On This Day

Historical Events in March 1953

  • Mar 1 KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 1 KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
  • Mar 1 WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
  • Mar 1 WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 After an all-night movie and dinner session with his top advisers, Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

Sport awardGolf Tournament

Mar 1 American golfer Babe Zaharias wins a controversial Sarasota Women's Open by 7 strokes as playing partner Louise Suggs refuses to sign the scorecard after Zaharias given a beneficial ruling

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Mar 3 Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
  • Mar 3 Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
  • Mar 5 6th British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "The Sound Barrier" Best Film

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Malenkov becomes chairman of the USSR

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • Mar 7 Jackie McGlew scores 255* v NZ at Wellington
  • Mar 8 "Two's Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 90 performances
  • Mar 8 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years
  • Mar 8 KSWO TV channel 7 in Lawton, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 8 WFMJ TV channel 21 in Youngstown, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 9 Joseph Stalin's funeral is held in Moscow after four days of national mourning

  • Mar 11 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
  • Mar 14 KOLR TV channel 10 in Springfield, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 15 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Patty Berg wins her 5th Titleholders title by 9 strokes from Betsy Rawls
  • Mar 15 West Germany loses in soccer to Netherlands, 2-1
  • Mar 16 AL rejects Bill Veeck's request to move St Louis Browns to Baltimore
  • Mar 17 Bill Veeck says he will sell his 80% of St Louis Browns for $2,475M
  • Mar 17 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 17 WBAY TV channel 2 in Green Bay, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 17 WWLP TV channel 22 in Springfield, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18 15th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Kansas, 69-68; Jayhawks' center B. H. Born is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • Mar 18 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee
  • Mar 18 Earthquake strikes West Turkey, 250 die
  • Mar 18 KGNC (now KAMR) TV channel 4 in Amarillo, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 18 NL approves Boston Braves move to Milwaukee (1st shift since 1903)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

Mar 19 25th Academy Awards: "Greatest Show on Earth", Gary Cooper & Shirley Booth win (1st time televised)

  • Mar 21 NBA record 106 fouls & 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)
  • Mar 21 England beats Scotland, 26-8 at Twickenham, London to clinch their 14th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • Mar 22 Antonín Zápotocký chosen as President of Czechoslovakia
  • Mar 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Mar 26 Dr Jonas Salk announces that he has successfully tested a vaccine to prevent polio, clinical trials began the next year
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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
  • Mar 26 "Ugetsu", Japanese film directed by Kenji Mizoguchi, starring Masayuki Mori, Machiko Kyō and Kinuyo Tanaka, is released
  • Mar 27 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut, Ohio
  • Mar 28 "New Faces (of 1952)" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 365 performances
  • Mar 28 "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 guilders
  • Mar 28 7th Tony Awards: Crucible & Wonderful Town win
  • Mar 28 KCAU TV channel 9 in Sioux City, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 28 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 28 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 28 107th Grand National: Bryan Marshall wins aboard Irish 8-year old Early Mist; first of 3 consecutive GN victories for trainer Vincent O'Brien

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Albert Einstein announces revised unified field theory

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Mar 31 US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
  • Mar 31 UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld for Secretary-General