Historical Events in 1960 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 684

  • May 2 US House of Representative investigating committee, looking into payola questions in broadcasting
  • May 3 Musical "Fantasticks" by Harvey Schmidt and Tom Jones, premieres in NYC (world's longest running musical)

Historic Event

May 3 The Anne Frank House opens in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

  • May 4 1st great Delta dam closes, North-South Beveland
  • May 6 Students attack Dutch embassy in Jakarta
  • May 6 Trotsky's murderer Jacques Mornard (Ramon Mercader) freed in Mexico

Historic Event

May 6 US President Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960

  • May 7 86th Kentucky Derby: Bill Hartack on Venetian Way wins in 2:02.4
  • May 7 Dodgers Larry & Norm Sherry are baseball's 10th brother battery
  • May 7 LA Dodger Norm Sherry's 11th HR wins the game for brother Larry

Historic Event

May 7 Leonid Brezhnev replaces Kliment Voroshilov as President of USSR

  • May 7 Michael Tal beats Mikhail Botvinnik 12½-8½ for world chess championship
  • May 7 Musical review "From A to Z" closes at Plymouth Theater, NYC, after 21 performances
  • May 7 Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical "Flower Drum Song" closes at St James Theater. NYC, after 602 performances and 1 Tony Award

Historic Event

May 7 USSR announces Francis Gary Powers confesses to being a CIA spy

  • May 7 Webster and Fain's musical "Christine", based on Hilda Wernher's novel "My Indian Family", closes at 46th St Theater, NYC, after 12 performances
  • May 8 1st performance of Ferde Grofé's "San Francisco Suite", with Grofé conducting, in San Francisco
  • May 8 USSR & Cuba resume diplomatic relations
  • May 9 Nigeria becomes a member of British Commonwealth
  • May 9 US becomes the first country to legalize the birth control pill

Historic Event

May 10 John F. Kennedy wins presidential primary in West Virginia

  • May 10 US atomic submarine USS Triton completes 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe
  • May 11 French liner "France" launched

TV Show Appearance

May 12 Elvis Presley appears on a Frank Sinatra television special; Elvis sings Sinatra's 1957 Cy Coleman hit "Witchcraft", and Frank performs Presley's 1956 classic "Love Me Tender"

  • May 13 1st launch of Delta satellite launching vehicle; it failed
  • May 13 Phillies lose 3rd consecutive 1-0 game
  • May 13 WOLE TV channel 12 in Aguadillo, PR
  • May 14 "At the Drop of a Hat" closes at John Golden NYC after 216 performances
  • May 14 USSR launch 1st (unmanned) space capsule
  • May 14 Virgil Thomson's "Missa Pro Defunctis" premieres in Potsdam, NY
  • May 15 "L'Avventura", Italian film directed by Michelangelo Antonioni, starring Gabriele Ferzetti, Monica Vitti. premieres at Cannes
  • May 15 Chic Cub Don Cardwell no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0

Music History

May 15 Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th String quartet premieres in Leningrad

  • May 15 KHVO TV channel 13 in Hilo, HI (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • May 15 Sputnik 4 launched into Earth orbit; later recovery failed
  • May 15 Taxes took 25% of earnings in US
  • May 16 Big 4 summit in Paris collapses as USSR levels spy charges against US
  • May 16 Theodore Maiman operates the first optical laser, at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California
  • May 17 1st atomic reactor system patented by J W Flora of Canoga Park, California
  • May 18 Eillen Fulton begins playing Lisa on As the World Turns (for almost 30 yrs)

Sports History

May 18 European Cup Final, Glasgow: Ferenc Puskás scores 4, Alfredo Di Stéfano 3 as Real Madrid routs Eintracht Frankfurt, 7-3; 5th consecutive title for Los Blancos

Theater Premiere

May 18 Jean Genet's play "Le Balcon" (The Balcony) premieres in Paris

  • May 19 Alan Freed & eight other DJs accused of taking radio payola
  • May 19 Belgian parliament requires rest day for self employed

Sports History

May 19 SF Giants rookie Juan Marichal beats Philadelphia Phillies, 2-0 on debut at Candlestick Park; first National League hurler since 1900 to debut with a one-hitter

  • May 19 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222 m

Cannes Film Festival

May 20 13th Cannes Film Festival: "The Sweet Life" directed by Federico Fellini wins the Palme d'Or

  • May 20 Baseball game in Milwaukee postponed due to dense fog
  • May 21 85th Preakness: Bobby Ussery aboard Bally Ache wins in 1:57.6

Music History

May 21 Leontyne Price becomes the first African American to sing the lead at Teatro alla Scala in Milan in "Aida"

  • May 22 A magnitude 9.4-9.6 earthquake strikes near the city of Valdivia in Chile, the strongest ever recorded, causing multiple tsunamis and killing 1,000-7,000 people
  • May 22 Tsunami generated by a magnitude 9.4-9.6 earthquake in Chile strikes Hilo, Hawaii at 01:04 AM, severely damaging virtually all coastal towns between the 37th and 44th parallels
  • May 23 "Finian's Rainbow" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • May 23 "Got A Girl" by The Four Preps hits #24

Historic Event

May 23 Israel announces capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina

  • May 23 WGTV TV channel 8 in Athens-Atlanta, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • May 23 WKBM TV (now WLII) channel 11 in Caguas/San Juan, PR 1st broadcast
  • May 23 WRCA radio changes call letters back to WNBC (NYC)
  • May 24 1 millionth Dutch telephone installed
  • May 25 George Crowe's record 11th pinch-hit HR
  • May 27 Baltimore manager Paul Richards devises oversized catcher's mitt, used by Baltimore Oriole Clint Courtney
  • May 27 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
  • May 28 59th Men's French Championships: Nicola Pietrangeli beats Luis Ayala (3-6, 6-3, 6-4, 4-6, 6-3)

Sports History

May 28 59th Women's French Championships: Darlene Hard beats Yola Ramirez (6-3, 6-4)

Musical Finale

May 28 Frank Loesser's musical "Greenwillow", starring Anthony Perkins, closes at Alvin Theater, NYC, after 95 performances

#1 in the Charts

May 29 Everly Brothers single "Cathy's Clown" hits #1

  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Greatest two-man duel in race history; winner Jim Rathmann and Rodger Ward battle out then-record 29 lead changes until Ward slows with tire trouble
  • Jun 1 "Finian's Rainbow" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • Jun 1 WDTV TV channel 5 in Clarksburg-Weston, WV (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 2 Broadway theaters close (labor dispute between owners & Actors Equity)
  • Jun 5 "George Gobel Show" last airs on CBS-TV

Television Finale

Jun 6 "Steve Allen Show" last airs on NBC-TV

  • Jun 6 South African police kill 11 Pondo's at Nqusa Hill
  • Jun 8 1st date in James Clavell's novel "Nobel House"
  • Jun 8 Argentine government demands release of Adolf Eichmann
  • Jun 9 ABC and AFL sign a 5 year contract
  • Jun 9 Roy Orbison releases single "Only the Lonely"; it becomes his 1st major hit - peaking at #2 in the US and topping the UK charts
  • Jun 9 Typhoon Mary in China kills at least 1,600
  • Jun 11 92nd Belmont: Bill Hartack aboard Celtic Ash wins in 2:29.2
  • Jun 11 House packed with wedding celebrants collapses killing 30 (Pakistan)
  • Jun 12 KORN (now KDLT) TV channel 5 in Mitchell-Sioux Falls, SD (ABC) begins
  • Jun 13 "Alley-Oop" by Dyna-Sores peaks at #59
  • Jun 13 Prince Norodom Sihanoek becomes head of Cambodia

Film Premiere

Jun 15 "The Apartment" directed by Billy Wilder and starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine premieres in New York (Academy Awards Best Picture 1961)

Sports History

Jun 15 Ángel Cordero Jr. wins his 1st of over 7,000 horse races

  • Jun 15 Argentina complains to UN about Israeli illicit transfer of Eichmann

Film Release

Jun 16 "Psycho", psychological horror film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Janet Leigh, Anthony Perkins, and Vera Miles, opens in New York City

  • Jun 16 President Eisenhower cancels trip to Japan

Baseball Event

Jun 17 Ted Williams hit his 500th HR

  • Jun 18 "Destry Rides Again" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 472 performances
  • Jun 18 San Francisco Giants hire Tom Sheehan to replace Bill Rigney; baseball's oldest debuting manager (66) goes 46-50-2 for remainder of season

US Golf Open

Jun 18 US Open Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Arnold Palmer stages greatest comeback in tournament history; erases a 7-stroke final round deficit to win his only US Open title by 2 strokes ahead of Jack Nicklaus

  • Jun 19 1st Copa Libertadores Final, Asunción: Luis Cubilla scores 83' equaliser for Peñarol of Uruguay for 1-1 draw against Olimpia (Paraguay); win 2-1 on aggregate after taking 1st-leg 1-0 in Montevideo

Music Recording

Jun 19 Loretta Lynn records "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl"

Historic Event

Jun 20 "The Huckleberry Hound Show" by Hanna-Barbera becomes the first animated programme to win an Emmy

Emmy Awards

Jun 20 12th Emmy Awards: Playhouse 90, Robert Stack & Jane Wyatt win

  • Jun 20 Federation of Mali and Senegal become independent of France

Boxing Title Fight

Jun 20 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Jun 21 German sprinter Armin Hary runs world record 100m (10.0)
  • Jun 23 "The Pat Boone-Chevy Showroom" last airs on ABC-TV

Historic Event

Jun 23 1st contraceptive pill is made available for purchase in the U.S.

  • Jun 23 Japan signs security treaty with the US
  • Jun 24 10th Berlin International Film Festival: "El Lazarillo de Tormes" wins Golden Bear
  • Jun 24 Geoff Griffin takes a hat-trick South Africa v England Lord's

Historic Event

Jun 24 Patrice Lumumba as head of the MNC party forms a government in the Congo to become independent Congo's first Prime Minister

  • Jun 25 Earthquake in NE Belgium

Theatrical Finale

Jun 25 Lorraine Hansberry's stage drama "A Raisin in the Sun", 1st Broadway play by a black woman, starring Ruby Dee and Sidney Poitier, closes at the Belasco Theatre, NYC, after 530 performances

  • Jun 25 Madagascar gains independence from France
  • Jun 25 South Africa beats New Zealand 13-0 in the first rugby test of the series in Johannesburg
  • Jun 26 British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
  • Jun 26 Hall of Fame allows veteran committee to vote annually
  • Jun 26 Italian Somaliland declares independence from Italian administration
  • Jun 26 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Beverly CC: Joyce Ziske wins on the second hole of a sudden-death playoff with Barbara Romack
  • Jun 26 Madagascar (formerly Malagasy Rep) declares independence from France
  • Jun 27 British Somaliland becomes part of Somalia
  • Jun 27 Chlorophyll "A" synthesized in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Jun 27 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam-Ruhrgebied opens
  • Jun 28 10.40" (26.42 cm) of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record)
  • Jun 29 KYA-AM in San Francisco changes call letters to KDBQ (for 2 weeks)
  • Jun 30 US stops sugar import from Cuba
  • Jun 30 Zaire (formerly Belgian Congo) declares independence from Belgium

Music History

Jul 1 Benjamin Britten's cantata "Carmen Baseliense" premieres in Basel, Switzerland

Historic Event

Jul 1 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

  • Jul 1 Ghana becomes a republic
  • Jul 1 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • Jul 1 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London
  • Jul 1 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories
  • Jul 1 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Neale Fraser wins is first and only Wimbledon singles title; beats Rod Laver 6-4, 3-6, 9-7, 7-5

  • Jul 2 Mary Rodgers & Marshall Barer's musical "Once Upon A Mattress", starring Carol Burnett and directed by George Abbott, closes at St. James Theater, NYC, after 470 performances

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Defending champion Maria Bueno of Brazil beats South African Sandra Reynolds 8–6, 6–0

  • Jul 4 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled

Baseball Record

Jul 4 Yankees outfielder Mickey Mantle hits 3-run homer vs Washington, 18th MLB player to hit 300 HRs

  • Jul 5 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • Jul 6 Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
  • Jul 7 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands
  • Jul 7 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • Jul 8 Fidel Castro ends Havana's International League team, Sugar Kings move to New Jersey
  • Jul 9 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Australian Kel Nagle wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Arnold Palmer in the centenary year of the Open Championship
  • Jul 10 Belgium sends troops to Congo
  • Jul 10 UEFA European Championship Final, Parc des Princes, Paris, France: Viktor Ponedelnik scores in extra time as Soviet Union beats Yugoslavia, 2-1

Historic Publication

Jul 11 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

  • Jul 11 28th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-3 at Municipal Stadium, KC
  • Jul 11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • Jul 11 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta and Niger declare independence
  • Jul 11 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independent
  • Jul 12 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • Jul 12 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • Jul 12 XEWT TV channel 12 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 13 29th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-0 at Yankee Stadium, New York
  • Jul 13 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA
  • Jul 13 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate
  • Jul 14 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300

Sports History

Jul 15 Baltimore's future Baseball Hall of Fame third baseman Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle in the Orioles' 5-2 win over the Chicago White Sox

  • Jul 15 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • Jul 16 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer [1]
  • Jul 16 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • Jul 17 47th Tour de France won by Gastone Nencini of Italy
  • Jul 18 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • Jul 18 Baseball's NL votes to add Houston and NY franchises
  • Jul 18 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • Jul 19 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • Jul 20 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • Jul 20 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage
  • Jul 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Jul 21 Country of Katanga forms in Africa
  • Jul 21 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing

Election of Interest

Jul 21 Sirimavo Bandaranaike becomes the world's 1st female elected head of government, as Prime Minister of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)

  • Jul 22 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories

US Women's Golf Open

Jul 23 US Open Women's Golf, Worcester CC: Betsy Rawls wins her 4th Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Joyce Ziske

  • Jul 24 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Firestone CC: Jay Hebert wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Australian Jim Ferrier
  • Jul 25 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels
  • Jul 26 Italian government of Fanfani forms

Presidential Convention

Jul 27 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

  • Jul 28 US Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate
  • Jul 30 1st AFL preseason game Boston Patriots defeat Bills in Buffalo (28-7)

Historic Event

Jul 31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state

  • Jul 31 KSOO (now KSFY) TV channel 13 in Sioux Falls, SD (NBC) 1st broadcast

Music Recording

Aug 1 Aretha Franklin's 1st recording session for Columbia Records in NYC

  • Aug 1 Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France
  • Aug 1 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • Aug 3 For the only time in MLB history teams exchange managers as Detroit trades Jimmy Dykes (44-52) for Cleveland's Joe Gordon (49-46)
  • Aug 3 Lee Petty and his sons, Richard & Maurice race against each other for the first and only time at Dixie Speedway in Birmingham, Alabama; Richard 2nd, Lee 3rd
  • Aug 3 Niger gains independence from France
  • Aug 3 Pittsburgh Steelers (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 43-16 in exhibition game at CNE Stadium in Toronto
  • Aug 4 Rocket propelled USAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150 MPH
  • Aug 5 Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) declares independence from France

Music History

Aug 6 Chubby Checker performs his version of Hank Ballard's "The Twist" on "The Dick Clark Show", starting a worldwide dance craze

  • Aug 6 The UN Security Council lay down rules which would allow UN forces to enter Congo
  • Aug 7 Arnold Palmer's 20th PGA Tour win; rallies from a 5-stroke deficit to enter a playoff, then beats Jack Fleck and Bill Collins to win the Insurance City Open
  • Aug 7 Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) gains independence from France
  • Aug 7 Students stage kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches
  • Aug 8 "Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini" hits #1
  • Aug 8 Charges against 53 of the 76 Africans detained after the Sharpeville massacre in South Africa are dropped
  • Aug 8 Ivory Coast declares independence
  • Aug 8 South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • Aug 9 Race riot in Jacksonville, Florida