On This Day

Historical Events in May 1954

  • May 1 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York wins aboard Determine, his only Derby success
  • May 1 Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
  • May 1 HSA-UWC Forms (Unification Church) (Moonies)
  • May 1 WAPA TV channel 4 in San Juan, PR (NBC/SFN) begins broadcasting
  • May 1 Preston North End defender Joe Marston becomes the first Australian to play in an FA Cup Final, a 3-2 loss to WBA

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

May 2 Stan Musial hits 5 HRs in a doubleheader

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • May 3 KTEN TV channel 10 in Ada-Ardmore, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Charles A Lindbergh & John Patrick

  • May 3 WHA TV channel 21 in Madison, WI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 4 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • May 5 Military coup in Paraguay led by general Alfredo Stroessner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 Roger Bannister of the UK becomes the 1st person to run a 4 minute mile, recording 3:59:4 at Iffley Road, Oxford

Middle-Distance Runner Roger Bannister
Middle-Distance Runner
Roger Bannister
  • May 7 French surrender to Vietminh after 55-day siege at Dien Bien Phu
  • May 7 US, Great Britain & France reject Russian membership of NATO
  • May 8 1st shot-put over 60' (18.29 m)-Parry O'Brien, Los Angeles, CA
  • May 10 Bolshoi Ballet does not appear in Paris

  • May 13 "Pajama Game" opens at St James Theater NYC for 1063 performances
  • May 13 Labour Party wins British municipal elections
  • May 13 Robin Roberts gives up a HR then retires next 27 men in a row
  • May 13 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 13 Chinese Middle School students in Singapore take part in anti-National Service riots
  • May 14 Belgium shortens military conscription from 20 to 18 months
  • May 15 KGLO (now KIMT) TV channel 3 in Mason City, IA (CBS) 1st broadcast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 16 Ted Williams gets 8 hits in 1st game (DH) since breaking collarbone

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • May 16 WGAN (now WGME) TV channel 13 in Portland, ME (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • May 17 US Supreme Court unanimously rules on Brown v Topeka Board of Education reverses 1896 "separate but equal" Plessy v Ferguson decision
  • May 19 Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • May 21 Amendment to give 18-year-olds right to vote is defeated
  • May 22 79th Preakness: Johnny Adams aboard Hasty Road wins in 1:57.4
  • May 22 KREX TV channel 5 in Grand Junction, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 22 Robert Zimmerman aka Bob Dylan is Bar Mitzvahed
  • May 24 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico
  • May 24 Dr Peter Murray Marshall becomes 1st African American to head an American Medical Association unit (New York County)
  • May 24 German airline Lufthansa forms
  • May 24 IBM announces vacuum tube "electronic" brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Pope Pius XII issues holy declaration

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • May 29 First of the annual Bilderberg conferences.

Sport awardFrench Open Men's Tennis

May 29 French Championships Men's Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Art Larsen 6-4, 7-5, 6-1 for first of 2 straight French singles titles

Tennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion Tony Trabert
Tennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion
Tony Trabert
  • May 29 French Championships Women's Tennis: Maureen Connolly retains her title; beats Ginette Bucaille of France 6-4, 6-1
  • May 29 British runner Diane Leather becomes first woman to run the mile in under 5 minutes; 4:59.6 at Alexander Sports Ground in Birmingham, England
  • May 30 Dutch bishops forbid membership to non-catholic sporting clubs
  • May 30 Emile Zatopek runs world record 5K (13:57.2)
  • May 30 Hector Villa-Lobos' "Odisseia de Uma Raca" premieres
  • May 31 Indianapolis 500: Bill Vukovich wins in 3:49:17.261 (210.567 km/h)