On This Day

Historical Events in March 1961

  • Mar 1 Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corps

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Mar 2 "13 Daughters" opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 28 performances
  • Mar 3 King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco
  • Mar 4 Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as Secretary-General of NATO
  • Mar 4 8th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Wake Forest beats Duke, 96-81
  • Mar 6 1st London minicabs introduced
  • Mar 6 Dutch Queen Juliana celebrates 12½ year jubilee
  • Mar 6 Dutch guilder revalued 4.74%
  • Mar 8 Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary" premieres in NYC

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Mar 8 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from South Carolina in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • Mar 9 Soviet flight Sputnik 9 carries and returns from orbit a dog named Chernushka (Blackie), frogs and a guinea pig
  • Mar 9 Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72
  • Mar 9 Supremes release "I Want A Guy" & "Never Again"

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Mar 9 Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Philadelphia Warriors scores 67 points vs NY Knicks

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • Mar 11 Then NHL record 40 penalties, Black Hawks & Maple Leafs (20 each)

  • Mar 13 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Mar 13 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion Floyd Patterson
Boxer and Undisputed Heavyweight Champion
Floyd Patterson
  • Mar 13 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
  • Mar 13 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • Mar 13 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • Mar 14 George Weiss becomes President of NY Mets
  • Mar 15 South Africa withdraws from British Commonwealth

Film tv awardsGolden Globes

Mar 16 18th Golden Globes: "Spartacus", Burt Lancaster, & Greer Garson win

Actor Burt Lancaster
Actor
Burt Lancaster
Actress Greer Garson
Actress
Greer Garson
Actor and Sportsman Woody Strode
Actor and Sportsman
Woody Strode
  • Mar 17 NY DA arrests professional gamblers who implicate Seton Hall players
  • Mar 17 South Africa leaves British Commonwealth

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Mar 17 Jaguar head William Lyons debuts the first E-Type model at the Geneva International Motor Show, creating a sensation

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • Mar 18 6th Eurovision Song Contest: Jean-Claude Pascal for Luxembourg wins "Nous les amoureux" in Cannes
  • Mar 21 Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record ($3,925,000)
  • Mar 21 The Beatles' first appearance at the Cavern Club in Liverpool
  • Mar 24 NY Senate approves $55M for a baseball stadium at Flushing Meadows
  • Mar 25 "13 Daughters" closes at 54th St Theater NYC after 28 performances
  • Mar 25 "Gypsy" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 702 performances

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Mar 25 23rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Cincinnati beats Ohio State, 70-65 (OT); Buckeyes' future Hall of Fame forward Jerry Lucas is MOP for 2nd straight year

NBA Forward Jerry Lucas
NBA Forward
Jerry Lucas

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Mar 25 Elvis Presley performs live on the USS Arizona

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • Mar 25 Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)
  • Mar 25 Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered
  • Mar 25 3rd place game is one of the wildest contests in NCAA Tournament history as St Joseph's defeats Utah, 127-120 in quadruple overtime
  • Mar 25 115th Grand National: Bobby Beasley wins aboard Nicolaus Silver, 5 lengths ahead of defending champion Merryman II; first grey winner for 90 years
  • Mar 27 Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • Mar 27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • Mar 29 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington, D.C. residents to vote in presidential elections

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Mar 29 After a 4½ year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted of treason in Pretoria

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Mar 29 KCPT TV channel 19 in Kansas City, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 30 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 m)
  • Mar 30 The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York
  • Mar 31 Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
  • Mar 31 8th National Film Awards (India): "Anuradha" wins the Golden Lotus