On This Day

Historical Events in October 1962

Historic Event

Oct 1 James Meredith enrolls for classes at University of Mississippi, desegregating the college

Contract of Interest

Oct 1 American singer Barbra Streisand signs her 1st recording contract (with Columbia)

Contract of Interest

Oct 1 Brian Epstein signs a contract to manage The Beatles through 1977

Television Debut

Oct 1 Johnny Carson hosts his 1st "The Tonight Show" on NBC; guests include Rudy Vallée, Tony Bennett, Mel Brooks and Joan Crawford

  • Oct 1 "The Lucy Show" premieres on CBS
  • Oct 1 UN gives Netherlands control of New Guinea
  • Oct 1 US National Radio Astronomy Observatory installs a 300' (91m) radio telescope in Green Bank, West Virginia
  • Oct 1 WEDH TV channel 24 in Hartford, Connecticut (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 2 San Francisco Giants beat rival LA Dodgers, 8-7 in 4 hours 18 minutes in Game 2 NL tie-break series; longest 9-inning game in MLB history; Giants win series, 2-1
  • Oct 2 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • Oct 3 "Stop the World, I Want to Get Off" opens at Shubert NYC for 886 performances
  • Oct 3 SF Giants (103-62) beat rivals LA Dodgers (102-63), 6-4 in season ending NL pennant decider; Dodgers set MLB record season attendance 2,755,184
  • Oct 3 Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched into Earth orbit
  • Oct 4 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300m

Sports History

Oct 4 Willie Mays scores in the 2nd inning for the Giants ending Whitey Ford's record Baseball World Series consecutive scoreless inning streak at ​33 2⁄3; Yankees beat Giants, 6-2 in Game 1 and 4-3 in the series

  • Oct 5 The Beatles release their first record, "Love Me Do"

Film Premiere

Oct 5 "Dr. No", 1st James Bond film based on the novel by Ian Fleming and starring Sean Connery and Ursula Andress, premieres in London

  • Oct 6 16th NHL All-Star Game, Maple Leaf Garden, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs beat All-Stars, 4-1; MVP: Eddie Shack, Toronto, LW
  • Oct 6 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • Oct 7 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Stardust CC, LV: Judy Kimball wins her only major title by 4 strokes ahead of runner-up Shirley Spork
  • Oct 7 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 8 Algeria admitted as 109th member of UN
  • Oct 8 North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party
  • Oct 8 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", uncovering sorry state of West German army. Magazine soon accused of treason.
  • Oct 9 Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
  • Oct 9 NASA civilian test pilot John B McKay takes X-15 to 39,200 m
  • Oct 9 Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom
  • Oct 10 Indies assault up Chinese positions in North-India attack
  • Oct 11 1st appearance of a Gabor sister on Merv Griffin Show

Historic Event

Oct 11 Second Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII

  • Oct 12 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 12 US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications & meteorology
  • Oct 12 Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages

Theater Premiere

Oct 13 Edward Albee's play "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opens on Broadway featuring actress Uta Hagen

  • Oct 14 Houston Oiler George Blanda throws for 6 TD passes vs NY Titans 56-17
  • Oct 14 US U-2 espionage planes locate missile launchers in Cuba
  • Oct 14 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 15 Byron R. White appointed to the US Supreme Court
  • Oct 15 WLOX TV channel 13 in Biloxi-Gulfport, MS (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 16 Byron R White becomes a Supreme Court Justice

Cuban Missile Crisis

Oct 16 Cuban Missile Crisis begins as JFK is shown photos confirming the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba

  • Oct 16 KTXT TV channel 5 in Lubbock, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 16 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees win 20th championship; beat SF Giants, 1-0 at Candlestick Park for 4 games to 3 series victory; MVP: Yankees pitcher Ralph Terry
  • Oct 17 Yanks beat Giants for 20th world championship

Meeting of Interest

Oct 18 JFK meets Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Gromyko

Music Recording

Oct 18 Tony Sheridan & Beat Brothers record "Let's Dance"

  • Oct 18 US launches Ranger 5 for lunar impact; misses Moon
  • Oct 18 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Nobel Prize

Oct 18 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA [1]

  • Oct 19 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

#1 in the Charts

Oct 20 Peter, Paul and Mary's debut folk album "Peter, Paul and Mary" reaches No. 1 on US album charts

  • Oct 20 Musical "Mr President" opens at St James Theater New York for 265 performances
  • Oct 20 Chinese army lands in India
  • Oct 20 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • Oct 22 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba and imposes a naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis
  • Oct 22 JFK receives Ugandan premier Milton Obote
  • Oct 22 Pacific Science Center opens at Seattle Center
  • Oct 22 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

United Nations Speech

Oct 23 Adlai Stevenson speaks at the United Nations about the Cuba crisis

  • Oct 23 USAF Major Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 40,800m
  • Oct 23 WCIV TV channel 4 in Charleston, South Carolina (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 24 Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet ships approach but stop short of the US blockade of Cuba

Film Release

Oct 24 "The Manchurian Candidate", directed by John Frankenheimer, starring Frank Sinatra and Laurence Harvey, is released

  • Oct 25 110th member of UN admitted (Uganda)
  • Oct 25 1st Belgian nuclear reactor begins operation

Nobel Prize

Oct 25 American author John Steinbeck awarded Nobel Prize for Literature

  • Oct 25 US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson demands USSR UN rep Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over"
  • Oct 26 The Beatles record "Ask Me Why"
  • Oct 26 JFK warns Russia that the USA will not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba

Historic Event

Oct 26 Nikita Khrushchev sends note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closes its bases in Turkey: offer is rejected

  • Oct 26 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • Oct 27 "Beyond the Fringe" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 673 performances

The Man Who Saved The World

Oct 27 Black Saturday during the Cuban Missile Crisis: An American spy plane is shot down over Cuba and the navy drops warning depth charges on Soviet submarines

  • Oct 27 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • Oct 27 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 27 The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian oil industry's most powerful figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances
  • Oct 28 Jo Weatherly in a Pontiac finishes 2nd to Rex White in season-ending Dixie 400 at Atlanta Motor Speedway to clinch his 1st of 2 consecutive NASCAR Sprint Cup Championships
  • Oct 28 NY Giant Y. A. Tittle passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash Redskins (49-34)
  • Oct 28 Radio Moscow reports nuclear missiles in Cuba deactivated
  • Oct 28 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 28 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President JFK receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement
  • Oct 30 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Film Release

Oct 31 "What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?" horror film released directed by Robert Aldrich, starring Bette Davis and Joan Crawford, based on novel by Henry Farrell