Historical Events in October 1957

  • Oct 1 B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of USSR attack
  • Oct 1 First appearance of "In God We Trust" on U.S. paper currency.

The Bridge on the River Kwai

Oct 2 "The Bridge on the River Kwai", directed by David Lean and starring William Holden and Alec Guinness, is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1958)

  • Oct 2 New volcanic island appears off Fayal Island Azores
  • Oct 2 New York Yankees appear in their 25th Baseball World Series; beat Milwaukee Braves, 3-1 in Game 1 at Yankee Stadium; lose series, 4-3

Historic Event

Oct 3 Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems is ruled not obscene

Election of Interest

Oct 3 German statesman Willy Brandt is elected mayor of West Berlin (1957-1966)

  • Oct 4 Avro Arrow roll-out ceremony at Avro Canada plant in Malton, Ontario
  • Oct 4 Soviet Union launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite into elliptical low Earth orbit
  • Oct 4 TV sitcom "Leave It to Beaver" debuts on CBS
  • Oct 5 11th NHL All-Star Game, Montreal Forum, Montreal, QC: All-Stars beat Montreal Canadiens, 5-3
  • Oct 5 Ryder Cup Golf, Lindrick GC: Great Britain-Ireland win, 7½-4½; Dai Rees captains home team to first Cup victory since 1933
  • Oct 5 Yugoslav dissident Milovan Djilos sentenced to 7 years
  • Oct 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 7 KOAC TV channel 7 in Corvallis, OR (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 8 Brooklyn Dodgers announce move to Los Angeles
  • Oct 8 Procter & Gamble director N McElroy becomes US Secretary of Defense
  • Oct 8 Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (NYC)
  • Oct 8 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • Oct 9 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • Oct 10 A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, England becomes the world's first major nuclear accident
  • Oct 10 Baseball World Series: Milwaukee Braves beat NY Yankees, 5-0 at Yankee Stadium to clinch 4 games to 3 series victory; MVP: Braves pitcher Lew Burdette (3-0)

Historic Event

Oct 10 US President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a restaurant in Dover, Delaware

  • Oct 10 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 12 "Mask & Gown" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 39 performances
  • Oct 12 "Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 62 performances
  • Oct 12 Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • Oct 12 First commercial flight between California & Antarctica
  • Oct 13 German Democratic Republic recalls OstMark & issues new currency

#1 in the Charts

Oct 14 Everly Brothers' single "Wake Up Little Susie" reaches #1

Historic Event

Oct 14 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.

  • Oct 15 Giants trade Minneapolis franchise to Red Sox for SF Seals-franchises only, not the players

Historic Event

Oct 16 Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visits Williamsburg Virginia

  • Oct 16 USAF sends 2 aluminium bullets into space
  • Oct 17 "Copper & Brass" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
  • Oct 17 Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit the White House
  • Oct 17 Dike Marken-Dutch mainland closed

Nobel Prize

Oct 17 French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature

  • Oct 17 II Tsjoendrigar becomes premier of Pakistan
  • Oct 19 "Damn Yankees" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1,022 performances

Sports History

Oct 19 Montreal Canadien Maurice "Rocket" Richard, becomes the 1st NHLer to score 500 goals

  • Oct 20 Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings without losing a wicket

Nobel Prize

Oct 20 Lester B. Pearson is the first Canadian to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his aid in resolving the Suez Crisis

Historic Event

Oct 20 Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary

  • Oct 21 Giants purchase Class-A Phoenix team
  • Oct 22 KJAC TV channel 4 in Port Arthur-Beaumont, TX (NBC) 1st broadcast

Election of Interest

Oct 22 Konrad Adenauer re-elected Chancellor of West Germany

  • Oct 23 First test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3
  • Oct 24 Cincinnati Redlegs decline to move to Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City
  • Oct 24 The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.

Murder of Interest

Oct 25 Cosa Nostra crime boss Albert Anastasia is murdered in a barber's chair in New York City, probably by fellow mobster Joe Gallo

  • Oct 25 Russian minister of Defense Zjoekov deposed

Historic Event

Oct 26 USSR fires defense minister Marshal Georgi Zhukov

  • Oct 27 Celal Bayar re-elected president of Turkey
  • Oct 27 WOWL TV channel 15 in Florence, AL (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 27 WPTA TV channel 21 in Fort Wayne, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 28 WMVS TV channel 10 in Milwaukee, WI (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 29 Hand grenade explodes in Israel's Knesset (Parliament)

Music Premiere

Oct 30 Dmitri Shostakovich's 11th Symphony premieres in Moscow

  • Oct 30 WLWI (now WTHR) TV channel 13 in Indianapolis, IN (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Oct 30 WYTV TV channel 33 in Youngstown, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 31 Yip Harburg, Fred Saidy, and Harold Arlen's musical "Jamaica", starring Lena Horne, opens at Imperial Theater, NYC; runs for 558 performances