Historical Events in 1961 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 662

  • Apr 25 Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad
  • Apr 26 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria

Baseball Record

Apr 26 Roger Maris hits 1st of 61 homers in 1961

  • Apr 27 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
  • Apr 27 NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio
  • Apr 27 Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
  • Apr 28 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude

Sports History

Apr 28 Milwaukee Braves' future HOF pitcher Warren Spahn throws his second career no hitter at 41; beats SF Giants, 1-0 at County Stadium

  • Apr 29 ABC's "Wide World of Sports" debuts
  • Apr 30 "Tossin' and Turnin'" single released by Bobby Lewis (Billboard Song of the Year, 1961)
  • Apr 30 1st shuttle flights between Washington, D.C., Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)
  • Apr 30 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Mickey Wright wins her 5th major title by 1 stroke from Patty Berg & Louise Suggs

Historic Event

Apr 30 Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize

Baseball Record

Apr 30 SF outfielder Willie Mays becomes just the 9th player in MLB history to hit 4 homers in one game in the Giants 14-4 win against the Braves in Milwaukee

  • May 1 1st US airplane hijacked to Cuba
  • May 1 Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba

Historic Event

May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for her novel "To Kill a Mockingbird"

  • May 1 Tanganyika granted full internal self-government by Britain
  • May 4 1st on-the-road Spacemobile lecture given.
  • May 4 CORE begins freedom rides from Washington, D.C.
  • May 4 Malcolm Ross & Victor Prather reach 34,668 m (record) in balloon
  • May 4 South Africa ANC leader John Nkadimeng arrested

Historic Event

May 5 Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)

  • May 6 87th Kentucky Derby: John Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 2:04
  • May 6 Omer Vanaudenhove chosen chairman of Belgium Liberal Party
  • May 7 "Young Abe Lincoln" closes at Eugene O'Neill NYC after 27 performances
  • May 8 1st practical sea water conversion plant-Freeport, Texas
  • May 8 Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, Washington
  • May 9 Baltimore Oriole Jim Gentile hits 2 grand slams (9 RBIs) vs Minnesota Twins
  • May 9 FCC Chairman Newton N Minow criticizes TV as a "vast wasteland"
  • May 9 Jim Gentile is 4th to hit grand slams in consecutive innings
  • May 10 "Beyond the Fringe" premieres in London
  • May 12 Russian Mikhail Botvinnik wins world chess championship for 3rd time
  • May 14 Bus with 1st group of Freedom Riders bombed & burned in Alabama

Sports History

May 14 Stirling Moss wins the 1961 Monaco Grand Prix

  • May 15 "Bonanza" by Al Caiola Orchestra hits #19
  • May 15 36 Unification church couples wed in Korea

Catholic Encyclical

May 15 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et Magistra

Emmy Awards

May 16 13th Emmy Awards: Jack Benny Show, Raymond Burr & Barbara Stanwyck win

  • May 17 Columbia Records officially opens the Pitman Pressing Plant, designed by American architect Minoru Yamasaki, in Pitman, New Jersey
  • May 17 Fidel Castro offers to exchange Bay of Pigs prisoners for 500 bulldozers
  • May 18 "Donnybrook!" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 68 performances
  • May 18 14th Cannes Film Festival: "The Long Absence" directed by Henri Colpi and "Viridiana" directed by Luis Bunuel jointly awarded the Palme d'Or
  • May 19 New pier opens in Scheveningen, the Netherlands
  • May 20 86th Preakness: Johnny Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 1:57.6
  • May 20 Henzes opera "Elegy for Young Lovers," premieres in Schwetzingen
  • May 20 Mauritania adopts constitution
  • May 20 White mob attacks "Freedom Riders" in Montgomery, Alabama
  • May 21 Governor Patterson declares martial law in Montgomery, Alabama
  • May 22 "Mother-In-Law" by Ernie K-Doe hits #1
  • May 22 "Touchables In Brooklyn" by Dickie Goodman hits #42
  • May 22 1st revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle) opens
  • May 24 27 Freedom Riders arrested in Jackson, Mississippi
  • May 24 Cyprus joins the Council of Europe.
  • May 24 NASA Explorer Ionosphere research mission fails to reach Earth orbit

Historic Event

May 25 JFK announces US goal of putting a man on the Moon before the end of decade

  • May 26 Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee establishes in Atlanta
  • May 26 USAF bomber flies Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours
  • May 27 1st black light is sold
  • May 27 60th Women's French Championships: Ann Haydon beats Yola Ramirez (6-2, 6-1)
  • May 27 Fiorentina of Italy win 1st European Cup Winner's Cup against Glasgow Rangers 4-2 in Florence (2nd leg)
  • May 27 French Championships Men's Tennis : Manuel Santana beats Nicola Pietrangeli (4-6, 6-1, 3-6, 6-0, 6-2)
  • May 27 Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' ½"

Historic Event

May 28 Amnesty International founded in London (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)

The Orient Express

May 28 Last trip (Paris to Bucharest) on the Orient Express (after 78 years)

  • May 28 Record 27 HRs hit in 7 AL games

Film Premiere

May 29 "A Raisin in the Sun", film adaptation of Lorraine Hansberry's stage play, starring the Broadway cast including Sidney Poitier, Ruby Dee, John Fiedler, and Ivan Dixon premieres

Sports History

May 30 50th Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt takes lead with 3 laps to go to win his first of 4 Indy 500 victories by a margin of 8.28 seconds from Eddie Sachs

  • May 30 Dutch DC-8 crashes after takeoff at Lisbon, 62 die
  • May 30 Long time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
  • May 30 Maris hits his 10th & 11th of 61 HRs
  • May 31 Arthur Michael Ramsey appointed the 100th Archbishop of Canterbury

Music History

May 31 Chuck Berry's amusement park, Berryland in St Louis, Missouri opens

  • May 31 European Cup Final, Wankdorf Stadium, Bern: Benfica beats Barcelona 3-2; first Portuguese team to reach final and win the tournament
  • May 31 Judge Irving Kaufman orders Board of Ed of New Rochelle, to integrate
  • May 31 Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth
  • Jun 1 FM multiplex stereo broadcasting 1st heard
  • Jun 3 "Wildcat" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 172 performances
  • Jun 3 93rd Belmont: Braulio Baeza aboard Sherluck wins in 2:29.2
  • Jun 3 American President JFK & Soviet Premier Khrushchev meet in Vienna

Sports History

Jun 4 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Belle Meade CC: Mary Lena Faulk wins by 6 strokes ahead of runner-up Betsy Rawls

Summit of Interest

Jun 4 US President John F. Kennedy and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev meet at the Vienna Summit in Austria

Baseball Record

Jun 8 Milwaukee sets record of 4 consecutive HRs (Eddie Mathews, Hank Aaron, Joe Adcock & Frank Thomas)

  • Jun 8 Test cricket debut of future Australian captain Bill Lawry, 1st Test v England in Birmingham
  • Jun 9 Ryne Duren sets AL record with 7 straight strikeouts against Red Sox
  • Jun 11 "Winston Churchill" last airs on ABC-TV
  • Jun 11 Norm Cash becomes 1st Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium
  • Jun 11 Roger Maris hits 19th & 20th of 61 HRs
  • Jun 12 Dutch Lockheed Electricity "Sirius" accident at Cairo, kills 20
  • Jun 13 Billy Barnes' musical revue "Billy Barnes People", starting Ken Berry, Dave Ketchum, and Jo Anne Worley, opens at Royale Theater, NYC; runs for 7 performances
  • Jun 14 106°F, hottest temperature in San Francisco
  • Jun 15 Expansion Washington Senators are 30-30, latest date an expansion team will be at .500, Washington will lose their next 10 games
  • Jun 16 Dave Garroway is fired as host of NBC's "Today Show"
  • Jun 16 Reconnaissance satellite Discoverer 25 launched from the US
  • Jun 16 Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defects to West at Le Bourget Airport in Paris
  • Jun 17 Billy Barnes' musical revue "Billy Barnes People", starting Ken Berry, Dave Ketchum, and Jo Anne Worley, closes at Royale Theater, NYC, after 7 performances
  • Jun 17 US Open Men's Golf, Oakland Hills CC: Gene Littler wins his sole major title, 1 stroke ahead of runners-up Bob Goalby and Doug Sanders
  • Jun 18 CBS radio cancels Gunsmoke
  • Jun 18 KBMT TV channel 12 in Beaumont, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 19 "Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)" by The Coasters peaks at #23
  • Jun 19 Charlie Finley, changes A's manager Joe Gordon (26-33) for Hank Bauer
  • Jun 19 Kuwait declares independence from UK
  • Jun 19 NY Yankee Roger Maris hits his 25th of 61 HRs
  • Jun 19 US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
  • Jun 22 Beatles record "Ain't She Sweet", "Cry for a Shadow", "When the Saints Go Marching In", "Why", "Nobody's Child" & "My Bonnie", in Hamburg, Germany

Baseball Record

Jun 22 MLB Chicago Cubs' Ernie Banks ends 717 consecutive games played streak

  • Jun 22 Moise Tsjombe freed from prison in Congo
  • Jun 23 11th Berlin International Film Festival: "The Night" wins the Golden Bear
  • Jun 23 Cubs Ernie Banks ends his 717 consecutive-games-played streak
  • Jun 23 Philadelphia Phillies overcome 9 run deficit; trailing 11-2 after 7 innings, score 4 in 8th and 6 in 9th to beat Pirates, 12-11 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
  • Jun 23 The Antarctic Treaty, ensuring that Antarctica is used for peaceful purposes; for international cooperation in scientific research; and does not become the scene or object of international discord, comes into force
  • Jun 23 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 32,830 m
  • Jun 24 "Happiest Girl in the World" closes at Martin Beck NYC after 97 performances
  • Jun 24 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait

Music Recording

Jun 24 Tony Sheridan, backed by the Beatles, records "If You Love Me Baby" (aka "Take Out Some Insurance On Me, Baby") in Hamburg, Germany

  • Jun 25 Baltimore and California use a record 16 pitchers in a game (8 each) in 14 inns
  • Jun 25 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • Jun 27 Ghana imposes a total ban on exports to South Africa and South West Africa
  • Jun 28 Phils and San Francisco set then record longest night game (5h11m) 7-7 15 innings tie
  • Jun 29 Launch of Transit 4a, with 1st nuclear power supply (SNAP-3)
  • Jun 29 SF outfielder Willie Mays becomes the 4th player in MLB history with 3 or more home runs twice in one season with a 10th inning blast in Giants 8-7 win over the Phillies in Philadelphia
  • Jun 29 The International Labour Organisation (ILO) calls for South Africa's withdrawal at the Geneva Conference in protest of the racial policies of the South African government
  • Jun 30 Buddy Rogers beats Pat O'Conner in Chicago, to become NWA champ
  • Jun 30 NASA Explorer Micrometeoroid research mission fails to reach Earth orbit
  • Jul 1 Haleakala National Park forms in Hawaii
  • Jul 1 KNDU TV channel 25 in Richland-Pasco-Kennew, WA (NBC) 1st broadcast

US Women's Golf Open

Jul 1 US Open Women's Golf, Baltusrol GC: Mickey Wright wins her 3rd Open by 6 strokes, despite a 2nd round 8-over par 80

  • Jul 2 Amidst 5 NY Yankee homers v Washington, Roger Maris hits 29th and 30th en route to 61 for the season
  • Jul 4 Walt Disney is one of the two main speakers on the Independence Day in The Rebuild Hills at Skørping in Denmark
  • Jul 5 80 die in collisions in Algiers
  • Jul 5 KUSD TV channel 2 in Vermillion, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 5 St Louis Cardinals first baseman Bill White smashes 3 HRs & a double in 9-1 rout of LA Dodgers
  • Jul 6 Portuguese ship explodes near Mozambique, kills 300

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 7 75th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Rod Laver of Australia beats American Chuck McKinley 6-3, 6-1, 6-4 for his 1st of 4 Wimbledon singles titles

  • Jul 7 James R Hoffa elected chairman of Teamsters
  • Jul 8 Fred Trueman takes 5-0 in 24 balls to rip through Aussies
  • Jul 8 Portuguese steamer "Save" breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
  • Jul 8 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: In an all-British final Angela Mortimer wins her 3rd Grand Slam singles title; beats Christine Truman 4–6, 6–4, 7–5
  • Jul 11 30th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 in 10 at Candlestick Park, San Francisco
  • Jul 11 Gene Kiniski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • Jul 14 Finland's Miettunen government forms
  • Jul 15 "Donnybrook!" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 68 performances

British Golf Open

Jul 15 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Birkdale GC: Arnold Palmer wins the first of 2 consecutive Open Championships, a stroke ahead of Welshman Dai Rees

  • Jul 15 Spain accepts equal rights for men and women

Sports History

Jul 16 48th Tour de France: Jacques Anquetil of France scores his second Tour general classification category title

  • Jul 16 Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' 2"
  • Jul 17 John Chancellor becomes news anchor of "Today Show"
  • Jul 18 Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 HR in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
  • Jul 19 1st in-flight movie shown on TWA
  • Jul 20 French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte
  • Jul 20 Leslie Bricusse & Anthony Newley's musical "Stop The World - I Want To Get Off" premieres at Queen's Theater in London's West End
  • Jul 21 Launch of Mercury 4 (Liberty Bell) with Grissom
  • Jul 22 WBNB TV channel 10 in Charlotte Amaile, VI (CBS) begins broadcasting

Music Concert

Jul 23 American opera singer Grace Bumbry becomes the first black singer to perform at the Bayreuth Festival, Germany, she earns 42 curtain calls

  • Jul 24 Beginning of a trend, a US commercial plane is hijacked to Cuba
  • Jul 24 Edwin Newman becomes news anchor of Today Show
  • Jul 24 Roger Maris hits 4 home runs, in a doubleheader
  • Jul 25 In a speech, US President John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO
  • Jul 25 Roger Maris hits home runs 37, 38, 39 & 40 off of 4 Chicago White Sox pitchers in a doubleheader at Yankee Stadium, NYC

Music History

Jul 29 Bob Dylan is not seriously injured in car accident in New York City

  • Jul 29 Philadelphia Phillies lose, 4-3 to SF Giants at Connie Mack Stadium; 1st of MLB record 23 straight defeats
  • Jul 29 Wallis and Futuna Islands become French overseas territory
  • Jul 31 31st MLB All Star Game (2nd), Fenway Park, Boston: First tie in history; called due to rain after 9 innings with the score, 1–1
  • Jul 31 Israel welcomes its one millionth immigrant
  • Jul 31 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Olympia Fields CC: Jerry Barber wins his only major title in a Monday 18-hole playoff with Don January (67-68)

Sports History

Aug 1 Australian cricket captain Richie Benaud takes 6 for 70 in England's 2nd innings for a 54 run 4th Test win at Old Trafford

  • Aug 1 German DR limits traffic to West Berlin
  • Aug 1 New San Francisco Hall of Justice opens
  • Aug 1 Whitney Young Jr named executive director of National Urban League
  • Aug 2 Cyrille Adula becomes premier of Congo
  • Aug 2 St Louis Cardinals (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 36-7 in an exhibition game in Toronto, Canada
  • Aug 2 The Beatles 1st gig as house band of Liverpool's Cavern Club
  • Aug 3 Pittsburgh Pirates rout the St. Louis Cardinals, 19-0, the largest lopsided shutout in NL history
  • Aug 4 28th NFL Chicago College All-Star Game: Philadelphia 28, All-Stars 14, 66,000 at Soldier Field
  • Aug 4 Spokane, Washington reaches August record 108°F
  • Aug 5 118°F (48°C), Ice Harbor Dam, Washington (state record)
  • Aug 5 Chicago Bears (NFL) beat Montreal Alouettes (CFL), 34-16 in a pre-season exhibition at Molson Stadium in Montreal
  • Aug 6 1st case of motion sickness in space reported
  • Aug 6 British auto racer Sterling Moss scores his 16th and final Formula 1 victory in the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring
  • Aug 6 Gherman S. Titov is the 2nd Russian in space aboard Vostok 2 (17 orbits)
  • Aug 7 Cosmonaut Gherman Titov circles Earth for a full day in Vostok 2
  • Aug 7 Soviet premier Khrushchev predicts USSR economy will surpass US
  • Aug 8 Ham Tigercats (CFL) beat Buff Bills (NFL) 38-21 in Hamilton, Ontario
  • Aug 8 Verne Gagne beats Gene Kiniski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • Aug 9 James Benton Parsons is 1st African American to be nominated to a US Federal District Court
  • Aug 10 UK applies for membership of the European Common Market
  • Aug 11 Milwaukee Braves future Baseball HOF pitcher Warren Spahn records career victory #300; beats Cubs, 2-1 at County Stadium, Milwaukee
  • Aug 13 Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
  • Aug 14 Philadelphia Phillies crash, 9-2 to Chicago Cubs for 17th straight defeat; 11th straight time opposing pitcher throws complete game against Phillies
  • Aug 15 Keiyo Road is specified as the first driveway in Japan
  • Aug 16 250,000 West Berliners demonstrate against the division of East Berlin

Historic Event

Aug 16 Martin Luther King Jr. protests for black voting rights in Miami, Florida

  • Aug 17 Kennedy administration establishes Alliance for Progress

Historic Event

Aug 19 US vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson visits West Berlin

  • Aug 20 22nd Venice Film Festival: "Last Year at Marienbad" directed by Alain Resnais wins Golden Lion
  • Aug 20 East Germany begins erecting 5' high wall along the border with the west to replace the barbed wire put up Aug 13
  • Aug 20 Philadelphia Phillies beat Milwaukee Braves, 7-4 at County Stadium; end losing streak with dubious MLB record of 23 straight loses

Music Recording

Aug 21 American country singer Patsy Cline records then-struggling songwriter Willie Neslon's song "Crazy", in Nashville, Tennessee