On This Day

Historical Events in March 1954

  • Mar 1 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 Future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Ted Williams fractures his collarbone on the first day of Boston Red Sox spring training; injury keeps him out of Boston lineup until May 15

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Mar 1 Rebellion in Egypt during visit of president Naguib to Khartoum, Sudan, 30 die

USACastle Bravo Nuclear Test

Mar 1 US explodes Castle Bravo, a 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll, which accidentally became the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US

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The explosion from Castle Bravo over Bikini Atoll in 1954
The explosion from Castle Bravo over Bikini Atoll in 1954
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  • Mar 4 James E. Wilkins appointed 1st black US sub-cabinet member
  • Mar 4 Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
  • Mar 5 "Girl in Pink Tights" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 115 performances
  • Mar 6 1st ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: NC State beats Wake Forest, 82-80 (OT)
  • Mar 7 Russia wins their 1st international ice hockey competition
  • Mar 8 Herb McKinley sets quarter mile record of 0:46.8 in Melbourne, Australia
  • Mar 9 1st local color TV commercial WNBT-TV (WNBC-TV) NYC (Castro Decorators)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Edward R Murrow criticizes Sen Joseph McCarthy (See it Now)

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • Mar 9 WMUR TV channel 9 in Manchester, NH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 11 US Army charges Senator Joseph McCarthy used undue pressure tactics

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 12 1st performance of Arnold Schoenberg's "Moses und Aaron"

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Braves' Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Viet Minh General Võ Nguyên Giáp opens the assault on French forces at Dien Bien Phu, northwest Vietnam

North Vietnamese General Võ Nguyên Giáp
North Vietnamese General
Võ Nguyên Giáp
  • Mar 14 Milwaukee Braves future home run king Hank Aaron homers in his debut exhibition game against the Boston Red Sox
  • Mar 14 KDAL (now KDLH) TV channel 3 in Duluth-Superior, MN (CBS) begins
  • Mar 14 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Louise Suggs wins her second Titleholders title by 7 strokes from Patty Berg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15 "CBS Morning Show" premieres with Walter Cronkite & Jack Paar

Broadcast Journalist Walter Cronkite
Broadcast Journalist
Walter Cronkite
Comedian and TV Host Jack Paar
Comedian and TV Host
Jack Paar
  • Mar 15 WSJV TV channel 28 in Elkhart-South Bend, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 19 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Mar 19 1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM
  • Mar 19 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • Mar 19 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • Mar 19 "The Three Ws" of West Indian cricket each score centuries in one innings; Clyde Walcott scores 124 following Everton Weekes (206) and Frank Worrell (167) in 1st innings of drawn 4th Test v England at Port of Spain
  • Mar 20 "King & I" closes at St James Theater NYC after 1246 performances
  • Mar 20 16th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: La Salle beats Bradley, 92-76; Explorers' small forward Tom Gola is named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • Mar 20 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
  • Mar 21 KFBB TV channel 5 in Great Falls, MT (ABC/CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 22 Northland Center, the world's largest shopping mall at the time, opens in Oakpark, Michigan
  • Mar 22 Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

Mar 25 26th Academy Awards: "From Here to Eternity" best film, William Holden & Audrey Hepburn best actor, actress

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Mar 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Mar 25 RCA manufactures 1st color TV set (12½" screen at $1,000)
  • Mar 26 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Mar 28 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon (Best Play) & Kismet (Best Musical) win
  • Mar 28 WKAQ TV channel 2 in San Juan, PR (TM) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 30 Test Cricket debut of Garry Sobers v England at Kingston
  • Mar 31 USSR offers to join NATO