On This Day

Historical Events in October 1973

Sports History

Oct 1 Future Baseball Hall of Fame player and manager Leo Durocher ends his 45 year career in the sport when he resigns as Houston Astros manager

  • Oct 1 USSR-West Germany gas tunnel opens
  • Oct 3 Willi Stoph succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader
  • Oct 4 Hans of Manens ballet "Adagio Hammerklavier" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Oct 5 Signature of the European Patent Convention.

Album Release

Oct 5 "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road" 7th studio album by Elton John is released

  • Oct 6 Yom Kippur War begins as Syria & Egypt attack Israel
  • Oct 7 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company.

Sports History

Oct 7 Scotsman Jackie Stewart wins his 3rd Formula 1 World Drivers Championship despite withdrawing from the season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen; wins title by 16 points from Emerson Fittipaldi

Sports History

Oct 8 NLCS game 3 brawl between Cins' Pete Rose & NY Met Bud Harrelson

  • Oct 8 Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece
  • Oct 8 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail.
  • Oct 9 1st general striking in Luxembourg since 1942
  • Oct 9 Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
  • Oct 9 Warriors-Cavalier game in Cleveland postponed because of wet floors

Historic Event

Oct 10 US Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after pleading no contest to allegations of tax fraud

  • Oct 10 MLB National League Championship: New York Mets beat Cincinnati Reds, 3 games to 2
  • Oct 11 Oakland beats Baltimore 3 games to 2 to win AL pennant
  • Oct 11 Héctor José Cámpora is elected President of Argentina
  • Oct 11 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Baltimore Orioles, 3 games to 2
  • Oct 12 Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria
  • Oct 13 Jordan enters Yom Kippur war

TV Show Appearance

Oct 13 Teri Garr appears on "The Bob Newhart Show" in "Emily in for Carol"

Film Premiere

Oct 13 "Badlands" directed by Terrence Malick and starring Martin Sheen and Sissy Spacek premieres at the New York Film Festival

  • Oct 14 Egyptian tanks move further into Israel

Sports History

Oct 14 42 year old future Baseball Hall of Fame center fielder Willie Mays' last MLB career hit, as NY Mets beat A's, 10-7 in World Series Game 2 in Oakland

  • Oct 15 7th Country Music Association Award: Roy Clark wins
  • Oct 15 Tanks attack Thailand demonstrating students, 300 killed

Music Single

Oct 15 Country music artist Dolly Parton releases her single "Jolene"

  • Oct 16 Israeli tanks under Gen Sharon move through Suez Canal

Nobel Prize

Oct 16 Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho controversially awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam that later failed

  • Oct 16 Maynard Jackson elected 1st black mayor of Atlanta
  • Oct 16 Monks Heng Yo & Heng Ju, start 1000 mile SF to Seattle pilgrimage
  • Oct 16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • Oct 17 OPEC oil ministers use oil as an economic weapon in the Arab-Israeli War, mandating a cut in exports and recommending an embargo against unfriendly states [1]
  • Oct 18 Judd Woldon & Robert Britten's musical"Raisin" opens at 46th St Theater, NYC for 847 performances
  • Oct 18 Congress authorizes bi-centennial quarter, half-dollar & dollar coin
  • Oct 18 Nobel prize for Economic Sciences awarded to American Wassily Leontief

Music Single

Oct 19 Ringo Starr releases music single "Photograph" in the UK

  • Oct 19 OPEC oil embargo on the United States begins as participating nations cease oil exports to the US and begin a series of production cuts [1]
  • Oct 19 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States
  • Oct 20 Mariette Hartley appears on "The Bob Newhart Show" in the episode "Have You Met Miss Dietz?"

Sports History

Oct 20 US President Nixon proclaims Jim Thorpe to have been the greatest athlete of the 1st half of the 20th century

  • Oct 20 US President Nixon accepts the resignations of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus as they refuse orders to discharge Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, in what has become known as "The Saturday Night Massacre"
  • Oct 20 The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass

Sports History

Oct 21 Baseball World Series: defending champion Oakland A's beat NY Mets, 5-2 in Game 7 at Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum to retain title; A's manager Dick Williams immediately quits; MVP: A's outfielder Reggie Jackson

  • Oct 21 Fred Dryer of the then Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in NFL history to score two safeties in the same game.
  • Oct 21 23rd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Benny Parsons wins
  • Oct 22 Israeli troops reconquer mountain Hermon
  • Oct 22 Security Council Resolution 338-cease fire to Yom Kippur War

Agreement of Interest

Oct 23 Richard Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge John Sirica

  • Oct 23 UN's revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • Oct 23 Yankee GM & President Lee MacPhail named AL president
  • Oct 23 Arab oil embargo extended to the Netherlands

Sports History

Oct 23 19 year old American tennis star Chris Evert retains her WTA Tour Championship at Boca Raton, Florida; beats Nancy Richey Gunter 6-3, 6-3 in the final

  • Oct 24 Heavy fog causes 65 car collision killing 9 on New Jersey Turnpike

Music History

Oct 24 John Lennon sues US government to admit FBI is tapping his phone

  • Oct 24 Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus
  • Oct 25 Chris Wills wins 1st National hang-gliding championship
  • Oct 25 Cubs trade Ferguson Jenkins to Rangers for Bill Madlock & Vic Harris

Sports History

Oct 25 SF Giants trade Willie McCovey to San Diego Padres for pitcher Mike Caldwell

  • Oct 26 Israeli forces reach Suez, trapping Egyptian army
  • Oct 26 President Nixon releases first White House tapes on Watergate scandal
  • Oct 26 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 26 Wings release single "Helen Wheels"
  • Oct 27 1st time Islanders beat Rangers-3-2
  • Oct 27 Alabama sets offensive record (828 yds), beats Virginia Tech 77-6
  • Oct 28 Elmore Smith of Lakers blocks 17 shots in a game (NBA record)

Historic Event

Oct 28 Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, designed by architect B. V. Doshi, inaugurated by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

Sports History

Oct 30 Tom Seaver becomes 1st non-20-game winner to win Cy Young award

Opening of the Bosphorus Bridge

Oct 30 The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time

  • Oct 31 Tom Seaver wins NL Cy Young Award
  • Oct 31 Three Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers escape from Mountjoy Prison in Dublin using a hijacked helicopter