On This Day

Historical Events in April 1960

  • Apr 1 Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000
  • Apr 1 2nd French atom bomb explodes (Sahara)
  • Apr 1 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds, Algeria
  • Apr 1 U Nu elected premier of Burma
  • Apr 1 1st weather satellite launched (TIROS 1)
  • Apr 2 Mabry Harper catches a world record 25lb Walleye at Cedar Bluff on the Cumberland River in Tennessee
  • Apr 2 Cuba buys oil from USSR
  • Apr 2 KPEC TV channel 56 in Lakewood Center-Tacoma, WA (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • Apr 3 Earthquake at Havre, Belgium

Music Recording

Apr 3 Elvis Presley records ‘It's Now Or Never’, ‘Fever’ and ‘Are You Lonesome Tonight’ at RCA studios in Nashville, Tennessee

  • Apr 4 Oscar awarded to Netherlands director Bert Haanstra
  • Apr 4 Project Ozma begins at Green Bank radio astronomy center
  • Apr 4 Senegal declares independence from France
  • Apr 8 Netherlands and Germany sign accord concerning war casualties
  • Apr 8 US Senate passes Civil Rights Bill with measures against discriminatory voting practices
  • Apr 9 14th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3
  • Apr 9 South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd survives an assassination attempt by David Pratt despite being twice shot in the face

US Masters Golf

Apr 10 24th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: 1958 champion Arnold Palmer birdies the final 2 holes to win by 1 stroke over runner-up Ken Venturi

  • Apr 10 Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill
  • Apr 12 Bert Haanstra wins Oscar for "Glass"

Sports History

Apr 12 Bill Veeck & Chicago Comiskey Park debuts "Exploding Scoreboard"

  • Apr 13 US Department of Defense places "Transit 1B", 1st navigational satellite, in orbit around Earth

Music Premiere

Apr 14 Lee Adams and Charles Strouse's musical "Bye Bye Birdie", starring Dick Van Dyke, Chita Rivera, and Dick Gautier, opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC; runs for 607 performances

  • Apr 14 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile
  • Apr 14 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Montreal Canadiens beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4-0 for a 4 game sweep; 5th consecutive title

Music History

Apr 14 American record company Motown, founded by Berry Gordy Jr., is incorporated as Motown Record Corporation

  • Apr 15 Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), organizes at Shaw U
  • Apr 15 Guy Carawan sings "We Shall Overcome" to a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in Raleigh - popularising the song as a protest anthem
  • Apr 17 American Samoa sets up a constitutional government
  • Apr 17 Cleveland Indians trade Rocky Colavito to Tigers for Harvey Kuenn
  • Apr 18 64th Boston Marathon won by Paavo Kotila of Finland in 2:20:54
  • Apr 19 Baseball uniforms begin displaying players' names on their backs
  • Apr 19 Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
  • Apr 20 "From A to Z" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 21 performances
  • Apr 21 Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
  • Apr 21 Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 24 14th Tony Awards: "Miracle Worker" and "Fiorello!" win
  • Apr 24 Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed
  • Apr 24 Record 4 grand slams hit today
  • Apr 25 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed by USS submarine Triton in 60 days, 21 hours
  • Apr 27 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)

Historic Event

Apr 27 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns after 12 years in power

  • Apr 27 Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French administration
  • Apr 28 Webster and Fain's musical "Christine", based on Hilda Wernher's novel "My Indian Family", opens at 46th St Theater, NYC; runs for 12 performances
  • Apr 28 WIPM TV channel 3 in Mayaguez, PR (PBS) begins broadcasting