On This Day

Historical Events in October 1974

  • Oct 1 Watergate cover-up trial opens in Washington, D.C.
  • Oct 1 "The Texas Chain Saw Massacre" horror film premieres in director Tobe Hooper's hometown, Austin, Texas in the US

Historic Event

Oct 1 US Computer scientist Gary Kildall presents the prototype of his CP/M operating system in his backyard toolshed

Baseball Record

Oct 2 Future Baseball Hall of Fame right fielder Hank Aaron hits his final home run as a member of the Atlanta Braves, in a 13-0 drubbing of the Cincinnati Reds; Aaron's 733rd career HR on his last NL at bat

Historic Event

Oct 3 Ted Bundy victim Nancy Wilcox disappears in Salt Lake City, Utah

  • Oct 3 Watergate criminal trial begins for five advisors and aides of President Nixon

Contract of Interest

Oct 3 39-year old Frank Robinson becomes MLB’s first African-American manager when he signs as player-manager for Cleveland Indians; agrees to 1-year contract estimated at $180,000

Sports History

Oct 3 Future Basketball Hall of Fame guard Jerry West (“Mr. Clutch”) retires after 14 NBA seasons with the LA Lakers; West has 25,192 career points; averages 29.1 ppg in 153 playoff games

Album Release

Oct 4 John Lennon releases "Walls & Bridges" album featuring No. 1 single "Whatever Gets You thru the Night"

  • Oct 5 Guildford pub bombing by the IRA leaves 5 dead and 65 injured.
  • Oct 6 "Mack & Mabel" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 66 performances
  • Oct 6 Brazilian McLaren driver Emerson Fittipaldi finishes 4th in the US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen to win his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 3 points from Clay Ragazzoni
  • Oct 7 German Democratic Republic amends constitution
  • Oct 8 Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
  • Oct 9 Race riot in Boston due to "bussing"
  • Oct 9 Washington Capitals 1st NHL game, losing 6-3 to NY Rangers at Madison Square Garden Wash Caps begin a 37 game road losing streak
  • Oct 9 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 3 games to 1
  • Oct 9 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Baltimore Orioles, 3 games to 1
  • Oct 10 A's Mike Andrews files $25 million lawsuit against Charlie Finley
  • Oct 10 Canadian John Hathaway begins 2-yr ride of 50,600 miles

Election of Interest

Oct 10 Labour Party led by Harold Wilson wins UK general election

  • Oct 10 US general George Brown's speech deplores Jewish influence in US over his treatment during the 1973 World Series
  • Oct 10 The Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) and its political wing the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP) founded at the Spa Hotel in the village of Lucan near Dublin

Album Release

Oct 11 Columbia Records releases "Streetlife Serenade", singer-songwriter Billy Joel's third studio album

  • Oct 12 1st time Wash Caps are shutout as they are beat 6-0 by Minnesota
  • Oct 14 8th Country Music Association Award: Charlie Rich
  • Oct 15 National Guard mobilizes to restore order in Boston school busing
  • Oct 15 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Paul J. Flory for work on macro molecules
  • Oct 15 Washington Capitals 1st NHL tie, playing LA Kings to 1-1 tie
  • Oct 16 As' Ken Holtzman, who hasn't batted all season, belts 3rd inning home run in Game 4 & gets the win, 5-2
  • Oct 17 "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" closes at Playhouse NYC after 1065 per
  • Oct 17 NBA New Orleans Jazz begin a 28 game road losing streak
  • Oct 17 Washington Capitals 1st NHL home victory, beating Chicago 4-3
  • Oct 17 Baseball World Series: Oakland A's 3-peat; beat LA Dodgers, 3-2 in Oakland for 4-1 series win; MVP: A's pitcher Rollie Fingers
  • Oct 18 1st NBA game at Market Square Arena - Pacers beat Spurs 129-121
  • Oct 18 Andre van de Louw appointed Mayor of Rotterdam
  • Oct 18 Wings (Country Hams) release "Walking in the Park with Eloise"

Sports History

Oct 18 Chicago Bull Nate Thurmond becomes 1st in NBA to complete a quadruple double-22 pts, 14 rebounds, 13 assists & 12 blocks

  • Oct 19 Det Red Wing Mickey Redmond scores 1st hat trick against Wash Caps
  • Oct 19 Detroit Pistons beat Trailblazers in Portland (next win 6-1-90)
  • Oct 19 Niue becomes self-govering, in association with New Zealand

Sports History

Oct 19 Australian tennis star Evonne Goolagong wins her first WTA Tour Championship; beats Chris Evert 6-3, 6-4 in the final at the Los Angeles Sports Arena

  • Oct 20 1st broadcast of "Derrick" on ZDF
  • Oct 20 Bard's presentation of "Richard III" opens at Lincoln Center NYC
  • Oct 21 NHL New York Islanders and goaltender Billy Smith's 1st shut-out win, 5-0 vs Washington Capitals
  • Oct 22 MLB New York Yankees trade outfielder Bobby Murcer to San Francisco Giants for outfielder Bobby Bonds
  • Oct 23 Chicago Cubs trade 6-time MLB All Star outfielder Billy Williams to Oakland A's for second baseman Manny Trillo and 2 pitchers
  • Oct 23 Lake Isaac in Cleveland Metroparks' Big Creek Reservation dedicated

Sports History

Oct 24 Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year (Texas Rangers)

  • Oct 25 US Air Force fires 1st ICBM

Music History

Oct 25 Dmitri Shostakovich' 15th String Quartet premieres in Leningrad

  • Oct 25 Wings release single "Junior's Farm"
  • Oct 26 Cleveland Coliseum opens for NBA's Cavaliers & MISL's Crunch
  • Oct 27 French runner Chantal Langlacé sets female world marathon record (2:46:24) in Neuf-Brisach, France
  • Oct 28 1st time 2 Islanders hat trick in same game-MacMillian & Westfall
  • Oct 28 Luna 23 launched (landing on Moon)
  • Oct 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 29 Law bans discrimination of sex or marital status in credit application

Sports History

Oct 30 California Angel Nolan Ryan throws fastest recorded pitch (100.9 MPH)

  • Oct 30 Catfish Hunter is named AL Cy Young Award

Boxing Title Fight

Oct 30 "The Rumble in the Jungle": Muhammad Ali KOs George Foreman in the 8th round in Kinshasa, Zaire; regains world heavyweight boxing title with famous "rope-a-dope" tactic

  • Oct 30 "The Texas Chain Saw Massacre" horror film premieres in Los Angeles
  • Oct 31 Ted Bundy victim Laura Aime disappears in Utah
  • Oct 31 Dutch Marines end hostage crisis in Scheveningen prison