On This Day

Historical Events in July 1957

  • Jul 1 International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
  • Jul 1 WRLP TV channel 32 in Greenfield/Keene/Brat, Massachusetts (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 2 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback

Catholic Encyclical

Jul 2 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes

  • Jul 4 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts temporary tax increase
  • Jul 5 England cricket batsman Tom Graveney scores a brilliant 258 in the drawn 3rd Test v West Indies at Trent Bridge
  • Jul 5 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: South African Bobby Locke wins his 4th Open by 3 strokes from defending champion Peter Thomson of Australia

Music Concert

Jul 6 John Lennon (16) & Paul McCartney (15) meet for 1st time as Lennon's rock group Quarrymen perform at St. Peter's, Woolton's Parish Church in Liverpool

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 6 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Althea Gibson becomes the first black female athlete to win Wimbledon beating Darlene Hard 6-3, 6-2

Historic Event

Jul 6 Harry S. Truman Library forms in Independence, Missouri

  • Jul 7 Heavy storm ravages Belgian coast
  • Jul 8 Baseball Owners re-elect Commissioner Ford Frick

Historic Event

Jul 8 Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn Féin leaders

Conference of Interest

Jul 8 First Pugwash Conference, the "Thinkers Lodge" held on nuclear disarmament at Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, founded by Joseph Rotblat and hosted by Cyrus Eaton

  • Jul 9 24th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-6 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis
  • Jul 9 Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced

Historic Event

Jul 12 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower

  • Jul 12 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • Jul 14 Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
  • Jul 15 Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die
  • Jul 15 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 19 1st rocket with nuclear warhead fired, Yucca Flat, Nevada
  • Jul 19 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

Jul 20 44th Tour de France: French cyclist Jacques Anquetil wins first of 5 general classification titles

Sports History

Jul 21 1st black to win a major US tennis tournament (Althea Gibson)

  • Jul 21 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Miami Valley GC: Lionel Hebert wins 2 & 1 from Dow Finsterwald; last time event played under match-play format
  • Jul 24 KTVC TV channel 6 in Ensign, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 24 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 25 Monarchy in Tunisia abolished in favor of a republic
  • Jul 25 Peter Loader takes a cricket hat-trick for England v WI at Headingley
  • Jul 25 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

Jul 26 Mickey Mantle hits career HR # 200

  • Jul 26 USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile
  • Jul 26 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala, is assassinated by a palace guard with leftist sympathies
  • Jul 27 St James' Theatre in London closes
  • Jul 28 White Sox' James Landis struck out 5 times in a game
  • Jul 28 Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992

Boxing Title Fight

Jul 29 Floyd Patterson TKOs Tommy Jackson in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Jul 29 International Atomic Energy Agency formed by UN

Film & TV History

Jul 29 Jack Paar's "The Tonight show" premieres on NBC