On This Day

Historical Events in 1955 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 527

  • May 22 Oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes 6th
  • May 25 Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall Kansas & most of Blackwell Okla
  • May 26 "7th Heaven" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 44 performances

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

May 26 Conservatives led by Anthony Eden win British parliamentary election

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 26 Khrushchev arrives in Belgrade

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • May 27 Boston Red Sox Norm Zauchin gets 10 RBIs, beating Senators 16-0
  • May 27 Red Buttons Show, last airs on NBC-TV
  • May 28 80th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Nashua wins in 1:54.6
  • May 28 Indianapolis 500: Bob Sweikert wins
  • May 28 Henry Bolte becomes Premier of the state of Victoria
  • May 29 Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigns
  • May 30 KMVT TV channel 11 in Twin Falls, ID (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • May 30 Said el-Mufti forms Jordan government
  • May 30 Tunisia begins domestic self governing
  • May 31 Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
  • May 31 Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to rail strike

  • May 31 US Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"
  • Jun 1 Habib Bourguiba ends exile from Tunisia
  • Jun 2 The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.
  • Jun 3 KLFY TV channel 10 in Lafayette, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3 Stan Musial hits his 300th HR

MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • Jun 4 "Mickey Rooney Show" TV comedy last airs on NBC

Sport awardFrench Open Men's Tennis

Jun 4 French Championships Men's Tennis: Defending champion Tony Trabert beats Sven Davidson of Sweden 2-6, 6-1, 6-4, 6-2

Tennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion Tony Trabert
Tennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion
Tony Trabert
  • Jun 4 French Championships Women's Tennis: Angela Mortimer of England beats American Dorothy Knode 2-6, 7-5, 10-8 for her first Grand Slam singles title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 NY Yankee Mickey Mantle hits 550' HR off Chicago Billy Pierce

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • Jun 7 "$64,000 Question" premieres on CBS TV

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

Jun 7 1st President to appear on color TV (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 India Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visit USSR

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 8 LA Dodgers option their future Baseball Hall of Fame manager Tommy Lasorda to make room on roster for another future Hall of Famer, pitcher Sandy Koufax

Baseball Manager Tommy Lasorda
Baseball Manager
Tommy Lasorda
  • Jun 9 Temperature reaches 100°F in Seattle, Washington, the then hottest day on record
  • Jun 9 Test Cricket debut of Ken Barrington, v South Africa at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 10 1st separation of virus into component parts reported
  • Jun 10 KWEX TV channel 41 in San Antonio, TX (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 11 1st magnesium jet airplane flies
  • Jun 11 87th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Nashua wins in 2:29
  • Jun 11 Le Mans race car accident kills 83 spectators (race continues)

  • Jun 12 TV comedy "Mister Peepers" starring Wally Cox airs for last time on NBC
  • Jun 12 Monitor (full weekend program) begins on NBC radio network
  • Jun 13 Mercedes racing car kills 77 at Le Mans, France
  • Jun 14 Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • Jun 15 Australia score 8-758 v West Indies at Kingston, their best ever
  • Jun 15 The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual "Operation Alert" (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA's preparations for a nuclear attack
  • Jun 15 The International Olympic Committee votes to award Rome the rights to host the 1960 Summer Olympic Games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Pope Pius XII ex-communicates Argentine President Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Jun 18 "3 for Tonight" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 85 performances

Sport awardUS Golf Open

Jun 19 US Open Men's Golf, Olympic CC: Jack Fleck wins an 18-hole playoff by 3 strokes to claim his only major title and deny Ben Hogan a record fifth US Open title

Golfer Ben Hogan
Golfer
Ben Hogan
  • Jun 19 Mickey Mantle hits career HR # 100
  • Jun 19 Phils beat Cubs 1-0 in 15, ties longest shut out in Phillies history
  • Jun 20 "Almost Crazy" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 16 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Johnny Cash debuts Top 10 country song "Cry! Cry! Cry!"

Country Singer Johnny Cash
Country Singer
Johnny Cash
  • Jun 22 Antonio Segni forms government in Italy
  • Jun 22 US air patrol plane shot down above Bering sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Walt Disney's "Lady & the Tramp" released

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Jun 24 Harmon Killebrew hits his 1st HR (off Billy Hoeff)
  • Jun 24 5th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Rats" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • Jun 25 "Can Can" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 892 performances
  • Jun 25 "Imogene Coca Show" last airs on NBC-TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Notre Dame du Haut chapel designed by Le Corbusier is consecrated in Ronchamp, France

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • Jun 26 Freedom Charter signed in South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Maple Bluff CC: Patty Berg wins her 5th WO title by 2 strokes from Louise Suggs and Fay Croker; first WO played at stroke play

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Jun 27 "Julius LaRosa Show" debuts on CBS-TV
  • Jun 27 1st automobile seat belt legislation enacted (Illinois)
  • Jun 29 Argentine state of siege ends

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

Jun 30 "Johnny Carson Show" debuts on CBS-TV

Comedian and TV Host Johnny Carson
Comedian and TV Host
Johnny Carson
  • Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Tony Trabert beats Kurt Nielsen of Denmark 6-3, 7-5, 6-1 for his only Wimbledon success
  • Jul 1 KOTA TV channel 3 in Rapid City, SD (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 2 "7th Heaven" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 44 performances
  • Jul 2 "Almost Crazy" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • Jul 2 "Lawrence Welk Show" premieres on ABC
  • Jul 2 US Open Women's Golf, Wichita GC: Uruguayan Fay Crocker beats Louise Suggs & Mary Lena Faulk by 4 to become the tournament's first overseas winner
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats fellow American Beverly Fleitz 7-5, 8-6 for her 4th Wimbledon singles title
  • Jul 5 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work
  • Jul 8 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Peter Thomson of Australia wins the 2nd of 3 consecutive Open titles, 2 strokes clear of runner-up John Fallon
  • Jul 9 E. Frederic Morrow is the first African American executive on US White House staff

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Bill Haley & Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" tops the billboards chart, one of the best-selling singles ever

Father of Rock 'n' Roll Bill Haley
Father of Rock 'n' Roll
Bill Haley
  • Jul 9 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London on the need to avoid nuclear war

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Philosopher
Bertrand Russell
Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 11 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • Jul 11 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets
  • Jul 12 22nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 in 12 at County Stad, Milw
  • Jul 12 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
  • Jul 13 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 13 Industrialist Cyrus Eaton first offers to host a conference on dangers of nuclear weapons in Pugwash, Nova Scotia

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • Jul 14 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse, England
  • Jul 15 WNDU TV channel 16 in South Bend, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 15 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • Jul 16 "Golden Horseshoe Revue" 1st of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland
  • Jul 16 Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina clinches his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by finishing 2nd to fellow Mercedes driver Sterling Moss in the British Grand Prix at Aintree
  • Jul 17 1st LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Orchard Ridge CC: Beverly Hanson wins by 3 shots from Louise Suggs
  • Jul 17 Arco, Idaho, becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power
  • Jul 17 Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California.

  • Jul 18 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • Jul 18 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • Jul 19 Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 & becomes a floating museum
  • Jul 19 Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
  • Jul 21 USS Seawolf launched, 1st submarine powered by liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jul 22 Phillies longest win streak since 1892 hits 11
  • Jul 23 NY Yankees Bob Cerv and E Howard are 1st to hit consecutive pinch HRs
  • Jul 23 English speed ace Donald Campbell drives Bluebird K7 to new water speed record at Ullswater in English Lakes District; first boat past 200 mph: 202.32 mph (325.60 km/h)
  • Jul 24 Ali Sastroamidjojo of government resigns in Indonesia
  • Jul 26 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Meadowbrook CC: Doug Ford scores a 4 & 3 win over Cary Middlecoff in the Tuesday final; first of 2 majors (Masters 1957)
  • Jul 26 Last day as Test Cricket umpire for Frank Chester
  • Jul 26 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers
  • Jul 27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • Jul 27 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • Jul 28 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • Jul 29 Smokey Burgess hits 3 HRs to help Pirates beat Reds 16-5
  • Jul 29 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • Jul 30 42nd Tour de France: French cyclist Louison Bobet claims last of his 3 straight general classification victories
  • Jul 31 KRNT (now KCCI) TV channel 8 in Des Moines, Iowa (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Jul 31 WHIS (now WVVA) TV channel 6 in Bluefield, West Virginia (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Aug 1 1st microgravity research begins
  • Aug 1 Tengku Abdul Rahman forms Malacca government
  • Aug 1 WILL TV channel 12 in Urbana-Champaign, Illinois (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 2 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Aug 3 Automobile Association of America ends support of auto racing, Le Mans disaster & Bill Vukovich death at Indianapolis contributing factors
  • Aug 3 Hurricane Connie begins pounding US for 11 days
  • Aug 3 Belgian middle distance runner Roger Moens breaks Rudolph Harbig's long standing 800m world record (1:45.7) in Oslo, Norway
  • Aug 4 Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters
  • Aug 7 Bar-Ilan University founded in Israel

  • Aug 7 KSTF TV channel 10 in Scottsbluff-Gering, NB (CBS/NBC) begins
  • Aug 7 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 Fidel Castro forms the "26th of July Movement", a Cuban vanguard revolutionary organization

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Aug 8 Geneva conference held to discuss peaceful uses of atomic energy
  • Aug 11 Indonesia government of Harahap forms
  • Aug 12 22nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 30, Cleveland 27 (75,000)
  • Aug 12 US President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour
  • Aug 12 WPBT TV channel 2 in Miami, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 13 Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield
  • Aug 15 WXEX TV channel 8 in Richmond-Petersburg, VA (ABC) begins
  • Aug 15 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 43 in NC, SC, Virginia & Maryland
  • Aug 16 Fiat Motors orders 1st private atomic reactor
  • Aug 17 Hurricane Diane, following hurricane Connie floods Connecticut River killing 190 & doing $1.8 billion damage
  • Aug 18 -19] Hurricane Diane, kills 400 in US
  • Aug 18 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
  • Aug 18 Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
  • Aug 19 32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record)
  • Aug 19 Hurricane Diane kills 200 & 1st billion $ damage storm (N.E. US)
  • Aug 19 US raises import duty on bicycles 50%

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 WINS radio, announces it will not play "copy" white cover versions of R&B (DJs must play Fats Domino's "Ain't It A Shame," not Pat Boone's)

Singer Fats Domino
Singer
Fats Domino
  • Aug 20 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 21 Emmett Till arrives in Money, Mississippi, a week before he is murdered

Murder Victim Emmett Till
Murder Victim
Emmett Till
  • Aug 25 Last Soviet forces leave Austria
  • Aug 25 16th Venice Film Festival: "Ordet" directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer wins Golden Lion
  • Aug 26 1st color telecast (NBC) of a tennis match (Davis Cup)
  • Aug 26 "Pather Panchali", Indian film directed by Satyajit Ray, starring Subir Banerjee, Kanu Banerjee and Karuna Banerjee, is released
  • Aug 27 "Guinness Book of World Records" 1st published
  • Aug 27 Sandy Koufax fans 14 Reds, both teams combine for record 23 strikeouts
  • Aug 28 1st NFL preseason sudden death football, Rams beats Giants 23-17
  • Aug 31 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated (Chicago, Illinois)

  • Aug 31 KTRE TV channel 9 begins broadcasting in Lufkin, Texas (ABC/NBC affiliate)
  • Sep 1 2 Egyptian fighters shot down over Israel
  • Sep 1 KARD (now KSNW) TV channel 3 in Wichita, KS (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 2 KCRA TV channel 3 in Sacramento, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 3 KTBS TV channel 3 in Shreveport, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 5 Fred Kaps becomes world champion magician
  • Sep 5 Dodger Don Newcombe hits NL pitcher record 7th HR of season
  • Sep 5 WKRG TV channel 5 in Mobile, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 5 WTTW TV channel 11 in Chicago, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 6 "Catch a Star" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 23 performances
  • Sep 6 J van Tilburg appointed governor of Suriname
  • Sep 8 Earliest clinching of an NL pennant (Brooklyn Dodgers)
  • Sep 9 Don Zimmer, hits 4,000th Dodger home run
  • Sep 10 "Gunsmoke" premieres on CBS TV
  • Sep 11 KTVT TV channel 11 in Fort Worth-Dallas, TX (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 11 Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple.
  • Sep 11 75th US National Championships Men's Tennis: American Tony Trabert wins his second home title; beats Ken Rosewall of Australia 9-7, 6-3, 6-3
  • Sep 11 US National Championship Women's Tennis: Defending champion Doris Hart beats Patricia Ward Hales of England 6-4, 6-2
  • Sep 11 Juan Manuel Fango in a Mercedes wins season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza to take his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 17 points from Englishman Stirling Moss
  • Sep 12 KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 13 Swiss inventor George de Mestral is granted a patent for what would become known as Velcro
  • Sep 14 Herb Score sets rookie record of 235 strikeouts (en route 245)
  • Sep 15 WCTV TV channel 6 in Tallahassee-Thomasville, FL (CBS) begins
  • Sep 16 Bauer & Berra homer in 9th beating Red Sox 5-4 taking over 1st
  • Sep 16 US Auto Club forms to oversee four major auto racing categories
  • Sep 16 Yankee Mickey Mantle pulls a hamstring muscle running out a bunt
  • Sep 17 "Ankles Aweigh" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 176 performances
  • Sep 17 Future Hall of Famer Oriole Brooks Robinson goes 2-4 in his 1st game

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 18 Willie Mays hits record tying 9th HR at Ebbets Field (ties Joe Adcock)

MLB Legend Willie Mays
MLB Legend
Willie Mays

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 19 Cubs slugger Ernie Banks hits record 5th grand slam of season

MLB shortstop Ernie Banks
MLB shortstop
Ernie Banks
  • Sep 19 Hurricane Hilda, kills 200 in Mexico
  • Sep 20 Willie Mays (Giants) homers off Vern Law (Pirates) in both ends of DH
  • Sep 20 Willie Mays is 7th player to reach 50 HRs in a season
  • Sep 21 Last allied occupying troops leave Austria

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Sep 21 In his last fight, undefeated world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano KOs light heavyweight Archie Moore in the 9th round at Yankee Stadium, NYC

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Rocky Marciano
Boxing Champion Archie Moore
Boxing Champion
Archie Moore
  • Sep 21 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Sep 22 Commercial television begins in UK with ITV; meanwhile on BBC radio Grace Archer is killed in a barn fire on Brookfield Farm - the BBC denies this was to spoil the launch of the rival network
  • Sep 22 -28] Hurricane Janet, kills 500 in Caribbean
  • Sep 22 With the launch of ITV, the UK's 1st commercial television station, the 1st advert on UK TV airs for Gibbs SR toothpaste
  • Sep 23 Pakistan signs Pact of Baghdad
  • Sep 23 Yanks clinch pennant by beating Red Sox, 3-2
  • Sep 24 "Catch a Star" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 23 performances
  • Sep 24 US President Eisenhower suffers a heart attack on vacation in Denver
  • Sep 24 Washington Senators lose their 99th & 100th games of season
  • Sep 25 Detroit outfielder Al Kaline, 20, is youngest batting champ
  • Sep 25 The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
  • Sep 26 NY Stock Exchange worst price decline since 1929
  • Sep 28 1st World Series color TV broadcast on NBC-TV (Yanks beat Dodgers)