On This Day

Historical Events in 1960 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 687

  • May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Al Drury (Advice & Consent)
  • May 2 House investigating committee, looking into payola questions
  • May 3 Musical "Fantasticks" by Harvey Schmidt and Tom Jones, premieres in NYC (world's longest running musical)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • May 4 1st great Delta dam closes, North-South Beveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 US President Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 6 Students attack Dutch embassy in Jakarta
  • May 6 Trotsky's murderer Jacques Mornard (Ramon Mercader) freed in Mexico
  • May 7 "Christine" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • May 7 "Flower Drum Song" closes at St James Theater NYC after 602 performances
  • May 7 "From A to Z" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 21 performances
  • May 7 86th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Venetian Way wins in 2:02.4
  • May 7 Dodgers Larry & Norm Sherry are baseball's 10th brother battery
  • May 7 LA Dodger Norm Sherry's 11th HR wins the game for brother Larry

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 Leonid Brezhnev replaces Kliment Voroshilov as President of USSR

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • May 7 Michael Tal beats Mikhail Botvinnik 12½-8½ for world chess championship

  • May 7 USSR announces Francis Gary Powers confesses to being a CIA spy
  • May 8 USSR & Cuba resume diplomatic relations
  • May 9 Nigeria becomes a member of British Commonwealth
  • May 9 US becomes the first country to legalize the birth control pill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 10 John F. Kennedy wins primary in West Virginia

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • May 10 US atomic submarine USS Triton completes 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe
  • May 11 French liner "France" launched

Execution'The Banality of Evil'

May 11 Israeli soldiers capture Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires
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Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem
Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann sits in the dock at his 1961 trial in Jerusalem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 Elvis Presley appears on a Frank Sinatra special

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • May 13 1st launch of Delta satellite launching vehicle; it failed
  • May 13 Phillies lose 3rd consecutive 1-0 game
  • May 13 WOLE TV channel 12 in Aguadillo, PR
  • May 14 "At the Drop of a Hat" closes at John Golden NYC after 216 performances
  • May 14 USSR launch 1st (unmanned) space capsule
  • May 14 Virgil Thomson's "Missa Pro Defunctis" premieres in Potsdam, NY
  • May 15 Chic Cub Don Cardwell no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th String quartet premieres in Leningrad

  • May 15 KHVO TV channel 13 in Hilo, HI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • May 15 Sputnik 4 launched into Earth orbit; later recovery failed
  • May 15 Taxes took 25% of earnings in US

  • May 15 "L'Avventura", Italian film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, starring Gabriele Ferzetti, Monica Vitti. premieres at Cannes
  • May 16 Big 4 summit in Paris collapses as USSR levels spy charges against US
  • May 16 Theodore Maiman operates the first optical laser, at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California
  • May 17 1st atomic reactor system patented by J W Flora of Canoga Park, California
  • May 18 Eillen Fulton begins playing Lisa on As the World Turns (for almost 30 yrs)
  • May 18 Jean Genet's "Le Balcon" premieres in Paris
  • May 18 European Cup Final, Glasgow: Ferenc Puskás scores 4, Alfredo Di Stéfano 3 as Real Madrid routs Eintracht Frankfurt, 7-3; 5th consecutive title for Los Blancos
  • May 19 Alan Freed & eight other DJs accused of taking radio payola
  • May 19 Belgian parliament requires rest day for self employed
  • May 19 Juan Marichal debuts as SF Giant pitcher, beats Phillies on 1 hitter
  • May 19 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222 m
  • May 20 Baseball game in Milwaukee postponed due to dense fog

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 13th Cannes Film Festival: "The Sweet Life" directed by Federico Fellini wins the Palme d'Or

Film director, Scriptwriter Federico Fellini
Film director, Scriptwriter
Federico Fellini
  • May 21 85th Preakness: Bobby Ussery aboard Bally Ache wins in 1:57.6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 21 Leontyne Price becomes the first African American to sing the lead at Teatro alla Scala in Milan in "Aida"

Opera Soprano Leontyne Price
Opera Soprano
Leontyne Price
  • May 22 Tsunami generated by a magnitude 9.4-9.6 earthquake in Chile strikes Hilo, Hawaii at 01:04 AM, severely damaging virtually all coastal towns between the 37th and 44th parallels
  • May 22 A magnitude 9.4-9.6 earthquake strikes near the city of Valdivia in Chile, the strongest earhtquake ever recorded, causing multiple tsunamis and killing 1,000-7,000 people
  • May 23 "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • May 23 "Got A Girl" by The Four Preps hits #24

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina

Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal Adolf Eichmann
Nazi SS Officer and War Criminal
Adolf Eichmann
  • May 23 WGTV TV channel 8 in Athens-Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 23 WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
  • May 23 WRCA radio changes call letters back to WNBC (NYC)
  • May 24 1 millionth Dutch telephone installed
  • May 25 George Crowe's record 11th pinch-hit HR
  • May 27 Baltimore manager Paul Richards devises oversized catcher's mitt, used by Baltimore Oriole Clint Courtney
  • May 27 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
  • May 28 "Greenwillow" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 95 performances
  • May 28 59th Men's French Championships: Nicola Pietrangeli beats Luis Ayala (3-6, 6-3, 6-4, 4-6, 6-3)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28 59th Women's French Championships: Darlene Hard beats Yola Ramirez (6-3, 6-4)

Tennis Player Darlene Hard
Tennis Player
Darlene Hard

Music release#1 in the Charts

May 29 Everly Brothers "Cathy's Clown" hits #1

Singer Phil Everly
Singer
Phil Everly
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Jim Rathmann wins in 3:36:11.384 (223.324 km/h)
  • Jun 1 "Finian's Rainbow" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • Jun 1 WDTV TV channel 5 in Clarksburg-Weston, WV (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 2 Broadway theaters close (labor dispute between owners & Actors Equity)
  • Jun 5 "George Gobel Show" last airs on CBS-TV
  • Jun 6 Roy Orbison releases "Only the Lonely"
  • Jun 6 South African police kill 11 Pondo's at Nqusa Hill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 "Steve Allen Show" last airs on NBC-TV

TV Personality, Comedian and Composer Steve Allen
TV Personality, Comedian and Composer
Steve Allen
  • Jun 8 1st date in James Clavell's novel "Nobel House"
  • Jun 8 Argentine government demands release of Adolf Eichmann
  • Jun 9 ABC and AFL sign a 5 year contract
  • Jun 9 Typhoon Mary in China kills at least 1,600
  • Jun 11 92nd Belmont: Bill Hartack aboard Celtic Ash wins in 2:29.2
  • Jun 11 House packed with wedding celebrants collapses killing 30 (Pakistan)
  • Jun 12 KORN (now KDLT) TV channel 5 in Mitchell-Sioux Falls, SD (ABC) begins
  • Jun 13 "Alley-Oop" by Dyna-Sores peaks at #59
  • Jun 13 Prince Norodom Sihanoek becomes head of Cambodia
  • Jun 15 Ángel Cordero wins his 1st of over 7,000 horse races
  • Jun 15 Argentina complains to UN about Israeli illicit transfer of Eichmann

Film release premierFilm Premier

Jun 15 "The Apartment" directed by Billy Wilder and starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine premieres in New York (Academy Awards Best Picture 1961)

Film release premierFilm Release

Jun 16 "Psycho", psychological horror film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Janet Leigh, Anthony Perkins, and Vera Miles, opens in New York City

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17 Ted Williams hit his 500th HR

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Jun 18 "Destry Rides Again" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 472 performances

Sport awardUS Golf Open

Jun 18 US Open Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Arnold Palmer stages greatest comeback in tournament history; erases a 7-stroke final round deficit to win his only US Open title by 2 strokes ahead of Jack Nicklaus

  • Jun 18 Giants hire Tom Sheehan as baseball's oldest debuting manager (66)

Music releaseMusic Recording

Jun 19 Loretta Lynn records "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl"

Singer-songwriter Loretta Lynn
Singer-songwriter
Loretta Lynn
  • Jun 19 1st Copa Libertadores Final, Asunción: Luis Cubilla scores 83' equaliser for Peñarol of Uruguay for 1-1 draw against Olimpia (Paraguay); win 2-1 on aggregate after taking 1st-leg 1-0 in Montevideo

Film tv awardsEmmy Awards

Jun 20 12th Emmy Awards: Playhouse 90, Robert Stack & Jane Wyatt win

Actress Jane Wyatt
Actress
Jane Wyatt
  • Jun 20 Federation of Mali and Senegal become independent of France

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 20 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion
Floyd Patterson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 20 "The Huckleberry Hound Show" by Hanna-Barbera becomes the first animated programme to win an Emmy

Animator Joseph Barbera
Animator
Joseph Barbera
Animator William Hanna
Animator
William Hanna
  • Jun 21 German sprinter Armin Hary runs world record 100m (10.0)
  • Jun 23 "The Pat Boone-Chevy Showroom" last airs on ABC-TV
  • Jun 23 Japan signs security treaty with the US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 1st contraceptive pill is made available for purchase in the U.S.

Chemist Carl Djerassi
Chemist
Carl Djerassi
  • Jun 24 Geoff Griffin takes a hat-trick South Africa v England Lord's
  • Jun 24 10th Berlin International Film Festival: "El Lazarillo de Tormes" wins Golden Bear
  • Jun 25 Earthquake in NE Belgium
  • Jun 25 Madagascar gains independence from France
  • Jun 25 Somaliland is granted independence by British government
  • Jun 25 South Africa beats New Zealand 13-0 in the first rugby test of the series in Johannesburg
  • Jun 26 British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
  • Jun 26 Hall of Fame allows veteran committee to vote annually
  • Jun 26 Italian Somaliland declares independence from Italian administration
  • Jun 26 Madagascar (formerly Malagasy Rep) declares independence from France
  • Jun 26 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Beverly CC: Joyce Ziske wins on the second hole of a sudden-death playoff with Barbara Romack
  • Jun 27 British Somaliland becomes part of Somalia
  • Jun 27 Chlorophyll "A" synthesized in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Jun 27 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam-Ruhrgebied opens
  • Jun 28 10.40" (26.42 cm) of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record)
  • Jun 29 KYA-AM in San Francisco changes call letters to KDBQ (for 2 weeks)
  • Jun 30 US stops sugar import from Cuba
  • Jun 30 Zaire (formerly Belgian Congo) declares independence from Belgium

  • Jul 1 Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense" premieres in Basel
  • Jul 1 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Jul 1 Ghana becomes a republic
  • Jul 1 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • Jul 1 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
  • Jul 1 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London

Sport awardWimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Neale Fraser wins is first and only Wimbledon singles title; beats Rod Laver 6-4, 3-6, 9-7, 7-5

Tennis Player Rod Laver
Tennis Player
Rod Laver
  • Jul 2 "Once Upon a Mattress" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 460 performances

Sport awardWimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Defending champion Maria Bueno of Brazil beats South African Sandra Reynolds 8–6, 6–0

Tennis Champion Maria Bueno
Tennis Champion
Maria Bueno

Sport awardLPGA Championship

Jul 4 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Sheraton Hotel CC: Mickey Wright wins by 3 from Louise Suggs

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Jul 4 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 4 Yankees outfielder Mickey Mantle hits 3-run homer vs Washington, 18th MLB player to hit 300 HRs

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • Jul 5 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • Jul 6 Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
  • Jul 7 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands
  • Jul 7 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • Jul 8 Fidel Castro ends Havana's International League team, Sugar Kings move to New Jersey
  • Jul 9 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Australian Kel Nagle wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Arnold Palmer in the centenary year of the Open Championship
  • Jul 10 Belgium sends troops to Congo
  • Jul 10 UEFA European Championship Final, Parc des Princes, Paris, France: Viktor Ponedelnik scores in extra time as Soviet Union beats Yugoslavia, 2-1
  • Jul 11 28th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-3 at Municipal Stadium, KC
  • Jul 11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • Jul 11 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta and Niger declare independence
  • Jul 11 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independent

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 11 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • Jul 12 Congo, Chad and Central African Republic declare independence
  • Jul 12 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • Jul 12 XEWT TV channel 12 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 12 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.

  • Jul 13 29th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-0 at Yankee Stadium, New York
  • Jul 13 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA
  • Jul 13 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate
  • Jul 14 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • Jul 15 Baltimore Orioles' Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle

Music ReleaseThe Twist Dance Craze

Jul 15 Chubby Checker releases his version of "The Twist" in the US (date approximate)
Learn More >>

Young people in Berlin taking part in the Twist dance craze, 1964
Young people in Berlin taking part in the Twist dance craze, 1964
  • Jul 15 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • Jul 16 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer
  • Jul 16 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • Jul 17 47th Tour de France won by Gastone Nencini of Italy
  • Jul 18 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • Jul 18 Baseball's NL votes to add Houston and NY franchises
  • Jul 18 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • Jul 19 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • Jul 19 SF Giants Juan Marichal debuts, with a 1 hitter against Phillies
  • Jul 20 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • Jul 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Jul 20 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage
  • Jul 21 Country of Katanga forms in Africa

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 21 Sirimavo Bandaranaike becomes the world's 1st female head of state elected in modern times, as Prime Minister of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)

World's 1st Female Head of State Sirimavo Bandaranaike
World's 1st Female Head of State
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
  • Jul 21 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing
  • Jul 22 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories

Sport awardUS Women's Golf Open

Jul 23 US Open Women's Golf, Worcester CC: Betsy Rawls wins her 4th Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Joyce Ziske

LPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls
LPGA Golfer
Betsy Rawls
  • Jul 24 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Firestone CC: Jay Hebert wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Australian Jim Ferrier
  • Jul 25 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels
  • Jul 26 Italian government of Fanfani forms

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 27 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jul 28 Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate
  • Jul 30 1st AFL preseason game Boston Patriots defeat Bills in Buffalo (28-7)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad

  • Jul 31 KSOO (now KSFY) TV channel 13 in Sioux Falls, SD (NBC) 1st broadcast

Music releaseMusic Recording

Aug 1 Aretha Franklins 1st recording session

Soul Singer Aretha Franklin
Soul Singer
Aretha Franklin
  • Aug 1 Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France
  • Aug 1 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • Aug 3 Niger gains independence from France
  • Aug 3 For the only time in MLB history teams exchange managers as Detroit trades Jimmy Dykes (44-52) for Cleveland's Joe Gordon (49-46)
  • Aug 3 Pittsburgh Steelers (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 43-16 in exhibition game at CNE Stadium in Toronto
  • Aug 3 Lee Petty and his sons, Richard & Maurice race against each other for the first and only time at Dixie Speedway in Birmingham, Alabama; Richard 2nd, Lee 3rd
  • Aug 4 Rocket propelled USAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150 MPH
  • Aug 5 Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) declares independence from France
  • Aug 6 The UN Security Council lay down rules which would allow UN forces to enter Congo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Chubby Checker performs his version of "The Twist" on "The Dick Clark Show" starting a worldwide dance craze

Radio and TV Personality Dick Clark
Radio and TV Personality
Dick Clark
Singer and Dancer Chubby Checker
Singer and Dancer
Chubby Checker
  • Aug 7 Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) gains independence from France
  • Aug 7 Students stage kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches
  • Aug 7 Arnold Palmer's 20th PGA Tour win; rallies from a 5-stroke deficit to enter a playoff, then beats Jack Fleck and Bill Collins to win the Insurance City Open
  • Aug 8 "Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini" hits #1
  • Aug 8 Ivory Coast declares independence
  • Aug 8 South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • Aug 8 Charges against 53 of the 76 Africans detained after the Sharpeville massacre in South Africa are dropped