On This Day

Historical Events in 1973 (Part 3)

Events 401 - 600 of 741

Music concertMusic Concert

Jul 25 George Harrison pays £1,000,000 tax on his Bangladesh concert & album

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
Singer-Songwriter
George Harrison

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jul 26 Peter Shaffer's musical "Equus" premieres in London

Playwright Peter Shaffer
Playwright
Peter Shaffer
  • Jul 27 40th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Miami 14, All Stars 3 (54,103)
  • Jul 27 Walter Blum becomes 6th jockey to ride 4,000 winners
  • Jul 28 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • Jul 28 Skylab 3's astronauts (Bean, Garriott & Lousma) launched
  • Jul 29 Led Zeppelin have more than $200,000 in cash stolen from a safety-deposit box at the New York Hilton
  • Jul 29 Greek plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy
  • Jul 30 Texas Rangers Jim Bibby no-hits 1st-place Oakland, 6-0
  • Jul 31 Delta Airlines DC-9 crashes in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone survivor dies 5 months later
  • Jul 31 England cricket batsman Frank Hayes scores unbeaten 106 in Test debut in 1st Test v West Indies at The Oval, London; tourists win by 158 runs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Struggling ABA club Virginia Squires trades star forward Julius Erving to New York Nets for George Carter and cash

NBA Legend Julius Erving
NBA Legend
Julius Erving
  • Aug 1 H J Witteveen appointed as director of IMF
  • Aug 1 MLB All Star catchers Thurman Munson of the NY Yankees and Boston Red Sox' Carlton Fisk brawl at home plate Fenway Park; Red Sox win, 3-2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 Future Baseball Hall of Fame 3rd baseman George Brett gets his 1st MLB hit on debut for the Kansas City Royals in 3-1 win v Chicago WS

MLB Third Baseman George Brett
MLB Third Baseman
George Brett

Film release premierFilm Premier

Aug 2 "American Graffiti", directed by George Lucas and starring Richard Dreyfuss and Ron Howard premieres at the Locarno International Film Festival, Switzerland

Film Director George Lucas
Film Director
George Lucas
Actor Richard Dreyfuss
Actor
Richard Dreyfuss
  • Aug 3 Flash fire kills 51 at amusement park (Isle of Man, UK)
  • Aug 3 National People's party wins Dutch Antilles National elections
  • Aug 4 NY Yankees pitcher Lindy McDaniel puts in one of the best relief stints in MLB history, entering in 2nd inning, allows only 1 run in 13 innings in 3-2 win v Detroit Tigers
  • Aug 5 Arab terrorists open fire at Athens airport, kill 3 injure 55
  • Aug 5 Atlanta Braves pitcher Phil Niekro no-hits San Diego Padres, 9-0; first no-hitter for franchise in Atlanta
  • Aug 5 USSR launches Mars 6
  • Aug 5 15 year old Australian swimmer Stephen Holland smashes Mike Burton's 1,500m world record by a massive 14.78 seconds (15:37.8) in Brisbane

Hall of fameHall of Fame

Aug 6 Roberto Clemente, Warren Spahn, Billy Evans, Monte Irvin, Mickey Welch and George "High Pockets" Kelly are inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY

Baseball Player Roberto Clemente
Baseball Player
Roberto Clemente

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 6 Stevie Wonder involved in car crash, goes into a 4 day coma

Singer-Songwriter Stevie Wonder
Singer-Songwriter
Stevie Wonder

AgreementContract of Interest

Aug 8 US Vice President Spiro Agnew says reports he took kickbacks are "damned lies" from government contracts in Maryland. Vowed not to resign.

Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Guitarist Henry McCullough and drummer Denny Seiwell quit the Wings group founded by Paul McCartney

Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
  • Aug 9 USSR launches Mars 7
  • Aug 10 1st BART train travels thru transbay tube to Montgomery St Station
  • Aug 11 "American Graffiti", directed by George Lucas, opens in cinemas across the United States

Sport awardPGA Championship

Aug 12 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: Jack Nicklaus wins 3rd of 5 PGA C'ships by 4 from Bruce Crampton of Australia

  • Aug 12 WPBA National Championship won by Betty Morris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 14 Johnny Unitas files $725,000 suit against Balt Colts

NFL Quarterback Johnny Unitas
NFL Quarterback
Johnny Unitas
  • Aug 14 US ends secret bombing of Cambodia

  • Aug 15 Black September kills 3 and wounds 55 in Athens
  • Aug 15 David Storey's "Cromwell" premieres in London
  • Aug 15 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Aug 16 5th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Sheraton Hotel, Harbor Island
  • Aug 17 Lee Trevino's 1st hole-in-one

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Willie Mays hits 660th & last HR (off Don Gullett of Cincinnati)

MLB Legend Willie Mays
MLB Legend
Willie Mays

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 Drummer Gene Krupa plays for the final time with the Benny Goodman Quartet

Clarinetist and Bandleader Benny Goodman
Clarinetist and Bandleader
Benny Goodman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 Hank Aaron's record 1,378 extra base hit surpasses Stan Musial record

Baseball Player Hank Aaron
Baseball Player
Hank Aaron
MLB Legend Stan Musial
MLB Legend
Stan Musial
  • Aug 19 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Aug 19 Pirate World Music Radio (Holland) closes down after 10 years
  • Aug 22 Chilean parliament accuses pres Allende violating laws
  • Aug 23 Intelsat communications satellite launched
  • Aug 24 Garry Sobers scores 26th & last Test Cricket ton 150 v Eng Lord's
  • Aug 24 John Adams & his bass drum become a right-field fixture in Cleveland Stadium
  • Aug 25 Butch Trucks, drummer of the Allman Brothers, breaks a leg in a car crash
  • Aug 25 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Aug 25 Zambia adopts constitution
  • Aug 26 David Eisenhower writes his last sports column
  • Aug 26 University of Texas (Arlington) is first accredited school to offer belly dancing
  • Aug 26 10-year-old Mary Boitano is 1st woman to win 6.8-mile Dipsea Race in Marin County, CA, beating a field of 1,500 runners
  • Aug 28 Bobby "Boris" Pickett's song "Monster Mash" goes gold
  • Aug 28 "Smoke on the Water" by Deep Purple goes gold
  • Aug 28 6.8 quake centered in Oaxaca State in Mexico kills 527
  • Aug 28 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Aug 28 India & Pakistan sign POW accord
  • Aug 28 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Music releaseAlbum Release

Aug 28 "Let's Get It On" 13th studio album by Marvin Gaye is released

Singer Marvin Gaye
Singer
Marvin Gaye
  • Aug 30 Danny Seiwell quits Wings
  • Aug 31 PBA National Championship Won by Earl Anthony
  • Sep 1 74-year-old Hafnia Hotel burns, killing 35 (Copenhagen, Denmark)

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Sep 1 In his first title defence George Foreman retains his WBC & WBA heavyweight crowns when he KOs Jose "King" Roman of Puerto Rico in round 1 in Tokyo, Japan

Boxing Champ George Foreman
Boxing Champ
George Foreman
  • Sep 1 Libya nationalizes 51 percent of nine other oil companies' concessions
  • Sep 1 Gloucestershire beats Sussex by 40 runs in the Gillette Cup cricket final at Lord's to win their first major trophy since the Championship in 1877; South African all-rounder Mike Proctor stars with 94 and 2 for 37

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2 Billy Martin is fired as Detroit Tigers manager due to continual differences with the front office; goes on to manage Texas, Oakland and NY Yankees (in 5 separate stints)

Baseball Player and Manager Billy Martin
Baseball Player and Manager
Billy Martin
  • Sep 2 Netherlands win their first men’s hockey World Cup, 4-2 on penalties over India in Amstelveen, Netherlands
  • Sep 3 American golfer Billy Casper finishes at 20-under-par 264 to beat Australian Bruce Devlin by 1 stroke to win the Sammy Davis Jr. Greater Hartford Open; his 50th PGA Tour title
  • Sep 3 General Walters ends term as acting director of CIA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 3 Jerry Lewis' 8th Muscular Dystrophy telethon

Comedian Jerry Lewis
Comedian
Jerry Lewis
  • Sep 4 William E Colby, becomes 10th director of CIA
  • Sep 5 "Desert Song" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 15 performances
  • Sep 5 1st one-day Cricket international for WI (v Eng) - lose by 1 wicket
  • Sep 5 Conference of less developed countries approves forming "producers' associations" and calls for withdrawal of Israeli forces from occupied Arab lands
  • Sep 6 New York Times reports almost all Superfectas run at Yonkers, Roosevelt & Monticello from Jan-Mar of 1973 were fixed
  • Sep 7 Mike Storen becomes American Basketball Association's 4th commissioner
  • Sep 8 Billy Martin named manager of the Texas Rangers
  • Sep 8 Hank Aaron sets record of most HRs in 1 league (709)
  • Sep 8 Rebecca Ann King (Colo), 23, crowned 46th Miss America 1974
  • Sep 8 "Star Trek - Animated Series" premieres on TV
  • Sep 8 US Open Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Margaret Court wins her 24th and final Grand Slam singles title; beats fellow Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley 7-6, 5-7, 6-2
  • Sep 9 4th place finish in the Italian Grand Prix at Monza is enough to clinch Jackie Stewart his 3rd Formula 1 World Drivers Championship
  • Sep 9 US Open Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Australian John Newcombe wins his second US singles title; beats Jan Kodeš 6-4, 1-6, 4-6, 6-2, 6-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 Muhammad Ali defeats Ken Norton

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • Sep 10 NY Jets trade pro footballs leading receiver Don Maynard to St Louis

BattleCoup d'état

Sep 11 Chilean President Salvador Allende, the 1st elected Marxist president of a South America country, is deposed in a military coup led by general Augusto Pinochet

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet
  • Sep 12 2 bettors win largest US Daily Double ($19,909.60 in Detroit)

  • Sep 12 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Sep 13 ABC announces it obtained TV rights for 1976 Olympics
  • Sep 13 Congress passes & sends a bill to Nixon to lift football's blackout
  • Sep 13 Syrian/Israeli dogfight over Mediterranean Sea
  • Sep 14 Indianapolis is awarded a WHA franchise
  • Sep 14 Israel shoots down 13 Syrian MIG-21s

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 US President Richard Nixon signed into law a measure lifting pro football's blackout

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Sep 15 Dutch Guilder devalued by 5%
  • Sep 15 Ohio State's Archie Griffith begins record 31 cons 100 yd rushing
  • Sep 15 Secretariat wins Marlboro Cup in world record 1:45 2/5 for 1¼ miles
  • Sep 15 OPEC supports price hikes and designates six Gulf countries to negotiate collectively with companies over prices; other members to negotiate individually
  • Sep 16 "Desert Song" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 15 performances

Sports record brokenNFL Record

Sep 16 Buffalo's O.J. Simpson rushes for a then NFL record 250 yards in Buffalo's 31-13 win at New England

NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal O.J. Simpson
NFL Running Back and Convicted Criminal
O.J. Simpson
  • Sep 18 German FR & German DR admitted to UN
  • Sep 19 Carl XVI Gustaf, becomes King of Sweden

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 19 Frank Robinson, Angels OF, homers in record 32nd major league ballpark - Arlington Stadium (Arlington, Texas), against the Rangers

MLB Hall of Fame Outfielder and Manager Frank Robinson
MLB Hall of Fame Outfielder and Manager
Frank Robinson
  • Sep 19 NL refuses to allow San Diego Padres move to Washington, D.C.
  • Sep 19 Pirate Radio Free America (off Cape May NJ) forms
  • Sep 19 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Billie Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match

Tennis Legend Billie Jean King
Tennis Legend
Billie Jean King
Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion Bobby Riggs
Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion
Bobby Riggs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 21 Jackson Pollocks painting "Blue Poles" sold for $2,000,000

  • Sep 21 NY Mets go into 1st place (at .500) after trailing 12½ games

AgreementContract of Interest

Sep 21 Nate Archibald signs 7 yr contract with NBA KC Kings for $450,000

NBA Point Guard Nate Archibald
NBA Point Guard
Nate Archibald
  • Sep 22 "A Little Night Music" opens at Majestic Theater on Broadway
  • Sep 22 Ryder Cup Golf, Muirfield: US beats Great Britain & Ireland, 19-13; first time 'Ireland' included in team name
  • Sep 22 Baltimore Oriole Al Bumbry hits 3 triples vs Milwaukee Brewers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22 Henry Kissinger sworn in as America's 1st Jewish Secretary of State, succeeds William Rogers

US Secretary of State and Political Scientist Henry Kissinger
US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Henry Kissinger

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Sep 23 Argentine General Elections - former Argentine President Juan Perón returns to power

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Sep 23 Largest known prime, 2 ^ 132,049-1, is discovered

  • Sep 24 Guinea-Bissau declares independence from Portugal
  • Sep 25 3-man crew of Skylab 3 make safe splashdown in Pacific after 59 days
  • Sep 25 New York Mets beat Montreal Expos, 2-1 on 'Willie Mays Night' at Shea Stadium, NYC
  • Sep 26 Turkey's state of siege ends (after 2½ years)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 26 Wilt Chamberlain signs with ABA San Diego Conquistadors

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • Sep 26 Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic (Washington, D.C. to Paris) in record-breaking time (3h33m).

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 27 Nolan Ryan strikes out 16 in 11 innings, for record 383 of season

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • Sep 27 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days)
  • Sep 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Music releaseMusic Single

Sep 27 “The Way We Were” single released by Barbra Streisand (Billboard Song of the Year 1974)

Singer-Songwriter and Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-Songwriter and Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • Sep 28 Palestinian Terrorists hijack Austrian train
  • Sep 28 ITT Building in New York City bombed to protest ITT's involvement in the September 11 1973 coup d'état in Chile.
  • Sep 29 "Jimmy Loves Mary-Anne" by Looking Glass peaks at #33
  • Sep 29 "We're An American Band" by Grand Funk peaks at #1
  • Sep 29 Insurance ind announces auto racers get into more highway accidents
  • Sep 29 Soyuz 12 returns to Earth
  • Sep 30 New York City Marathon: American Nina Kuscsik retains her crown in 2:57:07; Tom Fleming wins men's race in 2:21:54
  • Sep 30 Mel Gray begins NFL streak of 121 consecutive game receptions
  • Sep 30 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Sep 30 New York Yankees close 50th year at Yankee Stadium with an 8-5 loss to Detroit Tigers for an 80-82 season record; manager Ralph Houk resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Future Baseball Hall of Fame outfielder/manager Leo Durocher ends his 45 year career in the sport when he resigns as Houston Astros manager

Baseball Player and Manager Leo Durocher
Baseball Player and Manager
Leo Durocher
  • Oct 1 USSR-West Germany gas tunnel opens
  • Oct 3 Willi Stoph succeeds Walter Ulbricht as East German party leader
  • Oct 4 Hans of Manens ballet "Adagio Hammerklavier" premieres in Amsterdam
  • Oct 5 Signature of the European Patent Convention.

Music releaseAlbum Release

Oct 5 "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road" 7th studio album by Elton John is released

Singer Elton John
Singer
Elton John
  • Oct 6 Yom Kippur War begins as Syria & Egypt attack Israel
  • Oct 7 Iraq nationalizes Exxon and Mobil shares in Basrah Petroleum Company representing 23.75 percent equity in the company.
  • Oct 7 Scotsman Jackie Stewart wins his 3rd Formula 1 World Drivers Championship despite withdrawing from the season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen; wins title by 16 points from Emerson Fittipaldi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 NLCS game 3 brawl between Cins' Pete Rose & NY Met Bud Harrelson

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose

  • Oct 8 Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece
  • Oct 8 OPEC meets with oil companies to discuss revision of 1971 Tehran agreement and oil prices; negotiations fail.
  • Oct 9 1st general striking in Luxembourg since 1942
  • Oct 9 Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
  • Oct 9 Warriors-Cavalier game in Cleveland postponed because of wet floors
  • Oct 10 US Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after pleading no contest to allegations of tax fraud
  • Oct 10 MLB National League Championship: New York Mets beat Cincinnati Reds, 3 games to 2
  • Oct 11 Oakland beats Baltimore 3 games to 2 to win AL pennant
  • Oct 11 Héctor José Cámpora is elected President of Argentina
  • Oct 11 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Baltimore Orioles, 3 games to 2
  • Oct 12 Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 12 US President Richard Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as Vice President

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Oct 13 Jordan enters Yom Kippur war

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

Oct 13 Teri Garr appears on "The Bob Newhart Show" in "Emily in for Carol"

Comedian and Actor Bob Newhart
Comedian and Actor
Bob Newhart

Film release premierFilm Premier

Oct 13 "Badlands" directed by Terrence Malick and starring Martin Sheen and Sissy Spacek premieres at the New York Film Festival

  • Oct 14 Egyptian tanks move further into Israel
  • Oct 14 42 year old future Baseball Hall of Fame center fielder Willie Mays' last MLB career hit, as NY Mets beat A's, 10-7 in World Series Game 2 in Oakland
  • Oct 15 7th Country Music Association Award: Roy Clark wins
  • Oct 15 Tanks attack Thailand demonstrating students, 300 killed
  • Oct 16 Israeli tanks under Gen Sharon move through Suez Canal
  • Oct 16 Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho controversially awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam that later failed
  • Oct 16 Maynard Jackson elected 1st black mayor of Atlanta
  • Oct 16 Monks Heng Yo & Heng Ju, start 1000 mile SF to Seattle pilgrimage
  • Oct 16 The Gulf Six (Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar) unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 percent
  • Oct 17 OPEC oil ministers use oil as an economic weapon in the Arab-Israeli War, mandating a cut in exports and recommending an embargo against unfriendly states
  • Oct 18 Judd Woldon & Robert Britten's musical"Raisin" opens at 46th St Theater, NYC for 847 performances
  • Oct 18 Congress authorizes bi-centennial quarter, half-dollar & dollar coin
  • Oct 18 Nobel prize for Economic Sciences awarded to American Wassily Leontief

Music releaseMusic Single

Oct 19 Ringo Starr releases music single "Photograph" in the UK

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
  • Oct 19 Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other Arab states proclaim an embargo on oil exports to the United States

  • Oct 20 Mariette Hartley appears on "The Bob Newhart Show" in the episode "Have You Met Miss Dietz?"
  • Oct 20 OPEC oil embargo begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US President Nixon proclaims Jim Thorpe to have been the greatest athlete of the 1st half of the 20th century

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe

AustraliaSydney Opera House

Oct 20 Queen Elizabeth II opens the Sydney Opera House

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The Sydney Opera House, New South Wales, Australia
The Sydney Opera House, New South Wales, Australia
Learn More
  • Oct 20 US President Nixon accepts the resignations of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus as they refuse orders to discharge Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, in what has become known as "The Saturday Night Massacre"
  • Oct 20 The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 World Series Baseball, Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum: defending champion Oakland A's beat NY Mets, 5-2 in Game 7 to retain title; A's manager Dick Williams immediately quits; MVP: A's outfielder Reggie Jackson

MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson
  • Oct 21 Fred Dryer of the then Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in NFL history to score two safeties in the same game.
  • Oct 21 23rd NASCAR Sprint Cup: Benny Parsons wins
  • Oct 22 Israeli troops reconquer mountain Hermon
  • Oct 22 Security Council Resolution 338-cease fire to Yom Kippur War

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Oct 23 Richard Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge John Sirica

US Federal Judge John Sirica
US Federal Judge
John Sirica
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Oct 23 UN's revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
  • Oct 23 Yankee GM & pres Lee MacPhail named AL president
  • Oct 23 Arab oil embargo extended to the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 23 19 year old American tennis star Chris Evert retains her WTA Tour Championship at Boca Raton, Florida; beats Nancy Richey Gunter 6-3, 6-3 in the final

Tennis Legend Chris Evert
Tennis Legend
Chris Evert
Tennis Player and Two-Time Major Champion Nancy Richey
Tennis Player and Two-Time Major Champion
Nancy Richey
  • Oct 24 Heavy fog causes 65 car collision killing 9 on New Jersey Turnpike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 24 John Lennon sues US government to admit FBI is tapping his phone

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • Oct 24 Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus