On This Day

Historical Events in July 1957

  • Jul 1 International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
  • Jul 1 WRLP TV channel 32 in Greenfield/Keene/Brat, MA (IND) 1st broadcast
  • Jul 2 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jul 2 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Jul 4 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts temporary tax increase

Sport awardWimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 5 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Lew Hoad successfully defends in crown beating fellow Australian Ashley Cooper 6-2, 6-1, 6-2

Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Lew Hoad
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Lew Hoad
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion Ashley Cooper
Tennis Player and Four-Time Major Champion
Ashley Cooper
  • Jul 5 England cricket batsman Tom Graveney scores a brilliant 258 in the drawn 3rd Test v West Indies at Trent Bridge
  • Jul 5 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: South African Bobby Locke wins his 4th Open by 3 strokes from defending champion Peter Thomson of Australia

Music concertMusic Concert

Jul 6 John Lennon (16) & Paul McCartney (15) meet for 1st time as Lennon's rock group Quarrymen perform at a church dinner

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney

Sport awardWimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 6 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Althea Gibson becomes the first black female athlete to win Wimbledon beating Darlene Hard 6-3, 6-2

Tennis Player Darlene Hard
Tennis Player
Darlene Hard
Tennis Player Althea Gibson
Tennis Player
Althea Gibson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 Harry S. Truman Library forms in Independence, Missouri

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jul 7 Heavy storm ravages Belgian coast
  • Jul 8 Baseball Owners re-elect Commissioner Ford Frick

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn Féin leaders

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 8 First Pugwash Conference, the "Thinkers Lodge" held on nuclear disarmament at Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, founded by Joseph Rotblat and hosted by Cyrus Eaton

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • Jul 9 24th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-6 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis

  • Jul 9 Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jul 12 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • Jul 14 Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
  • Jul 15 Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die
  • Jul 15 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Historic ExpeditionJohn Glenn Orbits Earth

Jul 16 US Marine Major John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)

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John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, getting into his spacecraft Friendship 7 in 1962
John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, getting into his spacecraft Friendship 7 in 1962
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  • Jul 19 1st rocket with nuclear warhead fired, Yucca Flat, Nevada
  • Jul 19 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 20 44th Tour de France: French cyclist Jacques Anquetil wins first of 5 general classification titles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 21 1st black to win a major US tennis tournament (Althea Gibson)

Tennis Player Althea Gibson
Tennis Player
Althea Gibson
  • Jul 21 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Miami Valley GC: Lionel Hebert wins 2 & 1 from Dow Finsterwald; last time event played under match-play format
  • Jul 24 KTVC TV channel 6 in Ensign, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 24 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 25 Monarchy in Tunisia abolished in favor of a republic
  • Jul 25 Peter Loader takes a cricket hat-trick for England v WI at Headingley
  • Jul 25 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 Mickey Mantle hits career HR # 200

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • Jul 26 USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile
  • Jul 26 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala, is assassinated by a palace guard with leftist sympathies
  • Jul 27 St James' Theatre in London closes

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

Jul 28 Jerry Lee Lewis makes his 1st TV appearance (Steve Allen Show)

Country Singer Jerry Lee Lewis
Country Singer
Jerry Lee Lewis
TV Personality, Comedian and Composer Steve Allen
TV Personality, Comedian and Composer
Steve Allen
  • Jul 28 White Sox' James Landis struck out 5 times in a game
  • Jul 28 Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jul 29 Floyd Patterson TKOs Tommy Jackson in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxing Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxing Champion
Floyd Patterson
  • Jul 29 International Atomic Energy Agency formed by UN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Jack Paar's The Tonight show premieres

Comedian and TV Host Jack Paar
Comedian and TV Host
Jack Paar