On This Day

Historical Events in March 1961

  • Mar 1 Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall

Historic Event

Mar 1 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corps

  • Mar 2 Eaton Magoon's musical "13 Daughters", starring Don Ameche and Sylvia Syms, opens at 54th St Theater, NYC; runs for 28 performances
  • Mar 3 King Hassan II ascends to throne of Morocco
  • Mar 4 Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as Secretary-General of NATO
  • Mar 4 8th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: Wake Forest beats Duke, 96-81
  • Mar 6 1st London minicabs introduced
  • Mar 6 Dutch Queen Juliana celebrates 12½ year jubilee
  • Mar 6 Dutch guilder revalued 4.74%
  • Mar 8 Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary" premieres in NYC

Historic Event

Mar 8 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from South Carolina in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

Space Dog Laika Launched to her Death

Mar 9 Soviet flight Sputnik 9 carries and returns from orbit a dog named Chernushka (Blackie), frogs and a guinea pig

  • Mar 9 Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72

Music Single

Mar 9 The Supremes release singles "I Want A Guy" and "Never Again"

Sports History

Mar 9 Philadelphia Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 67 points in 135-126 win over NY Knicks at Philadelphia Civic Center

  • Mar 11 Then NHL record 40 penalties, Black Hawks & Maple Leafs (20 each)
  • Mar 13 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party

Boxing Title Fight

Mar 13 Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavyweight boxing title

  • Mar 13 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
  • Mar 13 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • Mar 13 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • Mar 14 Former New York Yankees general manager George Weiss becomes first President of New York Mets after MLB expansion franchise formed
  • Mar 15 South Africa withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • Mar 17 NY DA arrests professional gamblers who implicate Seton Hall players
  • Mar 17 South Africa leaves British Commonwealth

Historic Event

Mar 17 Jaguar head William Lyons debuts the first E-Type model at the Geneva International Motor Show, creating a sensation

  • Mar 18 6th Eurovision Song Contest: Jean-Claude Pascal for Luxembourg wins "Nous les amoureux" in Cannes
  • Mar 21 Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record sum ($3,925,000)
  • Mar 21 The Beatles' first appearance at the Cavern Club in Liverpool
  • Mar 24 NY Senate approves $55M for a baseball stadium at Flushing Meadows
  • Mar 25 "13 Daughters" closes at 54th St Theater, NYC, after 28 performances
  • Mar 25 "Gypsy" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 702 performances

Sports History

Mar 25 23rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Cincinnati beats Ohio State, 70-65 (OT); Buckeyes' future Hall of Fame forward Jerry Lucas is MOP for 2nd straight year

Music History

Mar 25 Elvis Presley performs live on the USS Arizona

  • Mar 25 Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)
  • Mar 25 Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered
  • Mar 25 3rd place game is one of the wildest contests in NCAA Tournament history as St Joseph's defeats Utah, 127-120 in quadruple overtime
  • Mar 25 115th Grand National: Bobby Beasley wins aboard Nicolaus Silver, 5 lengths ahead of defending champion Merryman II; first grey winner for 90 years
  • Mar 27 Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • Mar 27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • Mar 29 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington, D.C. residents to vote in presidential elections

Historic Event

Mar 29 After a 4½ year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted of treason in Pretoria

  • Mar 29 KCPT TV channel 19 in Kansas City, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting

Appointment of Interest

Mar 29 Economist John Kenneth Galbraith is appointed US Ambassador to India

Historic Event

Mar 30 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 m)

  • Mar 30 The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York
  • Mar 31 Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
  • Mar 31 8th National Film Awards (India): "Anuradha" wins the Golden Lotus