On This Day

Historical Events in 1955 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 531 of 531

  • Sep 25 Detroit outfielder Al Kaline, 20, is youngest batting champ
  • Sep 25 The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
  • Sep 26 NY Stock Exchange worst price decline since 1929
  • Sep 28 1st World Series color TV broadcast on NBC-TV (Yanks beat Dodgers)
  • Sep 28 WITN TV channel 7 in Washington, NC (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 29 "Sergeant Preston" debuts on CBS
  • Sep 29 Ali Sastroamidjojo's PNI wins elections in Indonesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 29 Arthur Millers "View From The Bridge" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 30 American actor and cultural icon James Dean is killed in a car crash aged 24

Actor James Dean
Actor
James Dean
  • Oct 1 Piet Lieftinck becomes director v/h IMF (World bank)
  • Oct 1 WORA TV channel 5 in Mayaguez, PR (TCI) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 1 Baltimore Colts fullback Alan Ameche becomes the first rookie in NFL history to top 100 yards rushing in his first 2 games; totals 153 against Detroit Lions after 194 yards in debut v Chicago Bears
  • Oct 1 Jackie Gleason's sitcom "The Honeymooners" debuts on CBS, replacing his variety series; production ends after 39 episodes
  • Oct 2 "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" premieres on CBS television in the US
  • Oct 2 9th NHL All-Star Game, Detroit Olympia, Detroit, MI: Detroit Red Wings beat All-Stars, 3-1
  • Oct 2 Chiva Stoica becomes premier of Romania

  • Oct 2 WHTN (now WOWK) TV ch 13 in Huntington-Charleston, WV (CBS) begins
  • Oct 3 "Captain Kangaroo" premieres on CBS-TV, Good Morning, Captain!
  • Oct 3 "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres
  • Oct 3 Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira becomes President of Brazil
  • Oct 3 Soviet battleship "Novorossiisk" strikes WW II mine in Baltic Sea
  • Oct 3 WDBJ TV channel 7 in Roanoke, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 3 WTVS TV channel 56 in Detroit, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 4 Brooklyn Dodgers win their first Baseball World Series with a 2-0 victory in Game 7 against arch-rival New York Yankees; Dodgers had lost their previous 7 World Series
  • Oct 4 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
  • Oct 7 Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga launched at Brooklyn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Oct 8 World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched
  • Oct 11 All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
  • Oct 11 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • Oct 13 1st edition of L'express publishes in Paris
  • Oct 17 Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Track & Field names Jesse Owens all-time track athlete

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens
  • Oct 18 University of California discovers anti-proton
  • Oct 18 Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda
  • Oct 20 "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith

  • Oct 20 Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
  • Oct 20 Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 Publication of "The Return of the King", the 3rd and final volume of "The Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • Oct 22 WWNY TV channel 7 in Carthage-Watertown, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 23 Dominican Professional Baseball League moves to winter play for first time
  • Oct 25 Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Branch Rickey steps down as GM of the Pirates

Baseball Player and Sports Executive Branch Rickey
Baseball Player and Sports Executive
Branch Rickey
  • Oct 25 Tappan sells 1st microwave oven
  • Oct 26 First edition of "Village Voice" (NYC) published
  • Oct 26 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Ngô Đình Diệm proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as President

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • Oct 27 Argentine peso devalued
  • Oct 27 Satomi Myodo, renews Zen nun vows & takes Buddhist name of Daien Myodo
  • Oct 27 "Rebel Without a Cause", directed by Nicholas Ray, starring James Dean and Natalie Wood, is released
  • Oct 28 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty
  • Oct 29 Belgium signs accord for 5 day work week (45 hours)
  • Oct 29 Emile Zatopek runs world record 15 mile (1:14:01) & 25,000m (1:16:36)
  • Oct 30 Imtiaz Ahmed scores 209 v NZ, the record for a no 8 batsman
  • Oct 30 7th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins
  • Oct 30 Businessman and horse breeder William Woodward, Jr. is shot dead by his wife Ann Cromwell after she mistook him for an intruder
  • Oct 31 Mgr Alfrink appointed archbishop of Utrecht
  • Nov 1 Time bomb aboard United DC-6 kills 44 above Longmont, Colorado

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 2 David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli government

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Nov 3 Scientists Carlton E. Schwerdt and Fred L. Schaffer announce they have crystallized the pure polio virus, meaning they can better determine the virus' chemical and biological properties

Learn More
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Learn More
  • Nov 3 First virus crystallized (announced)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 3 Argentine ex-president Juan Perón arrives in Nicaragua

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Nov 3 Australia takes control of Cocos Islands
  • Nov 3 Bernardus J Alfrink installed as archbishop of Utrecht
  • Nov 5 Date returned to in "Back to the Future" by Marty McFly
  • Nov 5 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with Ludwig van Beethoven's Fidelio after it was destroyed in World War II
  • Nov 6 Ryder Cup Golf, Thunderbird Ranch & CC: US wins 8-4; Chick Harbert captains Americans to 7th consecutive event victory
  • Nov 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Nov 7 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas
  • Nov 9 Michael Gazzo's "Hatful of Rain" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 9 NZ all out for 70 v Pakistan at Dacca
  • Nov 9 UN disapproves of South Africa's apartheid politics
  • Nov 10 "Vamp" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 60 performances
  • Nov 12 1st West German officers sworn in

Hall of fameHall of Fame

Nov 12 Eddie Arcaro, Earl Sande and George Woolf inaugural inductees in (Horse) Racing Hall of Fame

Racing Hall of Fame Jockey Eddie Arcaro
Racing Hall of Fame Jockey
Eddie Arcaro
  • Nov 13 1st live telecast from non-contiguous foreign country-Havana Cuba
  • Nov 13 Argentine general Pedro Aramburu succeeds E Lonardi as president
  • Nov 15 Poland & Yugoslavia sign trade agreement
  • Nov 16 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Yussuph V returns to Morocco
  • Nov 18 Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
  • Nov 19 KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 19 National Review publishes its first issue.
  • Nov 20 Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India v NZ
  • Nov 20 Polly Umrigar scores India's 1st Test Cricket double century, 223 v NZ
  • Nov 21 Argentina asks Panama for return of ex-president Peron
  • Nov 21 KTVO TV channel 3 in Ottumwa-Kirksville, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 22 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

AgreementContract of Interest

Nov 22 RCA Records make its best investment paying $35,000 to Sun Records for Elvis Presley's contract

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Nov 23 Britain transfers the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean to Australia
  • Nov 24 1st test flight of Fokker's F-27 Friendship
  • Nov 25 Race segregation forbidden on trains & buses between US states

  • Nov 25 Walter Piston's 6th Symphony, composed to mark the 75th Anniversary of the Boston Symphony, premieres, led by Charles Munch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 25 Clement Attlee resigns as leader of the UK Labour Party

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Nov 26 "Boy Friend" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 483 performances
  • Nov 26 CFL Grey Cup, Empire Stadium, Vancouver: Edmonton Eskimos retain Championship with 34-19 win over Montreal Alouettes
  • Nov 26 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Cyprus
  • Nov 26 20th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 26-0 in Birmingham
  • Nov 28 KMVI (now WMAU) TV channel 12 in Wailuku, HI (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 28 KTHV TV channel 11 in Little Rock, AR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 28 1956 NFL Draft: Gary Glick from University of Colorado A&M first pick by Pittsburgh Steelers
  • Nov 29 Turkish government of Menderes resigns
  • Nov 30 "Pipe Dream" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 245 performances
  • Nov 30 Argentine government disbands Peronistic party

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to move to the back of a bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks

Film release premierFilm Premier

Dec 2 Film adaptation of "The Rose Tattoo", starring Anna Magnani and Burt Lancaster, premieres at the Astor Hotel in New York City

  • Dec 3 KTVE TV channel 10 in Monroe-El Dorado, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 4 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink installed as Archbishop of Utrecht
  • Dec 5 American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) merge to form the AFL-CIO, with George Meany as President
  • Dec 5 Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 5 Montgomery Improvement Association formed by Ralph Abernathy, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Edgar Nixon to support the Montgomery bus protest in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Ralph Abernathy
Civil Rights Activist
Ralph Abernathy
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Dec 6 New York psychologist Joyce Brothers wins "$64,000 Question" with topic of boxing
  • Dec 8 21st Heisman Trophy Award: Howard Cassady, Ohio State (HB)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 Brooklyn catcher Roy Campanella wins his 3rd MVP Award

MLB Catcher Roy Campanella
MLB Catcher
Roy Campanella
  • Dec 8 Turkish government of Menderes forms

Film release premierFilm Release

Dec 8 Black Ealing comedy "The Ladykillers", directed by Alexander Mackendrick and starring Alec Guinness is released in the UK

  • Dec 12 1st prototype of hovercraft patented by British engineer Christoper Cockerell
  • Dec 14 Tappan Zee Bridge in NY opens to traffic
  • Dec 14 16 countries join the United Nations, including Austria, Finland, Italy, and Spain

Music releaseMusic Single

Dec 15 "Folsom Prison Blues" single released by Johnny Cash (Billboard Song of the Year 1968)

Country Singer Johnny Cash
Country Singer
Johnny Cash
  • Dec 19 Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes"
  • Dec 20 Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales
  • Dec 21 2nd National Film Awards (India): "Mirza Ghalib" wins the Golden Lotus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24 Author Aldous Huxley takes LSD for the first time

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Dec 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical on sacred music & popular music

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Dec 26 National Football League Championship, LA Memorial Coliseum: Cleveland Browns beat Los Angeles Rams, 38-14; Browns defend title and win their 3rd NFL Championship of the 1950s in a second straight rout
  • Dec 26 RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV
  • Dec 28 44th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (5-0)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 29 Barbra Streisand's 1st recording "You'll Never Know" at age 13

Singer-Songwriter and Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-Songwriter and Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • Dec 29 NHL officials wear new vertically striped black-and-white sweaters for the first time in Montreal Canadiens' 5-2 win over Toronto Maple Leafs
  • Dec 31 "Vamp" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 60 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 31 The General Motors Corporation becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over $1 billion USD in a year.

President of General Motors Harlow Curtice
President of General Motors
Harlow Curtice