On This Day

Historical Events in 1971 (Part 2)

Events 201 - 400 of 726

  • Mar 28 25th Tony Awards: "Sleuth" (Best Play) & "Company" (Best Musical, Original Score, Director) win

Film & TV History

Mar 28 Last original edition of "The Ed Sullivan Show" broadcasts on CBS-TV

  • Mar 29 1st Lt William L Calley Jr found guilty in My Lai (Vietnam) massacre
  • Mar 29 Chile president Allende nationalizes banks/copper mines
  • Mar 29 Conrad Van Emde Boas becomes West Europe's 1st sexology professor
  • Mar 29 Development of a serum hepatitis vaccine for children announced
  • Mar 29 WSVN (now WSBN) TV channel 47 in Norton, VA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Mar 31 South Africa national debt hits 5.45 billion
  • Mar 31 William Calley sentenced to life for Mi Lai Massacre
  • Apr 1 US/Canada ISIS 2 launched to study ionosphere
  • Apr 1 United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership
  • Apr 2 Dark Shadows, American Gothic supernatural soap opera, concludes an almost 5 year run on ABC
  • Apr 2 Libya concludes 5 weeks of negotiations with Western oil companies in Tripoli
  • Apr 3 125th Grand National: John Cook aboard 28/1 chance Specify wins a close finish between the leading 5 in the final furlong
  • Apr 3 16th Eurovision Song Contest: Severine for Monaco wins singing "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" in Dublin
  • Apr 3 The Temptations score their second US No. 1 with "Just My Imagination (Running Away With Me)"

Music Premiere

Apr 4 Stephen Sondheim's "Follies" opens at Winter Garden Theater, NYC; runs for 524 performances, then most expensive Broadway musical at the time

  • Apr 4 Marine clay under houses liquefies in St-Jean-Vianney, Quebec, 31 die
  • Apr 5 Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
  • Apr 5 Mount Etna erupts in Sicily
  • Apr 5 US Lt William Calley sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre
  • Apr 5 WNJT TV channel 52 in Trenton, New Jersey (PBS) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

Apr 5 Sri Lanka's communist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) launches insurrection against the United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike

Historic Event

Apr 6 During a debate at Westminster on Northern Ireland, Harold Wilson of the Labour Party claims that a draft Bill for the imposition of direct rule exists

  • Apr 7 Dismissal of Curt Flood's free agency suit against baseball is upheld by the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit [1]

Historic Event

Apr 7 US President Richard Nixon orders lt Calley (Mi Lai) free

  • Apr 7 WCJB TV channel 20 in Gainesville, FL (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting 3-judge US Circuit Court of Appeals
  • Apr 8 1st legal off-track betting system begins (OTB-New York)

Music Single

Apr 9 Ringo Starr releases single "It Don't Come Easy" in the UK

  • Apr 10 US table tennis team arrives in People's Republic of China
  • Apr 10 Philadelphia Phillies open their new home, Veterans Stadium, with a 4-1 win over the Montreal Expos; 55,352, largest ever crowd to watch a MLB game in Pennsylvania
  • Apr 10 The Republican commemorations is held in Belfast of the Easter Rising (in 1916 in Dublin), revealing conflicts between the two wings of the Irish Republican Army
  • Apr 11 "Johnny Johnson" opens/closes at Edison Theater NYC for 1 performance

US Masters Golf

Apr 11 35th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Charles Coody wins his only major title by 2 strokes ahead of runners-up Johnny Miller and Jack Nicklaus

  • Apr 11 WBFF TV channel 45 in Baltimore, MD (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Apr 14 Fort Point, San Francisco dedicated as a national historic site
  • Apr 14 US President Richard Nixon ends blockade against People's Republic of China
  • Apr 14 US Supreme Court upheld busing as means of achieving racial desegregation
  • Apr 15 "70, Girls, 70" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 35 performances

Academy Awards

Apr 15 43rd Academy Awards: "Patton", George C Scott & Glenda Jackson win

  • Apr 17 Egypt, Libya & Syria form federation (FAR)

Sports History

Apr 19 After smashing 124 in the 1st innings, Indian cricket opener Sunil Gavaskar makes 220 in 2nd innings in the drawn 5th Test against the West Indies in Port of Spain, Trinidad

  • Apr 19 75th Boston Marathon: Álvaro Mejía of Colombia wins in 2:18:45; American Sara Mae Berman 1st woman for 3rd straight year in 3:08:30 (unsanctioned)

Murder of Interest

Apr 19 Charles Manson sentenced to life in prison for the murder of Sharon Tate

  • Apr 19 Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day)
  • Apr 19 USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit

Music Recording

Apr 20 Barbra Streisand records "We've Only Just Begun"

  • Apr 20 US Supreme Court upholds use of busing to achieve racial desegregation
  • Apr 21 Original Codex Reguis (with Edda-liederen) returns to Iceland
  • Apr 22 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 10 launched
  • Apr 22 Soyuz 10 launches as the world's first mission to the first-ever space station (the Salyut 1) however the docking was unsuccessful and the cosmonauts returned to Earth
  • Apr 23 Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike
  • Apr 24 Skip Redwine and Larry Frank's musical "Frank Merriwell" opens and closes at Longacre Theater, NYC (1 performance only)
  • Apr 24 Soyuz 10 returns to Earth
  • Apr 25 About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 25 US canal rights in Nicaragua & rights to Corn Islands expire
  • Apr 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Apr 25 The Northern Ireland census is held
  • Apr 26 Heaviest rains ever in Bahia district of Brazil, 15" in 24 hrs
  • Apr 26 San Francisco lightship replaced by automatic buoy
  • Apr 26 Turkey state of siege proclaimed
  • Apr 27 Curt Flood resigns Senators after 13 games & departs for Denmark
  • Apr 28 Dutch social democratic party/D'66/DS'70 win parliamentary election
  • Apr 28 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr. becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy
  • Apr 29 Boeing receives contract for Mariner 10, Mercury exploration
  • Apr 29 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 30 25th NBA Championship: Milwaukee beat Baltimore Bullets in 4 games
  • May 1 97th Kentucky Derby: Gustavo Ávila wins aboard Canonero II (wins Preakness May 15)
  • May 1 Amtrak Railroad begins operation
  • May 1 Rolling Stones release "Brown Sugar"
  • May 3 "All Things Considered" premieres on 112 National Public Radio stations
  • May 3 Erich Honecker succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German communist party leader
  • May 3 National Public Radio begins programming
  • May 3 Nixon administration arrests 13,000 anti-war protesters in 3 days
  • May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to John Toland (Rising Sun)
  • May 5 Courtney, Courtney, and Link's musical "Earl of Ruston" opens at Billy Rose Theater, NYC, runs for 5 performances
  • May 5 Race riot in Brownsville section of Brooklyn (NYC)
  • May 8 Courtney, Courtney, and Link's musical "Earl of Ruston" closes at Billy Rose Theater, NYC, after 5 performances
  • May 9 23rd Emmy Awards: All in the Family, Jack Klugman & Jean Stapleton win
  • May 9 Elizabeth Bonner runs female world record marathon (3:01:42)
  • May 9 Friends of Earth return 1500 non-returnable bottles to Schweppes
  • May 9 Largest walk in crowd (31,626) in Baltimore Oriole history
  • May 10 US special delivery rates go from 45 cents to 60 cents
  • May 11 Cleveland's pitcher Steve Dunning hits a grand slam off Oakland Athletics pitcher Diego Seguí
  • May 13 Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane seriously injured in a car accident
  • May 15 "70, Girls, 70" closes at Broadhurst Theater, NYC, after 35 performances
  • May 15 96th Preakness: Gustavo Avila aboard Canonero II wins in 1:54
  • May 15 Radio Nordsee International's ship bombed
  • May 15 Irish Republican Army member William 'Billy' Reid is shot dead by British soldiers in Belfast
  • May 16 US 1st class postage now costs 8 cents (was 6 cents)

Music Premiere

May 16 Benjamin Britten's opera "Owen Wingrave" premieres in Aldwych, London

  • May 16 Bulgaria adopts its constitution
  • May 17 Stephen Schwartz' musical "Godspell" premieres off-Broadway
  • May 17 Washington State bans sex discrimination
  • May 18 4th ABA Championship: Utah Stars beat Kentucky Colonels, 4 games to 3
  • May 18 Bulgarian constitution goes into effect
  • May 18 US President Richard Nixon rejects 60 demands of Congressional Black Caucus

Sports History

May 18 Stanley Cup Final, Chicago Stadium, Chicago, IL: Henri Richard scores twice as Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Black Hawks for a 4-3 series victory

  • May 18 Vampire rapist Wayne Boden's last victim found in Calgary, Alberta
  • May 19 USSR launches Mars 2, becomes the 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
  • May 20 Pentagon reports blacks constitute 11% of US soldiers in SE Asia
  • May 21 Chelsea win 11th European Cup Winner's Cup against Real Madrid 2-1 in Athens (replay)
  • May 21 National Guard mobilizes to quell riot in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Album Release

May 21 Marvin Gaye' eleventh album "What's Going On" is released; considered the best album off all-time by critic surveys in Rolling Stone (2020); The Guardian (1997); and New Music Express (1985)

White Night Riots

May 21 White Night riots occur in San Francisco after Dan White is given a lenient sentence for assassinating Mayor George Moscone and the openly gay elected official Harvey Milk

  • May 22 A British soldier is killed by members of the Official Irish Republican Army in Belfast
  • May 23 American rock group Iron Butterfly ("In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida") disbands
  • May 24 A commuter bus plunges into Panama Canal, killing 38 of 43 aboard
  • May 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • May 25 The Provisional Irish Republican Army throw a time bomb into Springfield Road British Army base in Belfast, killing British Army Sergeant Michael Willetts and wounding seven officers
  • May 27 23rd Walker Cup: Britain-Ireland, 13-11

Cannes Film Festival

May 27 24th Cannes Film Festival: "The Go-Between" directed by Joseph Losey wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film

Music Recording

May 27 John Lennon records the song "Imagine" at his Ascot Sound home studio at Tittenhurst Park, England

Album Release

May 28 Paul McCartney releases "Ram", his 2nd solo album

  • May 28 USSR Mars 3 launched, 1st spacecraft to soft land on Mars
  • May 29 "Court Room" by Clarence Carter hits #61
  • May 29 Indianapolis 500: Defending champion Al Unser Snr becomes first and only driver to win race on his birthday; leads for final 83 laps
  • May 30 36 hospitalized during Grateful Dead concert; drunk LSD apple juice
  • May 30 Train crash at Duivendrecht, Netherlands, 5 die
  • May 30 US Mariner 9 1st satellite to orbit Mars launched

Baseball Record

May 30 Willie Mays hits his 638th HR, sets NL record of 1,950 runs scored

  • May 31 WDXR (now WKPD) TV channel 29 in Paducah, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting

Music History

Jun 1 "You're a Good Man Charlie Brown" opens at the John Golden Theatre, NYC; runs for 31 performances

  • Jun 2 European Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London: Ajax beats Panathinaikos, 2-0; Dutch champions begin 3-year period of domination
  • Jun 3 Chic Cub Ken Holtzman 2nd no-hitter beats Cincinnati Reds, 1-0

Sports History

Jun 3 Test Cricket debut of Imran Khan, v Englandl at Edgbaston (5, 0-36, 0-19)

  • Jun 4 J Luns appointed secretary-general of NATO
  • Jun 4 Oakland A's beat Washington Senators, 5-3, in 21 innings
  • Jun 4 Pakistani cricketer Zaheer Abbas scores 274 vs England at Edgbaston in 544 minutes
  • Jun 5 103rd Belmont: Walter Blum aboard Pass Catcher wins in 2:30.6
  • Jun 5 French Open Women's Tennis: Evonne Goolagong wins her first career Grand Slam singles title; beats fellow Australian Helen Gourlay 6-3, 7-5
  • Jun 6 Air West flight 706 collides with a US Marine Corps F-4B Phantom jet over Los Angeles killing all 49 aboard the DC-6 and the pilot of the F-4B

Music History

Jun 6 John Lennon and Yoko Ono unannounced appearance at Fillmore East in NYC

  • Jun 6 Soyuz 11 takes 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 1 space station
  • Jun 6 WHAE (now WGNX) TV channel 46 in Atlanta, Georgia (CBN) begins broadcasting
  • Jun 6 Willie Mays hits record 22nd (& last) extra inning HR

French Open Men's Tennis

Jun 6 French Open Men's Tennis: Defending champion Jan Kodeš of Czechoslovakia beats Ilie Năstase of Romania 8-6, 6-2, 2-6, 7-5

  • Jun 6 Final broadcast of "The Ed Sullivan Show" (a repeat from 7 February) on CBS-TV
  • Jun 7 Soviet Soyuz 11 crew completes 1st transfer to orbiting Salyut space station
  • Jun 8 North Vietnam demands US end aid to South Vietnam
  • Jun 8 White Sox draft Danny Goodwin #1, he refuses to sign
  • Jun 8 General Officer Commanding the British Army Harry Tuzo, then claims that a permanent military solution to the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland could not be achieved
  • Jun 9 Abdul Zahir appointed premier of Afghanistan
  • Jun 9 Paul McCartney's album "Ram" goes gold
  • Jun 10 11 die in a train crash in Salem, Illinois
  • Jun 10 44th National Spelling Bee: Jonathan Knisely wins spelling "shalloon"
  • Jun 11 US & Japan sign accord to return Okinawa to Japan
  • Jun 11 US ends ban on China trade

LPGA Championship

Jun 13 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Pleasant Valley CC: Kathy Whitworth wins by 4 strokes from Kathy Ahern

  • Jun 13 "The New York Times" begins publishing excerpts from the Pentagon Papers, classified documents on the long history of the U.S. in Vietnam
  • Jun 13 In defiance of a government ban, members of the Orange Order march through the mainly Catholic town of Dungiven, County Londonderry, causing a riot
  • Jun 15 Vernon E Jordan Jr, appointed exec director of National Urban League
  • Jun 16 Groningen soccer team forms in Groningen, Netherlands
  • Jun 16 Racial disturbance in Jacksonville, Florida

#1 in the Charts

Jun 17 Carole King's album "Tapestry" goes to #1 on US album charts and stays there for 15 weeks

  • Jun 18 Social Democratic and Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening of Stormont (North Ireland Parliament)
  • Jun 19 Mayor declares state of emergency in Columbus Georgia due to racial disturbance

Glastonbury Festival

Jun 20 Glastonbury Festival in Pilton, England opens: David Bowie headlines; other performs include: Joan Baez, Hawkwind, Melanie, Traffic, Fairport Convention, and Quintessence

Music Concert

Jun 21 50,000 attend Celebration of Life, rock concert in McCrea, Louisiana; performers included Chuck Berry; Stephen Stills; WAR; John Sebastian; and Delaney and Bonnie

  • Jun 21 US Open Men's Golf, Merion GC: Lee Trevino wins his 2nd Open by 3 strokes in a Monday 18-hole playoff with Jack Nicklaus
  • Jun 21 Indians Ken Harrelson retires from baseball to play pro golf
  • Jun 21 International Court of Justice asks South Africa to pull out of Namibia
  • Jun 22 Pretoria court rules that the former leader of the banned Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), Robert Sobukwe, will not be allowed to use his exit permit to leave South Africa for study in the United States

Album Release

Jun 22 Reprise Records releases "Blue", Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell's 4th studio album [1] [2]

  • Jun 23 MLB Philadelphia Phillies Rick Wise no-hits Reds, and hits 2 HR's and 3 RBI in 4-0 win at Cincinnati
  • Jun 23 WTVP TV channel 47 in Peoria, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting

Music Single

Jun 25 Stevie Wonder releases single "Where I'm Coming From"

  • Jun 26 "Man of La Mancha" closes at ANTA Wash Sq Theater NYC after 2329 performances
  • Jun 26 Angels suspend Alex Johnson (after 5 benchings & 29 fines)
  • Jun 26 21st Berlin International Film Festival: "The Garden of the Finzi-Continis" wins the Golden Bear
  • Jun 27 "You're a Good Man Charlie Brown" closes at the John Golden Theatre, NYC, after 31 performances
  • Jun 27 US Open Women's Golf, Kahwa GC: JoAnne Carner wins by 7 strokes from Kathy Whitworth
  • Jun 27 Bill Graham's New York rock venue Fillmore East closes down, to be succeeded by Fillmore West in San Francisco

Sports History

Jun 28 US Supreme Court (8-0) overturns draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali

  • Jun 30 Crew of Russian space mission Soyuz 11 found dead upon arrival on earth (only people to die in space)
  • Jul 1 North Carolina becomes 38th state to approve of lower voting age to 18, ratifying 26th amendment
  • Jul 1 Britain and Argentina sign accord about Falkland Islands
  • Jul 1 Debt raised to build San Franisco's Golden Gate Bridge paid off
  • Jul 1 State of Washington becomes 1st state to ban sex discrimination
  • Jul 1 Twenty-sixth Amendment, which lowers the voting age from 21 to 18, is ratified and becomes part of the United States Constitution
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Evonne Goolagong beats Margaret Court 6-4, 6-1 for the first of 2 Wimbledon singles titles
  • Jul 2 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Jul 3 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Newcombe of Australia beats American Stan Smith 6-3, 5-7, 2-6, 6-4, 6-4 for his third and final Wimbledon singles title
  • Jul 4 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Jul 5 26th amendment to the US constitution certified (reduces voting age to 18)
  • Jul 5 Simon Gray's "Butley" premieres in London
  • Jul 6 Barend Biesheuvel government forms in Netherlands
  • Jul 6 Dr Hastings Kamuzu Banda sworn in as President for Life of Malawi
  • Jul 6 White House Plumbers unit formed to plug news leaks
  • Jul 6 A member of the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) is killed in a premature explosion in County Tipperary, Republic of Ireland

Hall of Fame

Jul 7 MLB Commissioner Bowie Kuhn announces that Negro League players elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame to be given full membership in the Museum

  • Jul 8 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 8 During street disturbances, British soldiers shoot dead two Catholic civilians in Free Derry; riots erupt, the Social Democratic and Labour Party withdraw from Stormont in protest

Historic Event

Jul 9 Henry Kissinger visits the People's Republic of China to negotiate a detente between the US and China

  • Jul 10 100th British Open Men's Golf, Royal Birkdale: Lee Trevino wins the first of his consecutive Open Championships, a stroke ahead of Lu Liang-Huan of Taiwan
  • Jul 10 Failed assassination attempt on King Hassan II of Morocco, 101 killed

Historic Event

Jul 10 National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC) founded in US by women including Bella Abzug, Betty Friedan, Shirley Chisholm, Myrlie Evers-Williams and Gloria Steinem

  • Jul 11 Chilean parliament nationalizes American copper mines