On This Day

Historical Events in October 1970

  • Oct 1 63 arrested in riot to buy Rolling Stone tickets in Milan, Italy
  • Oct 1 Phillies beat Montreal Expos, 2-1 in final game played at Connie Mack Stadium, Philadelphia; fans swarm onto field and destroy it after the game
  • Oct 1 Final game played at Philadelphia's Connie Mack Stadium, Phillies win over Montreal Expos, 2–1

Sports History

Oct 2 Detroit general manager Jim Campbell gives controversial Billy Martin a 2-year deal (1971-72) to manage the Tigers at a well above MLB average annual salary of $65,000

  • Oct 2 14 members of the Wichita State University Football team as well as 17 administrators and supporters are killed in a plane crash in the Rocky Mountains
  • Oct 3 "Coco" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 333 performances
  • Oct 3 First umpires strike in MLB history lasts one day during League Championship Series; AL and NL presidents recognise newly-formed MLB Umpires Association; negotiate labor contract
  • Oct 3 WAPT TV channel 16 in Jackson, MS (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 4 Umps return after 1-day walkout in quest of higher wages
  • Oct 4 WFYI TV channel 20 in Indianapolis, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 4 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Oct 4 Jochen Rindt of Austria posthumously clinches Formula 1 World Drivers Championship at the US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen when contender Jacky Ickx finishes 4th; Rindt killed in a practice accident at the Italian GP at Monza 5/9/70
  • Oct 5 American fiddle player "Papa" John Creach joins Jefferson Airplane
  • Oct 5 Quebec separatists kidnap British trade commissioner James Cross
  • Oct 5 PBS becomes a US television network.
  • Oct 5 MLB Championship Series both end on the same day with same score; (AL) Baltimore Orioles beat Minnesota Twins, 3-0; (NL) Cincinnati Reds down Pittsburgh Pirates, 3-0; Orioles win WS, 4-1

Nobel Prize

Oct 8 Soviet author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn wins the Nobel Prize for Literature

  • Oct 8 The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) propose that a system of Proportional Representation (PR) should be used in elections in Northern Ireland
  • Oct 9 Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence
  • Oct 10 Fiji gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • Oct 12 Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East
  • Oct 13 Angela Davis arrested in NYC
  • Oct 13 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 13 A man dies in a premature bomb explosion in Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Sports History

Oct 13 2 future Basketball Hall of Famers debut; guard Calvin Murphy for San Diego Rockets in 111-96 loss in Chicago; forward Dave Cowens for Boston Celtics in 114-107 loss in New York

Music Awards

Oct 14 4th Country Music Association Award: Merle Haggard wins

  • Oct 14 Cleveland Cavaliers lose to Buffalo Braves in their 1st game 107-92
  • Oct 14 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 14 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Sports History

Oct 15 Baseball World Series: Baltimore Orioles beat Cincinnati Reds, 9-3 at Memorial Stadium to claim series, 4-1; MVP: Orioles 3B Brooks Robinson

  • Oct 15 Bridge over Yarra River in Melbourne crashes; killing 35
  • Oct 15 Russian passenger flight hijacked to Turkey

Historic Event

Oct 16 Pierre Trudeau invokes the War Measures Act as a response to the October Crisis, the only peacetime use of the War Measures Act in Canadian history.

  • Oct 17 Anwar Sadat sworn in as the 3rd President of Egypt
  • Oct 18 Sachio Kinugasa begins 2,215 cons game streak for Hiroshima Carp
  • Oct 19 Amdahl Corp forms at Sunnyvale, California
  • Oct 19 John Frazier kills Ohta's declares WW 3 has begun
  • Oct 20 American agronomist Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to world food supply
  • Oct 20 Zond 8 Launches to orbit the Moon
  • Oct 21 777 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • Oct 21 Caledonian Airways takes over British United Airways
  • Oct 21 Nobel prize of peace awarded to Norman E Borlaugh
  • Oct 21 Bernadette Devlin is released from prison having served four months of her six month sentence for riotous behaviour
  • Oct 23 Gary Gabelich sets auto speed record 622.4 mph (1,001 kph)
  • Oct 23 Charles Haughey and two others are found not guilty of illegal arms importation by a Dublin jury; the 'Arms Trial' began on 28 May 1970
  • Oct 24 Nancy Walker creates Ida Morgenstein role on "The Mary Tyler Moore Show"

Election of Interest

Oct 24 Marxist Salvador Allende elected President of Chile by the Chilean Congress

  • Oct 25 Austrian driver Jochen Rindt wins F1 World Drivers Championship by 5 points from Jacky Ickx after Mexican GP; only season World Championship awarded posthumously, after Rindt's death in Italian GP practice at Monza
  • Oct 26 "Doonesbury" comic strip debuts in 28 newspapers
  • Oct 26 Tanzania begins building railway Lusaka-Drone ash Salaam
  • Oct 27 "Light, Lively & Yiddish" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 87 performances
  • Oct 28 NBA Cleveland Cavaliers 1st home game, lose to San Diego 110-99
  • Oct 28 US/USSR sign an agreement to discuss joint space efforts
  • Oct 29 WYEA (now WLTZ) TV channel 38 in Columbus, GA (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • Oct 29 The Electoral Reform Society calls for the introduction of Proportional Representation (PR) in elections in Northern Ireland
  • Oct 30 KVEW TV channel 42 in Kennewick, WA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 30 There are serious riots in the Catholic Ardoyne area of Belfast which last for three nights

Meeting of Interest

Oct 30 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British Home Secretary Reginald Maulling to discuss matters related to reforms and security

Music History

Oct 31 Jim Morrison is sentenced to six months in jail and a $500 fine for indecent exposure and open profanity, though remains free on a $50,000 bond pending appeal