On This Day

Historical Events in 1963

Events 1 - 200 of 601

  • Jan 1 G Woods succeeds Eugene Black as president of the World Bank
  • Jan 1 WTEV (now WLNE) TV channel 6 in Providence RI begins broadcasting
  • Jan 1 49th Rose Bowl: #1 Southern California beats #2 Wisconsin, 42-37
  • Jan 1 29th Sugar Bowl: #3 Mississippi beats #6 Arkansas, 17-13
  • Jan 1 29th Orange Bowl: #5 Alabama beats #8 Oklahoma, 17-0
  • Jan 3 WOUB TV channel 20 in Athens, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Jan 4 Soviet Luna (4) reaches Earth orbit but fails to reach Moon
  • Jan 5 Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Loewe's musical "Camelot", starring Richard Burton, Julie Andrews, and Robert Goulet, closes at Majestic Theater, NYC, after 873 performances and winning 4 Tony Awards
  • Jan 5 "Carnival!" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 719 performances
  • Jan 6 "Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom" with Marlin Perkins begins on NBC
  • Jan 6 "Oliver!" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 774 performances
  • Jan 7 1st class postage raised from 4 cents to 5 cents

Sports History

Jan 7 The rift between Cleveland Browns owner Art Modell and head coach Paul Brown reaches a boiling point, and Brown is fired

  • Jan 8 "Mona Lisa", on loan, unveiled in America's National Gallery of Art

Music Premiere

Jan 8 Dmitri Shostakovich' opera "Katharina Ismailova" premieres in Riga

Historic Event

Jan 9 Mao Zedong writes his poem "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo"

  • Jan 11 Beatles release single "Please Please Me" / "Ask Me Why"; peaks at #2 in UK, and #3 in US

Sports History

Jan 11 SF Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 67 points in 134-129 defeat to LA Lakers at Cow Palace

  • Jan 12 "Go Away Little Girl" by Steve Lawrence peaks at #1
  • Jan 12 Spin bowler Bobby Simpson takes 5-57 for Australia v England
  • Jan 13 2nd AFL All Star Game, Balboa Stadium, San Diego, California: Western Division beats Eastern Division, 21-14; MVPs: Curtis McClinton, Dallas Texans, RB; Earl Faison, LA Chargers, DE

NFL Pro Bowl

Jan 13 13th NFL Pro Bowl, LA Memorial Coliseum: Eastern Conference beats Western Conference, 30-20; MVPs: Jim Brown, Cleveland Browns, RB; Eugene Lipscomb, Pittsburgh Steelers, DT

Historic Event

Jan 14 George Wallace sworn in as Governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"

  • Jan 14 "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Plath is published by Heinemann in the UK, the author commits suicide a month later

Historic Event

Jan 16 Khrushchev claims to have a 100-megaton nuclear bomb

Historic Event

Jan 16 Tennessee Williams' "Milk Train Doesn't Stop Here Anymore" premieres

NBA All-Star Game

Jan 16 13th NBA All-Star Game, LA Memorial Sports Arena: East beats West, 115-108; MVP: Bill Russell, Boston Celtics, C

  • Jan 16 Los Angeles night club and music venue The Whiskey A-Go-Go opens (inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 2006)
  • Jan 17 Joe Walker takes X-15 to altitude of 82 km
  • Jan 18 Reinier Paping wins Dutch 11-Cities Skating Race (10:59)

Sports History

Jan 18 Al Davis becomes the head coach and general manager of the Oakland Raiders

  • Jan 19 Australian Championships Women's Tennis: Margaret Court beats Jan Lehane O'Neill for 4th consecutive year 6-2, 6-2

Australian Men's Tennis Open

Jan 19 Australian Championships Men's Tennis: Roy Emerson wins 1st of 5 straight Australian titles; beats countryman Ken Fletcher 6-3, 6-3, 6-1

Treaty of Interest

Jan 22 Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer

Pro Wrestling

Jan 24 Buddy Rogers & Lou Thesz wrestle in Toronto, Rogers becomes WWF wrestling champ & Thesz becomes NWA champion

  • Jan 26 "Milk & Honey" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 543 performances
  • Jan 26 Major League Rules Committee votes to expand strike zone
  • Jan 27 Yevgeni Grishin skates world record 500m in 39.6 sec
  • Jan 27 Sam Rice, Eppa Rixey, Elmer Flick, & John Clarkson elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Jan 28 -34°F (-37°C), Cynthiana, Kentucky (state record)
  • Jan 28 "Still" single released by Bill Anderson (Billboard no. 1 U.S. Hot Country Singles, 1963)

Historic Event

Jan 30 Ivan Sutherland submits a thesis containing his Sketchpad program, a forerunner to modern-day graphic user interfaces and computer-aided design programs

Music Recording

Jan 31 Tony Sheridan & Beat Brothers record "What'd I Say" & "Ruby Baby"

  • Feb 1 Nyasaland (now Malawi) becomes self-governing under Hastings Banda
  • Feb 2 Helen Shapiro begins tour (Beatles are part of undercard)
  • Feb 5 Maarten Schmidt discovers enormous red shifts in quasars
  • Feb 5 Soviet lunar probe failure
  • Feb 8 1st transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist)
  • Feb 8 AFL's Dallas Texans become KC Chiefs
  • Feb 8 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 9 1st flight of Boeing 727 jet
  • Feb 9 7th largest snowfall in NYC history (42.4 cm, 16.7")
  • Feb 10 US female Figure Skating championship won by Lorraine Hanlon
  • Feb 10 US male Figure Skating championship won by Thomas Litz
  • Feb 11 Beatles record 10 tracks for their 1st album
  • Feb 11 CIA Domestic Operations Division created
  • Feb 11 American chef Julia Child's show "The French Chef" premieres

Historic Event

Feb 12 Argentina requests the extradition of ex-president Juan Perón

  • Feb 14 US launches communications satellite Syncom 1

Film Release

Feb 14 "8½" film directed by Federico Fellini, starring Marcello Mastroianni and Claudia Cardinale, is released (Academy Awards Best Foreign Language Film 1964)

  • Feb 15 1st US female world figure skating champ (Tenley Albright)
  • Feb 15 Ken Lynch records "Misery," 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else
  • Feb 16 1st round-trip swim of Strait of Messina, Italy (Mary Revell of US)
  • Feb 16 Beatles top British rock charts with "Please, Please Me"
  • Feb 16 C & A Building in Amsterdam burns down

NBA Record

Feb 16 North Carolina forward Billy Cunningham grabs a record 27 rebounds in a game vs Clemson

'The Banality of Evil'

Feb 16 Philosopher Hannah Arendt's controversial account of the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann is first published in "The New Yorker"

  • Feb 17 Japanese runner Toru Terasawa runs a world record marathon (2:15:15.8) at the Beppu Marathon on the island of Kyushu, Japan

Historic Event

Feb 19 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize

Historic Event

Feb 19 USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba

Historic Publication

Feb 19 "The Feminine Mystique" by Betty Friedan, widely credited as the start of second-wave feminism, is published

  • Feb 20 Australian cricket greats Neil Harvey and Alan Davidson play final Test match in drawn 5th Test vs England at the Sydney Cricket Ground

Baseball Record

Feb 20 Future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Willie Mays becomes the highest-paid player in MLB, signing a record $100,000 contract with the San Francisco Giants

  • Feb 21 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 22 Beatles begin their own music publishing company (Northern Songs)

Music History

Feb 23 Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at the Vienna State Opera in "La traviata"

  • Feb 24 5th Daytona 500: Tiny Lund driving for Wood Bros Racing, wins on 4 pit stops as first 10 laps run under caution flag because of rain
  • Feb 25 Beatles release their 1st single in US "Please Please Me"

Contract of Interest

Feb 27 Mickey Mantle of NY Yankees sign a baseball contract worth $100,000

  • Mar 1 200,000 French mine workers strike
  • Mar 2 10th ACC Men's Basketball Tournament, Reynolds Coliseum, Raleigh, NC: Duke beats Wake Forest, 68-57
  • Mar 3 Senegal adopts a new constitution
  • Mar 3 American country blues musician "Mississippi" John Hurt 're-discovered' by musicologist Tom Hoskins in Avalon, Mississippi [1]
  • Mar 5 Beatles record "From Me to You" & "Thank You Girl"

Music History

Mar 7 John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman recorded their self-titled album "John Coltrane and Johnny Hartman" at Van Gelder Studio, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey

  • Mar 8 Syrian Arab Rep Revolution Day - Military coup in Syria
  • Mar 9 Beatles began 1st British tour, supporting Tommy Roe & Chris Montez

Sports History

Mar 10 MLB infielder Pete Rose debuts with Cincinnati at spring training in Tampa, Florida; hits in his first 2 at bats

  • Mar 10 SF Warriors center Wilt Chamberlain scores 70 points in 163-148 defeat to Syracuse Nationals at Onondaga War Memorial
  • Mar 11 Somalia drops diplomatic relations with Great Britain

Historic Event

Mar 11 US Defense Secretary Robert MacNamara orders the adoption by the US military of the M16 assault rifle, originally designed as the AR-15 by Eugene Stoner

Music History

Mar 12 Beatles perform as a trio, at Granada Cinema, in Bedford, England, as John Lennon is ill with a cold

  • Mar 13 Two Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska

Music Premiere

Mar 13 Paul Hindemith and Thornton Wilder's opera "Long Christmas Dinner" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 13 Indonesia & Netherlands reinstate diplomatic relations
  • Mar 15 WFAN TV channel 14 in Washington, D.C. (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 16 England edges Scotland, 10-8 at Twickenham, London to win its 17th Five Nations Rugby Championship

Beatification

Mar 17 Elizabeth Ann Seton of NY beatified (canonized in 1975)

  • Mar 17 Eruptions of Mount Agung on Bali, kills 1,900 Balinese
  • Mar 18 "Tovarich" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 264 performances
  • Mar 18 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria
  • Mar 18 WGSF TV channel 31 in Newark, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 20 1st "Pop Art" exhibition (NYC)
  • Mar 21 David Hendon & Douglas Cross' musical premieres in London
  • Mar 22 The Beatles release their 1st album, "Please Please Me"
  • Mar 22 British Minister of War John Profumo denies having sex with Christine Keeler
  • Mar 23 25th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Loyola-Chicago beats Cincinnati, 60-58 (OT); Ramblers' first title in first title game
  • Mar 23 Rolf Hochhuth's play "Der Stellvertreter" (The Representative) premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 23 8th Eurovision Song Contest: Grethe and Jorgen Ingmann for Denmark win singing "Dansevise" in London
  • Mar 25 KWHY TV channel 22 in Los Angeles, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 27 Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network.
  • Mar 28 AFL's NY Titan's become the NY Jets
  • Mar 29 Final episode of soap opera "Young Doctor Malone"
  • Mar 30 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • Mar 30 117th Grand National: 19-year old jockey Pat Buckley aboard 66/1 outsider Ayala wins by 3/4 of a length from Carrickbeg
  • Mar 31 LA ends streetcar service after 90 years
  • Apr 1 NY Mets purchase future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder Duke Snider from the LA Dodgers for $40,000; Snider had starred for the Brooklyn Dodgers 1947-57
  • Apr 1 NYC's newspapers resume publishing after a 114 day strike
  • Apr 1 American television soap opera premieres: "General Hospital" (ABC) & "Doctors" (NBC)
  • Apr 2 Explorer 17 attains Earth orbit (254/914 km)
  • Apr 2 USSR launches Luna 4; missed Moon by 8,500 km
  • Apr 5 Beatles receive their 1st silver disc (Please Please Me)
  • Apr 5 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa

US Masters Golf

Apr 7 27th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: 23 year old Jack Nicklaus wins the first of his record 6 Green Jackets with a 3-foot par putt on the final hole to finish 1 stroke ahead of Tony Lema

  • Apr 7 Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
  • Apr 7 Public stock offering of 115,000 shares in Milwaukee Braves withdrawn after only 13,000 shares are sold to 1,600 new investors

Sports History

Apr 8 Detroit Tigers claim young pitcher Denny McLain on waivers from the Chicago WS; McLain goes on the win Cy Young Award 1968, 69 and AL MVP 1968

  • Apr 10 USS Thresher, a nuclear powered submarine, sinks 220 miles east of Boston killing 129 men, including 17 civilians
  • Apr 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Catholic Encyclical

Apr 11 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical "Pacem in terris", that peace between all peoples must be based on truth, justice, love and freedom

  • Apr 11 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

Apr 11 Milwaukee Braves future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Warren Spahn beats NY Mets, 6-1 for his 328th win; most by a left-hander in MLB history

  • Apr 12 Beatles third single, "From Me To You" is released in UK
  • Apr 12 Police in Birmingham, Alabama, use dogs & cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators
  • Apr 13 Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit
  • Apr 13 Pirate's Bob Friend balks 4 times in a game

Music History

Apr 14 George Harrison is impressed by unsigned group "Rolling Stones"

Music Premiere

Apr 15 Steve Allen's musical "Sophie", based on the life of American singer, and comic actress Sophie Tucker, opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 8 performances

  • Apr 15 67th Boston Marathon won by Aurèle Vandendriessche of Belgium in race record 2:18:58
  • Apr 18 Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant
  • Apr 18 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs go back-to-back with a 3-1 Game 5 win over Detroit Red Wings for a 4-1 series victory
  • Apr 19 "Hot Spot" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 43 performances

Music Single

Apr 19 Johnny Cash releases single "Ring Of Fire" written by his future wife June Carter and Merle Kilgore

  • Apr 20 "Sophie" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • Apr 20 -30] All Africa Conferences of Churches opens in Kampala Uganda
  • Apr 20 10th National Film Awards (India): "Dada Thakur" wins the Golden Lotus

Music History

Apr 21 Beatles meet The Rolling Stones for the 1st time

  • Apr 21 The Universal House of Justice of the Bahá'í Faith is elected for the first time

Historic Event

Apr 22 Lester B. Pearson is sworn in as the 14th Prime Minister of Canada

  • Apr 23 Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick's musical "She Loves Me" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 302 performances

Hall of Fame

Apr 24 Future Basketball Hall of Fame point guard Bob Cousy plays his last NBA game for Boston as Celtics beat LA Lakers, 112-109 in Game 6 for their 5th straight NBA C'ship

  • Apr 24 17th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 2
  • Apr 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 27 "Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname

Historic Event

Apr 27 Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow

  • Apr 28 17th Tony Awards: "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" win

Golf Tournament

Apr 29 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Marilynn Smith beats Mickey Wright by 1 shot in 18-hole playoff

  • Apr 29 KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KPAT
  • May 1 1st American (James Whittaker) conquers Mount Everest
  • May 1 Indonesia takes control of Irian Jaya (west New Guinea) from Neth
  • May 1 First one-day cricket competition is played (Gillette Cup); Lancashire beats Leicestershire by 101 at Old Trafford

Historic Publication

May 1 Gloria Steinem's exposé , "A Bunny's Tale", on the working conditions for waitresses (bunnies) at New York City’s famed Playboy Club, published in "Show" magazine

Historic Event

May 2 Children's crusade begins in Birmingham, Alabama. More than 600 African American school children arrested for marching against segregation, organised by James Bevel and the SCLC

  • May 3 Leslie Narum is only Baltimore Oriole to homer on his 1st at bat
  • May 3 Birmingham officials turn high pressure hoses and dogs on children's crusade protest against segregation prompting widespread condemnation
  • May 4 89th Kentucky Derby: Braulio Baeza aboard Chateaugay wins in 2:01.8
  • May 4 Pitcher Bob Shaw sets record of 5 balks in a game
  • May 6 Pulitzer prize awarded to Barbara Tuchman (Guns of August)
  • May 7 SETC Telstar 2 launched (apogee 6,700 miles (10,800 km))

Film Premier

May 8 1st James Bond film, "Dr. No", starring Sean Connery, premieres in US

  • May 8 U.S. President John F. Kennedy offers Israel assistance against aggression from its neighbors
  • May 9 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 10 Decca signs Rolling Stones on advice of Beatle George Harrison
  • May 11 "Puff (The Magic Dragon)" by Peter, Paul & Mary hits #2

Sports History

May 11 LA Dodgers pitcher Sandy Koufax throws his second career no-hitter; beats Juan Marichal and the SF Giants, 8-0

  • May 11 Racial bomb attacks in Birmingham Alabama

Music History

May 12 Bob Dylan walks out of "The Ed Sullivan Show" over a dispute about his song choice

  • May 12 Race riot in Birmingham, Alabama
  • May 14 Kuwait is 111th member of the United Nations
  • May 15 Last Project Mercury flight, L Gordon Cooper in Faith 7, launched
  • May 15 Peter, Paul & Mary win their 1st Grammy (If I Had a Hammer)
  • May 15 Tottenham Hotspur of England win 3rd European Cup winner's Cup against Atlético Madrid of Spain 5-1 at Rotterdam

Grammy Awards

May 15 5th Grammy Awards: "I Left My Heart In San Francisco"; Robert Goulet win

  • May 16 "Beast in Me" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • May 16 Gordon Cooper completes 22 orbits in Faith 7, ends US Proj Mercury
  • May 17 Bruno Sammartino beats Buddy Rogers in NYC, to become WWWF champ
  • May 17 Houston Colt .45's Don Notterbart no-hits Phillies, 4-1
  • May 17 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 18 "Beast in Me" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • May 18 "If You Wanna Be Happy" by Jimmy Soul hits #1
  • May 18 88th Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Candy Spots wins in 1:56.2

Appointment of Interest

May 20 Sukarno appointed president of Indonesia

  • May 22 Greek parliament leader Lambrakis injured
  • May 22 Mickey Mantle hits a ball off Yankee Stadium's facade
  • May 22 European Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London: José Altafini scores twice as AC Milan edge Benfica, 2-1 for first title to an Italian club