On This Day

Historical Events in 1956 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 620

  • May 6 WRCB TV channel 3 in Chattanooga, TN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • May 7 Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
  • May 7 NY Giant Bill White, homers in his 1st at bat

Historic Event

May 7 Pulitzer Prize for Drama awarded to Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett for their play "The Diary of Anne Frank"

  • May 8 John Osborne's "Look Back in Anger" premieres in London
  • May 9 First ascent of Manaslu, the world's eighth-highest mountain in the Nepalese Himalayas by Japanese climbers Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu

Historic Event

May 9 War Reparations and Peace Settlement between Philippines and Japan was finally signed at Malacañang Palace under Magsaysay administration

  • May 10 French government sends 50,000 reservists to Algeria
  • May 10 KFSN TV channel 30 in Fresno, CA (ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting

Cannes Film Festival

May 10 9th Cannes Film Festival: "The Silent World" directed by Jacques Cousteau and Louis Malle wins the Palme d'Or

  • May 11 Pinky Lee Show last airs on NBC-TV

Music History

May 11 Elvis Presley's 1st entry on UK charts with "Heartbreak Hotel"

  • May 12 Brooklyn Dodger Carl Erskine's 2nd no-hitter, beats NY Giants, 3-0
  • May 12 East Pakistan struck by cyclone and tidal waves
  • May 13 Pachyderm Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • May 16 Egypt recognizes People's Republic of China
  • May 16 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Monte Bello Is Australia
  • May 16 Kraft Theater presents an act from "Profiles in Courage"
  • May 16 England cricket spin bowler Jim Laker takes 10-88 for Surrey v Australia in tour match at The Oval, London
  • May 18 Hungarian party leader Matyas Rákosi enforces his own policy

Baseball Record

May 18 Mickey Mantle hits HR from both sides of plate for record 3rd time

  • May 18 Queen Juliana opens Rembrandt fairs in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • May 19 81st Preakness: Bill Hartack aboard Fabius wins in 1:58.4
  • May 19 Pirate Dale Long hits 9th-inning HR, 1st HR in 8 straight games
  • May 20 Atomic fusion (thermonuclear) bomb dropped from plane at Bikini Atoll
  • May 20 Jordan government of Samir resigns
  • May 21 Jordan government of Said el-Mufti forms
  • May 21 US explodes 1st airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll
  • May 21 WITI TV channel 6 in Milwaukee, WI (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting

Television Finale

May 22 "Bob Hope Show" last airs on NBC-TV

  • May 22 KRIS TV channel 6 in Corpus Christi, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • May 23 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, San Francisco
  • May 24 Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbāna
  • May 24 1st Eurovision Song Contest: Lys Assia for Switzerland wins singing "Refrain" in Lugano

Catholic Encyclical

May 25 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Haurietis aquas

  • May 26 A fire on board the aircraft carrier USS Bennington in Narragansett Bay, off Rhode Island, kills 103 crew
  • May 26 Reds' John Klippstein, Hershel Freemman & Joe Blacks no-hitter, broken up with 2 outs in 10th & lose to Braves in 11th, 2-1

French Open Men's Tennis

May 26 French Championships Men's Tennis: Australian Lew Hoad wins his first and only French title; beats Sven Davidson of Sweden 6-4, 8-6, 6-3

French Open Women's Tennis

May 26 French Championships Women's Tennis: American Althea Gibson wins her only French singles title; beats Angela Mortimer of England 6-0, 12-10

  • May 27 French raid in Algiers
  • May 27 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • May 28 Dale Long becomes 1st to hit HRs in 8 straight games

Historic Event

May 28 Eisenhower signs farm bill allows government to store agricultural surplus

Music History

May 29 Arnold Schoenberg's "Modern Psalm" premieres

  • May 29 WESH TV channel 2 in Daytona Beach-Orlando, FL (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • May 30 Bus boycott begins in Tallahassee Florida
  • May 30 Mickey Mantle misses by 18 inches hitting 1st home run out of Yankee Stadium in the first game of a doubleheader against the Washington Senators
  • May 30 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Pat Flaherty wins in a Watson-Offenhauser; first 500 to be governed by the United States Automobile Club

Historic Event

Jun 2 Yugoslav president Tito visits Moscow

  • Jun 3 3rd class travel on British Railways ends
  • Jun 3 KGUN TV channel 9 in Tucson, AZ (ABC) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

Jun 4 'Secret speech' by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev criticising Joseph Stalin is made public

Television Finale

Jun 5 "Milton Berle Show" last airs on NBC-TV

  • Jun 5 US Federal court rules racial segregation on Montgomery buses anti-Constitutional
  • Jun 6 David Marshall, Singapore's first Chief Minister, resigns.
  • Jun 7 Singapore government of Marshall resigns
  • Jun 8 Lim Yem Hock forms Singapore government
  • Jun 8 WDAM TV channel 7 in Laurel-Hattiesburg, MS (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 8 Richard B. Fitzgibbon, Jr. killed by another USAF airman in Vietnam, becoming the first American killed in the Vietnam War
  • Jun 9 Heavy earthquake strikes Afghanistan, 400 killed
  • Jun 10 XVI Summer Olympic equestrian events open in Stockholm
  • Jun 13 "Shangri-La" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 21 performances
  • Jun 13 The last British troops leave the Suez Canal Zone in Egypt
  • Jun 13 Parliamentary election: Dutch Democrats 50/KVP 49
  • Jun 13 1st European Cup Final, Paris: Héctor Rial scores twice as Real Madrid beats Stade de Reims, 4-3 to claim inaugural title
  • Jun 14 "New Faces of 1956" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 221 performances

US Golf Open

Jun 16 US Open Men's Golf, Oak Hill CC: Cary Middlecoff wins his second Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runners-up Julius Boros and Ben Hogan

  • Jun 16 88th Belmont: David Erb aboard Needles wins in 2:29.8

Historic Event

Jun 17 Golda Meir begins her term as Israel's foreign minister

Music History

Jun 19 Jerry Lewis & Dean Martin end partnership after 10 years, and 16 films

  • Jun 20 Venezuelan Super Constellation crashes in NJ, 74 killed
  • Jun 20 At Detroit's Briggs Stadium, Mickey Mantle hits 2 Billy Hoeft pitches into right center field bleachers (no else hits 1 there)
  • Jun 21 Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere
  • Jun 21 German DR frees almost 19,000 prisoners
  • Jun 21 Oriole Connie Johnson beats WS Jack Harshman (1-0) in dual 1 hitters
  • Jun 22 6th Berlin International Film Festival: "Invitation to the Dance" wins Golden Bear

Television Finale

Jun 23 "Jimmy Durante Show" last airs on NBC-TV

  • Jun 23 "Transfusion" by Nervous Norvous peaks at #8

Election of Interest

Jun 23 Gamal Abdel Nasser elected President of Egypt

  • Jun 24 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Forest Lake CC: Marlene Hagge wins her only major title; beats Patty Berg by 2 strokes in a sudden-death playoff
  • Jun 24 WISC TV channel 3 in Madison, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 25 WKNO TV channel 10 in Memphis, Tennessee (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 27 Indians trailing Orioles 9-1 come back to win 12-11 in 11 innings
  • Jun 28 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates (Chicago Illinois)
  • Jun 28 Riots break out in Poznan, Poland, 38 die
  • Jun 29 American Charles Dumas records first high jump over 7' (2.13m) during US Olympic Trials at Los Angeles, California
  • Jun 29 US Federal interstate highway system act signed
  • Jun 29 Dutch PM Drees refuses resignation of Queen Juliana (Greet Hofmans)
  • Jun 30 Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical "Pipe Dream", based on John Steinbeck's novel "Sweet Thursday", closes at Shubert Theater, NYC, after 245 performances, and a Tony Award for costume design
  • Jun 30 HArry WArren and JAmes Hilton's musical "Shangri-La", based on Hilton's novel "Lost Horizon, and featuring Jack Cassidy and Alice Ghostley, closes at Winter Garden Theater, NYC, after 21 performances

Historic Publication

Jun 30 Vladimir Lenin's politics testament (1923) published in Moscow

  • Jun 30 United DC-7 & TWA collide over Grand Canyon killing 128

Sports History

Jul 1 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Wakonda CC: Beverly Hanson wins by 4 strokes from Louise Suggs; second of her 3 major titles

  • Jul 1 Elvis Presley, wearing a tuxedo, appears on Steve Allen Show
  • Jul 1 Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
  • Jul 2 Elvis Presley records "Hound Dog" and "Don't Be Cruel"
  • Jul 2 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • Jul 4 Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
  • Jul 4 US most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland
  • Jul 5 France raises tobacco tax 20% due to war in Algeria
  • Jul 6 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian matchup Lew Hoad wins his first of 2 Wimbledon singles crowns beating Ken Rosewall 6-2, 4-6, 7-5, 6-4
  • Jul 6 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool: Australian Peter Thomson wins by 3 shots from Flory Van Donck of Belgium for his 3rd consecutive Open victory
  • Jul 6 MLB Commissioner Ford Frick inaugurates Cy Young Award, to honour baseball's outstanding pitcher of the season
  • Jul 6 Cleveland outfielder Jim Busby hits a second grand slam on consecutive days during Indians 4-2 win v Kansas City A's
  • Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: American Shirley Fry beats Angela Buxton of England 6-3, 6-1 for her only Wimbledon singles title
  • Jul 7 Douglas Moore/John Latouche' opera "Ballad of Baby Doe," premieres
  • Jul 7 Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).

Television Premiere

Jul 7 "Hancock's Half Hour" premieres as a TV show starring Tony Hancock and Sid James, written by Ray Galton and Alan Simpson

  • Jul 8 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak

Film & TV History

Jul 9 Dick Clark's 1st appearance as host of American Bandstand

  • Jul 10 23rd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-3 at Griffith Stadium, Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 10 650,000 US steel workers go on strike
  • Jul 10 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Jul 10 Solomon Kalushi Mahlangu, Mamelodi, east of Pretoria, South Africa, a soldier of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC
  • Jul 13 WCBI TV channel 4 in Columbus, MS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 14 Boston Red Sox pitcher Mel Parnell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 4-0 at Fenway Park, Boston
  • Jul 15 Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • Jul 16 Detroit Tigers & Briggs Stadium sold for then record $5.5 million
  • Jul 16 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
  • Jul 16 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
  • Jul 16 Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent

Film Release

Jul 17 MGM releases film "High Society", a musical re-working of "The Philadelphia Story" set in Newport, Rhode Island; starring Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, and Frank Sinatra, with songs by Cole Porter

  • Jul 18 Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rákosi as party leader of Hungary
  • Jul 19 US refuse to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • Jul 20 France recognizes Tunisian independence
  • Jul 20 Great Britain refuses to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • Jul 20 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island

Baseball Record

Jul 20 Yankee pitcher Whitey Ford ties AL record of 6 straight strike-outs

  • Jul 20 Confirmation of the first detection of the neutrino by Clyde Cowan, Frederick Reines, F. B. Harrison, H. W. Kruse, and A. D. McGuire published in "Science" (Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment)
  • Jul 21 Cincinnati Reds pitcher Brooks Lawrence loses after 13 straight wins
  • Jul 21 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Enwetak
  • Jul 23 Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
  • Jul 23 The Loi Cadre is passed by the French Republic in order to order French overseas territory affairs

Historic Event

Jul 24 Brendan Behan's "Quare Fellow" premieres in London

  • Jul 24 Dodgers lose to the Reds, 2-1, playing in Jersey City's Roosevelt Stadium
  • Jul 24 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Blue Hill CC: Masters champion Jack Burke Jr. wins his second major championship of the season, 3 & 2 over Ted Kroll
  • Jul 25 46 die in collision of the SS Andrea Doria and the MS Stockholm off the coast of Nantucket
  • Jul 25 Jordan attacks UN Palestine force
  • Jul 26 Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announces plan to nationalize Suez Canal, initiating the "Suez Crisis"
  • Jul 27 England cricket spin bowler Jim Laker takes 9-37 in Australia's 1st innings in 4th Test at Manchester; best return ever in Test cricket; bettered in 2nd innings 10-53
  • Jul 28 43rd Tour de France won by Roger Walkowiak of France
  • Jul 29 US Open Women's Golf, Northland CC: Kathy Cornelius wins her only major title in an 18-hole playoff by 7 strokes over amateur Barbara McIntire
  • Jul 29 Jacques Cousteau's Calypso anchors in 7,500 m of water (record)
  • Jul 29 WCKT (now WSVN) TV channel 7 in Miami, Florida (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 30 US motto "In God We Trust" authorized
  • Jul 31 England cricket spin bowler Jim Laker takes 10-53 in Australia's 2nd innings; match figures 19-90 in 4th Test at Old Trafford; England win by innings & 170 runs
  • Aug 1 KRCR TV channel 7 in Redding-Chico, California (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 3 American sprinter Willie Williams sets 100m world record at 10.1 in Berlin, Germany
  • Aug 4 German Wilhelm Herz becomes first to ride motorcycle at 200mph (210mph/338kph) at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah
  • Aug 4 Elvis Presley releases "Hound Dog", a cover of Big Mama Thorton's original, written by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
  • Aug 4 Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
  • Aug 4 Lee Petty dismounts car on lap 32, waves red flag to field because of dusty conditions at NASCAR Grand National at Tulsa, Oklahoma; race halted and never completed
  • Aug 5 KUAM TV channel 8 in Agana, GU (CBS/ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 5 WCYB TV channel 5 in Bristol-Kingsport, Virginia (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 6 After going bankrupt in 1955, the American national broadcaster DuMont Television Network makes its final broadcast, a boxing match from St. Nicholas Arena

Sports History

Aug 7 Boston Red Sox fine slugger Ted Williams $5,000 for spitting at heckling Boston fans, third incident in 3 weeks

  • Aug 7 British government sends 3 aircraft carriers to Egypt
  • Aug 7 Dynamite transport explodes in Colombia; about 1200 die

Sports History

Aug 7 51-year-old Satchel Paige (Miami Marlins) wins a game before the largest crowd in minor league history, 57,000 at Miami’s Orange Bowl; International League: Marlins 6-2 v Columbus Jets

  • Aug 8 Fire & explosion kill 263 miners at Marcinelle, Belgium
  • Aug 8 WDIQ (now KMCT) TV channel 2 in Dozier, AL (PBS) begins
  • Aug 9 1st state-wide state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
  • Aug 9 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
  • Aug 10 23rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Cleveland 26, All-Stars 0 (75,000)
  • Aug 11 1st flight 4-motor Cessna 620
  • Aug 12 KOTI TV channel 2 in Klamath Falls, OR (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 13 Elvis Presley releases music single "Don't Be Cruel"
  • Aug 13 WBIR TV channel 10 in Knoxville, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 16 Adlai E Stevenson nominated as US Democratic presidential candidate
  • Aug 16 Indians' Rocky Colavito hits his 1st grand slam, Cleveland 5, Tigers 4
  • Aug 17 Federal Constitutional Court bans the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in West Germany
  • Aug 17 One of the largest demonstrations in South Africa's history, 20,000 women marched to Pretoria's Union Buildings to present petition against carrying of passes by women to the Prime Minister
  • Aug 18 Cincinnati Reds (8) & Cubs (2) combine to hit 10 HRs in a 9 inning game
  • Aug 18 Elvis Presley's "Hound Dog" and "Don't Be Cruel" reach #1 in the charts
  • Aug 20 Republicans convene at Cow Palace
  • Aug 21 WTVW TV channel 7 in Evansville, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 22 Elvis Presley begins filming "Love Me Tender" (The Reno Brothers)
  • Aug 22 US President Eisenhower and VP Richard Nixon renominated by Republican convention in San Francisco
  • Aug 24 1st non-stop transcontinental helicopter flight arrived Washington, D.C.

Sports History

Aug 25 To make room for Enos Slaughter, NY Yankees release Phil Rizzuto

  • Aug 26 KREY TV channel 10 in Montrose, CO (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Aug 26 Yankees announce purchase of outfielder Enos Slaughter from KC
  • Aug 27 Curt Robert of Columbus (Intl League) hits 4 HRs in 7 inning game
  • Aug 28 Australia clings on for a draw in 5th Test at The Oval, London; England retain cricket Ashes with Jim Laker's 46 wickets a record series haul
  • Aug 28 17th Venice Film Festival opens. No Golden Lion awarded
  • Aug 29 French government routes troops to Cyprus near Suez crisis
  • Aug 30 USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
  • Aug 30 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield High School, Texas
  • Aug 30 Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens in Louisiana, longest continuous bridge in the world
  • Sep 1 Indian state of Tripura becomes a territory
  • Sep 1 KELP (now KCOS) TV channel 13 in El Paso, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 2 Collapse of a rail bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
  • Sep 2 San Francisco Washington-Jackson cable line replaced by bus service
  • Sep 2 Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina finishes 2nd in Italian GP at Monza to win his 3rd straight F1 World Drivers Championship by 3 points from Englishman Stirling Moss
  • Sep 2 British Ferrari driver Peter Collins sportingly hands over his car to retired teammate Juan Manuel Fangio during season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza; Fangio finishes 2nd to win F1 World Drivers Championship
  • Sep 3 Tanks are deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee
  • Sep 3 American Johnny Longden becomes thoroughbred racing's winningest rider, breaking the record of 4,870 wins by British jockey Sir Gordon Richards; rides Arrogate to victory in the Del Mar Handicap