On This Day

Historical Events in 1955 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 535 of 535

  • Sep 24 Washington Senators lose their 99th & 100th games of season

Music History

Sep 24 "The Judy Garland Special" kicks off the anthology performance series "Ford Star Jubilee" on CBS-TV

Sports History

Sep 25 Detroit outfielder Al Kaline, 20, is youngest batting champ

  • Sep 25 The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
  • Sep 26 NY Stock Exchange worst price decline since 1929
  • Sep 28 1st World Series color TV broadcast on NBC-TV (Yanks beat Dodgers)
  • Sep 28 WITN TV channel 7 in Washington, NC (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 29 "Sergeant Preston" debuts on CBS
  • Sep 29 Ali Sastroamidjojo's PNI wins elections in Indonesia

Historic Event

Sep 29 Arthur Millers "View From The Bridge" premieres in NYC

Film & TV History

Sep 30 American actor and cultural icon James Dean is killed in a car crash aged 24

  • Oct 1 Piet Lieftinck becomes director v/h IMF (World bank)
  • Oct 1 WORA TV channel 5 in Mayaguez, PR (TCI) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 1 Baltimore Colts fullback Alan Ameche becomes the first rookie in NFL history to top 100 yards rushing in his first 2 games; totals 153 against Detroit Lions after 194 yards in debut v Chicago Bears
  • Oct 1 Jackie Gleason's sitcom "The Honeymooners" debuts on CBS, replacing his variety series; production ends after 39 episodes
  • Oct 2 "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" premieres on CBS television in the US
  • Oct 2 9th NHL All-Star Game, Detroit Olympia, Detroit, MI: Detroit Red Wings beat All-Stars, 3-1
  • Oct 2 Chiva Stoica becomes premier of Romania
  • Oct 2 WHTN (now WOWK) TV ch 13 in Huntington-Charleston, WV (CBS) begins
  • Oct 3 "Captain Kangaroo" premieres on CBS-TV, Good Morning, Captain!
  • Oct 3 "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres
  • Oct 3 Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira becomes President of Brazil
  • Oct 3 Soviet battleship "Novorossiisk" strikes WW II mine in Baltic Sea
  • Oct 3 WDBJ TV channel 7 in Roanoke, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 3 WTVS TV channel 56 in Detroit, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 4 Baseball World Series: Brooklyn Dodgers win their first WS with a 2-0 victory against arch-rival NY Yankees at Yankee Stadium in Game 7; MVP: Brooklyn pitcher Johnny Podres
  • Oct 4 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
  • Oct 7 Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga launched at Brooklyn

Historic Event

Oct 7 Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.

  • Oct 8 World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched

Historic Event

Oct 11 All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina

  • Oct 11 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • Oct 13 1st edition of L'express publishes in Paris

Contract of Interest

Oct 15 Buddy Holley opens for Bill Haley & His Comets in Lubbeck, Texas, and impresses Nashville scout Eddie Crandall, leading to a recording contract with a misspelling that creates "Buddy Holly"

  • Oct 17 Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel

Sports History

Oct 18 Track & Field names Jesse Owens all-time track athlete

  • Oct 18 University of California discovers anti-proton
  • Oct 18 Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda
  • Oct 20 "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith
  • Oct 20 Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
  • Oct 20 Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan

Historic Publication

Oct 20 Publication of "The Return of the King", the 3rd and final volume of "The Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

  • Oct 22 WWNY TV channel 7 in Carthage-Watertown, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 23 Dominican Professional Baseball League moves to winter play for first time
  • Oct 25 Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938

Sports History

Oct 25 Branch Rickey steps down as GM of the Pirates

  • Oct 25 Tappan sells 1st microwave oven
  • Oct 26 First edition of "Village Voice" (NYC) published
  • Oct 26 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi

Historic Event

Oct 26 Ngô Đình Diệm proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as President

  • Oct 27 Argentine peso devalued
  • Oct 27 Satomi Myodo, renews Zen nun vows & takes Buddhist name of Daien Myodo
  • Oct 27 "Rebel Without a Cause", directed by Nicholas Ray, starring James Dean and Natalie Wood, is released

Nobel Prize

Oct 27 Icelandic writer Halldór Laxness is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature

  • Oct 28 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty
  • Oct 29 Belgium signs accord for 5 day work week (45 hours)
  • Oct 29 Emile Zatopek runs world record 15 mile (1:14:01) & 25,000m (1:16:36)
  • Oct 30 Imtiaz Ahmed scores 209 v NZ, the record for a no 8 batsman
  • Oct 30 7th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Tim Flock wins
  • Oct 30 Businessman and horse breeder William Woodward, Jr. is shot dead by his wife Ann Cromwell after she mistook him for an intruder
  • Oct 31 Mgr Alfrink appointed archbishop of Utrecht
  • Nov 1 Time bomb aboard United DC-6 kills 44 above Longmont, Colorado

Polio

Nov 3 Scientists Carlton E. Schwerdt and Fred L. Schaffer announce they have crystallized the pure polio virus, meaning they can better determine the virus' chemical and biological properties

  • Nov 3 First virus crystallized (announced)
  • Nov 3 Argentine ex-president Juan Perón arrives in Nicaragua
  • Nov 3 Australia takes control of Cocos Islands
  • Nov 3 Bernardus J Alfrink installed as archbishop of Utrecht
  • Nov 5 Date returned to in "Back to the Future" by Marty McFly
  • Nov 5 The rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens after it was destroyed in World War II, with Ludwig van Beethoven's "Fidelio"
  • Nov 6 Ryder Cup Golf, Thunderbird Ranch & CC: US wins 8-4; Chick Harbert captains Americans to 7th consecutive event victory
  • Nov 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Nov 7 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas
  • Nov 9 Michael Gazzo's "Hatful of Rain" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 9 NZ all out for 70 v Pakistan at Dacca
  • Nov 9 UN disapproves of South Africa's apartheid politics
  • Nov 10 James Mundy and John La Touche's musical comedy "Vamp" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 60 performances
  • Nov 12 1st West German officers sworn in

Hall of Fame

Nov 12 Eddie Arcaro, Earl Sande and George Woolf inaugural inductees in (Horse) Racing Hall of Fame

  • Nov 13 1st live telecast from non-contiguous foreign country-Havana Cuba
  • Nov 13 Argentine general Pedro Aramburu succeeds E Lonardi as president
  • Nov 15 Poland & Yugoslavia sign trade agreement
  • Nov 16 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Yussuph V returns to Morocco
  • Nov 18 Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
  • Nov 19 KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, North Dakota (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 19 National Review publishes its first issue
  • Nov 20 Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India v NZ
  • Nov 20 Polly Umrigar scores India's 1st Test Cricket double century, 223 v NZ
  • Nov 21 Argentina asks Panama for return of ex-president Juan Peron
  • Nov 21 KTVO TV channel 3 in Ottumwa-Kirksville, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 22 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Contract of Interest

Nov 22 RCA Records make its best investment, paying $35,000 to Sun Records for Elvis Presley's contract

  • Nov 23 Britain transfers the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean to Australia
  • Nov 24 1st test flight of Fokker's F-27 Friendship
  • Nov 25 Race segregation forbidden on trains & buses between US states

Music Premiere

Nov 25 Walter Piston's 6th Symphony, composed to mark the 75th Anniversary of the Boston Symphony, premieres, led by Charles Munch

Historic Event

Nov 25 Clement Attlee resigns as leader of the UK Labour Party

  • Nov 26 "Boy Friend" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 483 performances
  • Nov 26 CFL Grey Cup, Empire Stadium, Vancouver: Edmonton Eskimos retain Championship with 34-19 win over Montreal Alouettes
  • Nov 26 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Cyprus
  • Nov 26 20th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 26-0 in Birmingham
  • Nov 28 KMVI (now WMAU) TV channel 12 in Wailuku, HI (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 28 KTHV TV channel 11 in Little Rock, AR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 28 1956 NFL Draft: Gary Glick from University of Colorado A&M first pick by Pittsburgh Steelers
  • Nov 29 Turkish government of Menderes resigns
  • Nov 30 "Pipe Dream" opens at Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 245 performances
  • Nov 30 Argentine government disbands Peronistic party

Historic Event

Dec 1 Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to move to the back of a bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama

  • Dec 3 KTVE TV channel 10 in Monroe-El Dorado, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 4 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink installed as Archbishop of Utrecht
  • Dec 5 American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) merge to form the AFL-CIO, with George Meany as President
  • Dec 5 Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery, Alabama by Rosa Parks and other civil rights activists

Historic Event

Dec 5 Montgomery Improvement Association formed by Ralph Abernathy, Martin Luther King Jr. and Edgar Nixon to support the Montgomery bus protest in Montgomery, Alabama

  • Dec 6 New York psychologist Joyce Brothers wins "$64,000 Question" with topic of boxing
  • Dec 8 21st Heisman Trophy Award: Howard Cassady, Ohio State (HB)

Sports History

Dec 8 Brooklyn catcher Roy Campanella wins his 3rd MVP Award

  • Dec 8 Turkish government of Menderes forms

Film Release

Dec 8 Black Ealing comedy "The Ladykillers", directed by Alexander Mackendrick and starring Alec Guinness is released in the UK

  • Dec 12 1st prototype of hovercraft patented by British engineer Christoper Cockerell

Film Premiere

Dec 12 Film adaptation of "The Rose Tattoo", starring Anna Magnani and Burt Lancaster, premieres at the Astor Theatre in Times Square, NYC

  • Dec 14 Tappan Zee Bridge in NY opens to traffic
  • Dec 14 16 countries join the United Nations, including Austria, Finland, Italy, and Spain

Music Single

Dec 15 "Folsom Prison Blues" single released by Johnny Cash (Billboard Song of the Year 1968)

  • Dec 19 Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes"
  • Dec 20 Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales
  • Dec 21 2nd National Film Awards (India): "Mirza Ghalib" wins the Golden Lotus

Historic Event

Dec 24 Author Aldous Huxley takes LSD for the first time

Catholic Encyclical

Dec 25 Pope Pius XII encyclical on sacred music & popular music

  • Dec 26 National Football League Championship, LA Memorial Coliseum: Cleveland Browns beat Los Angeles Rams, 38-14; Browns defend title and win their 3rd NFL Championship of the 1950s in a second straight rout
  • Dec 26 RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV
  • Dec 28 44th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (5-0)

Music History

Dec 29 Barbra Streisand's 1st recording "You'll Never Know" at age 13

  • Dec 29 NHL officials wear new vertically striped black-and-white sweaters for the first time in Montreal Canadiens' 5-2 win over Toronto Maple Leafs
  • Dec 31 "Vamp" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 60 performances

Historic Event

Dec 31 The General Motors Corporation becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over $1 billion USD in a year.