Historical Events in October 1968

Film release premierFilm Premier

Oct 1 Cult zombie film "Night of the Living Dead" directed by George A. Romero, starring Duane Jones and Judith O'Dea premieres in Pittsburgh

  • Oct 1 The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
  • Oct 2 1st London performance of "Promises, Promises" presented
  • Oct 2 St. Louis pitcher Bob Gibson establishes a new Baseball World Series mark by striking out 17 batters as the Cardinals beat Detroit, 4-0 in Game 1 of the Fall Classic
  • Oct 2 Mexico City police fire on protesting students, 300-500 killed
  • Oct 2 Republic Guinea forms (day of republic)
  • Oct 2 1st time, 2 soon-to-be-named MVPs oppose each other Cards Bob Gibson beat Tigers Denny McLain 4-0
  • Oct 3 Howard Sacklers "Great White Hope" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 3 Military coup overthrows President Fernando Belaúnde Terry in Peru
  • Oct 3 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 3 The proposed civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland, is banned from the area of the city centre and the Waterside area; the banning order is issued under the Public Order Act by William Craig, then Home Affairs Minister
  • Oct 4 A Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) delegation meet with the Derry March organisers and try to have the march cancelled; eventually it was decided to go ahead with the march.
  • Oct 5 KPLM (now KESQ) TV channel 42 in Palm Springs, CA (ABC) begins
  • Oct 5 Civil rights march in Derry stopped by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC)and resulting clashes lead to two days of serious rioting, often considered the start of 'the Troubles' in Northern Ireland
  • Oct 7 Motion Picture Association of America adopts film rating system
  • Oct 7 Rioting continues in Derry, Northern Ireland after Royal Ulster Constabulary put down civil rights march two days earlier

  • Oct 8 Dutch aircraft carrier Karel Doorman (formerly British HMS Venerable) sold to Argentina
  • Oct 9 Government seizes oil fields in Peru
  • Oct 9 WKMU TV channel 21 in Murray, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 9 2,000 students from Queen's University Belfast try to march to Belfast City Hall in protest against 'police brutality', but blocked by loyalists led by Ian Paisley; leads for formation of student civil rights group People's Democracy
  • Oct 10 Detroit Tigers beat St Louis Cards, 4 games to 3 in 65th World Series

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 10 George Harrison forms Singsong Ltd

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
Singer-Songwriter
George Harrison
  • Oct 10 Lee Evans of US sets 400 metre record at 43.86
  • Oct 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 11 Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele & Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours
  • Oct 11 MLB star Billy Martin named manager of the Minnesota Twins
  • Oct 11 Coup d'état in Panama against President Arnulfo Arias
  • Oct 12 "Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Barrymore NYC after 17 performances
  • Oct 12 19th Summer Olympic Games open at Mexico City, Mexico; first Olympics in Latin America
  • Oct 12 Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
  • Oct 12 Norma Enriqueta Basilio Satelo is 1st woman to light Olympic flame
  • Oct 13 Tinker Creek Gorge of Cleveland Metroparks is dedicated
  • Oct 14 1st live telecast from a manned US spacecraft (Apollo 7)
  • Oct 14 Beatles "White Album" completed
  • Oct 14 Gruener & Watson (US) set scuba depth record (133 m) in Bahamas
  • Oct 14 In NL expansion draft, Expos & Padres choose 30 players each
  • Oct 14 J R Hines of US runs 100m in world record 9.95 sec
  • Oct 14 Viorica Viscopoleanu of Romania sets world record 6.82m to win the women's long jump at the Mexico City Olympics; beats Sheila Sherwood of Great Britain by 0.14m
  • Oct 14 6.8 earthquake wrecks Australian town of Meckering, rupturing all nearby major roads and railways
  • Oct 14 American sprinter Jim Hines runs a world record 9.95s to beat Lennox Miller of Jamaica and Charles Greene of the US, and win the 100m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics

  • Oct 15 AL expansion draft, KC pick Roger Nelson & Pilots pick Don Mincher 1st
  • Oct 15 Al Oerter of the US wins the men's discus in Olympic record 64.78m at the Mexico City Games; Oerter's unprecedented 4th consecutive Olympic discus title
  • Oct 15 The Nationalist Party of Northern Ireland (NPNI) withdraws from its role as 'official' opposition within the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont
  • Oct 15 Australian Ralph Doubell runs a world record 1:44.40 to beat Kenyan Wilson Kiprugut and win the men's 800m at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 15 British athlete David Hemery sets a world record 48.12s to beat Gerhard Hennige of West Germany and take the gold medal in the men's 400m hurdles at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 15 American sprinter Wyomia Tyus wins her second consecutive Olympic 100m title with a world record 11.08s; beats team mate Barbara Ferrell by 0.08s for the gold medal at the Mexico City Games
  • Oct 16 China reports removal of president Li Sjao-tji
  • Oct 16 Czechoslovakia & Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces

Sports AwardsBlack Power Salute

Oct 16 Americans Tommie Smith (gold 19.83 WR) and John Carlos (bronze) famously give the Black Power salute on the 200m medal podium during the Mexico City Olympics
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  • Oct 16 Milwaukee Bucks play their 1st game losing 89-84 to Chicago Bulls
  • Oct 16 Jim Dorey sets Toronto Maple Leaf penalty records (48 mins on 9 penalties in a game & 44 minutes on 7 penalties in a period)
  • Oct 16 The People's Democracy (PD), formed on Oct 9, organise a march of 1,300 students from the Queen's University of Belfast to the City Hall in the centre of the city, Northern Ireland
  • Oct 16 American Bob Seagren, Claus Schiprowski of West Germany and East German Wolfgang Nordwig all record 5.40m in the final of the pole vault at the Mexico City Olympics; Seagren awarded gold on countback

Film release premierFilm Release

Oct 17 "Bullitt" directed by Peter Yates and starring Steve McQueen and Jacqueline Bisset is 1st released

  • Oct 17 Soviet athlete Viktor Saneev sets world record 17.39m to win the triple jump at the Mexico City Olympics; world record improved 5 times by 3 different athletes during competition
  • Oct 17 US men's 4 x 100m freestyle relay team of Zac Zorn, Stephen Rerych, Ken Walsh & Mark Spitz swim world record 3:31.7 to outclass the Soviet Union & Australia and win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 17 Björn Ferm of Sweden beats Hungary's András Balczó by just 11 points to take the gold medal in the modern pentathlon at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 18 American long jumper Bob Beamon sets an incredible world record (8.90m, 29' 2½") in high altitude at the Mexico City Olympics; 0.55m (22") improvement over previous world record
  • Oct 18 Circus Circus hotel opens in Las Vegas, largest permanent big top in the world
  • Oct 18 Lee Evans sets world record of 43.8 seconds in 400 meter dash

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Police find 219 grains of cannabis resin in John Lennon and Yoko Ono's apartment, they are fined £150 for marijuana possession

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
  • Oct 18 US Olympic Committee suspends Tommie Smith & John Carlos for giving "black power" salute as a protest during victory ceremony
  • Oct 18 American swimmer Don Schollander anchors US 4 × 200m freestyle relay team to world record 7:52.1 and the Olympic gold medal in Tokyo; Schollander's 4th gold of the Games
  • Oct 18 American athletes sweep the medals in the men's 400m at the Mexico City Olympics; Lee Evans wins gold in world record 43.86s ahead of Larry James and Ron Freeman
  • Oct 18 Polish sprinter Irena Szewińska runs a world record 22.58s to beat Australian Raelene Boyle by 0.16s and win the 200m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 18 A rare Australian 1-2 in track & field; Maureen Caird in Olympic record 10.39s beats team mate Pam Kilborn by 0.07s to win the 80m hurdles at the Mexico City Games
  • Oct 19 Golden Gate Bridge charges tolls only for southbound cars
  • Oct 19 The West German crew beats Australia by just 0.9s to win the men's eights rowing gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 19 Derry Citizen's Action Committee, formed Oct 9, stages illegal sit-down at Guildhall Square as part of large civil disobedience campaign
  • Oct 19 American swimmer Jan Henne in 1:00.0 leads American sweep of the women's 100m freestyle medals at the Mexico City Olympics; team mates Susan Pedersen & Linda Gustavson both swim 1:00.3 for minor medals
  • Oct 19 Australian swimmer Michael Wendon sets world record 52.2s to win the blue ribband men's 100m freestyle gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 19 New Zealand scores an upset victory in the men's coxed four rowing final at the Mexico City Olympics; beats favoured East German crew by 2.58s; first ever rowing gold medal for the Kiwis
  • Oct 20 "Her 1st Roman" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 17 performances
  • Oct 20 Mamo Wolde wins 16th Olympic marathon (2:20:26.4)
  • Oct 20 Kenyan runner Kip Keino wins 1,500m gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics in 3:34.91 despite a severe gall bladder infection
  • Oct 20 American Dick Fosbury using his unconventional technique wins the men's high jump gold medal with 2.24m at the Mexico City Olympics; "Fosbury Flop" becomes accepted most efficient technique
  • Oct 20 American sprinter Jim Hines anchors US men's 4 x 100m relay team to win his second gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; with team mates Charles Greene, Mel Pender & Ronnie Ray Smith sets world record 38.24s
  • Oct 20 US men's 4 x 400m relay team of Vincent Matthews, Ron Freeman, Larry James & Lee Evans runs world record 2:56.16; easily beats Kenya & West Germany into the minor medals at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 20 US women's 4 x 100m relay team sets world record 42.88s to win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; Margaret Bailes, Barbara Ferrell, Mildrette Netter & Wyomia Tyus
  • Oct 20 Margitta Gummel of East Germany throws world record 19.61m to beat team mate Marita Lange by 0.83m and win the women's shot put gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 22 Apollo 7 returns to Earth
  • Oct 22 American swimmers sweep the medals in the women's 200m freestyle at the Mexico City Olympics; Debbie Meyer takes gold in Olympic record 2:10.5 ahead of team mates Jan Henne and Jane Barkman
  • Oct 23 "Maggie Flynn" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 82 performances
  • Oct 23 American swimmer Kaye Hall sets a world record 1:06.2 to beat Canadian Elaine Tanner by 0.5s and win the 100m backstroke gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 24 Mick Jagger & Marianne Faithful busted for pot, released on £50 bail

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • Oct 24 The People's Democracy (PD) stage a protest demonstration at Stormont Parliament buildings, Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Oct 24 16 year old American swimmer Debbie Meyer wins the inaugural women's 800m gold medal in 9:24.0 at the Mexico City Olympics; first swimmer to win 3 individual gold medals at a Games (200/400m)
  • Oct 24 Australian swimmer Michael Wendon wraps up the Mexico City Games sprint double when he wins the men's 200m freestyle gold medal in Olympic record 1:55.2
  • Oct 25 Chicago recognizes Jean Baptiste Pointe de Sable as its 1st settler
  • Oct 25 Longest Olympic field hockey game, The Netherlands beats Spain 1-0 in 2h25m (6 OT)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Yoko Ono announces she is having John Lennon's baby

Artist & Musician Yoko Ono
Artist & Musician
Yoko Ono
Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • Oct 25 US men's basketball team beats Yugoslavia 65-50 to win the gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics; 7th straight basketball title for the Americans
  • Oct 25 Czech gymnast Věra Čáslavská wins the uneven bars and vault gold medals at the Mexico City Olympics; her 6th & 7th career gold medals and her 4th at these Games
  • Oct 25 American swimmer Claudia Kolb wraps up the women's individual medley double in Mexico City, winning the 400m I/M in Olympic record 5:08.5; she also won the 200m I/M in OR 2:24.7
  • Oct 25 East German swimmer Roland Matthes wins the 200m backstroke gold medal in Olympic record 2:09.6 at the Mexico City Games; wraps up backstroke double
  • Oct 26 First European satellite launched, Esro 1, at Cape Kennedy
  • Oct 26 KMIR TV channel 36 in Palm Springs, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 26 Soviet Union launches spacecraft Soyuz 3
  • Oct 26 The Soviet Union wraps up the volleyball double at the Mexico City Olympics; both men's & women's teams take gold at the end of their respective round-robin competitions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Future world heavyweight boxing champion George Foreman wins the Olympic heavyweight gold medal when the final against Jonas Čepulis (Soviet Union) is stopped in round 2 at the Mexico City Games

Boxing Champ George Foreman
Boxing Champ
George Foreman
  • Oct 26 Japanese gymnasts sweep the medals in the men's floor exercise competition at the Mexico City Olympics; Sawao Kato wins his 3rd gold of the Games ahead of team mates Akinori Nakayama and Takeshi Katō
  • Oct 26 Japanese gymnast Akinori Nakayama wins 3 individual gold medals on the one day (horizontal bar, rings & parallel bars) at the Mexico City Olympics; with team victory, 4 gold for the Games
  • Oct 26 Charlie Hickcox wins his 3rd gold medal of the Mexico City Olympics when he leads the US men's 4 x 100m medley relay team with team mates Don McKenzie, Doug Russell & Ken Walsh to world record 3:54.9
  • Oct 26 Striker Antal Dunai scores twice as Hungary outclasses Bulgaria 4-1 to take the men's football gold medal at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 26 Italian diver Klaus Dibiasi wins first of 3 consecutive men's 10m platform gold medals when he comfortably beats Álvaro Gaxiola of Mexico at the Mexico City Olympics
  • Oct 29 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 30 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)
  • Oct 30 Nobel prize for physics awarded to Luis Alvarez (bubble chamber)
  • Oct 30 Queen Juliana opens IJ tunnel in Amsterdam

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Oct 30 Jack Lynch, Irish Prime Minister (Taoiseach), meets with Harold Wilson, then British Prime Minister, in London, calling for the ending of partition as a means to resolve the unrest in Northern Ireland

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • Oct 31 Linda Eastman moves to UK permanently
  • Oct 31 Milwaukee Bucks win their 1st game beating Detroit 138-118 (6th game)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 31 US President Lyndon B. Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Oct 31 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site