On This Day

Historical Events in 1953 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 590

  • May 15 Osip Zadkine's monument to "The destroyed city" unveiled in Rotterdam
  • May 16 Phillies Curt Simmons gives up a single, then retires next 27 in a row
  • May 17 Yanks & Browns use record 41 players in a game
  • May 18 American Jacqueline Cochran becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier
  • May 19 Nuclear explosion in Nevada (fall-out in St George, Utah)
  • May 21 French government of René Mayer resigns

Historic Event

May 22 US President Eisenhower signs Offshore Oil Bill

  • May 22 Yankee Irv Noren hits into a triple-play, Yanks beat Wash 12-4
  • May 23 78th Preakness: Eric Guerin aboard Native Dancer wins in 1:57.8
  • May 23 WHIZ TV channel 18 in Zanesville, OH (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting

Catholic Encyclical

May 24 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Doctor Mellifluus

  • May 25 1st atomic cannon electronically fired at Frenchman Flat, Nevada
  • May 25 1st non-commercial educational television station - Houston, Texas
  • May 25 Braves Max Surkont strikes out record 8 Reds in a row
  • May 26 Dutch Convair crashes at Schipholweg, 2 die
  • May 27 Dutch social democratic/Dutch Liberal Party win municipal elections
  • May 28 Premier of 1st animated 3-D cartoon in Technicolor-"Melody"

Tenzing Norgay on the Summit of Mount Everest

May 29 Edmund Hillary (NZ) and Tenzing Norgay (Nepal) are first to reach the summit of Mount Everest as part of a British Expedition

Historic Event

May 29 500th anniversary of the fall of Constantinople and the end of the Byzantine Empire (to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II)

  • May 30 1st major league network baseball game-Cleveland 7, Chicago 2
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Labelled "Hottest 500" due to high temperatures, Bill Vukovich wins first of 2 consecutive Indy 500 victories; Carl Scarborough drops out of race, and later dies of heat prostration

French Open Men's Tennis

May 30 French Championships Men's Tennis: Ken Rosewall of Australia wins his 2nd Grand Slam title, beating American Vic Seixas 6-3, 6-4, 1-6, 6-2

French Open Women's Tennis

May 30 French Championships Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats fellow American Doris Hart 6-2, 6-4 for the 2nd leg of her Grand Slam

  • May 31 Lebanese president Camille Shamun disbands government
  • May 31 WSUN TV channel 38 in St Petersburg-Tampa, FL (IND) 1st broadcast
  • Jun 1 KMJ (now KSEE) TV channel 24 in Fresno, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 1 WDAY TV channel 6 in Fargo, ND (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

Royal Coronation

Jun 2 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey, London, England

  • Jun 3 KVOS TV channel 12 in Bellingham/Vancouver, WA (CBS) begins
  • Jun 4 Pittsburgh pirates trade outfielder Ralph Kiner & catcher Joe Garagiola to Chicago Cubs
  • Jun 5 Denmark adopts a new constitution
  • Jun 5 US Senate rejects China People's Republic membership to UN
  • Jun 7 1st color network telecast in compatible color (Boston Massachusetts)
  • Jun 7 Mary Terrell wins struggle to end segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants
  • Jun 7 WDAU (now WYOU) TV channel 22 in Scranton Wilkes-Barre, PA (CBS) begins
  • Jun 8 Cluster of 6 tornadoes touches down in Flint, Michigan killing 113
  • Jun 8 Segregated lunch counters in DC forbidden by Supreme Court

Television Finale

Jun 9 Milton Berle's TV show "Texaco Star Theater" last airs on NBC-TV

  • Jun 9 South African premier D. F. Malan visits the Netherlands
  • Jun 9 Worcester County tornado kills 94 injures 1310 and leaves 10,000 homeless
  • Jun 11 "Amos 'n Andy" TV Comedy, also radio from '29; last aired on CBS
  • Jun 11 Test Cricket debut of Alan Davidson at Trent Bridge

US Golf Open

Jun 13 US Open Men's Golf, Oakmont CC: Ben Hogan wins a record-tying 4th US Open title, 6 strokes ahead of runner-up Sam Snead

  • Jun 13 85th Belmont: Eric Guerin aboard Native Dancer wins in 2:28.6
  • Jun 13 Alec Bedser takes 14-99 (7-55 & 7-44) v Australia

World Record

Jun 13 Jim Peters runs world record marathon (2:18:40.2)

  • Jun 13 KOAA TV channel 5 in Pueblo-Colorado Spgs, CO (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Jun 14 Eisenhower condemns McCarthy's book burning proposal

Music History

Jun 14 Elvis Presley graduates from L. C. Humes High School in Memphis, Tennessee

  • Jun 14 Military coup by General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in Colombia
  • Jun 14 Yanks sweep Indians 6-2, 3-0 before 74,708 win streak at 18 straight
  • Jun 15 Browns end Yankees win streak at 18 & Browns 14-game losing streak
  • Jun 15 NY Yankees first baseman Johnny Mize is 93rd MLB player to get 2,000 hits
  • Jun 15 NYC Transit Authority forms
  • Jun 15 WLFI TV channel 18 in Lafayette, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 16 Despite Johnny Mize 2,000th hit, NY Yankees lose ending an 18 game winning streak and also ending St Louis Brown 14 game losing streak
  • Jun 17 Most runs scored in 1 inning (17 by Red Sox)
  • Jun 17 Riots in East Germany for reunification

Historic Event

Jun 17 US Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas stays executions of spies Julius & Ethel Rosenberg scheduled for next day their 14th anniversary

  • Jun 18 Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
  • Jun 18 USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
  • Jun 18 Red Sox rookie Eugene Stephens is 1st player in AL history to register 3 hits in an inning; Boston score 17 runs in 7th Inning in 23-3 rout of Detroit Tigers at Fenway Park
  • Jun 18 3rd Berlin International Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • Jun 19 Albert W Dent elected president of US National Health Council
  • Jun 19 WCSC TV channel 5 in Charleston, South Carolina (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 19 WTPA (now WHTM) TV channel 27 in Harrisburg, PA (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Jun 20 LPGA Western Golf Open Women's Golf, Capital City Club: Louise Suggs defeats Patty Berg, 6 & 5 in the final
  • Jun 24 KSWS (now KOBR) TV channel 8 in Roswell, NM (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 25 1st passenger to fly commercially around the world < 100 hours
  • Jun 25 86°F in Anchorage, Alaska
  • Jun 26 KCTV (now KLST) TV channel 8 in San Angelo, TX (CBS) 1st broadcast

Historic Event

Jun 26 Lavrentiy Beria, one of the trio of Russian leaders after Stalin's death and the former secret police chief, is ousted from power and arrested

  • Jun 27 Joseph Laniel appointed French premier

US Women's Golf Open

Jun 28 US Open Women's Golf, CC of Rochester: Betsy Rawls wins an 18-hole Sunday playoff by 6 strokes over runner-up Jackie Pung

  • Jun 29 XETV TV channel 6 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 30 1st Chevrolet Corvette manufactured
  • Jul 1 KLAS TV channel 8 in Las Vegas, NV (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 1 KTVH (now KWCH) TV channel 12 in Hutchinson-Wichita, KS (CBS) begins

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 3 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Vic Seixas wins his only Wimbledon singles title with a 9-7, 6-3, 6-4 over Dane Kurt Nielsen

  • Jul 4 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly wins 3rd leg of her Grand Slam beating fellow American Doris Hart 8-6, 7-5
  • Jul 4 Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rákosi as premier of Hungary
  • Jul 5 WANC TV channel 21 in Asheville, NC (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 5 Phillies pitcher Robin Roberts hurls his 28th consecutive MLB complete game in a 2-0 win over Pittsburgh
  • Jul 7 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Birmingham CC: Walter Burkemo wins 2 & 1 from Felize Torza in the Tuesday final; his lone major title

Historic Event

Jul 7 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador

  • Jul 8 US stops aid to Persia
  • Jul 9 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
  • Jul 9 Phillies Robin Roberts ends streak of 28 consecutive complete games
  • Jul 10 British Open Men's Golf, Carnoustie: In his only Open Championship appearance, Ben Hogan prevails by 4 strokes over Dai Rees, Antonio Cerdá, Peter Thomson, Frank Stranahan
  • Jul 12 KTVB TV channel 7 in Boise, ID (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 13 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war

Historic Event

Jul 14 First US national monument dedicated to a black American, to preserve the boyhood home of agricultural scientist and inventor George Washington Carver in Newton County, Missouri [1]

  • Jul 14 20th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
  • Jul 15 ANC members, Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe leave South Africa and go overseas under false names
  • Jul 16 KROC (now KTTC) TV channel 10 in Rochester, Minnesota (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Jul 19 KIMA TV channel 29 in Yakima, WA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 19 WAKR (now WAKC) TV channel 23 in Akron, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 20 USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations
  • Jul 20 The United Nations Economic and Social Council votes to make UNICEF a permanent agency
  • Jul 24 KEYT TV channel 3 in Santa Barbara, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 25 NYC transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents, 1st use of subway tokens
  • Jul 26 Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba

Historic Event

Jul 26 Fidel Castro leads a failed attack on the Moncada Barracks, intended to spark a revolution in Cuba

  • Jul 26 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid
  • Jul 26 Tour de France: Louison Bobet of France wins first of 3 consecutive Tour general classification events

Korean War Ends

Jul 27 North Korea and the United Nations sign armistice to stop fighting and divide Korea at the 38th parallel

  • Jul 27 Vatican disallows priest holiday work in factory
  • Jul 27 Dizzy Dean, Al Simmons "Chief" Bender, Bobby Wallace, Harry Wright, Ed Barrow, Bill Klem and Tom Connolly inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Jul 29 US bomber shot down by Soviet Air Defence Forces in the Sea of Japan, north of Vladivostok
  • Jul 30 Rikidōzan holds a ceremony announcing the establishment of the Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance
  • Aug 1 California introduces sales tax (for education)
  • Aug 1 Fidel Castro arrested in Cuba
  • Aug 1 KMBC TV channel 9 in Kansas City, Missouri (MET/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 1 KOBI TV channel 5 in Medford, Oregon (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 1 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • Aug 1 Boston Red Sox pitcher Ben Flowers sets then MLB record of 8 consecutive games in relief
  • Aug 2 Betty Jack Davis, American country singer (with Skeeter Davis in The Davis Sisters), killed in car crash at 21
  • Aug 2 KCPQ TV channel 13 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 3 Frank Blair becomes news anchor of "Today Show"
  • Aug 4 Black families move into Trumbull Park housing project in Chicago
  • Aug 4 New York Yankees Vic Raschi sets MLB record for a pitcher by driving in 7 runs in a 15-0 win v Detroit
  • Aug 5 Operation "Big Switch"; Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom

Film Release

Aug 5 "From Here to Eternity" based on book by James Jones, directed by Fred Zinnemann and starring Burt Lancaster, Montgomery Clift and Frank Sinatra is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1954)

Sports History

Aug 6 Future Baseball Hall of Fame slugger Ted Williams returns to Red Sox from military service in Korea; ends abbreviated season with .407 batting average

  • Aug 7 Eastern Airlines enters jet age, uses Electra prop-jet

Historic Event

Aug 8 Soviet leader Georgi Malenkov reports possession of hydrogen bomb

  • Aug 8 US & South Korea initial a mutual security pact
  • Aug 9 1st elected Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Sheikh Abdullah dismissed by the Indian government and later arrested
  • Aug 12 Ann Davison arrives in Miami in her 23 foot boat Felicity Ann, becoming the 1st woman to sail solo across the Atlantic
  • Aug 12 Heavy earthquake strikes the Ionian islands, 435 killed
  • Aug 12 Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb
  • Aug 13 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations
  • Aug 13 US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee
  • Aug 14 20th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 24, All-Stars 10 (93,818)
  • Aug 14 KXLF TV channel 4 in Butte, MT (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

Aug 15 General Omar Bradley leaves office as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff after four years and retires from active military service

  • Aug 16 KTAL TV channel 6 in Shreveport-Texarkana, LA (NBC) begins

Historic Event

Aug 16 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome

  • Aug 17 Addiction: First meeting of Narcotics Anonymous in Southern California.
  • Aug 19 England regains cricket Ashes from Australia after winning series 1-0

Coup d'état

Aug 19 Democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name 'Operation Boot') and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project)

  • Aug 20 General Fazlollah Zahedi arrests Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh in a CIA supported coup d'état
  • Aug 20 Russia publicly acknowledges hydrogen bomb test detonation
  • Aug 20 14th Venice Film Festival opens. No Golden Lion awarded
  • Aug 21 Baseball player representatives Ralph Kiner (NL) & Allie Reynolds (AL) hire labor leader John Norman Lewis at $15,000 to give legal advice to players in negotiations with team owners
  • Aug 21 Marion Carl in Douglas Skyrocket reaches record 25,370 m
  • Aug 21 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco deposed
  • Aug 22 Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi returns to Tehran
  • Aug 23 Former Boston Braves pitcher Phil Paine becomes first major leaguer to play in Japan; on military service with U.S. Air Force plays first of 9 games for Nishitetsu Lions
  • Aug 23 Cyclist Arie Van Vliet becomes world champion sprinter
  • Aug 23 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Ymuiden in North Sea, 21 die
  • Aug 23 KBAK TV channel 29 in Bakersfield, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 23 Phil Grate sets record for throwing a baseball (443'3")
  • Aug 23 USSR performs nuclear test

Sports History

Aug 23 Italian Ferrari driver Alberto Ascari clinches his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by winning Swiss Grand Prix at Bremgarten

  • Aug 28 "Me & Juliet" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 358 performances
  • Aug 29 KHSL TV channel 12 in Chico, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 29 USSR explodes its first hydrogen bomb
  • Aug 31 KRBC TV channel 9 in Abilene, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 31 WKBG (now WLVI) TV channel 56 in Cambridge-Boston, MA (IND) begins
  • Sep 1 Buck Baker takes lead with 10 laps remaining to win the Southern 500 at Darlington in the most competitive event in NASCAR Grand National history; four drivers swap lead a record 35 times
  • Sep 1 101°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Sept
  • Sep 1 Fokker begins building F-27 Fokker Friendship
  • Sep 1 WNOK (now WLTX) TV channel 19 in Columbia, SC (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Sep 1 WTCN (now KARE) TV channel 11 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (MET) begins
  • Sep 3 European Convention on Human Rights goes into effect

Historic Event

Sep 3 French minister François Mitterrand, resigns due to colonial policy

  • Sep 4 WATR (now WTXX) TV channel 20 in Waterbury, CT (NBC) begins
  • Sep 4 WGEM TV channel 10 in Quincy-Hannibal, IL (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 5 1st privately operated atomic reactor-Raleigh, NC
  • Sep 5 US give Persian premier Zahedi $45 million aid

Election of Interest

Sep 6 Konrad Adenauer's CDU wins elections in German Federal Republic

Baseball Record

Sep 6 Roy Campanella sets record for HRs by a catcher at 38

US Men's Tennis Open

Sep 7 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Tony Trabert beats fellow American Vic Seixas 6-3, 6-2, 6-3 to win his first of 5 major titles

  • Sep 7 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-American final Maureen Connolly becomes first female to achieve a Grand Slam; beats Doris Hart 6-2, 6-4
  • Sep 8 "Carnival in Flanders" opens at New Century Theater NY for 6 performances
  • Sep 8 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgeno corona
  • Sep 9 WFIE TV channel 14 in Evansville, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 10 Swanson sells its 1st "TV dinner"
  • Sep 11 KSBW TV channel 8 in Salinas-Monterey, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 11 WEHT TV channel 25 in Evansville, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 12 "Carnival in Flanders" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 6 performances
  • Sep 12 Brooklyn Dodgers clinch NL pennant earlier than any other team, defeating Milwaukee Braves 5-2. Brooklyn finishes season with record of 105-49.
  • Sep 13 KGTV TV channel 10 in San Diego, CA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 13 Pitcher Bob Trice becomes the first black player for Philadelphia Athletics
  • Sep 13 Italian Ferrari driver Alberto Ascari retains Formula 1 World Drivers Championship although forced to retire (engine trouble) in season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza; wins title by 6.5 points from Juan Manuel Fangio

Appointment of Interest

Sep 14 Nikita Khrushchev appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeding Malenkov

  • Sep 14 Yanks clinch 5th straight pennant with 8-5 win over Indians
  • Sep 15 Boxing's NBA adopts 10-pt-must-scoring-system (10 pts to round winner)
  • Sep 15 KVOA TV channel 4 in Tucson, AZ (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 15 WVEC TV channel 13 in Hampton-Norfolk, VA (ABC) begins broadcasting

Film Premiere

Sep 16 1st movie in Cinemascope "The Robe" based on the book by Lloyd C. Douglas, directed by Henry Koster and starring Richard Burton and Jean Simmons premieres

  • Sep 16 AL approves St Louis Browns move to become Baltimore Orioles

Sports History

Sep 17 Ernie Banks becomes Chicago Cubs 1st black player

  • Sep 19 "Hazel Flagg" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 190 performances
  • Sep 20 Cubs Ernie Banks hits his 1st major league HR
  • Sep 21 KRDO TV channel 13 in Colorado Spgs-Pueblo, CO (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Sep 22 Islamic uprising in Atjeh, Indonesia