On This Day

Historical Events in August 1955

  • Aug 1 1st microgravity research begins
  • Aug 1 Tengku Abdul Rahman forms Malacca government
  • Aug 1 WILL TV channel 12 in Urbana-Champaign, Illinois (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 2 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Aug 3 Automobile Association of America ends support of auto racing, Le Mans disaster & Bill Vukovich death at Indianapolis contributing factors
  • Aug 3 Hurricane Connie begins pounding US for 11 days
  • Aug 3 Belgian middle distance runner Roger Moens breaks Rudolph Harbig's long standing 800m world record (1:45.7) in Oslo, Norway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Aug 7 Bar-Ilan University founded in Israel
  • Aug 7 KSTF TV channel 10 in Scottsbluff-Gering, NB (CBS/NBC) begins
  • Aug 7 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 Fidel Castro forms the "26th of July Movement", a Cuban vanguard revolutionary organization

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Aug 8 Geneva conference held to discuss peaceful uses of atomic energy
  • Aug 11 Indonesia government of Harahap forms
  • Aug 12 22nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 30, Cleveland 27 (75,000)
  • Aug 12 US President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour

  • Aug 12 WPBT TV channel 2 in Miami, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 13 Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield
  • Aug 15 WXEX TV channel 8 in Richmond-Petersburg, VA (ABC) begins
  • Aug 15 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 43 in NC, SC, Virginia & Maryland
  • Aug 16 Fiat Motors orders 1st private atomic reactor
  • Aug 17 Hurricane Diane, following hurricane Connie floods Connecticut River killing 190 & doing $1.8 billion damage
  • Aug 18 -19] Hurricane Diane, kills 400 in US
  • Aug 18 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
  • Aug 18 Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
  • Aug 19 32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record)
  • Aug 19 Hurricane Diane kills 200 & 1st billion $ damage storm (N.E. US)
  • Aug 19 US raises import duty on bicycles 50%

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 WINS radio, announces it will not play "copy" white cover versions of R&B (DJs must play Fats Domino's "Ain't It A Shame," not Pat Boone's)

Singer Fats Domino
Singer
Fats Domino
  • Aug 20 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 21 Emmett Till arrives in Money, Mississippi, a week before he is murdered

Murder Victim Emmett Till
Murder Victim
Emmett Till
  • Aug 25 Last Soviet forces leave Austria
  • Aug 25 16th Venice Film Festival: "Ordet" directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer wins Golden Lion
  • Aug 26 1st color telecast (NBC) of a tennis match (Davis Cup)
  • Aug 26 "Pather Panchali", Indian film directed by Satyajit Ray, starring Subir Banerjee, Kanu Banerjee and Karuna Banerjee, is released
  • Aug 27 "Guinness Book of World Records" 1st published

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 27 Sandy Koufax fans 14 Reds, both teams combine for record 23 strikeouts

Baseball Pitcher Sandy Koufax
Baseball Pitcher
Sandy Koufax
  • Aug 28 1st NFL preseason sudden death football, Rams beats Giants 23-17
  • Aug 28 Chicago black teenager Emmett Till is kidnapped, beaten and shot dead by white men in Money, Mississippi. His killers are eventually acquitted, but the case helps ignite the US civil rights movement.
  • Aug 31 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Aug 31 KTRE TV channel 9 begins broadcasting in Lufkin, Texas (ABC/NBC affiliate)