On This Day

Historical Events in July 1960

Music History

Jul 1 Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense" premieres in Basel

  • Jul 1 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories

Historic Event

Jul 1 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

  • Jul 1 Ghana becomes a republic
  • Jul 1 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • Jul 1 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
  • Jul 1 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Neale Fraser wins is first and only Wimbledon singles title; beats Rod Laver 6-4, 3-6, 9-7, 7-5

  • Jul 2 "Once Upon a Mattress" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 460 performances

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Defending champion Maria Bueno of Brazil beats South African Sandra Reynolds 8–6, 6–0

  • Jul 4 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled

Baseball Record

Jul 4 Yankees outfielder Mickey Mantle hits 3-run homer vs Washington, 18th MLB player to hit 300 HRs

  • Jul 5 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • Jul 6 Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
  • Jul 7 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands
  • Jul 7 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • Jul 8 Fidel Castro ends Havana's International League team, Sugar Kings move to New Jersey

British Golf Open

Jul 9 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Australian Kel Nagle wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Arnold Palmer in the centenary year of the Open Championship

  • Jul 10 Belgium sends troops to Congo
  • Jul 10 UEFA European Championship Final, Parc des Princes, Paris, France: Viktor Ponedelnik scores in extra time as Soviet Union beats Yugoslavia, 2-1
  • Jul 11 28th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-3 at Municipal Stadium, KC
  • Jul 11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • Jul 11 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta and Niger declare independence
  • Jul 11 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independent

Historic Publication

Jul 11 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

  • Jul 12 Congo, Chad and Central African Republic declare independence
  • Jul 12 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • Jul 12 XEWT TV channel 12 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 12 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • Jul 13 29th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-0 at Yankee Stadium, New York
  • Jul 13 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Presidential Convention

Jul 13 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

  • Jul 14 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300

Sports History

Jul 15 Baltimore's future Baseball Hall of Fame third baseman Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle in the Orioles' 5-2 win over the Chicago White Sox

  • Jul 15 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • Jul 16 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer
  • Jul 16 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • Jul 17 47th Tour de France won by Gastone Nencini of Italy
  • Jul 18 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • Jul 18 Baseball's NL votes to add Houston and NY franchises
  • Jul 18 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • Jul 19 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • Jul 20 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • Jul 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Jul 20 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage
  • Jul 21 Country of Katanga forms in Africa

Election of Interest

Jul 21 Sirimavo Bandaranaike becomes the world's 1st female elected head of government, as Prime Minister of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)

  • Jul 21 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing
  • Jul 22 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories

US Women's Golf Open

Jul 23 US Open Women's Golf, Worcester CC: Betsy Rawls wins her 4th Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Joyce Ziske

  • Jul 24 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Firestone CC: Jay Hebert wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Australian Jim Ferrier
  • Jul 25 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels
  • Jul 26 Italian government of Fanfani forms

Presidential Convention

Jul 27 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

  • Jul 28 US Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate
  • Jul 30 1st AFL preseason game Boston Patriots defeat Bills in Buffalo (28-7)

Historic Event

Jul 31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state

  • Jul 31 KSOO (now KSFY) TV channel 13 in Sioux Falls, SD (NBC) 1st broadcast