On This Day

Historical Events in 1961 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 662

  • Aug 23 US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back
  • Aug 24 Windward Islands' Airways International (Winair) forms
  • Aug 24 Former South African nazi leader Johannes Vorster becomes South Africa's minister of justice
  • Aug 25 Brazilian president Janio Quadros, resigns
  • Aug 26 Official International Hockey Hall of Fame opens in Toronto
  • Aug 27 Francis the Talking Mule is mystery guest on "What's My Line"
  • Aug 30 James Benton Parsons is confirmed as 1st African American judge of a US District Court
  • Aug 30 Last Spanish troops leave Morocco

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 30 Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning game

MLB Pitcher Jack Fisher
MLB Pitcher
Jack Fisher
  • Aug 30 USSR says it will resume nuclear testing
  • Aug 31 Amsterdam National Ballet forms
  • Sep 1 1st conference of neutral countries held in Belgrade
  • Sep 1 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 1 The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 Carol Burnett-Richard Hayes Show premieres on CBS radio

Comedian and Actress Carol Burnett
Comedian and Actress
Carol Burnett
  • Sep 4 US authorizes Agency for International Development

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 JFK begins underground nuclear testing

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Sep 5 US President JFK signs law against hijacking (death penalty)
  • Sep 5 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Kapustin Yar USSR
  • Sep 9 Maria Beale Fletcher (NC), 19, crowned 34th Miss America 1962

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 Mickey Mantle becomes 7th to hit HR # 400

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • Sep 10 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 10 Italian Grand Prix, a crash causes the death of German driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators hit by his Ferrari

Sport awardUS Men's Tennis Open

Sep 10 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: In an all-Australian final Roy Emerson beats Rod Laver 7-5, 6-3, 6-2; Emerson's second Grand Slam title

Tennis Player Roy Emerson
Tennis Player
Roy Emerson
Tennis Player Rod Laver
Tennis Player
Rod Laver

Sport awardUS Open Women's Tennis

Sep 10 75th US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Darlene Hard beats England's Ann Jones 6-3, 6-4

Tennis Player Darlene Hard
Tennis Player
Darlene Hard
  • Sep 10 American Ferrari driver Phil Hill wins Italian Grand Prix at Monza to clinch F1 World Drivers Championship; first American F1 world champion
  • Sep 11 Hurricane Carla strikes Texas with winds of 175 mph
  • Sep 11 Foundation of the World Wildlife Fund.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 12 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m

Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot Joseph A. Walker
Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot
Joseph A. Walker
  • Sep 12 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 13 Battles between UN & Katanga troops in Congo
  • Sep 13 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Sep 13 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 13 Unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 launched into Earth orbit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 Dmitri Shostakovich becomes member of CP of USSR


  • Sep 14 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 15 61st US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jack Nicklaus aged 21
  • Sep 16 CDU loses West German election
  • Sep 16 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 16 WLKY TV channel 32 in Louisville, Kentucky (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 17 "Car 54, Where are You?" premieres on US TV
  • Sep 17 Minnesota Vikings' 1st NFL game (beat Chicago Bears 37-13)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17 Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in NYC

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • Sep 17 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17 Fran Tarkenton plays his first NFL Game against the Chicago Bears, coming off the bench to lead the Vikings to a 37-13 victory, also becoming the only QB to throw four touchdown passes in his first career game

NFL Quarterback Fran Tarkenton
NFL Quarterback
Fran Tarkenton
  • Sep 18 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 19 Betty and Barney Hill claim that they saw a mysterious craft in the sky and that it tried to abduct them.
  • Sep 20 After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 African-American student James Meredith is refused enrolment to the segregated University of Mississippi

Civil Rights Activist James Meredith
Civil Rights Activist
James Meredith
  • Sep 20 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 20 Roger Maris hits home run # 59 & barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yanks clinch pennant #26

Baseball Player Roger Maris
Baseball Player
Roger Maris
  • Sep 21 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel both ways (44 miles)
  • Sep 21 Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
  • Sep 22 Antonio Albertondo (Argentina) completes 1st "double" crossing swim of English Channel in 43 hrs 10 min at 42.
  • Sep 22 Jim Gentile's ties record of 5 grand slams in a year
  • Sep 23 1st movie to become a TV series-How to Marry a Millionaire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 23 Ernie Banks ends 717 consecutive-games-played streak

MLB shortstop Ernie Banks
MLB shortstop
Ernie Banks
  • Sep 25 KTPS TV channel 62 in Tacoma, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Sep 26 "From the Second City" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 87 performances
  • Sep 26 Roger Maris hits HR #60 off Jack Fisher, tying Babe Ruth's record

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 27 Sandy Koufax sets NL strikeout season record at 269

Baseball Pitcher Sandy Koufax
Baseball Pitcher
Sandy Koufax
  • Sep 27 Sierre Leone becomes 100th member of UN
  • Sep 28 "Doctor Kildare" debuts on NBC-TV

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

Sep 28 "Hazel" starring Shirley Booth debuts on NBC-TV

Actress Shirley Booth
Actress
Shirley Booth
  • Sep 28 "Purlie Victorious", a farce by Ossie Davis, opens on Broadway
  • Sep 28 Syria withdraws from United Arab Republic
  • Sep 28 USN Comdr Forrest S Petersen takes X-15 to 30,720 m
  • Sep 28 Walt Disney's movie "Grey Friars Bobby" premieres
  • Sep 29 "Detectives" TV Crime Drama; moves to NBC-TV

Music releaseMusic Recording

Sep 29 Bob Dylan's 1st recording session-backup harmonica for Caroline Hester

Singer-Songwriter Bob Dylan
Singer-Songwriter
Bob Dylan
  • Sep 29 Mamum Kuzbari becomes premier of Syria
  • Sep 30 Bill for Boston Tea Party is paid by Mayor Snyder of Oregon who wrote a check for $196, the total cost of all tea lost
  • Oct 1 The Beach Boys record their debut single "Surfin", introducing a new musical style
  • Oct 1 A volcanco believed to be extinct erupts in Tristan da Cunha
  • Oct 1 East & West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
  • Oct 1 KGIN TV channel 11 in Grand Island, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 1 Premiere of Dmitri Shostakovich's 12nd Symphony
  • Oct 1 NY Yankees right-fielder Roger Maris becomes MLB’s all-time home run leader when he passes Babe Ruth's mark with No. 61 off Boston rookie Tracy Stallard in 1-0 win at Yankee Stadium
  • Oct 1 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 1 WOLO TV channel 25 in Columbia, SC (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 1 WYAH TV channel 27 in Portsmouth, VA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 2 "Ben Casey" premieres on NBC-TV
  • Oct 2 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 2 WETA TV channel 26 in Washington, D.C. (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 2 WHRO TV channel 15 in Hampton-Norfolk, VA (PBS) begins broadcasting

Appears on tv showTelevision Premiere

Oct 3 "The Dick Van Dyke Show" created by Carl Reiner starring Dick van Dyke premieres on CBS-TV

Actor, Comedian, Writer and Director Carl Reiner
Actor, Comedian, Writer and Director
Carl Reiner
Actor Dick Van Dyke
Actor
Dick Van Dyke
  • Oct 3 TV sitcom "Mr Ed" premieres on CBS
  • Oct 3 "Sail Away" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 167 performances
  • Oct 3 KMED (now KTVL) TV channel 10 in Medford, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 4 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 4 NY Yankees pitcher Whitey Ford records 3rd straight Baseball World Series shutout in Yankees 2-0 win v Cincinnati Reds in Game 1 at Yankee Stadium; NY wins series, 4-1

MLB Pitcher Whitey Ford
MLB Pitcher
Whitey Ford
  • Oct 5 China & Nepal sign treaty

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 5 "Breakfast at Tiffany's" film released, based on the novella by Truman Capote, directed by Blake Edwards and starring Audrey Hepburn and George Peppard

  • Oct 6 JFK advises Americans to build fallout shelters
  • Oct 6 USSR performs nuclear tests at Kapustin Yar & Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 7 "Bye Bye Birdie" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 607 performances
  • Oct 7 15th NHL All-Star Game, Chicago Stadium, Chicago, IL: All-Stars beat Chicago Black Hawks, 3-1
  • Oct 8 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • Oct 8 American Phil Hill's Ferrari team does not participate in season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen having already clinched World Drivers Championship; English driver Innes Ireland wins Lotus' first ever Grand Prix
  • Oct 9 NY Yankees beat Cincinnati Reds, 4 games to 1 in 58th World Series
  • Oct 9 Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth
  • Oct 9 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • Oct 9 Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
  • Oct 9 Yank Whitey Ford breaks Ruth record of 29 2/3 consecutive scoreless innings in the World Series
  • Oct 9 World Series scoreless pitching streak Yanks beat Reds 4 games to 1
  • Oct 10 "Milk & Honey" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 543 performances
  • Oct 10 Expansion draft to stock Houston Astros & NY Mets
  • Oct 10 Otis M Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court
  • Oct 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Appears on tv showTelevision Premiere

Oct 10 Variety TV show "The Bob Newhart Show" premieres on NBC in the US

Comedian and Actor Bob Newhart
Comedian and Actor
Bob Newhart
  • Oct 11 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
  • Oct 11 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 12 "Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 68 performances
  • Oct 12 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 14 "How to Succeed in Business" opens at 46th St NYC for 1415 performances
  • Oct 14 Ryder Cup Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes: Jerry Barber captains US to 14½-9½ win

Sport awardLPGA Championship

Oct 15 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Stardust CC: Mickey Wright convincingly wins her 3rd LPGA title by 9 strokes from Louise Suggs

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Oct 17 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • Oct 17 Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians
  • Oct 17 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Oct 18 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 18 "West Side Story", directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins, the film adaptation of the 1957 Broadway musical, starring Natalie Wood, is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1962)

Singer, Dancer and Actress Rita Moreno
Singer, Dancer and Actress
Rita Moreno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Barbra Streisand opens in "Another Evening with Harry Stones"

Singer-Songwriter and Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-Songwriter and Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • Oct 21 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 22 75,000 Flemings demand equal rights & Flemish language in Belgium
  • Oct 23 "Kwamina" opens at 54th St Theater NYC for 32 performances
  • Oct 23 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 24 "Evening with Yves Montand" opens at John Golden Theatre, NYC for 55 performances
  • Oct 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 26 First test flight of Saturn launch vehicle
  • Oct 27 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
  • Oct 27 American Basketball League starts play
  • Oct 27 Outer Mongolia & Mauritania become 102nd & 103rd members of UN
  • Oct 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya & Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 28 "Fiorello!" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC starring Tom Bosley after 796 performances and a Pulitzer Prize
  • Oct 28 Ground broken for Municipal (Shea) Stadium for NY Mets
  • Oct 29 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 29 13th NASCAR Sprint Cup: Ned Jarrett wins
  • Oct 30 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square as part of de-Stalinization efforts

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 31 Hurricane Hattie kills 400 in British Honduras
  • Oct 31 Federal judge rules that laws in Birmingham, Alabama, against integrated playing fields are illegal
  • Nov 2 "Kean" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 92 performances
  • Nov 2 Max Frisch's "Andorra" premieres in Zurich

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 3 UN General Assembly unanimously elects U Thant as acting Secretary-General after the death of Dag Hammarskjöld in a plane crash

Secretary-General of the United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld
Secretary-General of the United Nations
Dag Hammarskjöld
  • Nov 4 Konstantinos Karamanlis becomes premier of Greece

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 India's Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru arrives in NY

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Nov 5 NFL St Louis Cardinals' Bill Stacy, returns 2 interceptions for TDs vs Dallas Cowboys
  • Nov 6 US government issues a stamp honoring 100th birthday of James Naismith (invented game of basketball - actually Canadian)

  • Nov 7 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • Nov 8 Imperial Airlines Flight 201/8, a Lockheed Constellation aircraft, crashes near Richmond, Virginia, 77 die
  • Nov 8 Whitey Ford is voted Cy Young Award winner over Warren Spahn
  • Nov 9 PGA eliminates caucasians only rule
  • Nov 9 Paddy Chayefsky's "Gideon" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 9 The X-15 rocket plane under USAF Major Robert M White achieved a world record speed of 4,093 mph (Mach 6.04) and reached 101,600 feet (30,970 m or over 19 miles) altitude
  • Nov 11 Adulterous couple ride a dung cart through Staphorst, Netherlands
  • Nov 11 Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian UN pilots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 11 Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovitsj expelled from USSR's communist party

Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • Nov 11 Stalingrad renamed Volgograd
  • Nov 11 "Catch-22" by Joseph Heller is published by Simon and Schuster in New York
  • Nov 13 WCBB TV channel 10 in Augusta, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 13 Vladimir Yefimovich Semichastny succeeds Aleksandr Nikolayevich Shelepin as head of the KGB.
  • Nov 15 Comet C/1961 T1 (Seki) approaches within 0.1019 AUs of Earth
  • Nov 15 Roger Maris is voted AL MVP
  • Nov 15 UN bans nuclear arms
  • Nov 16 United Kingdom limits immigration from Commonwealth countries
  • Nov 16 US President JFK decides to increase military aid to South Vietnam without committing US combat troops
  • Nov 18 "Gay Life" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 113 performances
  • Nov 18 "Kwamina" closes at 54th St Theater NYC after 32 performances
  • Nov 18 JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam
  • Nov 18 US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed
  • Nov 19 Houston George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns vs NY Titans (49-13)
  • Nov 20 WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Frank Robinson, Cincinnati Reds outfielder, selected as NL MVP

MLB Hall of Fame Outfielder and Manager Frank Robinson
MLB Hall of Fame Outfielder and Manager
Frank Robinson

Sports record brokenNBA Record

Nov 22 St. Louis Hawk Bob Pettit sets NBA record, hitting 19 of 19 free throws

NBA Forward Bob Pettit
NBA Forward
Bob Pettit

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Producers Albert Broccoli and Harry Saltzman announce expensive publicity campaign to make Sean Connery (James Bond) a star

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 25 NBA's Bob Cousy becomes 2nd player to score 15,000 points

NBA Point Guard Bob Cousy
NBA Point Guard
Bob Cousy
  • Nov 26 For 2nd time in his career, St Louis' Jerry Norton has 4 interceptions
  • Nov 26 Pro Baseball Rules Committee votes 8-1 against legalizing the spitball

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 Gordie Howe becomes 1st to play in 1,000 NHL games

Ice Hockey Legend Gordie Howe
Ice Hockey Legend
Gordie Howe
  • Nov 27 KHAW TV channel 11 in Hilo, HI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 28 General Meeting of UN debates New Guinea
  • Nov 28 Martin Walser's "Der Abstecher" premieres in Munich
  • Nov 29 Freedom Riders attacked by white mob at bus station in Miss
  • Nov 29 John A McCone replaces Allen W Dulles as 6th director of CIA
  • Nov 29 Mercury-Atlas 5 carries a chimp (Enos) to orbit
  • Nov 29 Following the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion CIA Director Allen Dulles resigns and is replaced by John McCone
  • Nov 30 Billy Williams of the Cubs is voted NL Rookie of Year
  • Nov 30 USSR vetoes Kuwaits application for UN membership
  • Dec 1 The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 Fidel Castro declares he's a Marxist & will lead Cuba to Communism

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Dec 2 Wind Bell, journal of San Francisco Zen Center, begins publishing
  • Dec 2 26th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 34-0 in Birmingham
  • Dec 2 CFL Grey Cup, CNE Stadium, Toronto: A 6th title for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers; beat Hamilton Tiger-Cats, 21-14
  • Dec 3 Dutchman Anton Geesink becomes 1st non-Japanese judo world champion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 The Beatles meet future manager Brian Epstein

Music Entrepreneur and Beatles Manager Brian Epstein
Music Entrepreneur and Beatles Manager
Brian Epstein
  • Dec 3 George Blanda of Houston Oilers kicks 55-yard field goal
  • Dec 3 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site