On This Day

Historical Events in 1961 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 663

Music Recording

Aug 21 American country singer Patsy Cline records then-struggling songwriter Willie Neslon's song "Crazy", in Nashville, Tennessee

Baseball Record

Aug 22 New York Yankee Roger Maris hits his 50th of 61 homers

  • Aug 23 Belgium sends troops to Rwanda-Urundi
  • Aug 23 East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West & East Berlin
  • Aug 23 US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back
  • Aug 24 Windward Islands' Airways International (Winair) forms
  • Aug 24 Former South African nazi leader Johannes Vorster becomes South Africa's minister of justice
  • Aug 25 Brazilian president Janio Quadros, resigns
  • Aug 26 Official International Hockey Hall of Fame opens in Toronto
  • Aug 27 Francis the Talking Mule is mystery guest on "What's My Line"
  • Aug 30 James Benton Parsons is confirmed as 1st African American judge of a US District Court
  • Aug 30 Last Spanish troops leave Morocco

Baseball Record

Aug 30 Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning game

  • Aug 30 USSR says it will resume nuclear testing
  • Aug 31 Amsterdam National Ballet forms
  • Sep 1 1st conference of neutral countries held in Belgrade
  • Sep 1 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 1 The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate

Radio Premiere

Sep 4 Carol Burnett-Richard Hayes Show premieres on CBS radio

  • Sep 4 US authorizes Agency for International Development

Historic Event

Sep 5 JFK begins underground nuclear testing

  • Sep 5 US President JFK signs law against hijacking (death penalty)
  • Sep 5 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Kapustin Yar USSR
  • Sep 9 Maria Beale Fletcher (NC), 19, crowned 34th Miss America 1962

Sports History

Sep 10 Mickey Mantle becomes 7th to hit HR # 400

  • Sep 10 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 10 Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators hit by his Ferrari

US Men's Tennis Open

Sep 10 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-Australian final Roy Emerson beats Rod Laver 7-5, 6-3, 6-2; Emerson's second Grand Slam title

US Open Women's Tennis

Sep 10 75th US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Darlene Hard beats England's Ann Jones 6-3, 6-4

  • Sep 10 American Ferrari driver Phil Hill wins Italian Grand Prix at Monza to clinch F1 World Drivers Championship; first American F1 world champion
  • Sep 11 Hurricane Carla strikes near Port O'Connor, Texas with winds of 175 mph
  • Sep 11 Founding of the World Wildlife Fund in Morges, Switzerland
  • Sep 12 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 13 Battles between UN & Katanga troops in Congo
  • Sep 13 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 13 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 13 Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit
  • Sep 14 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 15 61st US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jack Nicklaus aged 21
  • Sep 16 CDU loses West German election
  • Sep 16 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 16 WLKY TV channel 32 in Louisville, Kentucky (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 17 "Car 54, Where are You?" premieres on US TV
  • Sep 17 Minnesota Vikings' 1st NFL game (beat Chicago Bears 37-13)

Historic Event

Sep 17 Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in NYC

  • Sep 17 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sports History

Sep 17 Fran Tarkenton plays his first NFL Game against the Chicago Bears, coming off the bench to lead the Vikings to a 37-13 victory, also becoming the only QB to throw four touchdown passes in his first career game

  • Sep 18 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 19 Betty and Barney Hill claim that they saw a mysterious craft in the sky and that it tried to abduct them.
  • Sep 20 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls

Historic Event

Sep 20 African-American student James Meredith is refused enrolment to the segregated University of Mississippi

  • Sep 20 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 20 Roger Maris hits home run # 59 & barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yanks clinch pennant #26
  • Sep 21 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel both ways (44 miles)
  • Sep 21 Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
  • Sep 22 Antonio Albertondo (Argentina) completes 1st "double" crossing swim of English Channel in 43 hrs 10 min at 42.
  • Sep 22 Jim Gentile's ties record of 5 grand slams in a year
  • Sep 22 "Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima" by Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki premieres at Warsaw Autumn Festival, Andrzej Markowski conducting Krakow Philharmonic
  • Sep 23 1st movie to become a TV series, "How to Marry a Millionaire" premieres
  • Sep 25 KTPS TV channel 62 in Tacoma, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 26 "From the Second City" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 87 performances
  • Sep 26 Roger Maris hits HR #60 off Jack Fisher, tying Babe Ruth's record

Baseball Record

Sep 27 Sandy Koufax sets NL strikeout season record at 269

  • Sep 27 Sierre Leone becomes 100th member of UN
  • Sep 28 "Doctor Kildare" debuts on NBC-TV

Television Debut

Sep 28 "Hazel" starring Shirley Booth debuts on NBC-TV

  • Sep 28 "Purlie Victorious", a farce by Ossie Davis, opens on Broadway
  • Sep 28 Syria withdraws from United Arab Republic
  • Sep 28 USN Comdr Forrest S Petersen takes X-15 to 30,720 m
  • Sep 28 Walt Disney's movie "Grey Friars Bobby" premieres
  • Sep 28 American medical drama series "Dr. Kildare", starring Richard Chamberlain and Raymond Massey, premieres on NBC-TV
  • Sep 29 "Detectives" TV Crime Drama; moves to NBC-TV

Music Recording

Sep 29 Bob Dylan's 1st recording session-backup harmonica for Caroline Hester

  • Sep 29 Mamum Kuzbari becomes premier of Syria
  • Sep 30 Bill for Boston Tea Party is paid by Mayor Snyder of Oregon who wrote a check for $196, the total cost of all tea lost
  • Oct 1 The Beach Boys record their debut single "Surfin", introducing a new musical style
  • Oct 1 A volcanco believed to be extinct erupts in Tristan da Cunha
  • Oct 1 East & West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
  • Oct 1 KGIN TV channel 11 in Grand Island, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting

Music Premiere

Oct 1 Premiere of Dmitri Shostakovich's 12nd Symphony

  • Oct 1 NY Yankees right-fielder Roger Maris becomes MLB’s all-time home run leader when he passes Babe Ruth's mark with No. 61 off Boston rookie Tracy Stallard in 1-0 win at Yankee Stadium
  • Oct 1 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 1 WOLO TV channel 25 in Columbia, SC (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 1 WYAH TV channel 27 in Portsmouth, VA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 2 American medical drama series "Ben Casey", starring Vince Edwards and Sam Jaffe, premieres on ABC-TV
  • Oct 2 USSR performs 250 kilo-ton nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • Oct 2 WETA TV channel 26 in Washington, D.C. (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 2 WHRO TV channel 15 in Hampton-Norfolk, Vitginia (PBS) begins broadcasting

Television Premiere

Oct 3 "The Dick Van Dyke Show" created by Carl Reiner starring Dick van Dyke premieres on CBS-TV

  • Oct 3 TV sitcom "Mr Ed" premieres on CBS
  • Oct 3 "Sail Away" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 167 performances
  • Oct 3 KMED (now KTVL) TV channel 10 in Medford, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 4 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Sports History

Oct 4 NY Yankees pitcher Whitey Ford records 3rd straight Baseball World Series shutout in Yankees 2-0 win v Cincinnati Reds in Game 1 at Yankee Stadium; NY wins series, 4-1

  • Oct 5 China & Nepal sign treaty

Film Premiere

Oct 5 "Breakfast at Tiffany's" film, based on the novella by Truman Capote, directed by Blake Edwards, and starring Audrey Hepburn, George Peppard, and Buddy Ebsen, premieres

  • Oct 6 JFK advises Americans to build fallout shelters
  • Oct 6 USSR performs nuclear tests at Kapustin Yar & Novaya Zemlya USSR

Musical Finale

Oct 7 Charles Strouse and Lee Adams' musical "Bye Bye Birdie", starring Dick Van Dyke, Chita Rivera, and Dick Gautier, closes at Martin Beck Theater, NYC, after 607 performances and 4 Tony Awards

  • Oct 7 15th NHL All-Star Game, Chicago Stadium, Chicago, IL: All-Stars beat Chicago Black Hawks, 3-1
  • Oct 8 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • Oct 8 NY Yankee pitcher Whitey Ford breaks Babe Ruth's record of 29-2/3 consecutive scoreless innings in the World Series; he goes on to extend the streak to 33-2/3, which stands until 2000
  • Oct 8 American Phil Hill's Ferrari team does not participate in season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen having already clinched World Drivers Championship; English driver Innes Ireland wins Lotus' first ever Grand Prix
  • Oct 9 Tanganyika, in east Africa, becomes independent within British Commonwealth
  • Oct 9 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • Oct 9 Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
  • Oct 9 Baseball World Series: New York Yankees win 19th championship, 4-1; rout Cincinnati Reds, 13-5 at Crosley Field in Game 5; MVP: Yankees pitcher Whitey Ford
  • Oct 10 "Milk & Honey" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 543 performances
  • Oct 10 Expansion draft to stock Houston Astros & NY Mets
  • Oct 10 Otis M Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court
  • Oct 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Television Premiere

Oct 10 Variety TV show "The Bob Newhart Show" premieres on NBC in the US

  • Oct 11 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
  • Oct 11 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 12 "Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 68 performances
  • Oct 12 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 14 Frank Loesser's musical "How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying", starring Robert Morse and Rudy Vallée, opens at 46th Street Theatre, NYC; runs for 1415 performances, winning 7 Tony Awards, and a Pulitzer Prize
  • Oct 14 Ryder Cup Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes: Jerry Barber captains US to 14½-9½ win

LPGA Championship

Oct 15 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Stardust CC: Mickey Wright convincingly wins her 3rd LPGA title by 9 strokes from Louise Suggs

Historic Event

Oct 17 NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd

  • Oct 18 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack

Film Release

Oct 18 Film adaptation of the 1957 Broadway musical "West Side Story", directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins, and starring Natalie Wood, debuts (Academy Award - Best Picture, 1962)

Music History

Oct 21 Barbra Streisand opens in "Another Evening with Harry Stones"

  • Oct 21 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 22 75,000 Flemings demand equal rights & Flemish language in Belgium
  • Oct 23 "Kwamina" opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 32 performances
  • Oct 23 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 24 "Evening with Yves Montand" opens at John Golden Theatre, NYC for 55 performances
  • Oct 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 26 First test flight of Saturn launch vehicle
  • Oct 27 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
  • Oct 27 American Basketball League starts play
  • Oct 27 Outer Mongolia & Mauritania become 102nd & 103rd members of United Nations
  • Oct 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya & Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 28 "Fiorello!" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC starring Tom Bosley after 796 performances and a Pulitzer Prize
  • Oct 28 Ground broken for Municipal (Shea) Stadium for NY Mets
  • Oct 29 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 29 13th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Ned Jarrett wins
  • Oct 30 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated

Historic Event

Oct 30 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square as part of de-Stalinization efforts

  • Oct 31 Hurricane Hattie kills 400 in British Honduras
  • Oct 31 Federal judge rules that laws in Birmingham, Alabama, against integrated playing fields are illegal
  • Nov 2 "Kean" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 92 performances
  • Nov 2 Max Frisch's "Andorra" premieres in Zurich

Election of Interest

Nov 3 UN General Assembly unanimously elects U Thant as acting Secretary-General after the death of Dag Hammarskjöld in a plane crash

  • Nov 4 Konstantinos Karamanlis becomes premier of Greece
  • Nov 4 American folk singer-songwriter Bob Dylan makes his Carnegie Hall (NYC) debut; tickets priced at $2.00 [1]

Historic Event

Nov 5 India's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru arrives in NY

  • Nov 5 NFL St Louis Cardinals' Bill Stacy, returns 2 interceptions for TDs vs Dallas Cowboys
  • Nov 6 US government issues a stamp honoring 100th birthday of James Naismith (invented game of basketball - actually Canadian)
  • Nov 7 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • Nov 8 Imperial Airlines Flight 201/8, a Lockheed Constellation aircraft, crashes near Richmond, Virginia, 77 die
  • Nov 8 Whitey Ford is voted Cy Young Award winner over Warren Spahn
  • Nov 9 PGA eliminates caucasians only rule
  • Nov 9 Paddy Chayefsky's "Gideon" premieres in NYC

Music History

Nov 9 The Beatles meet future manager Brian Epstein after a lunch time performance at The Cavern Club in Liverpool, England

  • Nov 9 The X-15 rocket plane under USAF Major Robert M White achieved a world record speed of 4,093 mph (Mach 6.04) and reached 101,600 feet (30,970 m or over 19 miles) altitude
  • Nov 11 Adulterous couple ride a dung cart through Staphorst, Netherlands
  • Nov 11 Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian UN pilots

Historic Event

Nov 11 Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovitsj expelled from USSR's communist party

  • Nov 11 Stalingrad renamed Volgograd
  • Nov 11 "Catch-22" by Joseph Heller is published by Simon and Schuster in New York
  • Nov 13 WCBB TV channel 10 in Augusta, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 13 Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny succeeds Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin as head of the KGB.
  • Nov 15 Comet C/1961 T1 (Seki) approaches within 0.1019 AUs of Earth
  • Nov 15 Roger Maris is voted AL MVP
  • Nov 15 UN bans nuclear arms
  • Nov 16 United Kingdom limits immigration from Commonwealth countries
  • Nov 16 US President JFK decides to increase military aid to South Vietnam without committing US combat troops
  • Nov 18 "Gay Life" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 113 performances
  • Nov 18 "Kwamina" closes at 54th St Theater NYC after 32 performances
  • Nov 18 JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam
  • Nov 18 US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed
  • Nov 19 Houston Oilers quarterback George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns in a 49-13 rout of NY Titans at Jeppesen Stadium, Houston
  • Nov 20 WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting

Sports History

Nov 22 Frank Robinson, Cincinnati Reds outfielder, selected as NL MVP

NBA Record

Nov 22 St. Louis Hawk Bob Pettit sets NBA record, hitting 19 of 19 free throws

Film & TV History

Nov 22 Producers Albert Broccoli and Harry Saltzman announce expensive publicity campaign to make Sean Connery (James Bond) a star

Sports History

Nov 25 NBA's Bob Cousy becomes 2nd player to score 15,000 points

  • Nov 26 For 2nd time in his career, St Louis' Jerry Norton has 4 interceptions
  • Nov 26 Pro Baseball Rules Committee votes 8-1 against legalizing the spitball

Sports History

Nov 27 Gordie Howe becomes 1st to play in 1,000 NHL games

  • Nov 27 KHAW TV channel 11 in Hilo, HI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 28 General Meeting of UN debates New Guinea
  • Nov 28 Martin Walser's "Der Abstecher" premieres in Munich
  • Nov 29 Freedom Riders attacked by white mob at bus station in Miss
  • Nov 29 John A McCone replaces Allen W Dulles as 6th director of CIA
  • Nov 29 Mercury-Atlas 5 carries a chimp (Enos) to orbit
  • Nov 29 Following the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion CIA Director Allen Dulles resigns and is replaced by John McCone
  • Nov 30 Billy Williams of the Cubs is voted NL Rookie of Year
  • Nov 30 USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership
  • Dec 1 The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.

Historic Event

Dec 2 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism

  • Dec 2 Wind Bell, journal of San Francisco Zen Center, begins publishing
  • Dec 2 26th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 34-0 in Birmingham