On This Day

Historical Events in April 1954

  • Apr 1 US Air Force Academy established
  • Apr 1 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
  • Apr 1 1st US Army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC
  • Apr 1 Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
  • Apr 1 WQED TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting

Sports History

Apr 1 Detroit Red Wings right wing Gordie Howe scores 2 goals and an assist, and sets a Stanley Cup playoff record for fastest goal from the start of a game (:09) in a 4-3 2OT win over Toronto in Game 5 of the Semi-Finals

  • Apr 2 Plans to build Disneyland 1st announced [see Jan 26]
  • Apr 3 Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "Me and Juliet" closes at Majestic Theater, NYC, after 358 performances
  • Apr 3 Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
  • Apr 6 Montreal Canadiens score 3 goals in 56 sec in playoff game against Det
  • Apr 6 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Apr 7 German government refuses to recognize DDR

Conference of Interest

Apr 7 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower in news conference is first to voice fear of a "domino-effect" of communism in Indo-China

  • Apr 7 WALB TV channel 10 in Albany, GA (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 8 "By the Beautiful Sea" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 270 performances
  • Apr 9 WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, NC (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 9 7th Cannes Film Festival: "Gate of Hell" directed by Teinosuke Kinugasa wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • Apr 10 KRGV TV channel 5 in Weslaco, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 10 108th Grand National: Bryan Marshall wins aboard Royal Tan at 8/1; second consecutive GN victory for both Marshall and trainer Vincent O'Brien
  • Apr 10 Wales beats Scotland, 15-3 at the St. Helen's Ground, Swansea to share Five Nations Rugby Championship with France and England; France's first title

US Masters Golf

Apr 12 18th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Sam Snead wins his 3rd and final Masters by 1 stroke in an 18-hole playoff with Ben Hogan

  • Apr 12 8th NBA Championship: Min Lakers beat Syracuse Nationals, 4 games to 3
  • Apr 12 Belgian Van Houtte government resigns

Music History

Apr 12 Bill Haley and the Comets record "Rock Around Clock"

  • Apr 12 Joe Turner releases "Shake, Rattle & Roll"
  • Apr 13 Baltimore Orioles 1st game, loses to Tigers in Detroit 3-0

Sports History

Apr 13 Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game

  • Apr 14 Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
  • Apr 15 KARK TV channel 4 in Little Rock, AR (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 15 Orioles 1st game in Baltimore beat White Sox 3-1
  • Apr 15 WHO TV channel 13 in Des Moines, IA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 15 Yankees dedicate a plaque to Edward Barrow
  • Apr 16 KVAL TV channel 13 in Eugene, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 16 Stanley Cup Final, Olympia Stadium, Detroit, MI: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 2-1 in OT for a 4-3 series victory

Historic Event

Apr 18 Egyptian Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser seizes power and appoints himself Prime Minister

  • Apr 19 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39

Boston Marathon

Apr 19 7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence DeMar, runs his last race at Boston finishing 78th

  • Apr 20 "Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 125 performances

Historic Event

Apr 21 Georgi Malenkov becomes premier of USSR

  • Apr 21 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • Apr 22 Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government
  • Apr 22 NBA adopts 24-second shot clock & 6 team-foul rule
  • Apr 22 US Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings begin
  • Apr 22 USSR joins UNESCO
  • Apr 23 Hammerin' Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers
  • Apr 24 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina
  • Apr 24 Australia & USSR break diplomatic relations
  • Apr 24 WSEE TV channel 35 in Erie, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting

First Solar Battery

Apr 25 Bell labs announces the 1st solar battery made from silicon. It has about 6% efficiency.

  • Apr 25 British raid Nairobi, Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
  • Apr 25 US performs atmospheric nuclear test above Bikini Island
  • Apr 25 WDEF TV channel 12 in Chattanooga, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 26 Far Eastern Affairs conference opens in Geneva

Polio

Apr 26 Mass trials of Jonas Salk's anti-polio vaccine begin; the first shot is delivered in Fairfax County, Virginia; more than 443,000 children receive shots over three months

Film Release

Apr 26 "Seven Samurai", Japanese film directed by Akira Kurosawa, starring Toshiro Mifune, is released

  • Apr 26 USSR Supreme Soviet transfer the Crimean oblast from Russian SFSR to Ukrainian SSR

Music Concert

Apr 30 Darius Milhaud's 4th Concert for piano and orchestra premieres in Haifa, Israel