On This Day

Historical Events in August 1960

Music releaseMusic Recording

Aug 1 Aretha Franklins 1st recording session

Soul Singer Aretha Franklin
Soul Singer
Aretha Franklin
  • Aug 1 Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France
  • Aug 1 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • Aug 3 Niger gains independence from France
  • Aug 3 For the only time in MLB history teams exchange managers as Detroit trades Jimmy Dykes (44-52) for Cleveland's Joe Gordon (49-46)
  • Aug 3 Pittsburgh Steelers (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 43-16 in exhibition game at CNE Stadium in Toronto
  • Aug 3 Lee Petty and his sons, Richard & Maurice race against each other for the first and only time at Dixie Speedway in Birmingham, Alabama; Richard 2nd, Lee 3rd
  • Aug 4 Rocket propelled USAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150 MPH
  • Aug 5 Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) declares independence from France
  • Aug 6 The UN Security Council lay down rules which would allow UN forces to enter Congo

Music ReleaseThe Twist Dance Craze

Aug 6 Chubby Checker performs his version of "The Twist" on "The Dick Clark Show" starting a worldwide dance craze

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Young people in Berlin taking part in the Twist dance craze, 1964
Young people in Berlin taking part in the Twist dance craze, 1964
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  • Aug 7 Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) gains independence from France
  • Aug 7 Students stage kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches

Sport awardGolf Tournament

Aug 7 Arnold Palmer's 20th PGA Tour win; rallies from a 5-stroke deficit to enter a playoff, then beats Jack Fleck and Bill Collins to win the Insurance City Open

  • Aug 8 "Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini" hits #1
  • Aug 8 Ivory Coast declares independence

  • Aug 8 South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • Aug 8 Charges against 53 of the 76 Africans detained after the Sharpeville massacre in South Africa are dropped
  • Aug 9 Race riot in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Aug 10 Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returned 1st object from space
  • Aug 10 Nicolaas Jouwe forms PANA in New Guinea

Film release premierFilm Premier

Aug 10 Los Angeles premiere of Alfred Hitchcock's "Psycho" starring Anthony Perkins and Janet Leigh

  • Aug 11 Chad declares Independence from France
  • Aug 12 27th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Baltimore 32, All-Stars 7 (70,000)
  • Aug 12 Echo 1, 1st communications satellite, is launched by NASA
  • Aug 12 Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 8.21m
  • Aug 12 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 41,600 m
  • Aug 13 Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
  • Aug 13 USSR withdraws advisors from China
  • Aug 14 UN peace-keeping troops deployed to the Republic of Congo
  • Aug 14 Australian driver Jack Brabham clinches his second consecutive F1 World Drivers Championship by winning the Portuguese Grand Prix at Boavista
  • Aug 15 CFL's Calgary Stampeders move into McMahon Stadium
  • Aug 15 Chicago Bears beat NY Giants 16-7 in Toronto (NFL expo)
  • Aug 15 Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declares Independence from France
  • Aug 15 Mil Brave Lew Burdette no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 1-0
  • Aug 15 UFO is sighted by 3 California patrolmen

  • Aug 16 Britain grants independence to crown colony of Cyprus
  • Aug 16 Joseph Kittinger parachutes from balloon at 31,330 m (84,700')
  • Aug 16 Republic of Congo (Zaire, Dem Rep of Congo) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Francis Gary Powers U-2 spy trial opens in Moscow

Pilot and Spy Francis Gary Powers
Pilot and Spy
Francis Gary Powers
  • Aug 17 Gabon gains independence from France (National Day)
  • Aug 17 Indonesia drops diplomatic relations with Netherlands
  • Aug 18 1st photograph bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa and Richardson, Texas
  • Aug 18 The Beatles give their 1st public performance at the Indra Club in Hamburg
  • Aug 18 Lew Burdette pitches to just 27 for a 1-0 no-hitter against Phillies
  • Aug 19 Francis Gary Powers convicted of spying by USSR (U-2 incident)
  • Aug 19 Soviet Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 2 rats, 40 mice, 1 rabbit and fruit flies into orbit, - 1st animals to return alive from obit
  • Aug 19 The first commercial atomic energy reactor, owned by the Yankee Atomic Electric Company, achieves a self-sustaining nuclear reaction in Rowe, Deerfield River, Massachusetts
  • Aug 20 Senegal breaks from Mali federation, declaring independence
  • Aug 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs, 1st living organisms to return from space

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 22 Gil Hodges set NL right handed HR record with #352

MLB First Baseman Gil Hodges
MLB First Baseman
Gil Hodges
  • Aug 23 World's largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea)
  • Aug 24 -127°F (-88°C), Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
  • Aug 24 60 people die when a bus plunges off bridge into Turvo River, Brazil
  • Aug 24 21st Venice Film Festival: "Tomorrow Is My Turn" directed by Andre Cayatte wins Golden Lion
  • Aug 25 XVII Summer Olympic Games open in Rome, Italy

  • Aug 25 AFL begins placing players names on back of their jerseys
  • Aug 25 Demonstrations against Congolese prime minister Patrice Lumumba
  • Aug 27 Anita Lonsbrough swims world/olympic record 200m (2:49.5)
  • Aug 27 Australian swimmer John Devitt controversially wins the 100m freestyle gold medal at the Rome Olympics; recorded same time 55.2 as silver medallist American Lance Larson
  • Aug 27 British swimmer Anita Lonsbrough sets 200m breaststroke world record 2:49.5 to beat German pair Wiltrud Urselmann & Barbara Göbel for the gold medal at the Rome Olympics
  • Aug 28 White Sox Ted Kluzewski's 3-run HR is disallowed as umpire called time
  • Aug 29 Jordan premier Hazza-el-Madjali deadly injured at bomb attack
  • Aug 29 Swedish canoeists Gert Fredriksson and Sven-Olov Sjödelius win the K2-1,000m in 3:34.73 at the Rome Olympics; Fredriksson's 6th gold medal in 4 Olympic Games
  • Aug 29 Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser wins blue ribband 100m freestyle gold medal at the Rome Olympics; retains title won in Melbourne 1956; will win unprecedented 3rd consecutive 100m gold in Tokyo 1964
  • Aug 29 Italy wins cycling team pursuit and Sante Gaiardoni takes the sprint gold medal at the Rome Olympics; Italy wins all 4 track events and road team time trial to thoroughly dominate sport
  • Aug 30 Boston 2nd baseman Pete Runnels goes 6-for-7
  • Aug 30 East Germany imposes a partial blockade on West Berlin
  • Aug 30 US women's 4 x 100m medley relay team swims world record 4:41.1 to beat Australia and win the gold medal at the Rome Olympics; Lynn Burke, Patty Kempner, Carolyn Schuler & Chris von Saltza
  • Aug 31 Agricultural Hall of Fame forms
  • Aug 31 US sweeps the medals in the shot put at the Rome Olympics; Bill Nieder wins gold with 19.68m ahead of countrymen Parry O'Brien and Dallas Long