On This Day

Historical Events in October 1971

  • Oct 1 Joseph Luns becomes secretary-general of NATO
  • Oct 1 Walt Disney World opens in Bay Lake, Florida
  • Oct 2 Homing pigeon averages a record 133kph in an 1100km race in Australia

Sports History

Oct 3 American tennis star Billie Jean King becomes first female athlete to win $100,000 in prize money in a single year; wins the $4,000 Virginia Slams Tournament in Phoenix, Arizona

Sports History

Oct 3 Scotsman Jackie Stewart finishes 5th in the season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen to claim his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 29 points from Swede Ronnie Peterson

  • Oct 4 Borden's opens a turn-of-century ice cream parlor at Disney World
  • Oct 4 KMPH TV channel 26 in Visalia-Fresno, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Oct 4 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Oct 5 A new sitting of the Northern Ireland parliament at Stormont begins, though the Social Democratic and Labour Party remain absent due to its continuing protest against Internment
  • Oct 6 MLB National League Championship: Pittsburgh Pirates beat San Francisco Giants, 3 games to 1
  • Oct 7 Terence McNally's play "Where has Tommy Flowers gone?" premieres in NYC

Meeting of Interest

Oct 7 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Brian Faulkner meets with British Prime Minister Edward Heath; they agree to send an additional 1,500 British Army troops to Northern Ireland

Film Premiere

Oct 7 "The French Connection" directed by William Friedkin and starring Gene Hackman, Roy Scheider and Fernando Rey premieres in the US (Academy Awards Best Picture 1972)

Music Single

Oct 8 John Lennon releases his megahit single "Imagine"

  • Oct 8 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Historic Event

Oct 9 Japanese Emperor Hirohito visits the Netherlands

  • Oct 9 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 10 5th Country Music Association Award: Charlie Pride wins
  • Oct 10 Fenholt & Webber's musical "Jesus Christ Superstar" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 11 60th Davis Cup: USA beats Romania in Charlotte (3-2)

Baseball Record

Oct 11 Baltimore 3B Brooks Robinson sets Baseball World Series record; reaches base 5 straight times in Orioles 11-3 win over Pittsburgh Pirates in Game 2 at Memorial Stadium

  • Oct 11 Frank McGee becomes news anchor of Today Show
  • Oct 11 Switzerland recognizes North Vietnam

Music History

Oct 12 Rock opera "Jesus Christ Superstar" by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice opens at Mark Hellinger on Broadway, NYC for 711 performances

  • Oct 13 First ever Baseball World Series night game; Pittsburgh Pirates edge Baltimore Orioles, 4-3 in Game 4 at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh
  • Oct 13 WTZH TV channel 24 in Meridian, MS (CBS) suspends broadcasting
  • Oct 14 2 killed in Memphis racial disturbances
  • Oct 15 The start of the 2,500-year celebration of Iran, celebrating the birth of Persia
  • Oct 15 World's first arcade video game Computer Space developed by Syzygy first demonstrated at the MOA Show in the US
  • Oct 16 Amphitheater in McLaren Park is dedicated in San Francisco
  • Oct 17 Cleveland Metroparks' Rocky River Nature Center opens

Sports History

Oct 17 Baseball World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates beat Baltimore Orioles, 2-1 at Memorial Stadium to claim championship. 4-3; MVP: Pirates outfielder Roberto Clemente

  • Oct 17 It is estimated today that approximately 16,000 households were withholding rent and rates for council houses as part of the campaign of civil disobedience against internment organised by the Social Democratic and Labour Party, Northern Ireland
  • Oct 19 Last issue of "Look" magazine is published
  • Oct 19 A group of Northern Ireland Members of Parliament begin a 48 hour hunger strike against the policy of Internment

Music Premiere

Oct 20 "Ain't Supposed to Die a Natural Death" musical by Melvin Van Peebles opens at Barrymore Theater, NYC; runs for 325 performances

Nobel Prize

Oct 20 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize

  • Oct 20 The Nepal stock exchange collapses.

Historic Event

Oct 20 US Senator Edward Kennedy calls for a withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland and all-party negotiations to establish a United Ireland

  • Oct 21 "To Live Another Summer" opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 173 performances

Nobel Prize

Oct 21 Nobel prize for literature awarded to Pablo Neruda

  • Oct 21 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 21 William H Rehnquist & Lewis F Powell nominated to US Supreme Court by Nixon, following resignations of Justices Hugo Black & John Harlan
  • Oct 22 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 23 WXLT (now WWSB) TV channel 40 in Sarasota-Bradenton, FL (ABC) begins
  • Oct 23 Two female members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) are shot dead by the British Army in the Lower Falls area of Belfast
  • Oct 23 Three Catholic civilians are shot dead by the British Army during an attempted robbery in Newry, County Down
  • Oct 24 Harry Drake sets longest arrow flight by a footbow (1 mile 268 yds)
  • Oct 24 Texas Stadium opens-Cowboys beat Patriots 44-21
  • Oct 24 President of Sinn Féin Ruairi O'Brady, addresses a party conference in Dublin and proclaims that the North of Ireland must be made ungovernable as a first step to achieve a united Ireland
  • Oct 24 A member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) is shot dead by undercover Royal Ulster Constabulary officers during a bomb attack in Belfast
  • Oct 25 Belgium & People's Republic of China establish diplomatic relations
  • Oct 25 General Meeting of UN agrees to admit People's Republic of China
  • Oct 25 United Nations votes to expel the Chinese Nationalist ruled Taiwan and admit the Communist People's Republic of China
  • Oct 25 A man dies two days after being shot during an Irish Republican Army attack on the British Army in Belfast
  • Oct 26 UN votes to replace Taiwan with China
  • Oct 26 An Assembly, attended only by Nationalist politicians, and acting as an alternative to Stormont, meet in Dungiven Castle
  • Oct 27 Republic of Congo-Kinshasa becomes Republic of Zaire
  • Oct 27 Gerard Newe becomes the first Catholic to serve in any Northern Ireland government since 1920; Newe was appointed to try to improve community relations
  • Oct 28 United Kingdom becomes the 6th nation to have a satellite in orbit with the launch of Prospero
  • Oct 28 John Lennon and Yoko Ono record "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in NYC

Britain Joins the European Community

Oct 28 The British Parliament debates the European Communities principle of membership and votes 356 to 244 in favour of joining, requiring a new law to be drafted and a later final vote on joining

Film Premiere

Oct 29 Frank Zappa's musical mockumentary "200 Motels", starring The Mothers of Invention, Theodore Bikel, and Ringo Starr premieres in Beverly Hills, California

  • Oct 31 "On the Town" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 65 performances
  • Oct 31 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) explode a bomb at the Post Office Tower in London