Historical Events in 1953

Events 1 - 200 of 591

  • Jan 1 19th Orange Bowl: #9 Alabama beats #14 Syracuse, 61-6
  • Jan 1 19th Sugar Bowl: #2 Georgia Tech beats #7 Mississippi, 24-7
  • Jan 1 39th Rose Bowl: #5 Southern California beats #11 Wisconsin, 7-0

Music History

Jan 1 Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres

  • Jan 1 The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education
  • Jan 1 The first TV detector van, used to track down users of unlicensed television sets, begins operation in the UK
  • Jan 1 WBRE TV channel 28 in Wilkes-Barre Scranton, PA (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Jan 2 NBA Baltimore Bullets begin a record 32 game road losing streak (12 games in 1952-53; 20 games in 1953-54) with a 73-66 defeat at the Indianapolis Olympians
  • Jan 3 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • Jan 4 KTSM TV channel 9 in El Paso, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 5 -6] Passenger ships Willem Ruys & Orange collide in the Red Sea

Waiting for Godot

Jan 5 Samuel Beckett's French-language play "En Attendant Godot (Waiting for Godot)" premieres in Paris

  • Jan 6 The first Asian Socialist Conference opens in Burma
  • Jan 6 WKBN TV channel 27 in Youngstown, Ohio (CBS) begins broadcasting - without sound, until January 11 [1]

Event of Interest

Jan 7 US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb

  • Jan 8 Indians bar night games with Browns (who refuse to share TV receipts)
  • Jan 8 René Mayer forms French government
  • Jan 9 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • Jan 10 "My Darlin' Aida" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 89 performances
  • Jan 10 3rd NFL Pro Bowl, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum: National Conference beats American Conference, 27-7; MVP: Don Doll, Detroit Lions, DB

Event of Interest

Jan 10 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Archibald MacLeish

Sports History

Jan 11 J. Edgar Hoover declines 6 figure offer to become president of International Boxing Club

  • Jan 12 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow

NBA All-Star Game

Jan 13 3rd NBA All-Star Game, Allen County Coliseum, Fort Wayne, Indiana: West beats East, 79-75; MVP: George Mikan, Minneapolis Lakers, C

  • Jan 13 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
  • Jan 13 KOLD TV channel 13 in Tucson, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of Interest

Jan 13 Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia

  • Jan 14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • Jan 14 WALA TV channel 10 in Mobile, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 14 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
  • Jan 15 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • Jan 15 East Germany's first Minister of Foreign Affairs, Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage", beginning a purge of senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • Jan 16 Egyptian Premier General Naguib disbands all political parties
  • Jan 16 KXLY TV channel 4 in Spokane, Washington (ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting

Australian Men's Tennis Open

Jan 17 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Ken Rosewall wins his first Grand Slam title; beats Mervyn Rose 6-0, 6-3, 6-4

Australian Open Women's Tennis

Jan 17 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: In an all-American final Maureen Connolly wins 1st leg of her Grand Slam; beats Julia Sampson 6-3, 6-2

Sports History

Jan 19 American track and field olympian Jesse Owens named Illinois Athletic Commission secretary

Event of Interest

Jan 20 1st live US coast-to-coast inauguration address (Eisenhower)

  • Jan 20 1st US telecast transmitted to Canada from Buffalo, New York

Appointment of Interest

Jan 21 John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State

  • Jan 22 1953 NFL Draft: Harry Babcock from University of Georgia first pick by San Francisco 49ers

Crucible

Jan 22 Arthur Miller's play "Crucible" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 23 Future Australian cricket captain and coach Bobby Simpson makes his 1st-class debut for NSW at 16 years and 357 days
  • Jan 23 NFL Dallas Texans become Baltimore Colts (now Indianapolis Colts)
  • Jan 23 NFL's National & American conference become Eastern & Western conference
  • Jan 25 WABI TV channel 5 in Bangor, ME (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 25 Yuri Sergejev skates world record 500m in 40.9 sec
  • Jan 27 Netherlands end Marshall aid
  • Jan 28 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.
  • Jan 28 WJTV TV channel 12 in Jackson, MS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 31 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • Jan 31 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835

Sports History

Jan 31 MLB New York Yankees, Cleveland Indians, & Boston Red Sox retaliate against St. Louis Browns Bill Veeck for trying to relocate the team, scheduling the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues

  • Feb 1 "General Electric Theater" premieres on CBS TV; Ronald Reagan later hosts

You Are There

Feb 1 "You Are There" with Walter Cronkite premieres on CBS television

  • Feb 1 Dr A de Waal appointed as Netherlands' first female assistant secretary of state
  • Feb 1 Flooding in Netherlands kills 1,835
  • Feb 1 WEEK TV channel 25 in Peoria, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 3 J Fred Muggs, a chimpanzee, becomes a regular on NBC's Today Show
  • Feb 5 "Peter Pan", animated film by Walt Disney opens at Roxy Theater, NYC

Emmy Awards

Feb 5 5th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Thomas Mitchell and Helen Hayes win

  • Feb 5 Sweet rationing imposed in WWII ends in Britain
  • Feb 6 Ian Craig makes Test Cricket debut at 17 yrs 239 days, youngest Aussie
  • Feb 6 US controls on wages & some consumer goods lifted
  • Feb 8 WLVA (now WSET) TV channel 13 in Lynchburg-Roanoke, VA (ABC) begins

Dulles Appointed CIA Director

Feb 9 General Walter Bedell Smith ends term as 4th Director of Central Intelligence Agency; Allen Dulles becomes Acting Director

  • Feb 9 WNEP TV channel 16 in Scranton Wilkes-Barre, PA (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Feb 10 Ice Dance Championship at Davos won by Westwood & Demmy GRB
  • Feb 10 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Jennifer & John Nicks of GRB

Sports History

Feb 10 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Tenley Albright USA

  • Feb 10 Men's Figure Skating Champion in Davos won by Hayes Alan Jenkins USA
  • Feb 11 J Styne and Bob Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 190 performances
  • Feb 11 President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
  • Feb 11 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • Feb 12 USSR breaks relations with Israel
  • Feb 13 Philadelphia A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium
  • Feb 14 "Trionfo di Afrodite (Triumph of Aphrodite)", the final work of Carl Orff's Trionfi trilogy premieres at La Scala in Milan, Italy

Sports History

Feb 16 Ted Williams safely crash-lands his damaged Panther jet, later awarded the Air medal

  • Feb 17 DSB soccer team forms in Eindhoven (now PSV Eindhoven), Netherlands
  • Feb 18 "Maggie" opens at National Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • Feb 18 KOLN TV channel 10 in Lincoln, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Feb 19 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • Feb 19 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 20 August A Busch buys the St Louis Cards for $3.75 million
  • Feb 20 August A. Busch buys St. Louis Cardinals MLB club from Fred Saigh for $3.75 million; pledges not to move the team from St. Louis, Missouri
  • Feb 20 US Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling
  • Feb 21 "Maggie" closes at National Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • Feb 21 Longest collegiate basketball game (6 OTs) Niagara beats Siena 88-81

Music Premiere

Feb 25 Leonard Bernstein, Betty Comden and Adolph Green's musical "Wonderful Town", starring Rosalind Russell, opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 559 performances, wins 5 Tony Awards

Golden Globes

Feb 26 10th Golden Globes: "The Greatest Show on Earth", Gary Cooper, & Shirley Booth win

  • Feb 26 Allen Dulles officially promoted from deputy director to become the 5th Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

Discovery of the DNA Double Helix

Feb 28 Francis Crick and James Watson discover the chemical structure of DNA-molecule (double-helix polymer) using studies of x-ray diffraction developed by Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins

Film & TV History

Mar 1 After an all-night movie and dinner session with his top advisers, Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

Golf Tournament

Mar 1 American golfer Babe Zaharias wins a controversial Sarasota Women's Open by 7 strokes as playing partner Louise Suggs refuses to sign the scorecard after Zaharias given a beneficial ruling

  • Mar 1 KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 1 KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
  • Mar 1 WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 1 WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
  • Mar 3 Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
  • Mar 3 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
  • Mar 5 6th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAs): "The Sound Barrier" Best Film

Soviet History

Mar 6 Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR

  • Mar 7 South African cricket opening batsman Jackie McGlew scores an unbeaten 255 in 1st Test win against New Zealand in Wellington
  • Mar 8 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years in US
  • Mar 8 KSWO TV channel 7 in Lawton, Oklahoma (ABC) begins broadcasting

Musical Finale

Mar 8 Vernon Duke, Ogden Nash and Sammy Cahn's musical revue "Two's Company", starring Bette Davis, and choreographed by Jerome Robbins, closes at Alvin Theater, NYC; runs for, after 90 performances

  • Mar 8 WFMJ TV channel 21 in Youngstown, Ohio (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 9 Joseph Stalin's funeral is held in Moscow after four days of national mourning
  • Mar 11 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
  • Mar 14 KOLR TV channel 10 in Springfield, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 15 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Patty Berg wins her 5th Titleholders title by 9 strokes from Betsy Rawls
  • Mar 15 West Germany loses in soccer to Netherlands, 2-1
  • Mar 16 AL rejects St Louis Browns owner Bill Veeck's request to move his team to Baltimore
  • Mar 17 Bill Veeck says he will sell his 80% of St Louis Browns for $2,475M
  • Mar 17 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 17 WBAY TV channel 2 in Green Bay, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 17 WWLP TV channel 22 in Springfield, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18 15th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Kansas, 69-68; Jayhawks' center B. H. Born is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • Mar 18 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Yenice–Gönen in western Turkey, 1070 die
  • Mar 18 KGNC (now KAMR) TV channel 4 in Amarillo, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18 MLB National League approves Boston Braves move to Milwaukee (1st shift since 1903)
  • Mar 19 25th Academy Awards: "Greatest Show on Earth", Gary Cooper & Shirley Booth win (1st time televised)

Event of Interest

Mar 19 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 21 England beats Scotland, 26-8 at Twickenham, London to clinch their 14th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • Mar 21 NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)
  • Mar 22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 26 "Ugetsu", Japanese film directed by Kenji Mizoguchi, starring Masayuki Mori, Machiko Kyō and Kinuyo Tanaka, is released
  • Mar 27 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • Mar 28 "New Faces (of 1952)" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 365 performances
  • Mar 28 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • Mar 28 107th Grand National: Bryan Marshall wins aboard Irish 8-year old Early Mist; first of 3 consecutive GN victories for trainer Vincent O'Brien
  • Mar 28 7th Tony Awards: "The Crucible" (Outstanding Play) & "Wonderful Town" (Outstanding Musical) win
  • Mar 28 KCAU TV channel 9 in Sioux City, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 28 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 28 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins

Event of Interest

Mar 30 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Event of Interest

Mar 31 UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld for Secretary-General

  • Mar 31 US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
  • Apr 1 J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
  • Apr 1 KXMC TV channel 13 in Minot, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

Cricket History

Apr 1 West Indian cricket batsmen Frank Worrell (237), Clyde Walcott (118) and Everton Weekes (109) all make centuries in 1st innings of drawn 5th Test v India in Kingston, Jamaica

  • Apr 2 Raab forms his 1st government in Austria

TV Guide's First Issue

Apr 3 American magazine "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue; cover features photo of Lucille Ball's new born baby boy, Desiderio Alberto Arnaz IV (later professionally known as Desi Arnaz, Jr.)

  • Apr 4 KFDA TV channel 10 in Amarillo, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 5 WEYI TV channel 25 in Saginaw, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 7 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
  • Apr 7 UN General Assembly begins session that will elect Dag Hammarskjöld of Sweden as Secretary-General

Event of Interest

Apr 8 Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau rebellion and sentenced to 7 years jail in Kenya

  • Apr 10 "House of Wax" 1st color 3-D movie, premieres in New York
  • Apr 10 Dag Hammarskjöld becomes the 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • Apr 10 NBA Championship Finals, Minneapolis Auditorium, Minnesota, MN: Minneapolis Lakers beat NY Knicks, 91-84 for a 4-1 series victory; Lakers' 5th title in 6 years
  • Apr 11 Oveta Culp Hobby becomes 1st at Health, Education, & Welfare
  • Apr 11 US Department of Health, Education and Welfare created

US Masters Golf

Apr 12 17th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Ben Hogan shatters the Masters scoring record by 5 strokes with a 274 (−14) to finish 5 strokes ahead of runner-up Ed Oliver; Hogan's second Masters

  • Apr 12 Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston
  • Apr 12 KFDX TV channel 3 in Wichita Falls, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting

British Expedition to Mount Everest

Apr 12 Leading icefall party of the British expedition to climb Mount Everest reaches Base Camp at 17,900 ft (5455 m)

  • Apr 13 1st game of Milwaukee Braves, they beat Cincinnati Reds 2-0
  • Apr 14 Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • Apr 14 WHYN (now WGGB) TV channel 40 in Springfield-Holyoke, MA (ABC) begins
  • Apr 15 Malans National Party wins South African elections
  • Apr 15 WHP TV channel 21 in Harrisburg, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of Interest

Apr 16 British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II

  • Apr 16 Philadelphia Phillies second baseman Connie Ryan bats 6 from 6 in a 14-12 defeat against the Pirates at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
  • Apr 16 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0 for a 4-1 series win
  • Apr 16 WAND TV channel 17 in Decatur, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting

Sports History

Apr 17 Mickey Mantle hits a 565' (172 m) HR in Washington, D.C.'s Griffith Stadium

Musical Finale

Apr 18 Revival of Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's musical "Pal Joey", starring Harold Lang and Vivienne Segal, closes at Broadhurst Theater, NYC, after 540 performances, winning 3 Tony Awards

  • Apr 19 WAFB TV channel 9 in Baton Rouge, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 20 57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51
  • Apr 23 "Shane", directed by George Stevens and based on the 1949 novel by Jack Schaefer, starring Alan Ladd and Jean Arthur premieres
  • Apr 23 USAF General Charles P. Cabell becomes deputy director of CIA, serves until 1962
  • Apr 23 WCOV TV channel 20 in Montgomery, Alabama (IND/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 25 Francis Crick and James Watson's discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in "Nature" magazine
  • Apr 27 1st general elections in British Guiana, won by the People's Progressive Party with Cheddi Jagan first person of Indian descent to be elected head of government outside South Asia
  • Apr 27 Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins term "Pencil neck geek"
  • Apr 29 6th Cannes Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • Apr 29 Milwaukee Braves' Joe Adcock is 1st to homer into Polo Grounds center field bleachers
  • Apr 29 The first U.S. experimental 3D-TV broadcast showed an episode of Space Patrol on Los Angeles ABC affiliate KECA-TV

Sports History

Apr 30 Little-Bigger League changes its name to Babe Ruth League

  • May 2 79th Kentucky Derby: Hank Moreno aboard Dark Star wins in 2:02
  • May 2 Feisal II installed as King of Iraq
  • May 2 Hussein I installed as King of Jordan
  • May 2 KYTL (now KPNX) TV channel 12 in Mesa/Phoenix, Arizona AZ (NBC) begins broadcasting with a telethon to benefit United Cerebral Palsy
  • May 3 Westchester conference of American Library Association proclaims "Freedom to Read"
  • May 3 WTVO TV channel 17 in Rockford, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting

Event of Interest

May 4 Pulitzer Prize for Literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway for "The Old Man and The Sea"

  • May 6 MLB St. Louis Browns Alva "Bobo" Holloman, in his first start game as starting pitcher, no-hits visiting Philadelphia A's, 6-0
  • May 7 "Can Can" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 892 performances

Music Premiere

May 7 Cole Porter's musical "Can-Can" opens at the Shubert Theatre, NYC; runs for 892 performances

  • May 7 Record 537-kg swordfish is caught by LE Marron, in Chile
  • May 8 WIPB TV channel 49 in Muncie, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 10 KCBD TV channel 11 in Lubbock, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • May 11 Tornado kills 114 in Waco Texas ($39M damage)
  • May 11 Winston Churchill criticizes US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' domino theory
  • May 12 KUHT TV channel 8 (PBS) in Houston, TX, begins broadcasting

Marciano KOs Walcott

May 15 In his first world heavyweight title defense, Rocky Marciano KOs former champion Jersey Joe Walcott in the 1st round at Chicago Stadium