Historical Events in January 1956

  • Jan 1 A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people
  • Jan 1 KHAS TV channel 5 in Hastings, Nebraska (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 1 KOSA TV channel 7 in Odessa, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 1 Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt & UK
  • Jan 1 WREC (now WREG) TV channel 3 in Memphis, Tennessee (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 2 22nd Orange Bowl: #1 Oklahoma beats #3 Maryland, 20-6
  • Jan 2 22nd Sugar Bowl: #7 Georgia Tech beats #11 Pittsburgh, 7-0
  • Jan 2 42nd Rose Bowl: #2 Michigan State beats #4 UCLA, 17-14
  • Jan 2 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
  • Jan 3 A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
  • Jan 6 Federal court bars former Little League Commissioner Carl Stotz from forming a rival group
  • Jan 6 KGNS TV channel 8 in Laredo, TX (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 7 Indian batsman Vinoo Mankad scores 231 v NZ, 413 opening stand with Roy
  • Jan 8 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Conrad Aiken

#1 in the Charts

Jan 8 Elvis Presley's "Don't Be Cruel" and "Hound Dog" single goes #1 and stays #1 for a record 11 weeks (for a single)

  • Jan 8 Operation Auca: Five U.S. missionaries are killed by the Huaorani of Ecuador shortly after making contact with them.
  • Jan 9 Abigail Van Buren's [Pauline Phillips] "Dear Abby" advice column 1st appears in newspapers

Music History

Jan 9 Musical "Peter Pan", starring Mary Martin broadcast live, for a 2nd time, on NBC as part of "Producers' Showcase" series

  • Jan 9 Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan
  • Jan 10 Elvis Presley records single "Heartbreak Hotel"
  • Jan 12 FBi arrests 6 members of the Great Brink's robbery gang, 6 days before statute of limitations runs out
  • Jan 14 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
  • Jan 15 6th NFL Pro Bowl, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum: Eastern Conference beats Western Conference, 31-30; MVP: Ollie Matson, Baltimore Colts, RB

Appointment of Interest

Jan 15 Dmitri Shostakovich appointed honorary member of Academia Santa Cecilia

  • Jan 15 KWAB TV channel 4 in Big Spring, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

Jan 16 Egyptian President Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine

  • Jan 18 German Democratic Republic (East Germany) forms own army (National People's Army)

Sports History

Jan 19 Hoboken dedicates a plaque honoring achievements of Alexander Cartwright in organizing early baseball at Elysian Field

Music Recording

Jan 20 Buddy Holly records "Blue Days Black Night" in Nashville, Tennessee for producer Owen Bradley

Theatrical Finale

Jan 21 "Comedy in Music (Victor Borge)" closes at Golden NYC after 849 performances

  • Jan 22 30 people die in a train crash in Los Angeles
  • Jan 22 Canadian Football Council forms

NBA All-Star Game

Jan 24 6th NBA All Star Game, Rochester War Memorial Coliseum, NY: West beats East, 108-94; MVP: Bob Pettit, St. Louis Hawks, C

  • Jan 24 96.5 cm precipitation at Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
  • Jan 24 An inquiry considers building homes in a war devastated area in London
  • Jan 25 96.5 cm (38.0") of rainfall, Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
  • Jan 26 Porkkala military base returned to Finland by USSR
  • Jan 26 VII Winter Olympic Games open in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy
  • Jan 27 NFL's New York Giants move their home from the Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan to Yankee Stadium in The Bronx
  • Jan 27 RCA records releases Elvis Presley's single "Heartbreak Hotel", his first million-seller (written by Mae Boren Axton and Tommy Durden)
  • Jan 27 Veikko Hakulinen of Finland wins Olympic 30k cross country gold medal at Cortina d'Ampezzo; second career Olympic title after winning the 15k event in Oslo, 1952
  • Jan 28 Austrian skier Toni Sailer wins the giant slalom at the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Olympics on his way to a sweep of the 3 alpine skiing events at the Games
  • Jan 28 Elvis Presley's 1st appearance on national TV on the Dorsey Brothers's "Stage Show"
  • Jan 28 Italy goes 1-2 in the 2-man bobsleigh at the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Olympics; along with silver in 4-man event, the only medals for the home nation at the Games
  • Jan 29 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Der Besuch der Alten Dame" premieres in Zurich

Australian Men's Tennis Open

Jan 30 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Lew Hoad beats fellow Australian Ken Rosewall 6-4, 3-6, 6-4, 7-5 for his first Grand Slam title

  • Jan 30 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Mary Carter Reitano beats fellow Australian Thelma Coyne Long 3-6, 6-2, 9-7 for her 1st Australian singles title
  • Jan 30 Elvis Presley records his cover version of Carl Perkins' song "Blue Suede Shoes"
  • Jan 30 Hallgeir Brenden of Norway wins Olympic 15k cross country gold medal at the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Games; his 2nd career Olympic title after taking out the 18k event in Oslo (1952)

Historic Event

Jan 30 Home of Martin Luther King Jr. is bombed

  • Jan 30 KRMA TV channel 6 in Denver, CO (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 30 KTXS TV channel 12 in Sweetwater-Abilene, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 30 Soviet 500m speed skating champion Yevgeni Grishin wins 2nd gold medal of the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Olympics when he dead heats teammate Yuri Mikhatlov in the 1,500m in world record 2:08.6
  • Jan 31 Austrian skier Toni Sailer wins the slalom at the Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Olympics for his 2nd gold medal of the Games; sweeps all 3 alpine skiing events

Historic Event

Jan 31 French government of Guy Mollet forms

  • Jan 31 Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil