Nov 14 First regular UK singles chart published by the New Musical Express
  • Nov 16 Papagos' Greek Concentratie wins Greeks parliamentary election
  • Nov 19 North American F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record, 1124 KPH
  • Nov 19 Spain joins UNESCO
  • Nov 19 Scandinavian Airlines opens a commercial route from Canada to Europe
  • Nov 20 Cubs slugger Hank Sauer wins NL MVP
  • Nov 20 George Axelrod's "Seven Year Itch" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 20 Slánský trials begin - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.
  • Nov 21 1st US postage stamp in 2 colors (rotary process) introduced
  • Nov 21 Dodgers pitcher Joe Black wins NL Rookie of Year
  • Nov 22 As' Harry Byrd selected AL Rookie of Year
  • Nov 25 George Meany appointed as chairman of AFL
  • Nov 25 Only win ever for NFL's Dallas Texans (1-11) beating the Bears 27-23
  • Nov 26 1st 3D feature film "Bwana Devil" directed by Arch Oboler premieres in Los Angeles, advertised as "The Miracle of the Age!!! A LION in your lap! A LOVER in your arms!"
  • Nov 27 KTBC TV channel 7 in Austin, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 29 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Toronto Argonauts prove to be the dominant club in Canada with their record 10th Championship; beat Edmonton Eskimos, 21-11
  • Nov 29 US President-elect Eisenhower visits Korea to assess war
  • Nov 29 17th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 21-0 in Birmingham

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 30 Jackie Robinson charges NY Yankees with racism

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson
  • Dec 1 The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation
  • Dec 2 18th Heisman Trophy Award: Billy Vessels, Oklahoma (HB)
  • Dec 2 First human birth televised to public on KOA-TV Denver, Colorado
  • Dec 3 1st TV broadcast in Hawaii