Historical Events in 1956 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 623

  • Sep 3 Tanks are deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee
  • Sep 5 20 die in a train crash in Springer NM
  • Sep 7 Bell X-2 sets Unofficial manned aircraft altitude record 126,000'+

#1 in the Charts

Sep 8 Harry Belafonte's album "Calypso" goes #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks

  • Sep 9 African Party for Liberation of Guinea-Bissau & Cape Verde forms

TV Show Appearance

Sep 9 Elvis Presley appears on "The Ed Sullivan Show" for the 1st time

US Men's Tennis Open

Sep 9 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-Australian final Ken Rosewall wins his first US singles title, beating Lew Hoad 4-6, 6-2, 6-3, 6-3

US Open Women's Tennis

Sep 9 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-American final Shirley Fry Irvin beats Althea Gibson 6-3, 6-4 for her only US singles crown

  • Sep 10 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • Sep 10 Public schools integrate in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Sep 10 WSYE (now WETM) TV channel 18 in Elmira-Corning, NY (NBC) 1st broadcast

Sports History

Sep 11 Cincinnati Reds outfielder Frank Robinson ties rookie record with his 38th HR

Baseball Record

Sep 11 New York Yankees Yogi Berra ties career record for HRs (236) by a catcher

  • Sep 11 Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • Sep 12 Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
  • Sep 13 Dike around Dutch polder Eastern Flevoland closes
  • Sep 13 Stravinsky's "Canticum Sacrum," premieres in Venice

IBM 305 RAMAC

Sep 14 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton

  • Sep 17 Black students enter Clay elementary school in Kentucky
  • Sep 17 Television is first broadcast in Australia
  • Sep 17 Yanks clinch pennant #22 on Mantle's 50th homer of year

Baseball Record

Sep 18 Mickey Mantle is 8th to hit 50 HRs in a season

  • Sep 19 1st international conference of black writers & artists meets (Sorbonne)
  • Sep 21 New York Yankees set dubious MLB record, stranding 20 on base; Mickey Mantle hits a 500' plus homer but rival Boston Red Sox win 13-9 at Fenway Park
  • Sep 25 Brooklyn Dodger Sal Maglie no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 5-0
  • Sep 25 Transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation from Newfoundland to Oban
  • Sep 27 Great Britain commences 'Operation Buffalo' testing four nuclear fission bombs at Maralinga, South Australia

Television Finale

Sep 28 "Johnny Carson Show" TV Variety last airs on CBS-TV

  • Sep 28 RCA Records reports Elvis Presley sold over 10 million records
  • Sep 29 "I Love Mickey" by Mickey Mantle & Teresa Brewer peaks at #87
  • Sep 29 "Oh! Susanna" debuts on CBS-TV
  • Sep 29 Yanks Mickey Mantle hits his 52nd HR of season
  • Sep 30 Phillies Robin Roberts gives up a major league record 46th HR
  • Sep 30 White Sox Jim Derrington, 16, is youngest to start a game (he loses)
  • Oct 1 American jockey Johnny Heckmann becomes first to ride 7 winners at Hawthorne Race Course at Stickney/Cicero near Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 1 Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
  • Oct 2 1st atomic power clock exhibited-NYC
  • Oct 3 Sal Maglie pitches a complete game as Brooklyn Dodgers beat NY Yankees, 6-3 in Game 1 of Baseball World Series at Ebbets Field; Yankees win series, 4-3
  • Oct 4 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • Oct 5 Catcher Yogi Berra becomes 4th NY Yankee to hit a Baseball World Series grand slam in Game 2 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn; Dodgers win, 13-8 but lose series, 4-3

Music History

Oct 6 Dmitri Shostakovich's 6th Iron quartet premieres in Leningrad

  • Oct 8 Yankees pitcher Don Larsen throws a perfect game as New York beats Brooklyn Dodgers, 2-0 in Game 5 of the World Series at Yankee Stadium
  • Oct 9 10th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: All-Stars tie Montreal Canadiens, 1-1
  • Oct 9 Ernest Hemingway visits fellow writer Pío Baroja at his hospital bed shortly before the Spaniard's death

Film Premiere

Oct 10 "Giant", directed by George Stevens, starring Elizabeth Taylor, Rock Hudson and James Dean in his last role, premieres in NYC

  • Oct 10 Baseball World Series: Behind Yogi Berra's 2 HRs, NY Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 9-0 in Game 7 at Ebbets Field; MVP: Yankees pitcher Don Larsen

Sports History

Oct 10 Fazal Mahmood takes 13-114 for match v Australia in Karachi

  • Oct 11 1st Pakistan v Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
  • Oct 11 AL President Will Harridge bars Washington Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
  • Oct 11 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • Oct 12 Marga Klompé becomes first Dutch women elected minister
  • Oct 13 WAGM TV channel 8 in Presque Isle, ME (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins
  • Oct 14 Charles Ives' overture "Robert Browning" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Oct 14 Indian social reformer B.R. Ambedkar and 500,000 supporters convert to Buddhism in Nagpur

  • Oct 15 First plane to land safely on water - Pan Am Flight 6 San Francisco to Honolulu, all 24 passengers and 7 crew survive
  • Oct 15 Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • Oct 15 William J. Brennan, Jr. is appointed to US Supreme Court

Film Premiere

Oct 17 "Around the World in 80 Days", based on the book by Jules Verne, directed by Michael Anderson and starring David Nivon and Cantinflas, premieres in New York

Sports History

Oct 17 Chess "Game of the Century": 13-year-old Bobby Fischer defeats 1953 U.S. Champion Donald Byrne in the Rosenwald Memorial Tournament at the Marshall Chess Club in New York City

  • Oct 17 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
  • Oct 17 Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt
  • Oct 20 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (then Antarctic record high)
  • Oct 20 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
  • Oct 22 A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Oct 22 France intercept Moroccan plane, arrest Ben Bella
  • Oct 22 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • Oct 23 First video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast
  • Oct 23 Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
  • Oct 24 AP names Cin manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
  • Oct 24 Margaret Towner becomes first woman to be ordained into the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA)

Historic Event

Oct 24 Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes Prime Minister of Hungary

  • Oct 25 White Sox manager Marty Marion resigns and is replaced by Al López
  • Oct 26 UN's International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved
  • Oct 26 Vietnam promulgates its constitution

Catholic Encyclical

Oct 28 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus

Music History

Oct 29 Greek-American soprano Maria Callas makes her Metropolitan Opera debut, in the title role of Bellini's "Norma"

  • Oct 29 International zone of Tangier returns to Morocco

Film & TV History

Oct 29 NBC anchors Chet Huntley and David Brinkley first team up in "The Huntley–Brinkley Report"

  • Oct 29 Suez Crisis erupts into war as Israel invades the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, to be followed by a planned airborne assault by France and Britain
  • Oct 30 Dodgers sell Ebbets Field to a real estate group. They agree to stay until 1959, with an option to stay until 1961
  • Oct 30 Israel captures Egyptian military post at El-Thamad
  • Oct 31 Britain and France join Israeli forces in Egypt and begin to bomb Egypt to reopen Suez Canal
  • Oct 31 Brooklyn, NY ends streetcar service
  • Oct 31 Rear Adm GJ Dufek becomes 1st American to land an airplane at South Pole
  • Nov 1 Delhi becomes a union territory of India
  • Nov 1 Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is formed
  • Nov 1 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala and most of the East Punjab States Union merge as the Punjab State
  • Nov 1 Karnataka (then known as Mysore State) is formed from the merge of Kannada-speaking regions in India
  • Nov 1 Kerala state is formed in India
  • Nov 1 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact
  • Nov 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Laetamur admodum
  • Nov 2 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion

The Wizard of Oz

Nov 3 1939 film "The Wizard of Oz" televised for 1st time - hosted by Bert Lahr and 10 year old Liza Minnelli, as the finale of the Ford Star Jubilee series (CBS-TV)

  • Nov 3 Suez Crisis: After several days of fighting, Israeli forces capture the Gaza Strip
  • Nov 4 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Soviet movement in Budapest, Hungary

Television Debut

Nov 5 "The Nat King Cole Show" debuts on NBC, the first variety program to be hosted by an African-American

  • Nov 5 Britain and France land airborne forces at Port Said in Egypt, escalating the Suez Crisis
  • Nov 5 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
  • Nov 5 Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba
  • Nov 5 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Datis nuperrime

Election of Interest

Nov 6 Dwight D. Eisenhower is re-elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

  • Nov 6 Netherlands and Spain withdraw from Olympics in protest against Soviet actions in the Hungarian Revolution
  • Nov 6 Suez Crisis: British Royal Marines storm Port Said in Egypt amid growing domestic and international opposition to the Anglo-French-Israeli military operation

United Nations

Nov 7 Suez Crisis ends with a ceasefire as the United Nations Emergency Force is established at instigation of Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson and UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld

Film Premiere

Nov 8 Biblical drama film "The Ten Commandments", directed by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Charlton Heston and Yul Brynner premieres at the Criterion Theater in NYC

Historic Event

Nov 8 NYT critic Brooks Atkinson writes of Eugene O'Neill's latest play 'With the production of 'Long Day's Journey Into Night' at the Helen Hayes last evening, the American theater acquires size and stature." [1]

  • Nov 8 UN demands USSR leave Hungary

Music Premiere

Nov 10 Gene de Paul and Johnny Mercer's musical "Li'l Abner", based on the hillbilly comic strip, opens at the St. James Theatre, NYC; runs for 693 performances

  • Nov 12 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
  • Nov 13 US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional
  • Nov 14 Hungarian revolt put down by Soviet invasion
  • Nov 15 "Li'l Abner" opens at St James Theater, NYC; runs for 693 performances
  • Nov 15 "Love Me Tender" (The Reno Brothers) film with Elvis Presley in his debut premieres in the US
  • Nov 16 Guido Cantelli, Italian conductor, named Musical Director of La Scala, Milan

Sports History

Nov 17 Syracuse fullback Jim Brown, scores NCAA record of 43 pts (vs Colgate)

  • Nov 17 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • Nov 18 Morocco gains independence

Historic Event

Nov 18 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev says the phrase "we will bury you!" to Western ambassadors at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow

  • Nov 21 Don Newcombe wins NL MVP & 1st-ever Cy Young Award

Sports History

Nov 22 Boston shooting guard Bill Sharman hits 10 free throws in Celtics 101-78 over Philadelphia Warriors at Philadelphia Civic Center; begins NBA FT streak of 55 games

  • Nov 22 XVI Summer Olympic Games open in Melbourne, Australia; first to be staged in Southern Hemisphere and Oceania, as well as first to be held outside Europe and North America
  • Nov 23 Vladimir Kuts of the Soviet Union runs Olympic record 28:45.6 to win the 10,000m at the Melbourne Olympics; later also wins 5,000m gold
  • Nov 24 Americans go 1-2 in the men's 100m final at the Melbourne Olympics; Bobby Morrow and Thane Baker both record hand-timed 10.50s but automatic timing gives gold medal to Morrow
  • Nov 24 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Edmonton Eskimos make it 3rd consecutive Championships; defeat Montreal Alouettes for 3rd straight year, 50-27
  • Nov 24 Glenn Davis leads an American trifecta in the men's 400m hurdles at the Melbourne Olympics; hurdles Olympic record equalling 50.1s to beat teammates Eddie Southern and Joshua Culbreath
  • Nov 24 Richard Adler and Jerry Ross' musical "The Pajama Game" closes at St James Theater, NYC, after 1063 performances, and a Tony Award for Best Musical
  • Nov 26 American weightlifter Charles Vinci wins bantamweight gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics with world-record 3-lift (snatch, clean & jerk, overhead press) total of 342.5 kilograms
  • Nov 26 Australian sprinter Betty Cuthbert wins the coveted 100m gold medal in 11.5 at the Melbourne Olympics; takes sprint double winning 200m final four days later
  • Nov 26 Egil Danielsen of Norway sets a new world record throw of 85.71m to win the men's javelin gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Nov 26 TV game show "The Price Is Right", hosted by Bill Cullen, debuts on NBC
  • Nov 26 USSR coxless pairs scull rower Viktor Ivanov wins Olympic silver medal; in his excitement he drops his medal, it sinks in Lake Wendouree (Victoria, Australia) and is later recovered by a local teenager
  • Nov 27 1957 NFL Draft: Paul Hornung from University of Notre Dame first pick by Green Bay Packers

Olympic Gold

Nov 27 Al Oerter wins first of 4 consecutive men's discus gold medals when he throws Olympic record 56.36m to lead an American medal sweep at the Melbourne Games; Fortune Gordien silver, Desmond Koch bronze

  • Nov 27 Bobby Morrow takes out the Melbourne Olympics sprint double when he wins the 200m gold medal in equal world record 20.75s; beats American teammates Andy Stanfield and Thane Baker
  • Nov 27 Elżbieta Krzesińska of Poland equals world record with leap of 6.53m to win the women's long jump gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Nov 27 Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett's "The Diary of Anne Frank" premieres in Netherlands
  • Nov 28 Lee Calhoun leads an American trifecta in the men's 110m hurdles at the Melbourne Olympics; hurdles Olympic record 13.5s to beat teammates Jack Davis and Joel Shankle
  • Nov 28 Leonid Spirin leads a Soviet Union 1-2-3 to win the men's 20 kilometre walk gold medal in 1:31:27.4 at the Melbourne Olympics; beats teammates Antanas Mikėnas and Bruno Junk
  • Nov 28 Photography begins on "... & God Created Women"
  • Nov 28 Shirley Strickland de la Hunty of Australia retains her 80m hurdles Olympic title in OR 10.7s beating German Gisela Birkemeyer by just 0.2s at the Melbourne Games
  • Nov 28 Soviet runner Vladimir Kuts wraps up the Olympic middle distance double by winning the 5,000m gold medal at the Melbourne Games; runs Olympic records in both 5k and 10,000m events
  • Nov 29 Chris Brasher becomes first Briton to win an Olympic gold medal in track and field since 1936; claims 3,000m steeplechase in 8:41.2 at the Melbourne Games; initially disqualified but reversed on appeal

Music Premiere

Nov 29 Jule Styne, Betty Comden and Adolph Green's musical "Bells Are Ringing", starring Judy Holiday, opens at Shubert Theater, NYC; runs for 924 performances, wins 2 Tony Awards

  • Nov 30 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

Boxing Title Fight

Nov 30 At 21 years, 10 months, 3 weeks, 5 days Floyd Patterson becomes youngest world heavyweight boxing champion; KOs Archie Moore in 5th round in Chicago; first Olympic gold medalist to win a professional heavyweight title

  • Nov 30 Australian Betty Cuthbert takes Olympic sprint double when she runs OR equalling 23.4s to win the 200m gold medal at the Melbourne Games; beats Christa Stubnick in repeat of 100m final 4 days earlier
  • Nov 30 Gert Fredriksson of Sweden wins his 2nd straight K-1 10,000m canoeing gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; last time event held in the Summer Olympics; also wins 3rd consecutive K-1 1,000m gold
  • Nov 30 Jon Henricks swims world record 55.4 to win the men's 100m at the Melbourne Olympics; rare Australian 1-2-3 with John Devitt and Gary Chapman taking the minor medals
  • Nov 30 Milt Campbell sets Olympic record total of 7,937 points to upset fellow American and world record holder Rafer Johnson, and win the decathlon gold medal at the Melbourne Games
  • Dec 1 21st Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 34-7 in Birmingham
  • Dec 1 Algerian-born French long-distance runner Alain Mimoun wins the men's marathon in 2:25:00.0 at the Melbourne Olympics; first time runners follow painted line
  • Dec 1 American Mildred McDaniel jumps world record 1.76m to win the women's high jump gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Briton Thelma Hopkins and Russian Mariya Pisareva dead-heat for silver (1.67m)
  • Dec 1 Australian women's 4 x 100m relay team of Norma Croker, Betty Cuthbert, Fleur Mellor & Shirley Strickland de la Hunty run world record 44.65 to win the gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Cuthbert's 3rd gold of the Games
  • Dec 1 Frank Robinson (NL) & Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year
  • Dec 1 Gert Fredriksson of Sweden wins his 3rd consecutive K-1 1,000m canoeing gold medal by 2.5s from Igor Pissarov of the Soviet Union at the Melbourne Olympics; also wins K-1 10,000m gold
  • Dec 1 Hungarian boxer László Papp wins his 3rd straight Olympic gold medal when he beats future Hall of Famer José Torres representing the US on points in the light-middleweight final at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Dec 1 In front of 100,000 fans at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, a US Army baseball team beats an Australian all-star team, 11–5 in an Olympic exhibition game; Sergeant Vance Sutton belts a grand slam for Army
  • Dec 1 Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta resigns

Olympic Gold

Dec 1 Led by future Basketball Hall of Famers Bill Russell and K.C. Jones, the US wins it's 4th consecutive Olympic gold medal with an 89-55 victory over the Soviet Union at the Melbourne Games

  • Dec 1 Legendary Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser sets world record 1:02.0 to win the women's 100m freestyle at the Melbourne Olympics; first of Fraser's 3 consecutive gold medals in the event

Music Premiere

Dec 1 Leonard Bernstein's musical "Candide" opens at Martin Beck Theater, NYC; runs for 73 performances

Film Premiere

Dec 1 Musical comedy film "The Girl Can't Help It" starring Jayne Mansfield with cameos by rock 'n' roll stars Little Richard, Eddie Cochran, and Gene Vincent premieres

  • Dec 1 Romanian canoeist Leon Rotman wins the men's C-1,000m gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; claims the singles double after also winning the C-1 10,000m gold
  • Dec 1 US men's 4 x 100m relay team of Thane Baker, Leamon King, Bobby Morrow & Ira Murchison sets world record 39.60s to win the gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Morrow's 3rd gold medal of the Games

Historic Event

Dec 2 Fidel Castro lands with "Granma" on coast of Cuba

  • Dec 3 Australian 4 x 200m freestyle relay team of Kevin O'Halloran, John Devitt, Murray Rose & Jon Henricks swim world record 8:23.6 to take the gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Rose's 2nd of 3 gold at the Games

Sports History

Dec 3 Basketball icon Wilt Chamberlain makes his much anticipated varsity debut; scores 52 points and grabs 31 rebounds, breaking both all-time Kansas records in an 87–69 win against Northwestern

  • Dec 3 Britain and France pull troops out of Egypt
  • Dec 3 KFSA (now KFSM) TV channel 5 in Ft Smith, AR (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • Dec 4 22nd Heisman Trophy Award: Paul Hornung, Notre Dame (QB)
  • Dec 4 American diver Pat McCormick wins the 3m springboard gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics with 142.46 points; later wraps up the women's double when she takes the 10m platform gold
  • Dec 4 An impromptu recording session by the "Million-Dollar Quartet" - Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Johnny Cash - takes place at Sun Studios in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Dec 4 Australian swimmer Murray Rose sets world record 4:27.3 to claim the 400m gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Rose later also wins 1,500m gold
  • Dec 5 17 year old British swimmer Judy Grinham and American Carin Cone both swim world record 1:12.9 in the women's 100m backstroke at the Melbourne Olympics; Grinham is awarded gold medal
  • Dec 5 Danish yachtsman Paul Elvstrøm wins the Finn class gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; his 2nd straight Finn gold and 3rd consecutive Olympic gold in sailing

Olympic Gold

Dec 5 Soviet artistic gymnast Larisa Latynina wins the women's vault and ties for gold in the floor exercise section at the Melbourne Olympics; later takes gold total to 4 with teams and individual all-round titles

Historic Event

Dec 5 Thornton Wilder's "Matchmaker" premieres in NYC

  • Dec 6 "Happy Hunting" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 413 performances
  • Dec 6 Against the background of the Soviet invasion of Hungary the nations square off at the Melbourne Olympics in a famous water polo match; game called off with Hungary leading 4-0 and near riot halted by police; Hungary goes on to win gold medal
  • Dec 6 Australian swimmer David Theile sets world record 1:02.2 to win the 100m backstroke gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Dec 6 Australian women's 4 × 100m freestyle relay team of Dawn Fraser, Faith Leech, Sandra Morgan & Lorraine Crapp swim world record 4:17.1 and beat powerful US team to win the gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Dec 6 German WWII prisoner of war Helmut Bantz and Soviet gymnast Valentin Muratov tie for the vault gold medal with 18.85 points at the Melbourne Olympics

Historic Event

Dec 6 Nelson Mandela & 156 others arrested for political activities in South Africa

  • Dec 6 Randhir Singh Gentle scores the winner as India beats Pakistan, 1-0 in the Melbourne Olympics field hockey final to win it's 6th consecutive gold medal in the sport
  • Dec 6 Soviet gymnast Viktor Chukarin follows his parallel bars gold medal with the individual all-round title and teams gold at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Dec 7 American diver Pat McCormick wraps up the women's double when she wins the 10m platform gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics with 84.85 points; also won the 3m springboard gold
  • Dec 7 Australian swimmer Murray Rose claims his 3rd gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics when he wins the 1,500m in 17:58.9; also wins 400m & 4 x 200m relay
  • Dec 7 Helen O'Connell joins Today Show panel (NBC)
  • Dec 7 Soviet artistic gymnast Larisa Latynina takes her gold medal tally to 4 at the Melbourne Olympics; wins teams and individual all-round titles having earlier won vault and floor exercise sections
  • Dec 8 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite program, TV-0
  • Dec 8 Guy Mitchell's "Singing the Blues" single goes #1 for 10 weeks
  • Dec 8 XVI Summer Olympic Games close in Melbourne, Australia; start of an Olympic tradition - amidst international tensions, athletes mingle together, parade into and around MCG arena for final appearance to close the Games
  • Dec 10 Establishment of The People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, MPLA (from Portuguese: Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola), left-wing party that has ruled since independence from Portugal
  • Dec 11 Anti-Russian demonstrations in Stettin & Wroclaw, Poland
  • Dec 12 Commencement of the Irish Republican Army's Border Campaign.

Film Release

Dec 13 "Anastasia" comeback film for Ingrid Bergman is released in the US, role wins Bergman Academy Award for Best Actress.

Sports History

Dec 13 Dodgers trade Jackie Robinson to Giants for pitcher Dick Littlefield & $35,000. Robinson will retire rather than be traded.