On This Day

Historical Events in January 1957

Music History

Jan 1 Benjamin Britten's ballet "Prince & the Pauper," premieres in London

  • Jan 1 France returns Saar to becomes the 10th state of German Federal Rep
  • Jan 1 International Geophysical Year begins; ends 6/30/1958 (18-mo year)

Historic Event

Jan 1 George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

  • Jan 1 An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA's Operation Harvest.
  • Jan 1 43rd Rose Bowl: #3 Iowa beats #10 Oregon State, 35-19
  • Jan 1 23rd Sugar Bowl: #11 Baylor beats #2 Tennessee, 13-7
  • Jan 1 23rd Orange Bowl: #20 Colorado beats #19 Clemson, 27-21

Boxing Title Fight

Jan 2 In the first of 4 meetings between the fighters, Gene Fullmer wins the world middleweight boxing title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Sugar Ray Robinson at New York’s Madison Square Garden

  • Jan 3 1st electric watch introduced, Lancaster Pa
  • Jan 4 "Blondie" situation comedy premieres on NBC TV (later on CBS)
  • Jan 4 Dodgers buy 44 passenger twin-engine airplane for $775,000

Sports History

Jan 5 Dodgers' Jackie Robinson announces his retirement rather than be traded to the NY Giants

Historic Event

Jan 5 US President Eisenhower asks Congress to send troops to the Middle East

TV Show Appearance

Jan 6 Elvis Presley makes his 7th & final appearance on "The Ed Sullivan Show"

  • Jan 6 Yeshiva Kol Ya'ackov opens in Moscow Russia
  • Jan 7 Algerian militant and National Liberation Front member Djamila Bouhired sets off a bomb in an Algiers cafe killing 11 civilians, precipitating the Battle of Algiers
  • Jan 9 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR
  • Jan 9 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"
  • Jan 9 Kalmyk Autonomous Region reformed in RSFSR
  • Jan 9 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR

Election of Interest

Jan 10 After Anthony Eden's resignation Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Sports History

Jan 10 Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick rules Bing Crosby can keep token stock in Detroit Tigers, even though he owns part of Pittsburgh Pirates

  • Jan 11 The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
  • Jan 11 Mass-murderer Jack Gilbert Graham is executed via the Gas Chamber.

Historic Event

Jan 12 Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) founded with Martin Luther King Jr. as leader at Ebenezer Church in Atlanta

  • Jan 13 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate
  • Jan 13 7th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: Western Conference beats Eastern Conference, 19-10; MVPs: Bert Rechichar, Baltimore Colts, K; Ernie Stautner, Pittsburgh Steelers, DT

Radio Premiere

Jan 13 "All that Fall", first radio play by Samuel Beckett, aired on BBC Third Programme

  • Jan 14 Kripalu Maharaj is named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher)
  • Jan 15 Brooklyn Dodgers extend their 5-year lease on Ebbets Field by signing a new 3-year lease with real estate developer Marvin Kratter; club moves to Los Angeles the next year

NBA All-Star Game

Jan 15 7th NBA All-Star Game, Boston Garden: East beats West, 109-97; MVP: Bob Cousy, Boston Celtics, PG

  • Jan 16 3 US B-52 bombers leave California for 1st non-stop around the world flights
  • Jan 16 Cavern Club opens on Matthews Street in Liverpool, England, home of many performances by The Beatles
  • Jan 17 9-county commission recommends creation of BART
  • Jan 18 3 B-52's set record for around-the-world flight, 45 hr 19 min
  • Jan 19 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • Jan 20 Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
  • Jan 20 Morton Gould's "Declaration" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 21 KSAT TV channel 12 in San Antonio, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 22 Israeli forces withdraw from Sinai Peninsula
  • Jan 22 Mad Bomber (George P Metesky) accused of 30 explosions, arrested
  • Jan 23 Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee disc (originally called the "Pluto Platter" until 1958)
  • Jan 23 Indian nationalist V. K. Krishna Menon begins the longest ever speech defending India's stand on Kashmir at the UN - 8 hours over 2 days
  • Jan 25 FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for USSR
  • Jan 26 Francis Poulenc's opera "Dialogue des Carmelites" premieres at La Scala, in Milan
  • Jan 26 Dutch Pacifist Socialist Party forms
  • Jan 26 India annexes Kashmir
  • Jan 26 Joseph F Cairnes succeeds Lou Perini as President of Milwaukee Braves

Television Premiere

Jan 28 "Tonight! America After Dark" premieres, with Jack Lescoulie & Al (Jazzbo) Collins on NBC (between Steve Allen & Jack Paar)

Australian Open Women's Tennis

Jan 28 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Shirley Fry Irvin wins all-American final; beats Althea Gibson 6-3, 6-4 for her only Australian singles title

Australian Men's Tennis Open

Jan 28 Australian Championship Men's Tennis: Ashley Cooper wins 1st of 2 straight Australian titles; beats fellow Australian Neale Fraser 6-3, 9-11, 6-4, 6-2

Historic Event

Jan 29 Graham Greene's "Potting Shed" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 30 US Congress accepts "Eisenhower-doctrine"
  • Jan 31 Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished
  • Jan 31 Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.