On This Day

Historical Events in 1956 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 609

Sport awardUS Men's Tennis Open

Sep 9 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-Australian final Ken Rosewall wins his first US singles title, beating Lew Hoad 4-6, 6-2, 6-3, 6-3

Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player and Eight-Time Major Champion
Ken Rosewall
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Lew Hoad
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Lew Hoad
  • Sep 9 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-American final Shirley Fry Irvin beats Althea Gibson 6-3, 6-4 for her only US singles crown
  • Sep 10 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • Sep 10 Louisville Ky public schools integrates
  • Sep 10 WSYE (now WETM) TV channel 18 in Elmira-Corning, NY (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Sep 11 Cincinnati Red Frank Robinson ties rookie record with his 38th HR
  • Sep 11 Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 11 Yanks Yogi Berra ties career record for HRs (236) by a catcher

MLB Catcher and Manager Yogi Berra
MLB Catcher and Manager
Yogi Berra
  • Sep 12 Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
  • Sep 13 Dike around Dutch polder Eastern Flevoland closes
  • Sep 13 Stravinsky's "Canticum Sacrum," premieres in Venice

Historic InventionIBM 305 RAMAC

Sep 14 IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, 1st commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage, weighs over a ton
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IBM 305 RAMAC at the U.S. Army Red River Arsenal; foreground: two 350 disk drives; background: 380 console and 305 processing unit
IBM 305 RAMAC at the U.S. Army Red River Arsenal; foreground: two 350 disk drives; background: 380 console and 305 processing unit
  • Sep 17 Black students enter Clay Ky elementary school
  • Sep 17 Yanks clinch pennant #22 on Mantle's 50th homer of year
  • Sep 17 Television is first broadcast in Australia.

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 18 Mickey Mantle is 8th to hit 50 HRs in a seaon

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle

  • Sep 19 1st international conference of black writers & artists meets (Sorbonne)
  • Sep 21 Yanks set dubious record, stranding 20 men on base Mantle hits a 500' plus homer but Red Sox win 13-9 in Fenway
  • Sep 25 Transatlantic telephone cable goes into operation from Newfoundland to Oban
  • Sep 25 Brooklyn Dodger Sal Maglie no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 5-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 28 "Johnny Carson Show" TV Variety last airs on CBS-TV

Comedian and TV Host Johnny Carson
Comedian and TV Host
Johnny Carson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 28 RCA Records reports Elvis Presley sold over 10 million records

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Sep 29 "I Love Mickey" by Mickey Mantle & Teresa Brewer peaks at #87
  • Sep 29 "Oh! Susanna" debuts on CBS-TV
  • Sep 29 Yanks Mickey Mantle hits his 52nd HR of season
  • Sep 30 Phillies Robin Roberts gives up a major league record 46th HR
  • Sep 30 White Sox Jim Derrington, 16, is youngest to start a game (he loses)
  • Oct 1 American jockey Johnny Heckmann becomes first to ride 7 winners at Hawthorne Race Course at Stickney/Cicero near Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 1 Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
  • Oct 2 1st atomic power clock exhibited-NYC
  • Oct 3 Sal Maglie pitches a complete game as Brooklyn Dodgers beat NY Yankees, 6-3 in Game 1 of Baseball World Series at Ebbets Field; Yankees win series, 4-3
  • Oct 4 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • Oct 5 Catcher Yogi Berra becomes 4th NY Yankee to hit a Baseball World Series grand slam in Game 2 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn; Dodgers win, 13-8 but lose series, 4-3

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 5 "The Ten Commandments", directed by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Charlton Heston and Yul Brynner opens in the US

Filmmaker and Director Cecil B. DeMille
Filmmaker and Director
Cecil B. DeMille
Actor Charlton Heston
Actor
Charlton Heston
Actor Yul Brynner
Actor
Yul Brynner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Dmitri Shostakovich's 6th Iron quartet premieres in Leningrad

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Oct 6 Scientist Albert Sabin announces that his oral polio vaccine is ready for testing; it would soon supplant Jonas Salk's vaccine in many parts of the world
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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.

  • Oct 8 Don Larsen (NY Yankees) pitches only perfect World Series game vs Brooklyn
  • Oct 9 10th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: All-Stars tie Montreal Canadiens, 1-1
  • Oct 10 Fazal Mahmood takes 13-114 for match v Australia in Karachi
  • Oct 10 On Skowron's grand slammer NY Yanks beat Dodgers 9-0 in series game 7

Film release premierFilm Premier

Oct 10 "Giant", directed by George Stevens, starring Elizabeth Taylor, Rock Hudson and James Dean in his last role, premieres in NYC

  • Oct 11 1st Pakistan v Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
  • Oct 11 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • Oct 11 AL President Will Harridge bars Washington Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
  • Oct 12 Marga Klompe becomes first Dutch women elected minister
  • Oct 13 WAGM TV channel 8 in Presque Isle, ME (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins
  • Oct 14 Charles Ives' overture "Robert Browning" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Indian social reformer B.R. Ambedkar and 500,000 supporters convert to Buddhism in Nagpur

Jurist and Social Reformer B.R. Ambedkar
Jurist and Social Reformer
B.R. Ambedkar
  • Oct 15 Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • Oct 15 William J. Brennan, Jr. is appointed to US Supreme Court
  • Oct 15 First plane to land safely on water - Pan Am Flight 6 San Francisco to Honolulu, all 24 passengers and 7 crew survive
  • Oct 17 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
  • Oct 17 Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt

Film release premierFilm Premier

Oct 17 "Around the World in 80 Days", based on the book by Jules Verne, directed by Michael Anderson and starring David Nivon and Cantinflas, premieres in New York

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • Oct 20 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
  • Oct 20 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
  • Oct 22 France intercept Moroccan plane, arrest Ben Bella
  • Oct 22 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • Oct 22 A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Oct 23 First video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast
  • Oct 23 Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
  • Oct 24 AP names Cin manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
  • Oct 24 Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes Prime Minister of Hungary
  • Oct 24 Margaret Towner becomes first woman to be ordained into the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA)
  • Oct 25 White Sox manager Marty Marion resigns. AL Lopez replaces him
  • Oct 26 UN's International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved
  • Oct 26 Vietnam promulgates its constitution
  • Oct 28 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus
  • Oct 29 NBC anchors Chet Huntley and David Brinkley first team up in "The Huntley–Brinkley Report"
  • Oct 29 International zone of Tangier returns to Morocco
  • Oct 29 Suez Crisis erupts into war as Israel invades the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, to be followed by a planned airborne assault by France and Britain
  • Oct 30 Israel captures Egyptian military post at El-Thamad
  • Oct 30 Dodgers sell Ebbets Field to a real estate group. They agree to stay until 1959, with an option to stay until 1961
  • Oct 31 Rear Adm GJ Dufek becomes 1st American to land an airplane at South Pole
  • Oct 31 Britain and France join Israeli forces in Egypt and begin to bomb Egypt to reopen Suez Canal
  • Oct 31 Brooklyn, NY ends streetcar service
  • Nov 1 Karnataka (then known as Mysore State) is formed from the merge of Kannada-speaking regions in India
  • Nov 1 Delhi becomes a union territory of India
  • Nov 1 Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is formed
  • Nov 1 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala and most of the East Punjab States Union merge as the Punjab State
  • Nov 1 Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Nov 1 Nobel for physics awarded to William Shockley, Walter H. Brattain and John Bardeen

Physicist Walter Houser Brattain
Physicist
Walter Houser Brattain
Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley
Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • Nov 1 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Laetamur admodum
  • Nov 1 Kerala state is formed in India
  • Nov 2 Hungary appeals for UN assistance against Soviet invasion
  • Nov 3 Suez Crisis: After several days of fighting, Israeli forces capture the Gaza Strip

Film PremierThe Wizard of Oz

Nov 3 "The Wizard of Oz" 1st televised (CBS-TV)
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Publicity still of the Wizard of Oz, showing the Tin Man, Scarecrow, Dorothy and Cowardly Lion
Publicity still of the Wizard of Oz, showing the Tin Man, Scarecrow, Dorothy and Cowardly Lion
  • Nov 4 200,000 Russian troops attack anti-Soviet movement in Budapest, Hungary
  • Nov 5 Britain and France land airborne forces at Port Said in Egypt, escalating the Suez Crisis
  • Nov 5 Dutch Communist Party office of Felix Meritis seized
  • Nov 5 Israel liberates Sharm-el-Sheikh, reopening Gulf of Aqaba

  • Nov 5 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Datis nuperrime

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

Nov 5 The Nat King Cole Show debuts on NBC, the first variety program to be hosted by an African-American

Musician Nat King Cole
Musician
Nat King Cole
  • Nov 6 Netherlands and Spain withdraw from Olympics in protest against Soviet actions in the Hungarian Revolution

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 6 Dwight D. Eisenhower is re-elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Adlai Stevenson

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
US Governor and Presidential Candidate Adlai Stevenson II
US Governor and Presidential Candidate
Adlai Stevenson II
  • Nov 6 Suez Crisis: British Royal Marines storm Port Said in Egypt amid growing domestic and international opposition to the Anglo-French-Israeli military operation

United <b>Nations</b>United Nations

Nov 7 Suez Crisis ends with a ceasefire as the United Nations Emergency Force is established at instigation of Canadian diplomat Lester B. Pearson and UN Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • Nov 8 UN demands USSR leave Hungary
  • Nov 9 Lou Thesz beats Whipper Billy Watson in St Louis, to become NWA wrestling champion

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Nov 10 Gene de Paul and Johnny Mercer's musical "Li'l Abner" premieres in NYC

Songwriter Johnny Mercer
Songwriter
Johnny Mercer
  • Nov 12 Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
  • Nov 13 US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional
  • Nov 14 Hungarian revolt put down by Soviet invasion
  • Nov 15 "Love Me Tender" (The Reno Brothers) film with Elvis Presley in his debut premieres in the US
  • Nov 15 "Li'l Abner" opens at St James Theater NYC for 693 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 17 Syracuse fullback Jim Brown, scores NCAA record of 43 pts (vs Colgate)

NFL Legend Jim Brown
NFL Legend
Jim Brown
  • Nov 17 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • Nov 18 Morocco gains independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev says the phrase "we will bury you!" to Western ambassadors at a reception at the Polish embassy in Moscow

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Nov 21 Don Newcombe wins NL MVP & 1st-ever Cy Young Award
  • Nov 22 XVI Summer Olympic Games open in Melbourne, Australia; first to be staged in Southern Hemisphere and Oceania, as well as first to be held outside Europe and North America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Bill Sharman (Boston) begins NBA free throw streak of 55 games

NBA Guard Bill Sharman
NBA Guard
Bill Sharman
  • Nov 23 Vladimir Kuts of the Soviet Union runs Olympic record 28:45.6 to win the 10,000m at the Melbourne Olympics; later also wins 5,000m gold
  • Nov 24 "Pajama Game" closes at St James Theater NYC after 1063 performances
  • Nov 24 CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Edmonton Eskimos make it 3rd consecutive Championships; defeat Montreal Alouettes for 3rd straight year, 50-27
  • Nov 24 Americans go 1-2 in the men's 100m final at the Melbourne Olympics; Bobby Morrow and Thane Baker both record hand-timed 10.50s but automatic timing gives gold medal to Morrow
  • Nov 24 Glenn Davis leads an American trifecta in the men's 400m hurdles at the Melbourne Olympics; hurdles Olympic record equalling 50.1s to beat team mates Eddie Southern and Joshua Culbreath
  • Nov 26 "The Price Is Right" debuts on NBC
  • Nov 26 USSR single sculls winner Vyacheslav Ivanov wins Olympic gold medal in his excitement he jumps for joy, & loses his medal, it sinks
  • Nov 26 Egil Danielsen of Norway sets a new world record throw of 85.71m to win the men's javelin gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Nov 26 Australian sprinter Betty Cuthbert wins the coveted 100m gold medal in 11.5 at the Melbourne Olympics; takes sprint double winning 200m final four days later

  • Nov 26 American weightlifter Charles Vinci wins bantamweight gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics with world-record 3-lift (snatch, clean & jerk, overhead press) total of 342.5 kilograms
  • Nov 27 F Goodrich and A Hackett's "Diary of Anne Frank" premieres in Netherlands
  • Nov 27 1957 NFL Draft: Paul Hornung from University of Notre Dame first pick by Green Bay Packers
  • Nov 27 Bobby Morrow takes out the Melbourne Olympics sprint double when he wins the 200m gold medal in equal world record 20.75s; beats American team mates Andy Stanfield and Thane Baker
  • Nov 27 Al Oerter wins first of 4 consecutive men's discus gold medals when he throws Olympic record 56.36m to lead an American medal sweep at the Melbourne Games; Fortune Gordien silver, Desmond Koch bronze
  • Nov 27 Elżbieta Krzesińska of Poland equals world record with leap of 6.53m to win the women's long jump gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Nov 28 Photography begins on "... & God Created Women"
  • Nov 28 Leonid Spirin leads a Soviet Union 1-2-3 to win the men's 20 kilometre walk gold medal in 1:31:27.4 at the Melbourne Olympics; beats team mates Antanas Mikėnas and Bruno Junk
  • Nov 28 Lee Calhoun leads an American trifecta in the men's 110m hurdles at the Melbourne Olympics; hurdles Olympic record 13.5s to beat team mates Jack Davis and Joel Shankle
  • Nov 28 Soviet runner Vladimir Kuts wraps up the Olympic middle distance double by winning the 5,000m gold medal at the Melbourne Games; runs Olympic records in both 5k and 10,000m events
  • Nov 28 Shirley Strickland de la Hunty of Australia retains her 80m hurdles Olympic title in OR 10.7s beating German Gisela Birkemeyer by just 0.2s at the Melbourne Games
  • Nov 29 "Bells Are Ringing" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 925 performances
  • Nov 29 Chris Brasher becomes first Briton to win an Olympic gold medal in track and field since 1936; claims 3,000m steeplechase in 8:41.2 at the Melbourne Games; initially disqualified but reversed on appeal
  • Nov 30 1st use of videotape on TV (Douglas Edwards & the News)

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Nov 30 At 21 years, 10 months, 3 weeks, 5 days Floyd Patterson becomes youngest world heavyweight boxing champion; KOs Archie Moore in 5th round in Chicago; first Olympic gold medalist to win a professional heavyweight title

Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion
Floyd Patterson
Boxing Champion Archie Moore
Boxing Champion
Archie Moore
  • Nov 30 Australian Betty Cuthbert takes Olympic sprint double when she runs OR equalling 23.4s to win the 200m gold medal at the Melbourne Games; beats Christa Stubnick in repeat of 100m final 4 days earlier
  • Nov 30 Milt Campbell sets Olympic record total of 7,937 points to upset fellow American and world record holder Rafer Johnson, and win the decathlon gold medal at the Melbourne Games
  • Nov 30 Jon Henricks swims world record 55.4 to win the men's 100m at the Melbourne Olympics; rare Australian 1-2-3 with John Devitt and Gary Chapman taking the minor medals
  • Nov 30 Gert Fredriksson of Sweden wins his 2nd straight K-1 10,000m canoeing gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; last time event held in the Summer Olympics; also wins 3rd consecutive K-1 1,000m gold
  • Dec 1 "Candide" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 73 performances
  • Dec 1 Algerian-born French long-distance runner Alain Mimoun wins the men's marathon in 2:25:00.0 at the Melbourne Olympics; first time runners follow painted line
  • Dec 1 Frank Robinson (NL) & Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year
  • Dec 1 Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta resigns
  • Dec 1 21st Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 34-7 in Birmingham
  • Dec 1 In front of 100,000 fans at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, a US Army baseball team beats an Australian all-star team, 11–5 in an Olympic exhibition game; Sergeant Vance Sutton belts a grand slam for Army
  • Dec 1 US men's 4 x 100m relay team of Thane Baker, Leamon King, Bobby Morrow & Ira Murchison sets world record 39.60s to win the gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Morrow's 3rd gold medal of the Games
  • Dec 1 Australian women's 4 x 100m relay team of Norma Croker, Betty Cuthbert, Fleur Mellor & Shirley Strickland de la Hunty run world record 44.65 to win the gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Cuthbert's 3rd gold of the Games
  • Dec 1 American Mildred McDaniel jumps world record 1.76m to win the women's high jump gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Briton Thelma Hopkins and Russian Mariya Pisareva dead-heat for silver (1.67m)
  • Dec 1 Hungarian boxer László Papp wins his 3rd straight Olympic gold medal when he beats future Hall of Famer José Torres representing the US on points in the light-middleweight final at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Dec 1 Legendary Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser sets world record 1:02.0 to win the women's 100m freestyle at the Melbourne Olympics; first of Fraser's 3 consecutive gold medals in the event

OlympicsOlympic Gold

Dec 1 Led by future Basketball Hall of Famers Bill Russell and K.C. Jones, the US wins it's 4th consecutive Olympic gold medal with an 89-55 victory over the Soviet Union at the Melbourne Games

Basketball Player Bill Russell
Basketball Player
Bill Russell
  • Dec 1 Romanian canoeist Leon Rotman wins the men's C-1,000m gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; claims the singles double after also winning the C-1 10,000m gold
  • Dec 1 Gert Fredriksson of Sweden wins his 3rd consecutive K-1 1,000m canoeing gold medal by 2.5s from Igor Pissarov of the Soviet Union at the Melbourne Olympics; also wins K-1 10,000m gold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 Fidel Castro lands with "Granma" on coast of Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Dec 3 Britain and France pull troops out of Egypt
  • Dec 3 KFSA (now KFSM) TV channel 5 in Ft Smith, AR (CBS) 1st broadcast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 Basketball icon Wilt Chamberlain makes his much anticipated varsity debut; scores 52 points and grabs 31 rebounds, breaking both all-time Kansas records in an 87–69 win against Northwestern

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • Dec 3 Australian 4 x 200m freestyle relay team of Kevin O'Halloran, John Devitt, Murray Rose & Jon Henricks swim world record 8:23.6 to take the gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Rose's 2nd of 3 gold at the Games
  • Dec 4 22nd Heisman Trophy Award: Paul Hornung, Notre Dame (QB)
  • Dec 4 Australian swimmer Murray Rose sets world record 4:27.3 to claim the 400m gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; Rose later also wins 1,500m gold
  • Dec 4 American diver Pat McCormick wins the 3m springboard gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics with 142.46 points; later wraps up the women's double when she takes the 10m platform gold
  • Dec 5 Thornton Wilder's "Matchmaker" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 5 17 year old British swimmer Judy Grinham and American Carin Cone both swim world record 1:12.9 in the women's 100m backstroke at the Melbourne Olympics; Grinham is awarded gold medal
  • Dec 5 Soviet artistic gymnast Larisa Latynina wins the women's vault and ties for gold in the floor exercise section at the Melbourne Olympics; later takes gold total to 4 with teams and individual all-round titles
  • Dec 5 Danish sailer Paul Elvstrøm wins the Finn class gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics; his 2nd straight Finn gold and 3rd consecutive Olympic gold in sailing
  • Dec 6 "Happy Hunting" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 413 performances

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 6 Nelson Mandela & 156 others arrested for political activities in South Africa

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Dec 6 Australian swimmer David Theile sets world record 1:02.2 to win the 100m backstroke gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Dec 6 Australian women's 4 × 100m freestyle relay team of Dawn Fraser, Faith Leech, Sandra Morgan & Lorraine Crapp swim world record 4:17.1 and beat powerful US team to win the gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Dec 6 Against the background of the Soviet invasion of Hungary the nations square off at the Melbourne Olympics in a famous water polo match; game called off with Hungary leading 4-0 and near riot halted by police; Hungary goes on to win gold medal
  • Dec 6 Randhir Singh Gentle scores the winner as India beats Pakistan, 1-0 in the Melbourne Olympics field hockey final to win it's 6th consecutive gold medal in the sport
  • Dec 6 German WWII prisoner of war Helmut Bantz and Soviet gymnast Valentin Muratov tie for the vault gold medal with 18.85 points at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Dec 6 Soviet gymnast Viktor Chukarin follows his parallel bars gold medal with the individual all-round title and teams gold at the Melbourne Olympics
  • Dec 7 Helen O'Connell joins Today Show panel
  • Dec 7 Australian swimmer Murray Rose claims his 3rd gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics when he wins the 1,500m in 17:58.9; also wins 400m & 4 x 200m relay
  • Dec 7 American diver Pat McCormick wraps up the women's double when she wins the 10m platform gold medal at the Melbourne Olympics with 84.85 points; also won the 3m springboard gold
  • Dec 7 Soviet artistic gymnast Larisa Latynina takes her gold medal tally to 4 at the Melbourne Olympics; wins teams and individual all-round titles having earlier won vault and floor exercise sections
  • Dec 8 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite program, TV-0
  • Dec 8 Guy Mitchell's "Singing the Blues" single goes #1 for 10 weeks
  • Dec 8 XVI Summer Olympic Games close in Melbourne, Australia; start of an Olympic tradition - amidst international tensions, athletes mingle together, parade into and around MCG arena for final appearance to close the Games

  • Dec 10 Establishment of MPLA in Angola
  • Dec 11 Anti-Russian demonstrations in Stettin & Wroclaw, Poland
  • Dec 12 Commencement of the Irish Republican Army's Border Campaign.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 13 Dodgers trade Jackie Robinson to Giants for pitcher Dick Littlefield & $35,000. Robinson will retire rather than be traded.

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson

Film release premierFilm Release

Dec 13 "Anastasia" comeback film for Ingrid Bergman is released in the US, role wins Bergman Academy Award for Best Actress.

  • Dec 14 Paul-Henri Spaak appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • Dec 15 Emergency crisis in North Ireland proclaimed after IRA strikes
  • Dec 15 KGW TV channel 8 in Portland, OR (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 15 WRAL TV channel 5 in Raleigh-Durham, NC (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 16 "Fanny" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 888 performances
  • Dec 18 "To Tell the Truth" debuts on CBS-TV
  • Dec 18 Israeli flag hoisted on Mount Sinai
  • Dec 18 Japan admitted to UN
  • Dec 18 Phil Rizzuto signs as NY Yankee radio-TV announcer
  • Dec 18 Ballon d'Or: Blackpool & England winger Stanley Matthews wins inaugural award for best football player in Europe; beats Real Madrid pair Alfredo Di Stéfano & Raymond Kopa
  • Dec 20 Military coup under colonel Simbolon in Sumatra
  • Dec 20 Montgomery, Alabama removes race-based seat assignments on its buses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 Martin Luther King Jr. and others sit in the new integrated bus

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Dec 22 "New Faces of 1956" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 221 performances