Historical Events in 1955 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 537

  • May 21 WFRV TV channel 5 in Green Bay, Wisconsin (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • May 22 Oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes 6th
  • May 25 Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall, Kansas and most of Blackwell, Oklahoma
  • May 26 "7th Heaven" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 44 performances

Election of Interest

May 26 Conservatives led by Anthony Eden win British parliamentary election

Historic Event

May 26 Khrushchev arrives in Belgrade

  • May 27 "The Red Buttons Show", last airs on NBC-TV
  • May 27 Boston Red Sox Norm Zauchin gets 10 RBIs, beating Senators 16-0

Sports History

May 28 80th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Nashua wins in 1:54.6

  • May 28 Henry Bolte becomes Premier of the state of Victoria
  • May 28 Indianapolis 500: Bob Sweikert wins; defending champion Bill Vukovich killed in a crash while seemingly on his way to an unprecedented third consecutive Indy 500
  • May 29 Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigns
  • May 30 KMVT TV channel 11 in Twin Falls, ID (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • May 30 Said el-Mufti forms Jordan government
  • May 30 Tunisia begins domestic self governing
  • May 31 Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
  • May 31 Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to rail strike
  • May 31 US Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"
  • Jun 1 Tunisian nationalist leader Habib Bourguiba returns to Tunisia after imprisonment and exile in France
  • Jun 2 The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.
  • Jun 3 KLFY TV channel 10 in Lafayette, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Sports History

Jun 3 Stan Musial hits his 300th HR

  • Jun 4 "Mickey Rooney Show" TV comedy last airs on NBC

French Open Men's Tennis

Jun 4 French Championships Men's Tennis: Defending champion Tony Trabert beats Sven Davidson of Sweden 2-6, 6-1, 6-4, 6-2

  • Jun 4 French Championships Women's Tennis: Angela Mortimer of England beats American Dorothy Knode 2-6, 7-5, 10-8 for her first Grand Slam singles title

Sports History

Jun 5 NY Yankee Mickey Mantle hits 550' HR off Chicago Billy Pierce

  • Jun 7 "$64,000 Question" hosted by Hal March, premieres on CBS TV

TV Show Appearance

Jun 7 1st President to appear on color TV (Eisenhower)

Historic Event

Jun 7 India Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visit USSR

Sports History

Jun 8 L.A. Dodgers option pitcher (and future Baseball Hall of Fame manager) Tommy Lasorda to make room on roster for future Hall of Famer, pitcher Sandy Koufax

  • Jun 9 Temperature reaches 100°F in Seattle, Washington, the then hottest day on record
  • Jun 9 Test Cricket debut of Ken Barrington, v South Africa at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 10 1st separation of virus into component parts reported
  • Jun 10 KWEX TV channel 41 in San Antonio, TX (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 11 1st magnesium jet airplane flies
  • Jun 11 87th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Nashua wins in 2:29
  • Jun 11 Le Mans race car accident kills 83 spectators (race continues)
  • Jun 12 Monitor (full weekend program) begins on NBC radio network
  • Jun 12 TV comedy "Mister Peepers" starring Wally Cox airs for last time on NBC
  • Jun 13 Mercedes racing car kills 77 at Le Mans, France
  • Jun 14 Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • Jun 15 Australia score 8-758 v West Indies at Kingston, their best ever
  • Jun 15 The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual "Operation Alert" (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA's preparations for a nuclear attack
  • Jun 15 The International Olympic Committee votes to award Rome the rights to host the 1960 Summer Olympic Games
  • Jun 18 "3 for Tonight" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 85 performances
  • Jun 19 Mickey Mantle hits career HR # 100
  • Jun 19 Philadelphia Phillies beat the Chicago Cubs, 1-0 in 15 innings; ties longest shutout in club history

US Golf Open

Jun 19 US Open Men's Golf, Olympic CC: Jack Fleck wins an 18-hole playoff by 3 strokes to claim his only major title and deny Ben Hogan a record fifth US Open title

  • Jun 20 "Almost Crazy" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 16 performances

Music History

Jun 21 Johnny Cash debuts Top 10 country song "Cry! Cry! Cry!"

Historic Event

Jun 22 Antonio Segni forms government in Italy

  • Jun 22 US air patrol plane shot down above Bering sea

Film Release

Jun 22 Walt Disney's animated film "Lady & the Tramp" released

  • Jun 24 5th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Rats" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)

Baseball Event

Jun 24 Harmon Killebrew hits his 1st HR (off Billy Hoeff)

  • Jun 25 "Can Can" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 892 performances
  • Jun 25 "Imogene Coca Show" last airs on NBC-TV

Historic Event

Jun 25 Notre Dame du Haut chapel designed by Le Corbusier is consecrated in Ronchamp, France

  • Jun 26 Freedom Charter signed in South Africa

Sports History

Jun 26 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Maple Bluff CC: Patty Berg wins her 5th WO title by 2 strokes from Louise Suggs and Fay Croker; first WO played at stroke play

  • Jun 27 "Julius LaRosa Show" debuts on CBS-TV
  • Jun 27 1st automobile seat belt legislation enacted (Illinois)
  • Jun 29 Argentine state of siege ends

Television Debut

Jun 30 "Johnny Carson Show" debuts on CBS-TV

  • Jul 1 KOTA TV channel 3 in Rapid City, SD (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: American Tony Trabert beats Kurt Nielsen of Denmark 6-3, 7-5, 6-1 for his only Wimbledon success
  • Jul 2 "7th Heaven" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 44 performances
  • Jul 2 "Almost Crazy" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • Jul 2 "Lawrence Welk Show" premieres on ABC
  • Jul 2 US Open Women's Golf, Wichita GC: Uruguayan Fay Crocker beats Louise Suggs & Mary Lena Faulk by 4 to become the tournament's first overseas winner

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Louise Brough beats fellow American Beverly Fleitz 7-5, 8-6 for her 4th Wimbledon singles title

  • Jul 5 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work
  • Jul 8 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Peter Thomson of Australia wins the 2nd of 3 consecutive Open titles, 2 strokes clear of runner-up John Fallon

Music History

Jul 9 Bill Haley & His Comets "Rock Around the Clock" tops the billboards chart, one of the best-selling singles ever

  • Jul 9 E. Frederic Morrow is the first African American executive on US White House staff
  • Jul 9 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

Historic Event

Jul 9 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London on the need to avoid nuclear war

  • Jul 11 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • Jul 11 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets
  • Jul 12 22nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 in 12 at County Stad, Milw
  • Jul 12 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina

Conference of Interest

Jul 13 Industrialist Cyrus Eaton first offers to host a conference on dangers of nuclear weapons in Pugwash, Nova Scotia

  • Jul 13 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London
  • Jul 14 Two killed and many dazed by lightning strikes at Ascot racecourse in England
  • Jul 15 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • Jul 15 WNDU TV channel 16 in South Bend, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 16 "Golden Horseshoe Revue" 1st of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland

Sports History

Jul 16 Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina clinches his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by finishing 2nd to fellow Mercedes driver Sterling Moss in the British Grand Prix at Aintree

  • Jul 17 1st LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Orchard Ridge CC: Beverly Hanson wins by 3 shots from Louise Suggs
  • Jul 17 Arco, Idaho, becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power
  • Jul 17 Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California.
  • Jul 18 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • Jul 18 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • Jul 19 Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 & becomes a floating museum
  • Jul 19 Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
  • Jul 21 USS Seawolf launched, 1st submarine powered by liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor
  • Jul 22 Philadelphia Phillies beat the St. Louis Cardinals, 5-3 to complete a team record 11-game winning streak; longest win-streak since 1892

Historic Event

Jul 22 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

  • Jul 23 English speed ace Donald Campbell drives Bluebird K7 to new water speed record at Ullswater in English Lakes District; first boat past 200 mph: 202.32 mph (325.60 km/h)
  • Jul 23 NY Yankees Bob Cerv and E Howard are 1st to hit consecutive pinch HRs
  • Jul 24 Ali Sastroamidjojo of government resigns in Indonesia
  • Jul 26 Last day as Test Cricket umpire for Frank Chester

PGA Championship

Jul 26 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Meadowbrook CC: Doug Ford scores a 4 & 3 win over Cary Middlecoff in the Tuesday final; first of 2 majors (Masters 1957)

  • Jul 26 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers
  • Jul 27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • Jul 27 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • Jul 28 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • Jul 29 Smokey Burgess hits 3 HRs to help Pirates beat Reds 16-5
  • Jul 29 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • Jul 30 42nd Tour de France: French cyclist Louison Bobet claims last of his 3 straight general classification victories
  • Jul 31 KRNT (now KCCI) TV channel 8 in Des Moines, Iowa (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Jul 31 WHIS (now WVVA) TV channel 6 in Bluefield, West Virginia (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Aug 1 1st microgravity research begins
  • Aug 1 Tengku Abdul Rahman forms Malacca government
  • Aug 1 WILL TV channel 12 in Urbana-Champaign, Illinois (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 2 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Aug 3 Automobile Association of America ends support of auto racing, Le Mans disaster & Bill Vukovich death at Indianapolis contributing factors
  • Aug 3 Belgian middle distance runner Roger Moens breaks Rudolph Harbig's long standing 800m world record (1:45.7) in Oslo, Norway
  • Aug 3 Hurricane Connie begins pounding US for 11 days, making landfall in North Carolina, and travelling to the Great Lakes
  • Aug 4 Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters
  • Aug 7 Bar-Ilan University founded in Israel
  • Aug 7 KSTF TV channel 10 in Scottsbluff-Gering, NB (CBS/NBC) begins
  • Aug 7 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan

Historic Event

Aug 8 Fidel Castro forms the "26th of July Movement", a Cuban vanguard revolutionary organization

  • Aug 8 Geneva conference held to discuss peaceful uses of atomic energy
  • Aug 11 Indonesia government of Harahap forms
  • Aug 12 22nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 30, Cleveland 27 (75,000)
  • Aug 12 Hurricane Connie makes landfall near Fort Macon, North Carolina as a Category 3 storm
  • Aug 12 US President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour
  • Aug 12 WPBT TV channel 2 in Miami, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 13 Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield
  • Aug 15 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 77 in the US eastern seaboard and mid-atlantic states
  • Aug 15 WXEX TV channel 8 in Richmond-Petersburg, VA (ABC) begins
  • Aug 16 Fiat Motors orders 1st private atomic reactor
  • Aug 17 Hurricane Diane, following hurricane Connie floods Connecticut River killing 190 & doing $1.8 billion damage
  • Aug 18 -19] Hurricane Diane, kills 400 in US
  • Aug 18 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
  • Aug 18 Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
  • Aug 19 32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record)
  • Aug 19 Hurricane Diane kills 200 people, becomes 1st billion $ damage storm (N.E. US)
  • Aug 19 US raises import duty on bicycles 50%

Radio History

Aug 19 WINS radio (New York City), announces it will not play "copy" white cover versions of R&B records (DJ's play Fats Domino's "Ain't That A Shame," not Pat Boone's)

  • Aug 20 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria

Historic Event

Aug 21 Emmett Till arrives in Money, Mississippi, a week before he is murdered

  • Aug 25 16th Venice Film Festival: "Ordet" directed by Carl Theodor Dreyer wins Golden Lion
  • Aug 25 Last Soviet forces leave Austria
  • Aug 26 "Pather Panchali", Indian film directed by Satyajit Ray, starring Subir Banerjee, Kanu Banerjee and Karuna Banerjee, is released
  • Aug 26 1st color telecast (NBC) of a tennis match (Davis Cup)
  • Aug 27 "Guinness Book of World Records" 1st published

Baseball Record

Aug 27 Sandy Koufax fans 14 Reds, both teams combine for record 23 strikeouts

  • Aug 28 1st NFL preseason sudden death football, Rams beats Giants 23-17
  • Aug 28 Chicago black teenager Emmett Till is kidnapped, beaten and shot dead by white men in Money, Mississippi. His killers are eventually acquitted, but the case helps ignite the US civil rights movement.
  • Aug 31 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Aug 31 KTRE TV channel 9 begins broadcasting in Lufkin, Texas (ABC/NBC affiliate)
  • Sep 1 2 Egyptian fighters shot down over Israel
  • Sep 1 KARD (now KSNW) TV channel 3 in Wichita, KS (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 2 KCRA TV channel 3 in Sacramento, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 3 KTBS TV channel 3 in Shreveport, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 5 Dodger Don Newcombe hits NL pitcher record 7th HR of season
  • Sep 5 Fred Kaps becomes world champion magician
  • Sep 5 WKRG TV channel 5 in Mobile, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 5 WTTW TV channel 11 in Chicago, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 6 "Catch a Star" opens at Plymouth Theater, NYC; runs for 23 performances
  • Sep 6 J van Tilburg appointed governor of Suriname

Sports History

Sep 7 New York Yankee Whitey Ford becomes 5th MLB pitcher to hurl consecutive 1 hitters

  • Sep 8 Earliest clinching of an NL pennant (Brooklyn Dodgers)
  • Sep 9 Don Zimmer, hits 4,000th Dodger home run
  • Sep 10 "Gunsmoke" premieres on CBS TV starring James Arness
  • Sep 11 75th US National Championships Men's Tennis: American Tony Trabert wins his second home title; beats Ken Rosewall of Australia 9-7, 6-3, 6-3
  • Sep 11 Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple

Sports History

Sep 11 Juan Manuel Fango in a Mercedes wins season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza to take his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 17 points from Englishman Stirling Moss

  • Sep 11 KTVT TV channel 11 in Fort Worth-Dallas, TX (IND) begins broadcasting

US Open Women's Tennis

Sep 11 US National Championship Women's Tennis: Defending champion Doris Hart beats Patricia Ward Hales of England 6-4, 6-2

  • Sep 12 KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 13 Swiss inventor George de Mestral is granted a patent for what would become known as Velcro
  • Sep 14 Herb Score sets rookie record of 235 strikeouts (en route 245)

Music Recording

Sep 14 Little Richard records "Tutti Frutti" at J & M Studio in New Orleans, Louisiana

  • Sep 15 WCTV TV channel 6 in Tallahassee-Thomasville, Florida (CBS) begins
  • Sep 16 Bauer & Berra homer in 9th beating Red Sox 5-4 taking over 1st
  • Sep 16 US Auto Club forms to oversee four major auto racing categories
  • Sep 16 Yankee Mickey Mantle pulls a hamstring muscle running out a bunt

Sports History

Sep 17 Future MLB Hall of Famer Baltimore Oriole Brooks Robinson goes 2-4 in his 1st game

  • Sep 17 Sammy Fain and Dan Shapiro's musical comedy "Ankles Aweigh" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater, NYC. after 176 performances

Baseball Record

Sep 18 Willie Mays hits record tying 9th HR at Ebbets Field (ties Joe Adcock)

  • Sep 19 An army and navy revolt forces Argentine President Juan Perón to resign and flee to Paraguay

Baseball Record

Sep 19 Cubs slugger Ernie Banks hits record 5th grand slam of season

  • Sep 19 Hurricane Hilda, kills 200 in Mexico
  • Sep 20 Willie Mays (Giants) homers off Vern Law (Pirates) in both ends of DH
  • Sep 20 Willie Mays is 7th player to reach 50 HRs in a season

Boxing Title Fight

Sep 21 In his last fight, undefeated world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano KOs light heavyweight Archie Moore in the 9th round at Yankee Stadium, NYC

  • Sep 21 Last allied occupying troops leave Austria
  • Sep 21 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Sep 22 -28] Hurricane Janet, kills 500 in the Caribbean

Britain's First-Ever TV Ad

Sep 22 Commercial television begins in the UK with the launch of ITV, soon airs the 1st advert on UK TV, for Gibbs SR toothpaste

  • Sep 22 On BBC radio Grace Archer is killed in a barn fire on Brookfield Farm - the BBC denies this was to spoil the launch of rival network ITV
  • Sep 23 All white jury finds Roy Brant and John William Milam not guilty of the brutal murder of black teenager Emmett Till in Sumner, Mississippi, in landmark case that would help inspire civil rights movement in the US
  • Sep 23 Pakistan signs Pact of Baghdad
  • Sep 23 Yanks clinch pennant by beating Red Sox, 3-2
  • Sep 24 "Catch a Star" closes at Plymouth Theater, NYC, after 23 performances