On This Day

Historical Events in May 1954

  • May 1 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York wins aboard Determine, his only Derby success
  • May 1 Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
  • May 1 HSA-UWC Forms (Unification Church) (Moonies)
  • May 1 WAPA TV channel 4 in San Juan, PR (NBC/SFN) begins broadcasting
  • May 1 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with the Nash-Kelvinator Corporation to form the American Motors Corporation [1]
  • May 1 Preston North End defender Joe Marston becomes the first Australian to play in an FA Cup Final, a 3-2 loss to WBA

Baseball Record

May 2 MLB St. Louis Cardinal Stan Musial hits 5 HRs in a doubleheader against the New York Giants at Busch Stadium

  • May 3 KTEN TV channel 10 in Ada-Ardmore, Oklahoma(ABC) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A Lindbergh & John Patrick

  • May 3 WHA TV channel 21 in Madison, Wisconsin (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 4 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island

Coup d'état

May 5 General Alfredo Stroessner leads a military coup in Paraguay, overthrowing the government of President Federico Chávez

Sports History

May 6 English athlete Roger Bannister becomes first to run a sub-4 minute mile, recording 3:59:4 at Iffley Road Track, Oxford

  • May 7 French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
  • May 7 US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO
  • May 8 1st shot-put throw over 60' (18.29 m) by American Parry O'Brien, Los Angeles, California
  • May 10 Bolshoi Ballet does not appear in Paris
  • May 13 "Pajama Game" opens at St James Theater NYC for 1063 performances
  • May 13 Labour Party wins British municipal elections
  • May 13 Robin Roberts gives up a HR then retires next 27 men in a row
  • May 13 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 13 Chinese Middle School students in Singapore take part in anti-National Service riots
  • May 14 Belgium shortens military conscription from 20 to 18 months
  • May 15 KGLO (now KIMT) TV channel 3 in Mason City, IA (CBS) 1st broadcast

Sports History

May 16 Ted Williams gets 8 hits in 1st game (DH) since breaking collarbone

  • May 16 WGAN (now WGME) TV channel 13 in Portland, ME (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • May 17 US Supreme Court unanimously rules on Brown v Topeka Board of Education reverses 1896 "separate but equal" Plessy v Ferguson decision
  • May 19 Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project

Historic Event

May 20 Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China

  • May 21 US Twenty-sixth amendment to give 18-year-olds right to vote is defeated
  • May 22 79th Preakness: Johnny Adams aboard Hasty Road wins in 1:57.4
  • May 22 KREX TV channel 5 in Grand Junction, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 22 Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed
  • May 24 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico
  • May 24 Dr Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st African American to head an American Medical Association unit (New York County)
  • May 24 German airline Lufthansa forms
  • May 24 IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour

Historic Event

May 29 Pope Pius XII issues holy declaration

  • May 29 First of the annual Bilderberg conferences, fostering relations between Europe and North America held at Oosterbeek, Netherlands

French Open Men's Tennis

May 29 French Championships Men's Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Art Larsen 6-4, 7-5, 6-1 for first of 2 straight French singles titles

French Open Women's Tennis

May 29 French Championships Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly retains her title; beats Ginette Bucaille of France 6-4, 6-1

  • May 29 British runner Diane Leather becomes first woman to run the mile in under 5 minutes; 4:59.6 at Alexander Sports Ground in Birmingham, England
  • May 30 Dutch bishops forbid membership to non-catholic sporting clubs
  • May 30 Emile Zatopek runs world record 5K (13:57.2)
  • May 30 Hector Villa-Lobos' "Odisseia de Uma Raca" premieres
  • May 31 Indianapolis 500: Bill Vukovich takes the lead on lap 150 to win his second consecutive 500; sets then record 130.840 mph average race speed