On This Day

Historical Events in 1971 (Part 4)

Events 601 - 726 of 726

  • Oct 27 Republic of Congo-Kinshasa becomes Republic of Zaire
  • Oct 27 Gerard Newe becomes the first Catholic to serve in any Northern Ireland government since 1920; Newe was appointed to try to improve community relations
  • Oct 28 United Kingdom becomes the 6th nation to have a satellite in orbit with the launch of Prospero

Music Recording

Oct 28 John Lennon and Yoko Ono record "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in NYC

Britain Joins the European Community

Oct 28 The British Parliament debates the European Communities principle of membership and votes 356 to 244 in favour of joining, requiring a new law to be drafted and a later final vote on joining

Film Premiere

Oct 29 Frank Zappa's musical mockumentary "200 Motels", starring The Mothers of Invention, Theodore Bikel, and Ringo Starr premieres in Beverly Hills, California

  • Oct 31 "On the Town" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 65 performances
  • Oct 31 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) explode a bomb at the Post Office Tower in London

Historic Event

Nov 1 Eisenhower dollar put into circulation

Album Release

Nov 1 Family Productions releases "Cold Spring Harbor", singer-songwriter Billy Joel's debut studio album; a mastering error caused music to be sped up

  • Nov 2 "Great Harp" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • Nov 2 Baltimore Orioles pitcher Pat Dobson no-hits the Yomiuri Giants, 2 - 0; first no-hitter in history of exhibition play between American and Japanese teams
  • Nov 3 "Play Misty For Me" premieres
  • Nov 5 Bolivia passes death penalty for political kidnapping
  • Nov 5 NBA's LA Lakers starts a 33 game consecutive victory streak
  • Nov 6 "Great Harp" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 7 performances
  • Nov 6 US performs underground nuclear test at Amchitka Island Aleutians
  • Nov 9 David Storey's "Changing Room" premieres in London
  • Nov 9 John List kills family & moves to Colorado
  • Nov 10 Joe Torre wins NL MVP, Vida Blue wins AL MVP
  • Nov 10 US table tennis team arrived in China
  • Nov 11 Man-made earthslide at Kawasaki Japan, kills 15

Film & TV History

Nov 11 Neil Simon's "Prisoner of Second Avenue" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 13 Mariner 9, 1st to orbit another planet (Mars)
  • Nov 14 Enthronment of Pope Shenouda III as Pope of Alexandria

Historic Invention

Nov 15 Intel advertises 4004-processor

  • Nov 16 The Compton inquiry is published, acknowledging that there was ill-treatment of internees, but rejected claims of systematic brutality or torture (Northern Ireland)
  • Nov 16 The US increase air activity to support the Cambodian government as fighting neared Phnom Penh
  • Nov 18 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • Nov 18 A British soldier is shot dead by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Belfast
  • Nov 19 Disney World's Fort Wilderness opens
  • Nov 20 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Sports History

Nov 20 21st NASCAR Sprint Cup: Richard Petty wins

  • Nov 21 NY Rangers scores a NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
  • Nov 21 Richard Baker becomes teacher of San Francisco Zen Center
  • Nov 21 Battle of Garibpur: Indian troops aided by the Mukti Bahini, Bengali guerrillas, defeat the army of Pakistan
  • Nov 22 "Only Fools Are Sad" opens at Edison Theater NYC for 144 performances
  • Nov 22 A member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) is killed in a premature bomb explosion in Lurgan, County Armagh
  • Nov 23 China People's Republic seated in UN Security Council
  • Nov 23 Danny Murtaugh, manager of MLB world champions Pittsburgh Pirates, announces his retirement
  • Nov 24 Braves catcher-infielder Earl Williams, wins NL Rookie of Year
  • Nov 24 Prison rebellion at Rahway State Prison, New Jersey
  • Nov 24 American "Dan Cooper" hijacks plane, extorts $200,000 ransom before jumping out of plane over Washington State, never seen again
  • Nov 24 A woman is killed after members of the Irish Republican Army carry out an attack on British soldiers in Strabane, County Tyrone
  • Nov 24 A British Army bomb-disposal specialist is killed by a bomb in Lurgan, County Armagh
  • Nov 25 37th Heisman Trophy Award: Pat Sullivan, Auburn (QB)

Historic Event

Nov 25 British Labour Party leader Harold Wilson proposes Britain should work towards a withdrawal from Northern Ireland, and after 15 years; the Republic of Ireland could rejoin the British Commonwealth

  • Nov 27 Soviet Mars 2 becomes 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
  • Nov 27 Two Customs officials are shot by an Irish Republican Army sniper firing upon a British Army patrol investigating a bomb attack on a Customs Post near Newry, County Armagh
  • Nov 27 36th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 31-7 in Birmingham
  • Nov 28 "Me Nobody Knows" closes at Helen Hayes Theater, NYC, after 587 performances
  • Nov 28 CFL Grey Cup, Empire Stadium, Vancouver: Calgary Stampeders beat Toronto Argonauts, 14-11 on a slick, rain-covered field
  • Nov 29 1st pro golf championship at Walt Disney World
  • Nov 29 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Nov 30 The government of the Republic of Ireland states that it will take the allegations of brutality against the security forces in Northern Ireland to the European Court of Human Rights

Television Premiere

Nov 30 Emmy and Peabody Award-winning TV movie "Brian's Song", about the friendship of Chicago Bears football teammates Brian Piccolo and Gale Sayers (based on Sayers' autobiography) premieres on ABC, starring James Caan and Billie Dee Williams

Baseball Record

Dec 1 Chicago Cubs release longtime star and future Hall of Famer Ernie Banks, ending his 19-year MLB career; announce Banks will serve as a coach on manager Leo Durocher's staff; Banks finishes with 512 home runs and 1,636 RBI

  • Dec 1 Galt MacDermot and John Guare's "Two Gentlemen of Verona" opens at St James Theater NYC for 613 performances
  • Dec 1 John Lennon and Yoko Ono release "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in US
  • Dec 1 Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray.
  • Dec 2 Soviet space probe Mars 3 is first to soft land on Mars
  • Dec 2 United Arab Emirates (Trucial States) declares independence from UK
  • Dec 2 Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Sharjah & Umm ak Qiwain form United Arab Emirates

Appointment of Interest

Dec 2 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan is appointed President of the United Arab Emirates

Sports History

Dec 2 Frank Robinson is traded from the Baltimore Orioles to the Los Angeles Dodgers

  • Dec 3 India invades West Pakistan claiming hundreds of lives and starting the full scale Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
  • Dec 4 The UN Security Council calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan
  • Dec 4 The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi
  • Dec 4 McGurk's Bar bombing: the UVF explode a bomb at a Catholic-owned pub in Belfast, killing fifteen Catholic civilians and wounding seventeen others; this was the highest death toll from a single incident in Belfast during 'the Troubles'
  • Dec 5 KCBJ (now KMIZ) TV channel 17 in Columbia, MO (ABC) 1st broadcast
  • Dec 5 Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession
  • Dec 6 Lewis Franklin Powell confirmed as US Supreme Court justice
  • Dec 6 A woman dies trying to salvage property from the Salvation Army Citadel in Belfast after bomb which started a large fire in an adjoining building
  • Dec 7 Musical "Wild and Wonderful" opens and closes at the Lyceum Theater, NYC, after 1 performance
  • Dec 7 Wings release their 1st album "Wild Life"
  • Dec 7 An off-duty member of the Ulster Defence Regiment is shot dead by members of the Irish Republican Army in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
  • Dec 9 Lewis F. Powell Jr. appointed to US Supreme Court

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt receives the Nobel Peace Prize

  • Dec 10 William H Rehnquist confirmed as Supreme Court justice

Film & TV History

Dec 10 Lucasfilm Ltd. is founded as a film and television production company by George Lucas in San Francisco, California

  • Dec 11 The Libertarian Party of the United States is formed
  • Dec 11 A bomb explodes outside a furniture showroom on the mainly-Protestant and loyalist Shankill Road, Belfast; four civilians (including two babies) were killed and nineteen wounded

Sports History

Dec 12 Romanian tennis star Ilie Năstase finishes ATP Masters Grand Prix with a perfect 6-0 record to win the rich season ending event at the Coubertin Stadium, Paris

  • Dec 13 John Sinclair (sentence: 10 yrs, sold 2 marijuana joints) is freed
  • Dec 14 Golden Gate Bridge lights out all night due to power failure
  • Dec 14 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Dec 14 U.S. premiere of "Nicholas and Alexandra", film adaptation of Robert K. Massie's best selling novel
  • Dec 14 The Pakistan Army executes an estimated 1,111 of East Pakistan's intellectuals during the Bangladesh Liberation War
  • Dec 15 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Dec 16 Vijay Diwas (Victory Day): East Pakistan's independence (as Bangladesh) from Pakistan is recognized internationally after India's army occupies Dacca, and 93,000 West Pakistani troops surrender
  • Dec 16 Don McLean's 8+ minute version of "American Pie" released
  • Dec 17 "Diamonds are Forever", 7th James Bond film, last starring Sean Conner, also starring Jill St. John is 1st released in West Germany
  • Dec 17 Cease fire between India & Pakistan in Kashmir
  • Dec 17 Radio Bangladesh begins transmitting
  • Dec 18 1st Candlelight Processional at the EPCOT Center, Disney World
  • Dec 18 CBS radio cancels Saturday morning band concerts
  • Dec 18 People United To Save Humanity (PUSH) formed by Jesse Jackson in Chicago
  • Dec 18 US dollar devalued 7.9% in Holland ($1=Ÿ3,245)
  • Dec 18 Three members of the Irish Republican Army die when the bomb they were transporting explodes prematurely in King Street, Magherafelt, County Derry.
  • Dec 19 "Inner City" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 97 performances
  • Dec 19 CBS airs "Homecoming A Christmas Story," (introducing the Waltons)
  • Dec 19 NASA launches Intelsat 4 F-3 for COMSAT Corp

A Clockwork Orange

Dec 19 Stanley Kubrick's X-rated film "A Clockwork Orange" based on the book by Anthony Burgess and starring Malcolm McDowell premieres

  • Dec 20 Pakistan president Yahya Khan resigns

Historic Publication

Dec 20 First preview issue of "Ms" magazine is published in the US launched by Gloria Steinem

Historic Event

Dec 21 UN Security Council chooses Kurt Waldheim as 4th Secretary-General

  • Dec 21 A publican is killed as he tried to remove a bomb from his pub, Northern Ireland
  • Dec 22 KUAC TV channel 9 in Fairbanks/College, AK (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 22 UN General Assembly ratifies former Austrian President Kurt Waldheim as Secretary-General
  • Dec 22 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Historic Event

Dec 23 US President Richard Nixon commutes remaining 8 years of Teamsters labor union leader Jimmy Hoffa's 13-year jail term for bribery and fraud

Historic Event

Dec 23 British Prime Minister Edward Heath visits Northern Ireland and expresses his determination to end the violence

  • Dec 24 Peruvian Airlines Electra crashes at headwaters of Amazon, killing all except Juliane Margaret Koepcke found 10 days later
  • Dec 25 Longest game in NFL history as Miami Dolphins beat KC Chiefs, 27-24 in 2OT in AFL playoff game; duration: 82 minutes and 40 seconds
  • Dec 25 Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity) formed by Jesse Jackson
  • Dec 25 Worst hotel fire in history kills 163 at Taeyokale Hotel in Seoul

Sports History

Dec 26 Muhammad Ali finishes off German Jürgen Blin with a thundering right cross for a 7th-round knockout in a non-title heavyweight boxing contest in Zurich, Switzerland

  • Dec 27 1st Fiesta Bowl: #8 Arizona State beats Florida State, 45-38
  • Dec 28 Hashish now falls under the Dutch Opium Law (Opiumwet)

Football Awards

Dec 28 Ballon d'Or: Ajax forward Johan Cruyff wins award for best European football player ahead of Inter forward Sandro Mazzola and Manchester United winger George Best; first Dutch national and Ajax player to win award

  • Dec 30 Long Island NHL franchise purchased (NY Islanders)
  • Dec 30 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Dec 30 A member of the Irish Republican Army is killed in a premature bomb explosion in Santry, Dublin.
  • Dec 31 KAID TV channel 4 in Boise, ID (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • Dec 31 Lt Gen Robert E Cushman, Jr, USMC, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • Dec 31 Edmund Compton, then Northern Ireland Ombudsman, is replaced by John Benn